A pro-cathedral is a parish church that is temporarily serving as the cathedral or co-cathedral of a diocese or has the same function in a Catholic missionary jurisdiction that is not yet entitled to a proper cathedral, such as an apostolic prefecture or apostolic administration. It is distinct from a proto-cathedral, the term in the Roman Catholic Church for a former cathedral, which typically results from moving an episcopal see to another (usually new) cathedral, in the same or another city. In a broader context, the term 'proto-cathedral' may be used of a church used by a bishop before a settled cathedral (or pro-cathedral) has been designated.
In Ireland, the term is used to specifically refer to St Mary's Pro-Cathedral in Dublin, the seat of the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Dublin since the Anglican Reformation in Ireland, when Christ Church Cathedral and St Patrick's Cathedral became the property of the (Anglican) Church of Ireland.
In Scotland, the term is used to refer to St Mary's Pro-Cathedral in Edinburgh, the seat of the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Saint Andrews and Edinburgh, as the original St Andrews Cathedral was abandoned after the Scottish Reformation in 1560 and is currently in a ruinous state. St Andrew's Pro-Cathedral in Glasgow has been the seat of the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Glasgow since 1889. The original Glasgow Cathedral however had been re-established as the Church of Scotland’s High Kirk of Glasgow after the Scottish Reformation.
Details of some 15 former pro-cathedrals (11 Roman Catholic and 4 Anglican) can be found in the List of former cathedrals in Great Britain.
The (Anglican) Parish Church of St Helier in Jersey serves as the island's pro-cathedral.
In Spain, the Colegiata de San Isidro, Madrid served as the provisional cathedral for the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Madrid from its creation in 1885 until 1993, when Pope John Paul II consecrated the newly completed Almudena Cathedral.
In Valletta, Malta, there is an Anglican St Paul's Pro-Cathedral.
In Poland, the Carmelite Church, Warsaw served as a pro-cathedral until the reconstruction of St John's Cathedral.
In Albania, the Albanese Apostolic Administration of Southern Albania had the Kisha e Shën Maria dhe Shën Luigji, in Vlore, as only episcopal see of its Eastern Catholic particular sui jurus Albanian Catholic Byzantine Church.
In Baku (capital of Azerbaijan), the Church of the Immaculate Conception is the pro-cathedral episcopal see of the Apostolic Prefecture of Baku.
The Church of San Antonio de Motael was the pro-cathedral of Dili, East Timor before the Immaculate Conception Cathedral was constructed in 1989.
In the Philippines, the Episcopal Diocese of the Central Philippines had the St. Stephen's Parish in Tondo, Manila as its pro-cathedral before the see was transferred to the Cathedral of Saint Mary and Saint John in Quezon City.[ citation needed ] Also, in February 2012, the Pro-Cathedral Church of San Fernando de Dilao became the Pro-Cathedral of the Archdiocese of Manila, until the structural renovations of Cathedral-Basilica of the Immaculate Conception on March 25, 2014. The cathedral was reopened to the general public on April 9, 2014. Meanwhile, San Diego Pro-Cathedral, Silay serves permanently as a pro-cathedral of the Diocese of Bacolod, a ready provisional co-cathedral in instances of regular repairs and maintenance being made to the main cathedral.
The Cathedral of the Holy Name, Mumbai, was previously the pro-cathedral of the Holy Name.
In San Luis Obispo, California, the parish church of Old Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa and in Salinas, CA, the parish of Madonna Del Sasso, were both elevated to pro-cathedral status by the late Bishop Richard Garcia.
In Qu'Appelle, Saskatchewan, the parish church of Saint Peter's was the pro-cathedral for the Anglican southern Saskatchewan diocese until 1944. From 1944 to 1979, St. Paul's Cathedral served as the pro-cathedral before it was elevated to cathedral status.
In the United States, the church of St. Paul the Apostle in Savannah, Georgia, is the pro-cathedral for the Episcopal Diocese of Georgia. The Cathedral of the Incarnation (Baltimore) was a pro-cathedral for 35 years before the Episcopal Diocese of Maryland passed a resolution in 1955 for it to become the diocesan cathedral. St. Stephen's Episcopal Church in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, was designated the pro-Cathedral in the Episcopal Diocese of Bethlehem in 1999 and as the Pro-Cathedral by the Presiding Bishop and the President of the House of Deputies of The Episcopal Church in 2001. St. Bartholomew's Anglican Church in Tonawanda, NY became a Pro-Cathedral on August 12, 2011 as part of the North American Anglican Conference, and is the seat for BishopBill Atwood. Some churches in the United States have also served as pro-Cathedrals during times of expansion but were never exaulted to full cathedral status, such as the Church of the Good Shepherd in Raleigh, North Carolina which served as the pro-Cathedral of the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina, until it was decided they would have no cathedral.
