Peter Kenilorea

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Sir Peter Kenilorea

KBE
Peter Kenilorea.jpg
Prime Minister of the Solomon Islands
In office
19 November 1984 1 December 1986
Monarch Elizabeth II
Preceded by Solomon Mamaloni
Succeeded by Ezekiel Alebua
In office
7 July 1978 31 August 1981
Monarch Elizabeth II
Preceded byPosition Established
Succeeded by Solomon Mamaloni
Personal details
Born(1943-05-23)23 May 1943
Malaita, Solomon Islands
Died24 February 2016(2016-02-24) (aged 72)
Honiara, Solomon Islands,
Political party Solomon Islands United Party

Sir Peter Kenilorea KBE (23 May 1943 – 24 February 2016) was a Solomon Islander politician, officially styled The Rt Hon. Sir Peter Kenilorea as a member of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom.

Solomon Islands Country in Oceania

Solomon Islands is a sovereign state consisting of six major islands and over 900 smaller islands in Oceania lying to the east of Papua New Guinea and northwest of Vanuatu and covering a land area of 28,400 square kilometres (11,000 sq mi). The country's capital, Honiara, is located on the island of Guadalcanal. The country takes its name from the Solomon Islands archipelago, which is a collection of Melanesian islands that also includes the North Solomon Islands, but excludes outlying islands, such as Rennell and Bellona, and the Santa Cruz Islands.

Privy Council of the United Kingdom Formal body of advisers to the sovereign in the United Kingdom

Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, commonly known as the Privy Council of the United Kingdom or simply the Privy Council, is a formal body of advisers to the Sovereign of the United Kingdom. Its membership mainly comprises senior politicians who are current or former members of either the House of Commons or the House of Lords.

Contents

Biography

Kenilorea was born in Takataka village on Malaita island, of 'Are'are ethnicity. He was trained as a teacher for the South Seas Evangelical Church and a co-founder of the Solomon Islands Christian Association. As a young man he helped to found the Solomon Islands United Party.

Malaita island

Malaita is the largest island of the Malaita Province in Solomon Islands. South Malaita Island, also known as Small Malaita and Maramasike for Areare speakers and Malamweimwei known to more than 80% of the islanders, is the island at the southern tip of the larger island of Malaita. A tropical and mountainous island, Malaita's pristine river systems and tropical forests have not been exploited. Malaita is the second most populous island of the Solomon Islands, with a population of 140,000, or more than a third of the entire national population. The largest city and provincial capital is Auki, on the northwest coast and is on the northern shore of the Langa Langa Lagoon. The people of the Langa Langa Lagoon and the Lau Lagoon on the northeast coast of Malaita call themselves wane i asi ‘salt-water people’ as distinct from wane i tolo ‘bush people’ who live in the interior of the island.

‘Are‘are is the name of a people from the south of the island of Malaita, which is part of the Solomon Islands. Their language is the 'Are'are language, which is part of the Austronesian language family. In 1999 there were an estimated 17,800 speakers, up from about 8-9,000 in the 1970s.

The South Seas Evangelical Church (SSEC) is an evangelical, Pentecostal church in the Solomon Islands. In total, 17% of the population of the Solomon Islands adheres to the church, making it the third most common religious affiliation in the country behind the Anglican Church of Melanesia and the Roman Catholic Church. The SSEC is particularly popular on Malaita, the most populous island, where 47% of its members live; there are also smaller populations in Honiara and elsewhere on Guadalcanal, on Makira, and in other provinces.

In the 1973 general elections he ran in the 'Are'are constituency, losing to David Kausimae. By the time of the 1976 elections the constituency was split and Kenilorea was elected to Parliament in the East 'Are'are constituency. He became Chief Minister of the Solomon Islands in the same year and led the country to independence from Britain in 1978. He then served as the first Prime Minister of the Solomon Islands until 1981, and again from 1984 to 1986. He served as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1988 to 1989 and from 1990 to 1993.

1973 Solomon Islands general election

General elections were held in the Solomon Islands in May 1973. No party won a majority of the seats, leading to both the People's Progressive Party (PPP) and the United Solomon Islands Party (USIPA) attempting to win the support of the independent MPs led by Willie Betu. A government was formed by the People's Progressive Party and a group of independent MPs, with Solomon Mamaloni becoming the country's first Chief Minister. Only six of the MPs elected in 1970 were re-elected.

'Are'are was a single-member constituency of the Governing Council and Legislative Assembly of the Solomon Islands. Created in 1973 when the Governing Council was expanded from 17 to 24 seats, it was located on the island of Malaita. In the 1973 elections the seat was won by David Kausimae, who had been elected in the South Central Malaita constituency in the 1970 elections, defeating Peter Kenilorea. It was abolished in 1976 and succeeded by East 'Are'are and West 'Are'are.

