Molesworth Street, Wellington

Last updated

Molesworth Street
Maintained by Wellington City Council
Length800 m (2,600 ft)
Location Thorndon, Wellington, New Zealand
South end Lambton Quay/Bunny Street
North endTinakori Road/Park Street

Molesworth Street is located at the north end of the central business district of Wellington, the capital city of New Zealand. Leading from the northern end of Lambton Quay, central Wellington's main street, it is a northbound one-way street linking the CBD with Tinakori Road, and through it, with main routes north out of the city. The street was named for Sir William Molesworth, 8th Baronet, a prominent member of the New Zealand Company. There is another Molesworth Street in the Wellington metropolitan area, located in the Lower Hutt suburb of Taita.

Central business district commercial and business centre of a city

A central business district (CBD) is the commercial and business center of a city. In larger cities, it is often synonymous with the city's "financial district". Geographically, it often coincides with the "city centre" or "downtown", but the two concepts are separate: many cities have a central business district located away from its commercial or cultural city centre or downtown.

Wellington Capital city of New Zealand

Wellington is the capital city and second most populous urban area of New Zealand, with 418,500 residents. It is located at the south-western tip of the North Island, between Cook Strait and the Remutaka Range. Wellington is the major population centre of the southern North Island, and is the administrative centre of the Wellington Region, which also includes the Kapiti Coast and Wairarapa. Its latitude is 41°17′S, making it the world's southernmost capital of a sovereign state. Wellington features a temperate maritime climate, and is the world's windiest city by average wind speed.

New Zealand Country in Oceania

New Zealand is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. The country geographically comprises two main landmasses—the North Island, and the South Island —and around 600 smaller islands. New Zealand is situated some 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi) east of Australia across the Tasman Sea and roughly 1,000 kilometres (600 mi) south of the Pacific island areas of New Caledonia, Fiji, and Tonga. Because of its remoteness, it was one of the last lands to be settled by humans. During its long period of isolation, New Zealand developed a distinct biodiversity of animal, fungal, and plant life. The country's varied topography and its sharp mountain peaks, such as the Southern Alps, owe much to the tectonic uplift of land and volcanic eruptions. New Zealand's capital city is Wellington, while its most populous city is Auckland.

The Molesworth Street frontage of The Beehive and Parliament Buildings. Bowen House Beehive Parliament.JPG
The Molesworth Street frontage of The Beehive and Parliament Buildings.

Many of New Zealand's main governmental and archival institutions are located on Molesworth Street, most notably New Zealand Parliament Buildings, which are located at the street's southern end. The iconic Beehive is a major landmark close to the street's junction with Lambton Quay and Bowen Street. The High Court is also located at the southern end of the building, directly opposite Parliament Buildings.

The New Zealand Parliament Buildings house the New Zealand Parliament and are on a 45,000 square metre site at the northern end of Lambton Quay, Wellington. They consist of the Edwardian neoclassical-style Parliament House (1922); the Parliamentary Library (1899); the executive wing, called "The Beehive" (1977); and Bowen House, in use since 1991. Whilst most of the individual buildings are outstanding for different reasons, the overall setting that has been achieved "has little aesthetic or architectural coherence".

Other prominent buildings on or near Molesworth Street include the Court of Appeal, St Paul's Cathedral (Anglican), National Library of New Zealand, and Sacred Heart Cathedral (Catholic). Molesworth Street was also the site of New Zealand's first national cenotaph [1] (this was later moved to the National War Memorial on Buckle Street, 2000 metres to the south).

Court of Appeal of New Zealand New Zealands main intermediate appellate court

The Court of Appeal of New Zealand is principal intermediate appellate court of New Zealand. It is also the final appellate court for a number of matters. In practice, most appeals are resolved at this intermediate appellate level, rather than in the Supreme Court. The Court of Appeal has existed as a separate court since 1862 but, until 1957, it was composed of Judges of the High Court sitting periodically in panels. In 1957 the Court of Appeal was reconstituted as a permanent court separate from the High Court. It is located in Wellington.

Wellington Cathedral of St Paul Church in Thorndon, Wellington

The Wellington Cathedral of St Paul is an Anglican church in the city of Wellington, New Zealand. It is the mother church of the Diocese of Wellington and the cathedral of the Bishop of Wellington. Situated in Thorndon, the main entrance to the cathedral is on Hill Street, at its junction with Molesworth Street; it is located close to the parliament precinct.

National Library of New Zealand national library

The National Library of New Zealand is New Zealand's legal deposit library charged with the obligation to "enrich the cultural and economic life of New Zealand and its interchanges with other nations". Under the Act, the library is also expected to be:

As the centre of political activity in New Zealand, Molesworth Street has been the site of many important events in New Zealand's history, including a large number of political protests. Prominent among these protests were those against the 1981 South African rugby tour. [2] where on 29 July 1981, for the first time in New Zealand, police batoned political protestors.

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Kelburn, New Zealand suburb of Wellington, New Zealand

Kelburn is a central suburb of Wellington, the capital city of New Zealand, situated within 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) of the central business district.