Furthermore, St. John Chrysostom Malankara Syrian Catholic Pro-Cathedral in Hempstead, New York for the Syro-Malankara Catholic Exarchate in the United States
St. Joseph Pro-Cathedral is in the Roman Catholic Diocese of Camden.
Holy Name of Mary Pro-Cathedral in Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan is in the Roman Catholic Diocese of Marquette.
Holy Spirit Anglican Church in Akron, OH is the Pro-Cathedral for the Anglican Diocese of the Great Lakes under Bishop Mark Engel
In Christchurch, New Zealand, St Mary's has become the pro-cathedral of the Christchurch Catholic Diocese, in place of the Cathedral of the Blessed Sacrament which is closed because of severe damage caused by the 2011 Christchurch earthquake.
St John's Pro-Cathedral served as the pro-cathedral in Perth, Western Australia.
Holy Cross Pro-Cathedral in Vanimo, West Sepik, Papua New Guinea, the see of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Vanimo
A co-cathedral is a cathedral church which shares the function of being a bishop's seat, or cathedra, with another cathedral, often in another city. Instances of this occurred in England before the Protestant Reformation in the dioceses of 'Bath and Wells', and of 'Coventry and Lichfield'. These two dioceses were each named for both cities that served as bishop's seats.
The Roman Catholic Diocese of San José in California is an ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in the northern California region of the United States. It comprises Santa Clara County, and is led by a bishop. Its patron saints are Saint Joseph and Saint Clare of Assisi. The diocese is a suffragan of the Archdiocese of San Francisco. Its fellow suffragans include the Dioceses of Honolulu, Las Vegas, Oakland, Reno, Sacramento, Salt Lake City, Santa Rosa and Stockton.
A canon is a member of certain bodies subject to an ecclesiastical rule.
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Portsmouth is a Latin Church Roman Catholic diocese that covers the Channel Islands as well as parts of England. The episcopal see is St John's Cathedral in Portsmouth and is headed by the Bishop of Portsmouth. The diocese is part of the metropolitan Province of Southwark, which covers all of the far South of England as well as the Channel Islands.
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Saint John's–Basseterre is a diocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic Church, covering five English-speaking jurisdictions in the Caribbean. The bishopric is a suffragan of the Metropolitan Archdiocese of Castries, and a member of the Antilles Episcopal Conference, but remains dependent on the missionary Roman Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples.
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Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Immaculate Conception is the name of several Catholic cathedrals. Among cathedrals that have both "St. Mary" and "Immaculate Conception" somewhere their official and common names:
The Archdiocese of Glasgow is the metropolitan see of the Province of Glasgow in the Roman Catholic Church in Scotland. The episcopal seat of the developing diocese was established by Saint Kentigern in the 6th century AD. It is one of two Latin Church metropolitan archdioceses of the Roman Catholic Church: the only archdioceses in Scotland. It is the elder of the two bishoprics. Innocent VIII first raised Glasgow a metropolitan archbishopric in 1492. The Metropolis has the dioceses of Motherwell and Paisley as suffragans within the Ecclesiastical Province. The archdiocese is sede vacante as of June 2021.
Daniel Joseph Feeney was an American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Bishop of Portland from 1955 until his death.
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Pasig is the diocese of the Latin rite of the Catholic Church in the Philippines that comprises Pasig, Pateros, and Taguig City in Metro Manila, Philippines. It was established by Pope John Paul II on June 28, 2003 by virtue of the Papal Bull "Dei claritas." It was formally and canonically erected on August 21, 2003, with the installation of Francisco C. San Diego as its first bishop. The Immaculate Conception Cathedral-Parish, located in the central vicinity of Pasig, was made the cathedral or the seat of the diocese.
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Gumaca is a Roman Catholic diocese in the Philippines centered in the Municipality of Gumaca in Quezon province. The Roman Rite Latin Church diocese covers the communities of Gumaca; Pitogo, due south of Gumaca; and all the parishes of eastern Quezon province situated east of Gumaca and Pitogo. The Gumaca diocese was erected in 1984, carved out from the Diocese of Lucena. Both dioceses are suffragan of the Archdiocese of Lipa.
Pasig Cathedral, canonically recognized as the Immaculate Conception Cathedral Parish, is the Catholic church located in Plaza Rizal, Barangay Malinao, Pasig in Metro Manila, Philippines. It is the mother church, and the episcopal seat of the Diocese of Pasig and one of the oldest structures in the city.
Ignatius Anthony Catanello was an American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. From 1994 to 2010 he served as an auxiliary bishop of the Diocese of Brooklyn.
The Syro-Malankara Catholic Eparchy of St. Mary, Queen of Peace, of the United States of America and Canada is the North American eparchy for the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church of the Catholic Church. The Syro-Malankara Church observes the Antiochian Rite in the Syriac language.