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|• Type||Panchayati Raj (India)|
|• Body||Mala Grama Panchayath, Poyya Grama Panchayath|
|• Total||28.35 km2 (10.95 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)|
|• Official||Malayalam, English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Vehicle registration||KL-45, KL-64|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Chalakudy|
Mala is a small town in Thrissur district of Kerala state, India. There is a Jewish synagogue in Mala town. At the moment, it is in ruins. The famous Pambu Mekkattu Mana (temple) is located here and attracts thousands of devotees every year.
Mala is a multicultural society. Migrants from different parts of the world settled in Mala; especially noteworthy are the Jews from Palestine (Eretz Israel), Brahmins from the Konkan and Kudumbis and Konkanis from Goa.
It had a major inland port, and people from Ambazhakad, Kuzhur, Kadukutty, and other people used to bring their goods to Mala to transport it to Kottapuram or Kochi. The major items of trade were betel leaves, cut stone (Vettu Kall), toddy, coconut, spices, and wood. Today it does not have such importance because of the high network of roads.
In olden times, Mala used to be affected by floods in monsoons. The business was not very much concerned because a major mode of transport was through the water itself.
Tipu Sultan attacked it. Nedumkotta(Travancore lines) had passed through Kottamuri, Vattakotta. The fort was made by dumping soil to a height of 15 to 16 meters. After the defeat of Tipu Sultan, this fort was leveled gradually, but now also as you move towards the south of Mala, you will experience many ups and downs. And names also derived due to the presence of fort. Kottamury And Vattakota are an example of that. Literally, in Malayalam Kottamury means "where the fort is cut" (Kotta = fort; Mury = cut), and Vattakotta means "round fort."
Mala is a major educational educational hub consisting of four higher secondary schools, six English and Malayalam medium high schools, two engineering colleges, a BEd college, an MBA college, a government industrial training institute, a medical college, and many other professional institutions. Some of the famous educational institutions are Al-Azhar School, Government Model LP School (established in 1893), Holy Child School, Holy Grace Academy, St. Antony's High School, Soccorso Convent School, St. Joseph's College, St. Theresa's College, Kadicheeni Training Institute, Jesus Training college, METS School of Engineering, St. Antony's College, Carmel College, Mala for Women and GTEC Computer Education.
Mala is very scenic. Its proximity to the 'back-waters' connected to the Arabian sea, makes it a unique small town between Chalakkudy and Kodungallur.
The Jewish synagogue, Jewish cemetery, Neithakudy, Chumgam, KAMCO, and Karingichira are the beautiful spots worth visiting. It is also included in the Musris Heritage Project as it was a major inland port which had routes to Kochi and other financial ports.
One of the oldest Carmelite monasteries, St. Theresa's, is located near this town, in a village called Kottackal. This monastery was built by Blessed Chavara Kuriakose, founder of the Carmelites of Mary Immaculate, in 1867 AD. Mala is also famous for the Parish Forane church named after St. Stanislaus Cosca.
St. Stanislaus Forane Church, Mala, is a famous landmark in this town. It is the only church in Asia named after this Polish saint. Perhaps the missionaries from Poland, who were residing at Ambazhekad, founded this church.
There is also a Mukunda Krishna Swami Temple of Goud Saraswat Brahmins in Mala. This temple celebrated its centenary in June 2010.
Mohiyuddien Juma Masjid Mala, which is established in 640 AD, is one of the oldest mosques in India. It is said that establishing the first mosque was at Kodungallur, and the second one was at Mala.
The well-known Mahadeva Kshetram (Mahadeva Temple) is about 7 km from Mala town. This temple is famous for the "Panchaiswaryangal" (five miracles) and the unique Brahmani Pattu – a ritual in Kerala for praying to the goddess Parvati by Brahmani people. In this temple, the ladies from Vadakke Pushpakam, Mala. Iranikkulam Vadakke Pushpakam houses do the rituals every day. Important festivals here are in Thiruvathira days. Unmarried girls from across Kerala come here to pray to the goddess Parvati for successful marriages and long life for their families.