Thorndon, New Zealand suburb of Wellington, New Zealand

Thorndon is a historic inner suburb of Wellington, the capital city of New Zealand. Because the suburb is relatively level compared to the hilly terrain elsewhere in Wellington it contained Wellington's elite residential area until its best was destroyed in the 1960s by a new motorway and the erection of tall office buildings on the sites of its Molesworth Street retail and service businesses.

Lambton Quay street in Wellington, New Zealand

Lambton Quay is the heart of the central business district of Wellington, the capital city of New Zealand.

Beehive (New Zealand) Executive wing of the New Zealand Parliament buildings

The Beehive is the common name for the Executive Wing of the New Zealand Parliament Buildings, located at the corner of Molesworth Street and Lambton Quay, Wellington. It is so-called because its shape is reminiscent of that of a traditional woven form of beehive known as a "skep". It is registered as a Category I heritage building by Heritage New Zealand.

Wellington Cable Car

The Wellington Cable Car is a funicular railway in Wellington, New Zealand, between Lambton Quay, the main shopping street, and Kelburn, a suburb in the hills overlooking the central city, rising 120 m (394 ft) over a length of 612 m (2,008 ft).

Old St Pauls, Wellington Church in Wellington, New Zealand

Old St Paul's is an historic site, a city landmark and a popular wedding- and event-venue in the heart of Wellington, the capital city of New Zealand. The building served as the pro-cathedral of the Diocese of Wellington of the Anglican Church between 1866 and 1964. It exemplifies 19th-century Gothic Revival architecture adapted to colonial conditions and materials, and stands at 34 Mulgrave Street, Thorndon, close to the parliament precinct.

Cuba Street, Wellington street in Wellington, New Zealand

Cuba Street is one of the most prominent streets in Wellington, New Zealand. The section between Dixon Street and Ghuznee Street is a pedestrian mall.

Te Aro Extension

The Te Aro Extension, also known as the Te Aro Branch, was a short branch line railway in Wellington, New Zealand continuing the Wairarapa Line southwards. It operated from 1893 until 1917.

The Terrace Tunnel takes the Wellington Urban Motorway (SH1) under The Terrace in central Wellington, New Zealand. Opened in 1978, it is 460 metres in length.

Wellington Cenotaph

The Wellington Cenotaph, also known as the Wellington Citizens' War Memorial, is a war memorial in Wellington, New Zealand. Commemorating the New Zealand dead of World War I, and World War II. it was unveiled on Anzac Day 1931 and is located on the intersection of Lambton Quay and Bowen Street, by the New Zealand Parliament Buildings. It features two wings decorated with relief sculptures and is topped with a bronze figure on horseback. Two bronze lions and a series of bronze friezes were later added in commemoration of World War II. On 18 March 1982, it was registered as a Category I historic place with registration number 215. It is a focus of Anzac Day commemorations in the city.

Willis Street Major street in Wellington, New Zealand

Willis Street is located at the heart of the central business district of Wellington, the capital city of New Zealand.

Stewart Dawsons Building

The Stewart Dawson's building is a historic building on the corner of Lambton Quay and Willis Street in Wellington, New Zealand. Built in 1901 for the London jeweller David Stewart Dawson, it is located on a prominent corner in two of Wellington's major streets, a site particularly important to history of Wellington.

Te Aro railway station railway station

Te Aro railway station was a station in Wellington, New Zealand, near what is now the corner of Wakefield and Tory Streets. Opened in 1893 it was one of only three stations in the city - the other two were Wellington railway station on Featherston Street, renamed Lambton railway station in December 1908, which was the main New Zealand Railways Department station, and Thorndon railway station off Thorndon Quay, the southern terminus of the private Wellington and Manawatu Railway.

Wellington Central, Wellington

Wellington Central is an inner-city suburb of New Zealand's capital, Wellington. It comprises the northern part of the central business district, with the majority of Wellington's high-rise buildings.

Bowen House

Bowen House is a 22-storey office building in Lambton Quay, Wellington, New Zealand. Previously owned by NZ Government and sold by a National Government in 1998 it has been leased since by Parliamentary Services. Bowen House houses offices for the smaller parties, select committee staff, and some of the ministers and their support staff. It is connected to the rest of the parliamentary complex by a tunnel under Bowen Street. Bowen House is part of the parliamentary security system, and the government is the only tenant in the building. Government's lease expires at the end of 2018, and a review of future parliamentary office requirements in underway.

Lambton railway station

Lambton originally Wellington railway station in Featherston Street, Wellington, New Zealand was the southern passenger terminus for the Hutt Line and the Wairarapa Line from 1885 to 1936 and for lines further north until December 1908. Wellington's third railway station it had been preceded by station buildings temporarily at Pipitea Point and a site further south on Featherston Street beside Wellington's rail freight depot and its Railway Wharf.

References

  1. "Anzac Day wreaths at the temporary cenotaph, corner of Molesworth Street and Lambton Quay, Wellington.1928". Infonews.co.nz. Retrieved 2015-09-21.
  2. "Film: clash on Molesworth St - 1981 Springbok tour". NZHistory. 1981-07-29. Retrieved 2015-09-21.

Coordinates: 41°16′31″S174°46′40″E / 41.275182°S 174.777848°E / -41.275182; 174.777848

Geographic coordinate system Coordinate system

A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.