|Manitoba Court of Appeal|
Cour d'appel du Manitoba
|Location||Law Courts Building, 408 York Ave, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3C 0P9|
|Chief Justice of Manitoba|
|Currently||Richard J. F. Chartier|
The Manitoba Court of Appeal (French : Cour d'appel du Manitoba) is the court of appeal in, and the highest court of, the Canadian province of Manitoba. It hears criminal, civil, and family law cases, as well as appeals from various administrative boards and tribunals.
Seated in Winnipeg, the Court is headed by the Chief Justice of Manitoba, and is composed of a total of 13 justices. At any given time, there may be one or more additional justices who sit as supernumerary justices.
The Court hears appeals from the Provincial Court and the Manitoba Court of King's Bench, as well as certain administrative tribunals, including the Residential Tenancies Commission, the Municipal Board, and the Manitoba Labour Board, among others.
Most cases are heard by a panel of three justices. [ citation needed ]A single justice presides over matters heard in "chambers", usually interlocutory matters or applications for leave to appeal. Proceedings before the court are governed by the Court of Appeal Rules.
Pursuant to The Court of Appeal Act,the Court consists of a Chief Justice and 12 other judges, all of whom are federally-appointed pursuant to the Judges Act.
As a "Superior Court" under section 96 of the federal Constitution Act, 1867 , Court of Appeal judges are appointed by the Governor-General of Canada (in practical terms, the Prime Minister of Canada). Appointees must be members of the Manitoba bar, but need not have had previous experience as a judge. However, appointees almost always have some experience as a judge, usually on the Manitoba Court of King's Bench.[ citation needed ]
Under the Judges Act,federally-appointed judges (such as those on the Manitoba Court of Appeal) may—after being in judicial office for at least 15 years and whose combined age and number of years of judicial service is not less than 80 or after the age of 70 years and at least 10 years judicial service—elect to give up their regular judicial duties and hold office as a supernumerary judge.
The first female appointed to the Court was Bonnie M. Helper, on 30 June 1989.[ citation needed ] The sons of two former Court of Appeal justices (Samuel Freedman and Alfred Monnin) currently or have recently served as judges on the court (Martin Freedman, Michel Monnin, and Marc Monnin).
|Judge||Position||Appointment to Court||Nominated by||Previous appointment|
|Richard J. F. Chartier||Chief Justice of Manitoba||Harper||Judge of the Provincial Court (August 16, 1993)|
|Freda M. Steel||Supernumerary judge||Chrétien||Judge of the Court of King's Bench (October 3, 1995)|
|Holly C. Beard||Supernumerary judge||Harper||Judge of the Court of King's Bench (November 27, 1992)|
|Marc M. Monnin||Supernumerary judge||Harper|
|Diana M. Cameron||Judge||November 2, 2012||Harper||Judge of the Court of King’s Bench (February 3, 2011)|
|William J. Burnett||Judge||March 7, 2013||Harper|
|Christopher J. Mainella||Judge||October 1, 2013||Harper||Judge of the Court of King’s Bench (October 4, 2012)|
|Jennifer A. Pfuetzner||Judge||June 19, 2015||Harper||Judge of the Court of King's Bench (October 9, 2014)|
|Janice leMaistre||Judge||June 19, 2015||Harper|
|Karen Simonsen||Judge||August 31, 2018||Trudeau, Jr.||Judge of the Court of King's Bench (December 9, 2004)|
|Lori Spivak||Judge||March 26, 2019||Trudeau, Jr.||Judge of the Court of King's Bench (May 19, 2005)|
|Name||Date of appointment||Nominated by||Additional information|
|Hector Mansfield Howell||July 23, 1906||Initially appointed as "Chief Justice Appeal," his title was changed to Chief Justice of Manitoba on 15 November 1909; he served in that position until 7 April 1918|
|William Egerton Perdue||July 23, 1906||Chief Justice of Manitoba from 25 May 1918 until 30 December 1929|
|Frank Hedley Phippen||July 23, 1906|
|Albert Elswood Richards||July 23, 1906|
|John Donald Cameron||April 27, 1909|
|Alexander Haggart||April 3, 1912|
|Charles Perry Fullerton||July 20, 1917|
|Robert Maxwell Dennistoun||July 2, 1918||Borden|
|Thomas Llewellyn Metcalfe||October 3, 1921||Mackenzie King|
|James Emile Pierre Prendergast||May 1, 1922||Mackenzie King||Chief Justice of Manitoba from 30 December 1929 until 18 March 1944|