Pambummekkattu Mana is the most famous serpent worship center in Kerala. The temple is about 3 km from Mala centre. The Pambummekattu Mana stands in Vadama village, in Mukundapuram Taluk of Thrissur District of Kerala. When we reach Mekkattu Mana, we can see a wall with figures of serpents painted on it. To the north is an arch-shaped entrance inscribed with serpent figures. As one goes further, thick, tall trees and small temples (Kavu) catch our attention. That leads to the 'Sarpakavu.' The serpent gods Nagaraja (male god) and Naga Yakshi (female god) reside in the eastern portion of Mekkattu Mana. There are no idols of these gods, but daily poojas are conducted in their honour.
The people of Mala have high social and secular values. Different communities live in peace with each other despite very diverse beliefs. Mala panchayath population is 40% Hindus, 35% Christian, and 25% Muslims.
The Ksrtc bus stand was the brainchild of former chief minister of Kerala, Sri K. Karunakaran. Mala also has a private bus stand that has frequent schedules to Thrissur, Chalakudy, Kodungaloor, Aluva. The boat service was a traffic method before road transport was regular. Nearest villages of Mala town is Neithakudy, Paranattukunnu, Kunnathukad, Vadama, Kavanad, Pattalapady, Kottamuri, Kodothkunnu.
With the redrawing of constituencies, Mala became part of the Kodungallur Assembly constituency and Chalakudi Lok Sabha constituency.Mala panchayath is ruling by Left Democratic front with a huge majority. Seat share in Mala Panchayath (CPM-6, CPI-5,JDS-1 CONGRESS-6, BJP-2, INDEPENDENT-nil). Leader K. Karunakaran is from Mala.
Cinema is a small part of the people in Mala. Ganga Movies is the only theatre now. Late Mala Aravindan, and Joju George is the notable actors from Mala, also late Mohan Raghavan, who directed T.D. Dasan std. VI B is from here. In Mala, there are some short filmmakers, who are hoping the entry to the industry. Rahul John is a well-known celebrity photographer who has been in the Malayalam film industry for years. Cyril Cherian, who was the director and actor of the Short Film 'IF,' got first prize in Manorama CSFF 2016 and also Tom John's short film 'Jose?' which came in the final round was widely appreciated for the script with the given topic MISSED CALL.
Kodungallur is a historically significant town situated on the banks of river Periyar on the Malabar Coast in Thrissur district of Kerala, India. It is 29 kilometres (18 mi) north of Kochi (Cochin) by National Highway 66 and 38 km (24 mi) from Thrissur. Kodungallur, being a port city at the northern end of the Kerala lagoons, was a strategic entry point for the naval fleets to the extensive Kerala backwaters.
Irinjalakuda is a municipal town in Thrissur district, Kerala, India. It is the headquarters of Irinjalakuda Revenue Division and Mukundapuram Taluk. The place is well-known for Koodalmanikyam Temple and the Thachudaya Kaimals who had princely status until 1971.
North Paravur. formerly known as Paravur or Parur, is a municipality in Ernakulam district in the Indian state of Kerala. It is a northern suburb of the city of Kochi and is situated around 20 km from the city centre. It is also the first place in India to use electronic voting machine during the by-elections in 1982.
Thrissur, is one of the 14 districts in the Indian state of Kerala. It is situated in the central part the state. Spanning an area of about 3,032 km2 (1,171 sq mi), Thrissur district is home to over 9% of Kerala's population.
Piravom is a Municipality in Ernakulam district and a suburb of Kochi in the Indian state of Kerala. It is located with in 31 km southeast of Kochi city center, at the boundary of the Ernakulam and Kottayam districts. Piravom is famous for its Hindu temples and Christian churches. Piravom has a river-front, verdant hills, and paddy fields.
Ashtamichira is a village in Thrissur district in the Indian state of Kerala.
Vazhappally is a suburb of Changanasserry Municipality, Kottayam District, in central Kerala. The famous Vazhappally Shiva Temple is situated in Vazhappally. Vazhappally is a part of Changanacherry Taluk in Kottayam District. It is located in the city of Changanacherry and Vazhappally Panchayath. The ancient Vazhappally gramam (village) was shifted to the Changanassery Municipality, so small portions of the village were reunited in the Municipal Town of Changanassery, while the rest were reconstructed in the Vazhappally Gram Panchayat.
