Onchidoridoidea

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Onchidoridoidea
Acanthodoris hudsoni.JPG
Acanthodoris hudsoni in the Onchidorididae
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Subclass: Heterobranchia
Infraclass: Euthyneura
Order: Nudibranchia
Suborder: Doridina
Infraorder: Doridoidei
Superfamily:Onchidoridoidea
Gray, 1827
Families

See text

Synonyms
  • Phanerobranchia
  • Suctoria

Onchidoridoidea is a taxonomic superfamily of sea slugs, dorid nudibranchs, marine gastropod molluscs.

Taxonomy (biology) The science of identifying, describing, defining and naming groups of biological organisms

In biology, taxonomy is the science of defining and naming groups of biological organisms on the basis of shared characteristics. Organisms are grouped together into taxa and these groups are given a taxonomic rank; groups of a given rank can be aggregated to form a super-group of higher rank, thus creating a taxonomic hierarchy. The principal ranks in modern use are domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, and species. The Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus is regarded as the founder of the current system of taxonomy, as he developed a system known as Linnaean taxonomy for categorizing organisms and binomial nomenclature for naming organisms.

Sea slug group of marine invertebrates with varying levels of resemblance to terrestrial slugs

Sea slug is a common name for some marine invertebrates with varying levels of resemblance to terrestrial slugs. Most creatures known as sea slugs are actually gastropods, i.e. they are sea snails that over evolutionary time have either completely lost their shells, or have seemingly lost their shells due to having a greatly reduced or internal shell. The name "sea slug" is most often applied to nudibranchs, as well as to a paraphyletic set of other marine gastropods without obvious shells.

Nudibranch order of molluscs

Nudibranchs are a group of soft-bodied, marine gastropod molluscs which shed their shells after their larval stage. They are noted for their often extraordinary colours and striking forms, and they have been given colourful nicknames to match, such as "clown", "marigold", "splendid", "dancer", and "dragon". Currently, about 3,000 valid species of nudibranchs are known.

Families

Families within the superfamily Onchidoridoidea are as follows: [1]

Akiodorididae are a taxonomic family of sea slugs, dorid nudibranchs, marine gastropod molluscs in the superfamily Onchidoridoidea.

Calycidorididae family of molluscs

Calycidorididae are a taxonomic family of sea slugs, dorid nudibranchs, marine gastropod molluscs in the superfamily Onchidoridoidea.

Goniodorididae family of molluscs

Goniodorididae are a taxonomic family of sea slugs, specifically dorid nudibranchs, marine gastropod molluscs in the order Opisthobranchia.

Related Research Articles

Aeolidioidea superfamily of small sea slugs, the aeolid nudibranchs

Aeolidioidea is a superfamily of sea slugs, the aeolid nudibranchs. They are marine gastropod molluscs in the suborder Cladobranchia.

Onchidorididae family of molluscs

Onchidorididae are a taxonomic family of sea slugs, dorid nudibranchs, marine gastropod molluscs in the superfamily Onchidoridoidea.

Tergipedidae family of molluscs

Tergipedidae is a family of sea slugs, aeolid nudibranchs, marine gastropod molluscs in the superfamily Fionoidea.

Euctenidiacea suborder of molluscs

The Euctenidiacea, common name dorid nudibranchs, are a taxonomic suborder of sea snails or slugs, marine gastropod molluscs in the order Nudibranchia. Bouchet & Rocroi (2005) rejected the name Anthobranchia on the grounds that it also included Onchidium at the time of original publication. Doridina is equivalent and used in the latest classification.

Aeolidida parvorder of molluscs

The Aeolidida is a taxonomic clade of sea slugs, specifically aeolid nudibranchs, marine gastropod molluscs in the clade Cladobranchia. They are distinguished from other nudibranchs by their possession of cerata containing cnidosacs.

Fionoidea superfamily of molluscs

Fionoidea is a superfamily of small sea slugs, aeolid nudibranchs. They are gastropod mollusks within the infraorder Cladobranchia. The families within Fionoidea were shown to be monophyletic on DNA evidence and a re-interpretation of family characteristics was provided.

Corambidae family of molluscs

Corambidae is a family name for sea slugs, dorid nudibranchs, marine gastropod molluscs.

<i>Corambe</i> genus of molluscs

Corambe is a genus of sea slugs, dorid nudibranchs, marine gastropod molluscs in family Corambidae within the superfamily Onchidoridoidea.

<i>Dendronotus</i> genus of molluscs

Dendronotus is a genus of sea slugs, nudibranchs, marine gastropod molluscs in the superfamily Tritonioidea.

<i>Glaucus</i> (gastropod) genus of molluscs

Glaucus is a genus of small blue pelagic sea slugs. They are aeolid nudibranchs, ranging in size from 20 to 40 mm. They feed on colonial cnidarians such as Portuguese man o' wars, blue buttons, and purple sails. They can produce painful and potentially dangerous stings when handled, as they store the venomous nematocysts of their prey. Glaucus is the only genus in the family Glaucidae. It includes five species.

Loy is a genus of sea slugs, dorid nudibranchs, marine gastropod mollusks in the family Corambidae within the superfamily Onchidoridoidea.

<i>Tenellia</i> genus of molluscs

Tenellia is a genus of sea slugs, aeolid nudibranchs, marine gastropod mollusks in the family Trinchesiidae.

Akiodoris is a genus of sea slugs, dorid nudibranchs, shell-less marine gastropod mollusks in the family Akiodorididae.

Unidentiidae is a taxonomic family of sea slugs, specifically aeolid nudibranchs, marine gastropod molluscs in the superfamily Fionoidea.

Akiodoris lutescens is a species of sea slug, a dorid nudibranch, a shell-less marine gastropod mollusc in the family Onchidorididae.

Akiodoris salacia is a species of sea slug, a dorid nudibranch, a shell-less marine gastropod mollusc in the family Onchidorididae.

Trinchesiidae family of molluscs

Trinchesiidae is a family of sea slugs, aeolid nudibranchs, marine gastropod molluscs in the superfamily Fionoidea.

Cuthonellidae family of molluscs

Cuthonellidae is a family of sea slugs, aeolid nudibranchs, marine gastropod molluscs in the superfamily Fionoidea.

References

  1. Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S. (2015). Onchidoridoidea Gray, 1827. In: MolluscaBase (2015). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species on 2016-01-21.
  2. Millen S.V. & Martynov A. (2005) Redescriptions of the nudibranch genera Akiodoris Bergh, 1879 and Armodoris Minichev, 1972 (suborder Doridacea) with a new species of Akiodoris and a new family Akiodorididae. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, (4) 56(1-17): 1-22.