Miguel de Cervantes Prize

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Miguel de Cervantes Prize
Medal of the Miguel de Cervantes Prize
CountrySpain
Presented by Ministry of Culture
Reward(s)€125,000
First awarded1976
Website CervantesPresentacion

The Miguel de Cervantes Prize (Spanish : Premio de Literatura en Lengua Castellana Miguel de Cervantes) is awarded annually to honour the lifetime achievement of an outstanding writer in the Spanish language.

Contents

History

The prize was established in 1975 by the Ministry of Culture of Spain and first awarded the following year. [1] The Encyclopædia Britannica calls it "most prestigious and remunerative award given for Spanish-language literature". [1] The winner receives a monetary award of 125,000 euros, which makes it one of the richest literary prizes in the world. [2] The prize rewards authors from any Spanish-speaking nation and recognizes the recipient's overall body of work. [1] The award is named after Miguel de Cervantes, author of Don Quixote . [2] The candidates are proposed by the Association of Spanish Language Academies (i.e., the Royal Spanish Academy). [3]

The Cervantes Prize and the Nobel Prize in Literature

Two winners of the Cervantes Prize, Octavio Paz (Cervantes 1981, Nobel 1990) and Mario Vargas Llosa (Cervantes 1994, Nobel 2010), were awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in subsequent years. Camilo José Cela first received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1989 and was awarded the Cervantes Prize in 1995.

Laureates

The list of winners is available at the official Premio 'Miguel Cervantes' website. [4]

YearWinnerCountryGenre(s)
1976 Jorge Guillén   Spain poetry
1977 Alejo Carpentier   Cuba novel, essay
1978 Dámaso Alonso   Spain poetry
1979 [5] Jorge Luis Borges   Argentina short story, poetry, essay, translation
Gerardo Diego   Spain poetry
1980 Juan Carlos Onetti   Uruguay novel
1981 Octavio Paz   Mexico poetry, essay
1982 Luis Rosales   Spain poetry
1983 Rafael Alberti   Spain poetry
1984 Ernesto Sabato   Argentina novel, essay
1985 Gonzalo Torrente Ballester   Spain novel
1986 Antonio Buero Vallejo   Spain drama
1987 Carlos Fuentes   Mexico novel, essay
1988 María Zambrano   Spain philosophy, essay
1989 Augusto Roa Bastos   Paraguay novel
1990 Adolfo Bioy Casares   Argentina novel, short story
1991 Francisco Ayala   Spain novel, short story, essay, translation
1992 Dulce María Loynaz   Cuba poetry
1993 Miguel Delibes   Spain novel
1994 Mario Vargas Llosa   Peru novel, essay, short story, drama
1995 Camilo José Cela   Spain novel
1996 José García Nieto   Spain poetry
1997 Guillermo Cabrera Infante   Cuba novel
1998 José Hierro   Spain poetry
1999 Jorge Edwards   Chile novel
2000 Francisco Umbral   Spain novel, essay
2001 Álvaro Mutis   Colombia poetry, novel
2002 José Jiménez Lozano   Spain novel
2003 Gonzalo Rojas   Chile poetry
2004 Rafael Sánchez Ferlosio   Spain novel, essay
2005 Sergio Pitol   Mexico novel
2006 Antonio Gamoneda   Spain poetry
2007 Juan Gelman   Argentina poetry
2008 Juan Marsé   Spain novel
2009 José Emilio Pacheco   Mexico poetry, novel, short story
2010 Ana María Matute   Spain novel
2011 Nicanor Parra   Chile poetry
2012 José Manuel Caballero Bonald   Spain poetry, novel
2013 Elena Poniatowska   Mexico novel
2014 Juan Goytisolo   Spain novel, essay
2015 Fernando del Paso   Mexico novel, poetry, essay, drama, short story
2016 Eduardo Mendoza   Spain novel, drama
2017 Sergio Ramírez   Nicaragua novel, short story, essay
2018 Ida Vitale   Uruguay poetry, prose, essay

Laureates per country

The following table shows the number of laureates per country:

RankCountryLaureates
1  Spain 22
2  Mexico 6
3  Argentina 4
4  Chile 3
4  Cuba 3
6  Uruguay 2
7  Colombia 1
7  Nicaragua 1
7  Paraguay 1
7  Peru 1
Total44

Notes and references

  1. 1 2 3 "Cervantes Prize | award". Britannica.com. 2014-11-25. Retrieved 2017-02-27.
  2. 1 2 Jonathan Wolfe (November 12, 2015). "Fernando del Paso Wins Miguel de Cervantes Prize". New York Times. Retrieved November 17, 2017.
  3. "Cervantes Prize". donquijote.org. 2014. Retrieved November 17, 2017.
  4. "Premio "Miguel de Cervantes"" (in Spanish). Spain: Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte. Retrieved November 30, 2012.
  5. Ex-aequo award.