|Founder||Bill Hugle, Fred Kulicke, John Dannelly|
|Headquarters||Milpitas, California United States|
Board of Directors Chairman
President and CEO
|Semiconductor Equipment and Materials International; Semiconductor Equipment and Materials Institute|
SEMI (formerly Semiconductor Equipment and Materials International) is a global industry association comprising companies involved in the electronics design and manufacturing supply chain. They provide equipment, materials and services for the manufacture of semiconductors, photovoltaic panels, LED and flat panel displays, micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS), printed and flexible electronics, and related micro and nano-technologies.
SEMI is headquartered in Milpitas, California, and has offices in Bangalore; Berlin; Grenoble, France; Hsinchu, Taiwan; Seoul; Shanghai; Singapore; Tokyo; and Washington, D.C.Its main activities include conferences and trade shows, development of industry standards, market research reporting, and industry advocacy. The president and chief executive officer of the organization is Ajit Manocha.
SEMI Global Advocacy represents the collective interests of the semiconductor industry’s design, manufacturing and supply chain businesses worldwide. Since inception, SEMI has shaped public policy issues. SEMI staff meets regularly with government policymakers and delegations in the United States, Asia, and Europe. In addition to lobbying, SEMI promotes its positions on public issues via press releases, position papers, presentations, social media, web content, and media interviews.
SEMI Global Advocacyfocuses on five priorities:
SEMI Workforce Development attracts, retains, and upskills talent that can fulfill the requirements of the electronics industry.Awareness, education, certification, apprenticeship, and mentoring programs span the lifecycle of careers – from students of all ages and young professionals to veteran employees. SEMI partners with industry, academia, and government to connect students, professionals and companies through programs that include:
The SEMI Standards program was established in 1973 using proceeds from the west coast SEMICON show. Its first initiative, following meetings with silicon suppliers, was a successful effort to set common wafer diameters to be used in silicon manufacturing. This standardization helped the industry avoid a wafer shortage from 1973 to 1974, that had previously been anticipated. The standards would become internationally utilized over the years, through partnerships with the ASTM, the DIN, and other national standards organizations.Before these standards, there were more than two thousand different specifications for silicon and by 1975 80% of all silicon wafers met with the SEMI standard. It was first published annually as the Book of SEMI Standards. With three new standards published annually in the mid-2000s, the book was eventually replaced with a CD-ROM, and now standards are available online on an annual subscription basis.
Today, more than 1,000 SEMI standards and safety guidelines are available to address all aspects of automated fabs. The standards are developed and maintained by over 5,000 volunteer experts representing more than 2,000 companies, working in 23 technical committees and 200 task forces.High-profile standards include wafer dimensions and materials, factory efficiency and reliability, equipment interfaces, and environmental, health and safety standards.
The four main equipment communication standards are the SECS-I (which stands for SEMI Equipment Communication Standards) established in 1978 that deals with communication protocol and physical definitions, the SECS-II established in 1982 that deals with message format, the GEM established in 1992 that refines the SECS-II, and the HSMS that supersedes SECS-I established in 1994.The organization also provides safety and ergonomics guidelines, the first of which was the SEMI S2 developed in 1993, followed by the SEMI S8 in 1995.
SEMI was founded in 1970 as an association of semiconductor production equipment vendors.At that time, most companies in the semiconductor industry exhibited at the Wescon Show on the west coast and the IEEE show on the east coast. Wishing to organize a show dedicated to semiconductor production equipment, 55 companies met in Palo Alto and agreed to found a new association, originally called Semiconductor Equipment and Materials Institute.
The first SEMICON show was held in 1971 at the San Mateo Fairground in California, which featured “semiconductor processing equipment, materials, and service firms.”It featured 80 exhibitors and attracted 2,800 visitors. In 1973, the first SEMICON East show was held in New York City, with 120 exhibitors participating. This was followed by SEMICON Europa in Zurich, Switzerland (1975) and SEMICON Japan in Tokyo (1977), which attracted more than 200 exhibitors and 4,500 visitors. Through this and other activities, the organization grew from a domestic organization to one with an international focus. Part of this focus was to work with governments to reduce trade barriers and develop “a sympathetic regulatory climate” for its member organizations—companies that sold equipment and materials to firms that produce microprocessors.
