Puss Gets the Boot

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Puss Gets the Boot
Pusstheboot.jpg
Title card
Directed by William Hanna
Joseph Barbera
Rudolf Ising
(all three uncredited)
Produced byA Rudolf Ising production
A Fred Quimby and William Hanna co-production (both uncredited)
Story byWilliam Hanna
Joseph Barbera
Gus Arriola
(all three uncredited)
Starring Clarence Nash
William Hanna
Lillian Randolph (original)
June Foray (1966 edited)
Thea Vidale (1989 edited)
Music byMusical direction:
Scott Bradley (uncredited)
Animation byCharacter animation:
Don Williams
Michael Lah
Jack Zander
Peter Burness
Rudy Zamora
Ray Abrams
Tony Pabian
Carl Urbano
Robert Allen
George Gordon
Lovell Norman
(all uncredited)
Solo effects animation:
Al Grandmain (merely uncredited)
Layouts bySolo character and background layout:
Harvey Eisenberg (merely uncredited)
Backgrounds bySolo background layout:
Robert Gentle (solely uncredited)
Color process Technicolor
Production
company
Distributed by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Release date
  • February 10, 1940 (1940-02-10)
Running time
9:08
Country United States
LanguageEnglish

Puss Gets the Boot is a 1940 American one-reel animated cartoon and is the first short in the Tom and Jerry cartoon series, though the duo are not identified as such in this short. It was directed by William Hanna, Joseph Barbera and Rudolf Ising, and produced by Rudolf Ising and Fred Quimby. As was the practice of MGM shorts at the time, only Rudolf Ising is credited. It was released to theaters on February 10, 1940 by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.

<i>Tom and Jerry</i> series of theatrical animated cartoon films

Tom and Jerry is an American comedy slapstick cartoon series created in 1940 by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera. It centers on a rivalry between the title characters Tom, a cat, and Jerry, a mouse. Many episodes also feature several recurring characters.

William Hanna animator and cartoonist

William Denby Hanna was an American animator, director, producer, voice actor, cartoon artist, and musician whose film and television cartoon characters entertained millions of people for much of the 20th century.

Joseph Barbera American animator, director, producer, storyboard artist, and cartoon artist

Joseph Roland Barbera was an American animator, director, producer, storyboard artist, and cartoon artist, whose film and television cartoon characters entertained millions of fans worldwide for much of the 20th century.

Contents

Synopsis

A tomcat named Jasper takes great pleasure in tormenting a mouse (unnamed on-screen but given the name Jinx in pre-production), who is trying to run away from Jasper while he keeps grabbing Jinx's tail to keep him from running anywhere. Eventually, Jinx breaks free but goes into Jasper's mouth, narrowly escaping. Jasper then draws a mouse hole on the wall to trick Jinx into entering it. Jinx bangs against the wall so hard that it knocks him silly. Jasper revives him using water from the fish tank and picks him up. Having slowly realized the situation, Jinx punches Jasper in the eye, causing him yelp in pain. The angered cat chases Jinx and accidentally bumps into a Greek pillar, where it breaks upon falling onto him along with the flowerpot that was standing on it. Mammy Two Shoes enters the room and scolds Jasper for his unacceptable behavior, issuing him an ultimatum that if she catches him making one more mess, he will get kicked out of the house. Jasper sulks off, Jinx chuckles at him and this causes Jasper to chase him, but when Jinx holds a glass over the edge of the table, Jasper backs off after seeing a furious Mammy walking away with the remains of the broken flowerpot, fearing that he will get himself into trouble again.

Tom Cat fictitious cat from the Tom & Jerry animation series

Thomas Cat is a fictional character and one of the title characters in Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer's series of Tom and Jerry theatrical animated short films. Created by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera, Tom is a grey and white anthropomorphic domestic short haired Tuxedo cat who first appeared in the 1940 MGM animated short Puss Gets the Boot. Tom was known as "Jasper" during his debut in the short; however, beginning with his next appearance in The Midnight Snack he was known as "Tom" or "Thomas".

Jerry Mouse fictional mouse from the Tom and Jerry animated series

Jerry Mouse is a fictional character and one of the title characters in Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer's series of Tom and Jerry theatrical cartoon short films. Created by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera, Jerry is a brown anthropomorphic house mouse, who first appeared as a mouse named Jinx in the 1940 MGM animated short Puss Gets the Boot. Hanna gave the mouse's original name as "Jinx", while Barbera claimed the mouse went unnamed in his first appearance.

Mammy Two Shoes recurring character in MGMs Tom and Jerry cartoons, a heavy-set middle-aged black woman

Mammy Two Shoes is a fictional character in MGM's Tom and Jerry cartoons. She is a heavy-set middle-aged African American housemaid who takes care of the house in which Tom and Jerry reside. She is also Tom's owner, and wallops the cat with a broom when he misbehaves; Jerry often tries to sabotage a task Mammy has given Tom or destroy the house and/or its contents, in order to get Tom thrown out of the house.

After Jinx puts the cup down, seeing his chance, Jasper rushes at him, but he holds back Jasper by threatening to drop the glass again. Then Jinx drops the cup and Jasper rushes to catch it. Jinx throws more cups, making it very hard for Jasper to catch them all. As Jinx walks away with the last cup, Jasper gets the idea: he drops a bunch of pillows on the ground. When Jinx tries to humiliate Jasper by dropping the cup, it stays intact when it lands on the soft surface of one of the pillows. Jinx tries to escape but Jasper catches him by the tail. Jasper inadvertently throws Jinx onto a shelf, where he escapes and begins pelting him with several dishes, making sure that in order to blackmail Jasper, he will force him to immediately "get the boot". Jasper begins to tire of holding all the dishes, after which, in humiliation, Jasper can only watch as Jinx drops one last dish on the ground.