|Walter Harley Trueman||April 14, 1923||Mackenzie King|
|Hugh Amos Robson||December 31, 1929||Mackenzie King|
|Stephen Elswood Richards||March 11, 1932||Bennett|
|Hjalmar August Bergman||March 18, 1944||Mackenzie King|
|Ewan Alexander McPherson||March 15, 1944||Mackenzie King||Chief Justice of Manitoba from 18 March 1944 until 18 November 1954|
|James Bowes Coyne||December 10, 1946||Mackenzie King|
|Andrew Knox Dysart||September 11, 1947||Mackenzie King|
|John Evans Adamson||January 30, 1948||Mackenzie King||Chief Justice of Manitoba from January 1955 until 1 March 1961|
|Percival John Montague||February 1, 1951||St. Laurent|
|Joseph Thomas Beaubien||August 27, 1952||St. Laurent|
|Ivan Schultz||January 13, 1955||St. Laurent|
|George Eric Tritschler||April 18, 1957||St. Laurent|
|Calvert Charlton Miller||October 21, 1959||Diefenbaker||Appointed Chief Justice of Manitoba on 1 March 1961|
|Samuel Freedman||March 10, 1960||Diefenbaker||Chief Justice of Manitoba from 22 March 1971 until 1983|
|Robert DuVal Guy||March 1, 1961||Diefenbaker|
|Alfred Maurice Monnin||January 3, 1962||Diefenbaker||Chief Justice of Manitoba from 16 April 1983 until 1990|
|Charles Rhodes Smith||November 22, 1966||Pearson||Chief Justice of Manitoba from 13 June 1967 until 1971|
|Robert George Brian Dickson||June 13, 1967||Pearson||Later elevated to the Supreme Court of Canada, eventually serving as Chief Justice of Canada|
|Gordon Clarke Hall||May 14, 1971||Trudeau, Sr.|
|Roy Joseph Matas||August 15, 1973||Trudeau, Sr.|
|Joseph Francis O'Sullivan||July 24, 1975||Trudeau, Sr.|
|Charles Richard Huband||February 20, 1979||Trudeau, Sr.|
|Alan Reed Philp||May 5, 1983||Trudeau, Sr.|
|Archibald Kerr Twaddle||August 22, 1985||Mulroney|
|Sterling Rufus Lyon||December 19, 1986||Mulroney|
|Bonnie M. Helper||June 30, 1989||Mulroney|
|Guy Joseph Kroft||February 1, 1993||Mulroney|
|Glenn D. Joyal||March 2, 2007||Harper||Appointed to the Court of King's Bench of Manitoba on 10 July 2007|
|Michel A. Monnin||July 26, 1995||Chrétien||Appointed to the Court of King's Bench of Manitoba on 23 March 1984|
|Barbara M. Hamilton||July 16, 2002||Chrétien||Appointed to the Court of King's Bench of Manitoba on 26 July 1995|
|Chief Justice of Manitoba|
|Style||Honourable Mr. Chief Justice|
|Member of||Manitoba Court of Appeal|
|Nominator||Governor General of Canada (Prime Minister of Canada)|
The Chief Justice of Manitoba heads the Manitoba Court of Appeal. The Chief Justice is responsible for the judicial functions of the court, including direction over sittings of the court and the assignment of judicial duties.
From 1872 to 1906, the Chief Justice was seated in the Court of Queen’s/King's Bench, which held appellate jurisdiction. The appellate jurisdiction was transferred to the Court of Appeal upon its creation in 1906, and thereafter, the Chief Justice of the Court of Appeal has been the Chief Justice of Manitoba.
|Court of King's Bench (1872–1906)|
|Alexander Morris||July 1872 – Dec 1872|
|Edmund Burke Wood||1874 – 1882|
|Lewis Wallbridge||1882 – 1887|
|Thomas Wardlaw Taylor||1887–1899||Knighted in 1897 Diamond Jubilee Honours|
|Albert Clements Killam||1899–1903||to Supreme Court of Canada, 1903|
|Joseph Dubuc||1903–1909||Position moved to Court of Appeal from 1906|
|Court of Appeal (1906–present)|
|Hector Mansfield Howell||Nov 1909–Apr 1918|
|William Egerton Perdue||1918–1929|
|James Emile Pierre Prendergast||Dec 1929–Mar 1944|
|Ewan Alexander McPherson||Mar 1944–Nov 1954|
|John Evans Adamson||Jan 1955–Mar 1961|
|Calvert Charlton Miller||Mar 1961–Feb 1967|
|Samuel Freedman||1966–1967||Acting Chief Justice during Miller's illness|
|Charles Rhodes Smith||June 1967–Mar 1971|
|Samuel Freedman||Mar 1971–Apr 1983|
|Alfred Maurice Monnin||Apr 1983–Jan 1990|
|Richard Jamieson Scott||July 1990–Mar 2013|
|Richard J. F. Chartier||2013–present|
The Supreme Court of Canada is the highest court in the judicial system of Canada. It comprises nine justices, whose decisions are the ultimate application of Canadian law, and grants permission to between 40 and 75 litigants each year to appeal decisions rendered by provincial, territorial and federal appellate courts. The Supreme Court is bijural, hearing cases from two major legal traditions and bilingual, hearing cases in both official languages of Canada.
