Movement for Democracy (Cape Verde)

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Movement for Democracy

Movimento para a Democracia
Leader Ulisses Correia e Silva
Founded14 March 1990
Registered26 November 1990
Headquarters Praia, Santiago Island, Cape Verde
Ideology Liberalism
Christian democracy
Political position Centre to centre-right
International affiliation Centrist Democrat International
National Assembly
38 / 72
Website
www.mpd.cv

The Movement for Democracy (Portuguese : Movimento para a Democracia, MpD) is a Christian democratic and liberal party in Cape Verde. Established in 1990, it was the ruling party from 1991 to 2001 and returned to power in the 2016 parliamentary election. Its members are nicknamed "os ventoinhas" (the wind fans).

Contents

History

The MpD was established on 14 March 1990 by Carlos Veiga after Prime Minister Pedro Pires of the African Party for the Independence of Cape Verde (PAICV, formerly the sole legal party) allowed its creation. [1] The party was publicly launched in May 1990, and its first convention was held in November 1990.

In the January 1991 parliamentary elections, the first multi-party elections in the country's history, the MpD won 56 of the 79 seats in the National Assembly. In the presidential elections the following month, MpD candidate António Mascarenhas Monteiro defeated the incumbent PAICV President Aristides Pereira.

Following the MpD's second convention in January 1993, splits developed within the party, with two groups, List A and List B, emerging. [2] A split in 1994 led to the creation of the Democratic Convergence Party. [3] Despite losing six seats, the party retained its parliamentary majority in the 1995 elections, whilst Monteiro was re-elected unopposed in the presidential elections the following year.

The January 2001 parliamentary elections saw the party lose another 20 seats, as it was defeated by the PAICV. In the February 2001 presidential elections the MpD nominated Veiga, but he was defeated by the PAICV's Pires by just 12 votes in the second round of voting. [4]

In the 2006 parliamentary elections the party lost another seat and was reduced to 29 MPs. Veiga was again defeated by Pires in the presidential elections later in the year.

Despite gaining three seats in the 2011 parliamentary elections, the MpD remained in opposition. However, in the presidential elections in the same year, MpD candidate Jorge Carlos Fonseca defeated the PAICV's Manuel Inocêncio Sousa by 54–46%.

In July 2013 Ulisses Correia e Silva, the mayor of the capital, Praia, became party's new chairman, following Carlos Veiga, who stepped down after five years. [5]

President Jorge Carlos Fonseca has led the country since 2011 Cape Verdean presidential election and he was re-elected in 2016 election. He is supported by the Movement for Democracy Party. [6] MpD won the 2016 parliamentary elections, taking back parliamentary majority after 15 year-rule of African Party for the Independence of Cape Verde (PAICV). [7] After the elections the leader of MpD Ulisses Correia e Silva has been the Prime Minister of Cape Verde since April 2016. [8]

Electoral history

Presidential elections

ElectionParty candidateVotes %Votes %Result
First RoundSecond Round
1991 António Mascarenhas Monteiro 70,62373.4% --ElectedGreen check.svg
1996 81,82192.1% --ElectedGreen check.svg
2001 Carlos Veiga 60,71945.8%75,81550.0%LostRed x.svg
2006 83,24149.0% --LostRed x.svg
2011 Jorge Carlos Fonseca 60,88737.8%97,73554.3%ElectedGreen check.svg
2016 93,01074.08% --ElectedGreen check.svg

National Assembly elections

ElectionParty leaderVotes %Seats+/–PositionGovernment
1991 Carlos Veiga 78,45466.4%
56 / 79
Increase2.svg 56Increase2.svg 1stSupermajority government
1995 93,24961.3%
50 / 72
Decrease2.svg 6Steady2.svg 1stSupermajority government
2001 55,58640.5%
30 / 72
Decrease2.svg 20Decrease2.svg 2ndOpposition
2006 74,90944.0%
29 / 72
Decrease2.svg 1Steady2.svg 2ndOpposition
2011 94,67442.3%
32 / 72
Increase2.svg 3Steady2.svg 2ndOpposition
2016 Ulisses Correia e Silva 122,88154.5%
40 / 72
Increase2.svg 8Increase2.svg 1stMajority government
2021 109,38848.8%
38 / 72
Decrease2.svg 3Steady2.svg 1stMajority government

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References

  1. Richard A Lobban Jr & Paul Khalil Saucier (2007) Historical Dictionary of the Republic of Cape Verde, Scarecrow Press, p159
  2. Lobban & Saucier, p161
  3. Lobban & Saucier, p181
  4. Elections in Cape Verde African Elections Database
  5. "The MPD brings in new leadership". country.eiu.com.
  6. Staff, Reuters (October 3, 2016). "Cape Verde President Fonseca on track to win re-election" via cn.reuters.com.
  7. Staff, Reuters (March 21, 2016). "Cape Verde opposition wins back parliament" via www.reuters.com.
  8. "Cape Verde country profile". December 5, 2018 via www.bbc.com.