Mammy once again enters the room in frustration just as Jinx swims in Jasper's milk bowl, uses his tail as a towel and finally kicks Jasper, causing Jasper to drop all of the dishes, creating a huge mess and forcing him to take the blame. Enraged, Mammy throws Jasper out of the house and shuts the door. As soon as Jasper is kicked out from the house, Jinx waves to him, sticks his tongue out, puts a HOME SWEET HOME sign in front of his hole, and enters it.

Voice cast

Clarence Nash American actor

Clarence Charles "Ducky" Nash was an American voice actor. He was best known for the Disney cartoon character Donald Duck, whose distinctive voice he provided for 51 years, also known as the voice of Daisy Duck in 1940. He was born in the rural community of Watonga, Oklahoma, and a street in that town is named in his honor. In 1993, he was posthumously made a Disney Legend for his contributions to Walt Disney films.

Lillian Randolph American actress and singer

Lillian Randolph was an American actress and singer, a veteran of radio, film, and television. She worked in entertainment from the 1930s until shortly before her death. She appeared in hundreds of radio shows, motion pictures, short subjects, and television shows.

June Foray American voice actress

June Lucille Foray was an American voice actress who was best known as the voice of such animated characters as Rocky the Flying Squirrel, Lucifer from Disney's Cinderella, Cindy Lou Who, Jokey Smurf, Granny from the Warner Bros. cartoons directed by Friz Freleng, Grammi Gummi from Disney's Adventures of the Gummi Bears series, and Magica De Spell, among many others.

Production

Puss Gets the Boot marked the debut of Tom and Jerry. In 1939, Joseph Barbera and William Hanna teamed up together in animation. Their first idea together was a cartoon series about a cat and a mouse. They built the cartoon but just as they were making the cartoon series theme, after releasing the short, the boss of MGM's cartoon studio, Fred Quimby, asked them to pursue other themes, believing that cat-and-mouse cartoons were old and boring. However, after the success of the cartoon, the first nomination for an Academy Award and a letter from a very important distributor in Texas asking for "more of the wonderful and delightful cat and mouse cartoons", [2] Fred Quimby changed his mind.

Puss Gets the Boot was directed, drawn and written out by Hanna and Barbera but they gave sole credit to their close friend: animation teacher Rudolf Ising, who actually just looked it over and permitted release of the short.

Originally produced as a stand-alone cartoon, the entry was so popular with audiences that MGM commissioned additional cartoons from Hanna and Barbera. It was with the second release, The Midnight Snack , that the characters were explicitly named Tom and Jerry. Puss Gets the Boot was nominated for an Oscar, losing to another MGM cartoon, The Milky Way . [3]

<i>The Midnight Snack</i> 1941 animated short film

The Midnight Snack is a 1941 Tom and Jerry cartoon produced by Fred Quimby and directed by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera, with musical supervision by Scott Bradley. It is the second cartoon in the series and the first in which the characters have their familiar names.

<i>The Milky Way</i> (1940 film) 1940 film directed by Rudolf Ising

The Milky Way is a one-reel animated cartoon short subject, produced in Technicolor and released to theatres with the film The Captain Is a Lady in 1940 by Metro-Goldwyn Mayer. The short, produced and directed by Rudolf Ising and co-produced by Fred Quimby with musical supervision by Scott Bradley, explores the adventures of the "three little kittens who lost their mittens", as they explore a dreamland where space is made up entirely of dairy products. Mars is depicted as a planet where shooting stars are made. The short won the 1940 Academy Award for Animated Short Film, and was the first non-Disney film to do so. Other shorts nominated in 1940 included A Wild Hare by Warner Bros., introducing Bugs Bunny, and another MGM cartoon Puss Gets the Boot, with Jasper & Jinx, the prototype for Tom and Jerry. It was added as a bonus feature in the Marx Bros. DVD release of Go West (1940).

At over nine minutes, Puss Gets the Boot has the longest running time in the series. The names in the short also differ from the later entries in the series, which named Tom and Jerry after a holiday cocktail; in Puss Gets the Boot, Jerry has not yet been named publicly (design sheets referred to the mouse by the name Jinx), while the cat, for the first and only time in the series, bears the name Jasper.

Tom and Jerry (drink) Christmastime cocktail in the United States

A Tom and Jerry is a traditional Christmastime cocktail in the United States, devised by British journalist Pierce Egan in the 1820s. It is a variant of eggnog with brandy and rum added and served hot, usually in a mug or a bowl.

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References

  1. "From Homer to the Top Cat". Irish Independent. 1 March 2005. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
  2. http://www.dailymotion.com/video/xqgp3s_how-bill-and-joe-met-tom-and-jerry_shortfilms Archived July 29, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
  3. Adams, T. R. (1991). Tom and Jerry: Fifty Years of Cat and Mouse. New York, New York: Crescent Books. ISBN   0-517-05688-7.
  4. "..:: The Tom and Jerry Online :: An UnOfficial Site Site : TOM AND JERRY DVD/VHS ::." Retrieved 2012-09-28.