The Court of Appeal for Ontario is the appellate court for the province of Ontario, Canada. The seat of the court is Osgoode Hall in downtown Toronto, also the seat of the Law Society of Ontario and the Divisional Court of the Ontario Superior Court of Justice.
The Nova Scotia Supreme Court is a superior court in the province of Nova Scotia.
The court system of Canada forms the country's judiciary, formally known as "The King on the Bench", which interprets the law and is made up of many courts differing in levels of legal superiority and separated by jurisdiction. Some of the courts are federal in nature, while others are provincial or territorial.
The Court of Appeal for Nova Scotia is the highest appeal court in the province of Nova Scotia, Canada. There are currently 8 judicial seats including one assigned to the Chief Justice of Nova Scotia. At any given time there may be one or more additional justices who sit as supernumerary justices. The court sits in Halifax, which is the capital of Nova Scotia. Cases are heard by a panel of three judges. They publish approximately 80 cases each year.
The Superior Court of Justice is a superior court in Ontario. The Court sits in 52 locations across the province, including 17 Family Court locations, and consists of over 300 federally appointed judges.
Alfred Maurice Monnin was a judge in Manitoba, Canada.
The Provincial Court of Nova Scotia is the court of criminal jurisdiction for the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. There are twenty-three Justices and one Chief Justice on the bench, who sit in one of 33 locations over the province.
The British Columbia Court of Appeal (BCCA) is the highest appellate court in the province of British Columbia, Canada. It was established in 1910 following the 1907 Court of Appeal Act.
The Court of Appeal of Newfoundland and Labrador is at the top of the hierarchy of courts for the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. The Court of Appeal derives its powers and jurisdiction from the Court of Appeal Act.
The Court of Appeal of New Brunswick is the appellate court in the province of New Brunswick. There are five Justices, one Chief Justice, any former judge of the Court of Appeal who is a supernumerary judge and any former Chief Justice of New Brunswick who is a judge or a supernumerary judge. The court sits in Fredericton, New Brunswick. Cases are heard by a panel of three judges.
The Court of Appeal for Saskatchewan (SKCA) is a Canadian appellate court.
The Court of King's Bench of Manitoba —or the Court of Queen’s Bench of Manitoba, depending on the monarch—is the superior court of the Canadian province of Manitoba.
The judicial officers of the Republic of Singapore work in the Supreme Court and the State Courts to hear and determine disputes between litigants in civil cases and, in criminal matters, to determine the liability of accused persons and their sentences if they are convicted.
Glenn D. Joyal is a Canadian judge, who has been the Chief Justice of the Court of King's Bench of Manitoba since his appointment on February 4, 2011. He replaced Marc M. Monnin, upon his elevation to the Court of Appeal of Manitoba.
Freda M. Steel was appointed to the Manitoba Court of Queen's Bench on October 5, 1995. She replaced Michel Monnin, upon his appointment to the Manitoba Court of Appeal. On February 29, 2000, she was appointed to the Manitoba Court of Appeal. She replaced Sterling R. Lyon, who had opted to become a supernumerary judge.
Michel A. Monnin was appointed a judge of the Manitoba Court of Appeal on July 27, 1995. His appointment became effective on August 3, 1995. He replaced Alan R. Philp, who chose to become a supernumerary judge.
The Manitoba order of precedence is a nominal and symbolic hierarchy of important positions within the province of Manitoba. It has no legal standing but is used to dictate ceremonial protocol at events of a provincial nature.
The Court of Appeal of Alberta is a Canadian appellate court.
Richard Jamieson Scott, also known as Dick Scott, is a Canadian jurist who served as Chief Justice of Manitoba. In that capacity, he presided over the Manitoba Court of Appeal from 1990 to 2013. Among his most notable decisions are those in the cases Rebenchuk v Rebenchuk (2007), Manitoba Métis Federation Inc v Canada et al. (2010), O’Brien v Tyrone Enterprises Ltd (2012), and, while he was on the Court of Queen's Bench of Manitoba, R v Lavallee.