Pinta (ship)

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LaPinta.jpg
Replica of La Pinta, in Palos de la Frontera
History
Castile
NameUnknown (see nickname)
OwnerCristóbal Quintero and Gómez Rascón
Launched1441(?)
Nickname(s)La Pinta
General characteristics
Type Caravel
Tons burthen60–70 tons
Length17 m (56 ft) on deck
Beam5.36 m (17.6 ft)
Draught2.31 m (7.6 ft)
Propulsionsail
Complement26

La Pinta (Spanish for The Painted One, The Look, or The Spotted One) was the fastest of the three Spanish ships used by Christopher Columbus in his first transatlantic voyage in 1492. The New World was first sighted by Rodrigo de Triana aboard La Pinta on 12 October 1492. The owner of La Pinta was Cristóbal Quintero. The Quintero brothers were ship owners from Palos. The owner of the ship allowed Martín Alonso Pinzón to take over the ship so he could keep an eye on the ship.

Contents

La Pinta was a caravel-type vessel. By tradition Spanish ships were named after saints and usually given nicknames. Thus, La Pinta, like La Niña , was not the ship's actual name; La Niña's actual name was the Santa Clara. The Santa María 's original nickname was La Gallega. The actual original name of La Pinta is unknown. The origin of the ship is disputed but is believed to have been built in Spain in the year 1441. She was later rebuilt for use by Christopher Columbus.

Detail

La Pinta was square rigged and smaller than Santa María. The ship displaced approximately 60 tons, with an estimated deck length of 17 meters (56 ft) and a width of 5.36 meters (17.6 ft). [1] [2] The crew size was 26 men under Captain Martín Alonso Pinzón.

The other ships of the Columbus expedition were La Niña (real name Santa Clara) and Santa María. There are no known contemporary likenesses of Columbus's ships.

Santa María (also known as the Gallega) was the largest, of a type known as a carrack (carraca in Spanish), or by the Portuguese term nau. La Niña and La Pinta were smaller. They were called caravels, a name then given to the smallest three-masted vessels. Columbus once used the word for a vessel of forty tons, but it generally applied in Portuguese or Spanish use to a vessel ranging from 120 to 140 Spanish "toneles". This word represents a capacity about one-tenth larger than that expressed by the modern English "ton".

La Nina and La Pinta replicas at the 1893 Columbian Exposition The Nina And Pinta -- Official Views Of The World's Columbian Exposition -- 86.jpg
La Niña and La Pinta replicas at the 1893 Columbian Exposition

La Niña, La Pinta, and Santa María were not the largest ships in Europe at the time. They were small trade ships surpassed in size by ships like Great Michael, built in Scotland in 1511 with a length of 73.2 m (240 ft), and a crew of 300 sailors, 120 gunners, and up to 1,000 soldiers. Peter von Danzig of the Hanseatic League was built in 1462 and was 51 m (167 ft) long. Another large ship, the English carrack Grace Dieu, was built during the period 1420–1439, was 66.4 m (218 ft) long, and displaced between 1,400 tons and 2,750 tons. Ships built in Europe in the 15th century were designed to sail the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean coastlines. Columbus' smaller-sized ships were considered riskier on the open ocean than larger ships. This made it difficult to recruit crew members, and a small number were jailed prisoners given a light sentence if they would sail with Columbus. [3]

Most of the commerce of the time was the coastal commerce of the Mediterranean, so it was better if ships did not draw much water. As it sailed, the fleet of Columbus consisted of Gallega (the Galician), which he changed to Santa María, La Pinta and La Niña. Of these the first two were about 130 tons. La Niña was much smaller, not more than 50 tons. One writer says that they were all without full decks, that is, that such decks as they had did not extend from stem to stern. Other authorities, however, speak as if La Niña only was an open vessel, and the two larger were decked. Columbus himself took command of Santa María, Martin Alonso Pinzon of La Pinta, and his brothers, Francis Martin and Vicente Yanez, of La Niña. The whole company in all three ships likely numbered 90 men (Santa Maria 40, La Nina 24, La Pinta 26) although some historians cite 120 men. [4]

Replicas

La Pinta museum at Baiona, Pontevedra, Galicia, Spain Replica da Pinta en Baiona.JPG
La Pinta museum at Baiona, Pontevedra, Galicia, Spain

A replica of La Pinta was built by the Spanish government for the Columbian Naval Review of 1893. Along with replicas of Santa María and La Niña, it participated in the review. [5]

Replicas are on display in two locations in Spain:

In 2008, a replica of La Pinta, although 15 feet (4.5 m) longer and 8 feet (2.4 m) wider than the original, was launched by the Christopher Columbus Foundation. [7] This ship weighs[ draws? ] 101 tons and often sails alongside an authentic replica of La Niña, which was launched in 1991.

Replica of La Pinta commissioned by the Columbus Foundation Replica of the Pinta Columbus Foundation.JPG
Replica of La Pinta commissioned by the Columbus Foundation

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References

  1. Phillips, William D.; Phillips, Carla Rahn (1992). The Worlds of Christopher Columbus. Cambridge University Press. pp. 143–145. ISBN   978-0-521-44652-5.
  2. "Christopher Columbus Ships".
  3. Phillips, William D.; Phillips, Carla Rahn (1992). The Worlds of Christopher Columbus. Cambridge University Press. p. 141. ISBN   978-0-521-44652-5.
  4. Edward Everett Hale (2008) [1891]. The Life of Christopher Columbus. Arc Manor LLC. ISBN   978-1-60450-238-1 . Retrieved May 16, 2011. Chapter II: "His Plans for Discovery".{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  5. "QUEER CRAFT THESE CARAVELS. – Those Who Saw Them Hobble to Anchor Marveled at Columbus's Pluck" . New York Times. 26 April 1893. Retrieved 18 November 2015.
  6. Museo de la Carabela Pinta
  7. The Niña & Pinta - The Columbus Foundation