Today SEMI organizes and produces nearly 100 technology showcases, trade shows, conferences and special events per year in all of the major manufacturing regions of the world. They include trade shows in China, Japan, Germany, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, North America, and Europe, as well as executive conferences, technical programs, and standards meetings.The organization also has technical education programs, and a weekly email newsletter. Presentations delivered at its symposia are available to members of the organization on the Members Only section of the website.
SEMI provides market research reports for the semiconductor equipment, materials, and LED industries.Its billing data is considered an important leading indicator of demand trends and is closely watched within the industry and by semiconductor market analysts and investor. It also releases the World Fab Forecast.
The semiconductor equipment billings report provides a three-month rolling average of the book-to-bill ratio for semiconductor equipment manufacturers with headquarters in North America. It is released approximately three weeks after the close of each month.
Data for the reports is collected directly from suppliers through a confidential data collection program via an independent financial services company.
There are data collection programs in the following areas.
In-depth reports are broken down by region, supply chain segment, and equipment type.
SEMI Smart Initiatives build communities, activities, and innovations around promising electronics markets emerging from mass digitalization in the Fourth Industrial Era. These initiatives aim to facilitate collaboration and speed electronics advances by bringing together ecosystems in each market via various SEMI communications and event platforms. The initiatives synchronize advances around semiconductors, electronics and imaging systems, the Internet of Things, MEMS, sensors, devices, displays, and other digital technologies used in the electronics industry.
SEMI Smart Initiatives include:
More than 20 SEMI Technology Communities,150 Committees, and 15 Partner organizations provide access to global networks for collaboration, professional growth, business opportunities, educational events, workshops, and industrywide intelligence. Collectively and individually, these communities also provide insights on issues facing the industry that help SEMI to influence standards, regulations, public policies, best practices, as well as cultures of diversity and innovation.
In 2019, Electronic Systems Design Alliance (ESDA) joined SEMI as a SEMI Strategic Association partner In 2018, Electronic System Design Alliance joined SEMI as a Strategic Association partner.
In 2019, Nano Bio Materials Consortium (NBMC) joined SEMI as a SEMI Strategic Association partner
In 2018, Fab Owners Association joined SEMI as a SEMI Strategic Association partner.
In 2017, MSIG (MEMS & Sensors Industry Group) joined SEMI as a SEMI Strategic Association partner bringing MEMS and Sensors community to SEMI’s global platforms.
In 2016, FlexTech joined SEMI as a SEMI Strategic Association partner.
Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS), also written as micro-electro-mechanical systems and the related micromechatronics and microsystems constitute the technology of microscopic devices, particularly those with moving parts. They merge at the nanoscale into nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS) and nanotechnology. MEMS are also referred to as micromachines in Japan and microsystem technology (MST) in Europe.
Applied Materials, Inc. is an American corporation that supplies equipment, services and software for the manufacture of semiconductor chips for electronics, flat panel displays for computers, smartphones and televisions, and solar products. The company also supplies equipment to produce coatings for flexible electronics, packaging and other applications. The company is headquartered in Santa Clara, California, in Silicon Valley.
The semiconductor industry is the aggregate collection of companies engaged in the design and fabrication of semiconductors. It formed around 1960, once the fabrication of semiconductor devices became a viable business. The industry's annual semiconductor sales revenue has since grown to over $481 billion, as of 2018. The semiconductor industry is in turn the driving force behind the wider electronics industry, with annual power electronics sales of £135 billion as of 2011, annual consumer electronics sales expected to reach $2.9 trillion by 2020, tech industry sales expected to reach $5 trillion in 2019, and e-commerce with over $29 trillion in 2017.
SK Hynix Inc. is a South Korean memory semiconductor supplier of dynamic random-access memory (DRAM) chips and flash memory chips. Hynix is the world's second-largest memory chipmaker and the world's 3rd-largest semiconductor company. Founded as Hyundai Electronic Industrial Co., Ltd. in 1983 and known as Hyundai Electronics, the company has manufacturing sites in Korea, the United States, China and Taiwan. In 2012, when SK Telecom became its major shareholder, Hynix merged to SK Group.
SEMATECH is a not-for-profit consortium that performs research and development to advance chip manufacturing. SEMATECH has broad engagement with various sectors of the R&D community, including chipmakers, equipment and material suppliers, universities, research institutes, and government partners. The group is funded by member dues.