Thiruvilwamala is a hilly village in the northern terrain of Thrissur district of Kerala state in southern India. It is located 47 kilometres northeast of district headquarters Thrissur.
Koottanad is a town in Nagalassery Panchayath of Pattambi taluk of Palakkad district, in the state of Kerala. It is situated at the border of Thrissur, Palakkad and Malapuram districts. It is located 32 km from the Thrissur and 65 km from Palakkad, on the road between Guruvayoor and Palakkad. It is connected by road to other parts of Kerala and the nearest Railway station is Pattambi 9 km away. Bharathapuzha Nila Riverflows through Thrithala, 5 km away. The Pakkanar Memorial, a tribute to the Pariah saint of Parayi petta panthirukulam can be found at Thrithala. The Kattil Madam Temple, a small granite Buddhist monument on the Pattambi-Guruvayoor road, is of great archaeological importance. It is believed to date back to the 9th/10th century AD. The debris of a Fort can be seen behind Juma Mazjid, Koottanad between Koottanad and Chalissery Road.
Aloor is a panchayat in the Chalakudy-Mukundapuram taluk in the Thrissur district of Kerala, India. It is near the towns of Irinjalakuda and Chalakudi. Since 1901, the name "Aloor" has been simplified to "Alur" by the Cochin State and Central Government departments.
Karunagappally is a municipality in the Kollam district of Kerala, India. It is 24 km north of Kollam and 60 km (37 mi) south of Alappuzha. Karunagappally taluk consists of Alappad, Ochira, Adinad, Karunagappally, Thazhava, Pavumba, Thodiyoor, Kallalibhagom, Thevalakkara, Chavara, Neendakara, Clappana, Kulasekharapuram, Thekkumbhagam, Ayanivelikulangara, Panmana, Ponmana and Vadakumthala. The taluk is bound on the north by Kayamkulam, on the east by Kunnathur taluk, on the south by Kollam and on the west by the Arabian Sea. It is one of the fastest developing towns in Kerala and is part of Kollam metropolitan area.
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Wadakkancherry is a major town in Thrissur, Kerala. Up until 1860, this area was part of Chelakkara Taluk. Now, it is the headquarters of Talappilly Taluk.
Karoor is a village in Aloor Panchayath Aloor, Kerala in Thrissur district of Kerala, India. Karoor is located 30 km from the city of Thrissur and 12 km from Irinjalakuda Town and 8 km from Chalakudy Town and 8 km from Mala, Kerala Town.
Poyya is a village in Thrissur district in the state of Kerala, India. The panchayath office is situated in Pooppathy. The distance from Poyya to Kodungallur is only 7 km and Poyya to Mala is 5 km. A part of Thrissur district ends at Poyya.
Velur or Veloor is a village and panchayat in Kunnamkulam Taluk, Thrissur district, Kerala, India with a population of 22,155. Other places close to Velur are Kechery, Wadakkanchery etc.
ThiruvanchikulamSivaTemple is a Hindu temple situated in Kodungallur in Thrissur district of Kerala state, India. Constructed in the Kerala style of architecture, the temple is believed to have been built during the Chera period. Shiva is worshipped as Mahadeva and his consort Parvathi as Umadevi. There are 33 sub-deities in this temple, the highest number so in Kerala.
Thrissur District has four types of administrative hierarchies:
Iranikulam Sree Mahadeva Temple is located at Iranikulam, Mala in Thrissur district. The temple has two main deities, Thekkadathappan and Vadakkedathappan. Both deities are Lord Shiva. In the rehabilitation of the temple, the new idol was replaced by a broken statue. The South shrine is generally considered to be the two-level Sanctum sanctorum shrine of Lord Shiva. The presiding deities of north shrine are Lord Shiva, Parvati and Subramanya dwell at the same altar in the sanctum sanctorum facing east. It is believed that this temple is one of the 108 Shiva temples of Kerala and is installed by sage Parasurama dedicated to Lord Shiva. The temple is located center of ancient Iranikulam grama (village). Maha Shivarathri festival of the temple celebrates in the Malayalam month of Kumbha.
Sringapuram is a village in the Thrissur district of Kerala state, India. It is located about 2 km from the town of Kodungallur.