1976 Solomon Islands general election

General elections were held in the Solomon Islands in 1976. Although contested by three political parties, the Independent Group emerged as the largest group in the Legislative Assembly, and elected Peter Kenilorea Chief Minister.

Following fighting between the Malaita Eagle Force and the Isatabu Freedom Movement, Kenilorea was, along with Paul Tovua, co-chairman of the peace talks, [1] and he became Chairman [2] of the eight-member [1] Peace Monitoring Council, [2] which was created in August 2000. [1] In the Seventh Parliament, which sat from 2001 to 2005, he was Speaker of Parliament. [3]

The Malaita Eagle Force is a militant organisation, originating in the island of Malaita, in the Solomon Islands. It was formed in the early 2000s and soon crossed over to Honiara, the capital of Solomon Islands.

Isatabu Freedom Movement (IFB) is a nationalist militant organisation of the island of Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands.

Paul Tovua Solomon Islands politician

Sir Paul Joshua Tovua is a Solomon Islander politician, who has served in Parliament representing the Central Guadalcanal constituency since 1976. He was a founding member of the first National Parliament of Solomon Islands, which sat from 1976-80. He served as the Speaker of the National Parliament of Solomon Islands from 1994-2001. He and Peter Kenilorea co-chaired the peace talks between the Malaita Eagle Force and the Isatabu Freedom Movement, which ended the Solomon Islands Civil War.

He was a candidate for the post of Governor-General in mid-June 2004, but he received only 8 of 41 votes in Parliament, placing second behind Nathaniel Waena, who received 27 votes. [4] Following the 2006 general election, he was re-elected as Speaker of Parliament without opposition in April 2006. [5] He held the position until 2010. [6]

Sir Nathaniel Rahumaea Waena GCMG, CSI, KStJ was the Governor-General of Solomon Islands from 2004 to 2009.

2006 Solomon Islands general election

General elections were held on 5 April 2006 in Solomon Islands. No party won more than four of the fifty seats, while thirty seats went to independent candidates. A number of those subsequently formed an Association of Independent Members of Parliament, with Snyder Rini as their leader. Rini was elected Prime Minister by Parliament on 18 April, amidst "widespread street protests" in Honiara, which caused particular damage in the city's Chinatown. Rioters "alleged corruption and insisted that Mr. Rini had been unfairly favouring Chinese businessmen". While the riots ceased with the arrival of Australian and New Zealand peacekeeping troops the next day, the opposition soon lodged a motion of no confidence in Rini's premiership. Rini resigned on 26 April, having been Prime Minister for just eight days. Opposition parties united in a coalition and succeeded in having Manasseh Sogavare, of the Solomon Islands Social Credit Party, elected Prime Minister on 4 May.

He subsequently sought to return to Parliament, and was an unsuccessful candidate in a by-election in East 'Are'are in August 2012. [7] He died on 24 February 2016 of natural causes. [8] Kenilorea's son Peter Kenilorea Jr. was elected a member of parliament in April 2019.

A by-election was held in the East 'Are'are constituency in the Solomon Islands on 1 August 2012. It was initially scheduled for the month of March, then delayed.

Peter Kenilorea Jr. is a Solomon Islander politician. He is the son of Peter Kenilorea, and was elected to the National Parliament of Solomon Islands in 2019.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 "Solomon Islands: Cease-fire monitoring group appointed", Solomon Islands Ministry of Commerce web site (nl.newsbank.com), August 4, 2000.
  2. 1 2 "Solomon Islands: "Final appeal" to militants to hand over weapons", Radio New Zealand International (nl.newsbank.com), December 13, 2000.
  3. "Members of the Seventh Parliament", Solomon Islands Parliament website.
  4. "Solomons MPs choose new governor-general", Solomon Islands Broadcasting Corporation web site (nl.newsbank.com), June 15, 2004.
  5. "Solomon Islands Parliament sworn in" Archived 2012-10-24 at the Wayback Machine , Xinhua, 24 April 2006.
  6. "The Speaker", National Parliament of Solomon Islands
  7. "Governor General Congratulates New Parlimentarians", Solomon Times, 7 August 2012
  8. "Solomons first PM Sir Peter Kenilorea dies | Radio New Zealand News". Radionz.co.nz. 1978-07-07. Retrieved 2016-02-27.
Political offices
Preceded by
None - Position Created
Prime Minister of the Solomon Islands (first time)
1978-1981
Succeeded by
Solomon Mamaloni
Preceded by
Solomon Mamaloni
Prime Minister of the Solomon Islands (second time)
1984-1986
Succeeded by
Ezekiel Alebua