Microelectronics and Computer Technology Corporation was the first, and at one time one of the largest, computer industry research and development consortia in the United States. MCC ceased operations in 2000 and was formally dissolved in 2004.
The International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS) is a set of documents produced by a group of semiconductor industry experts. These experts are representative of the sponsoring organisations which include the Semiconductor Industry Associations of the United States, Europe, Japan, China, South Korea and Taiwan.
Soitec is a France-based international industrial company specialized in generating and manufacturing high performance semiconductor materials.
The electronics industry emerged in the 20th century and is today one of the largest global industries. Contemporary society uses a vast array of electronic devices built in automated or semi-automated factories operated by the industry. Products are primarily assembled from metal-oxide-semiconductor (MOS) transistors and integrated circuits, the latter principally by photolithography and often on printed circuit boards.
Lam Research Corporation is an American corporation that engages in the design, manufacture, marketing, and service of semiconductor processing equipment used in the fabrication of integrated circuits. Its products are used primarily in front-end wafer processing, which involves the steps that create the active components of semiconductor devices and their wiring (interconnects). The company also builds equipment for back-end wafer-level packaging (WLP), and for related manufacturing markets such as for microelectromechanical systems (MEMS).
The IEEE Robert N. Noyce Medal is a science award presented by the IEEE for outstanding contributions to the microelectronics industry. It is given to individuals who have demonstrated contributions in multiple areas including technology development, business development, industry leadership, development of technology policy, and standards development. The medal is named in honour of Robert N. Noyce, the founder of Intel Corporation. He was also renowned for his 1959 invention of the integrated circuit. The medal is funded by Intel Corporation and was first awarded in 2000.
The SECS/GEM is the semiconductor's equipment interface protocol for equipment-to-host data communications. In an automated fab, the interface can start and stop equipment processing, collect measurement data, change variables and select recipes for products. The SECS /GEM standards do all this in a defined way.
CEA-Leti, a Grenoble, France-based research institute for electronics and information technologies, is one of the world's largest organizations for applied research in microelectronics and nanotechnology.
SVTC Technologies was a technology services company that provided development and commercialization services for semiconductor process-based technologies and products. SVTC operated from 2004 to October 2012.
Embedded intelligence is characterized as the ability of a product, process or service to reflect on its own operational performance, usage load, or environment to enhance the product performance and lifetime, to increase quality or to ensure customer satisfaction. This self-reflection, facilitated by information collected by embedded sensors, processed locally or communicated remotely for processing, must be considered from the earliest design stage.
Sand 9 is a fabless Micro-electromechanical system (MEMS) company based in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Sand 9 developed a piezoelectric MEMS resonator to serve as an alternative for quartz timing devices in applications such as smart phones, low-power wireless devices, and communications infrastructure equipment.
mCube is a fabless semiconductor company founded in 2009 and headquartered in San Jose, California with locations in Hsinchu, Taipei, Shanghai, and Shenzhen. mCube is the provider of the world’s smallest microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) motion sensors, which are key enablers for the new Internet of Moving Things (IoMT). Virtually anything that moves can take advantage of a motion sensor, creating a huge market opportunity for MEMS manufacturers. By 2020, analysts predict more than 50 billion devices will be connected to the Internet and a large percentage of those devices will be in motion.
The book-to-bill ratio, also known as the BB ratio or BO/BI ratio, is the ratio of orders received to the amount billed for a specific period, usually one month or one quarter. It is widely used in the technology sector and especially in the semiconductor industry, where the semiconductor manufacturing equipment (SME) book-to-bill ratio is considered an important leading indicator of demand trends.
The Indian electronics industry saw growth in the early years of the 21st century, encouraged both by government policies and incentives and by international investment. Its key and most resource-intensive segment, the semiconductor industry benefitted from domestic demand growing briskly. Semiconductors were required by a large number of industries, including telecommunications, information technology, industrial machinery and automation, medical electronics, automobile, engineering, power and solar photovoltaic, defense and aerospace, consumer electronics, and appliances. As of 2015, however, the skill gap in Indian industry threatened progress, with 65 to 70 per cent of the market relying on imports.
Benjamin S. Cook is an American scientist, entrepreneur, advisory board member, professor, and author. He is best known for his pioneering work in printed electronics and for implementing the first semiconductor-compatible printed electronics process, VIPRE.. He holds over 150 patents and patents pending, and over 100 peer reviewed journal and conference publications.