Sainte-Honorine-des-Pertes

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Sainte-Honorine-des-Pertes
Sainte-Honorine-des-Pertes
Location within Normandy region
Sainte-Honorine-des-Pertes
Coordinates: 49°20′53″N0°48′22″W / 49.3481°N 0.8061°W / 49.3481; -0.8061 Coordinates: 49°20′53″N0°48′22″W / 49.3481°N 0.8061°W / 49.3481; -0.8061
Country France
Region Normandy
Department Calvados
Arrondissement Bayeux
Canton Trévières
Area1 5.69 km2 (2.20 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 582
  Density 100/km2 (260/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 14591 /14520
Elevation 0–78 m (0–256 ft)
(avg. 70 m or 230 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Contents

2 Population without double counting : residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Sainte-Honorine-des-Pertes is a former commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France. On 1 January 2017, it was merged into the new commune Aure sur Mer. [1]

The commune is a level of administrative division in the French Republic. French communes are analogous to civil townships and incorporated municipalities in the United States and Canada, Gemeinden in Germany or comuni in Italy. The United Kingdom has no exact equivalent, as communes resemble districts in urban areas, but are closer to parishes in rural areas where districts are much larger. Communes are based on historical geographic communities or villages and are vested with significant powers to manage the populations and land of the geographic area covered. The communes are the fourth-level administrative divisions of France.

Calvados (department) Department of France

Calvados is a department in the Normandy region in northwestern France. It takes its name from a cluster of rocks off the English Channel coast.

In the administrative divisions of France, the department is one of the three levels of government below the national level, between the administrative regions and the commune. Ninety-six departments are in metropolitan France, and five are overseas departments, which are also classified as regions. Departments are further subdivided into 334 arrondissements, themselves divided into cantons; the last two have no autonomy, and are used for the organisation of police, fire departments, and sometimes, elections.

History

World War II

On 13 September 1942 13 British commandos landed at night near Sainte-Honorine-des-Pertes from a Motor Torpedo Boat in Operation Aquatint, a reconnaissance mission to collect information about the surrounding area, and take a German guard prisoner. [2]

Motor Torpedo Boat type of fast torpedo boat

Motor Torpedo Boat (MTB) was the name given to fast torpedo boats by the Royal Navy and the Royal Canadian Navy. The 'motor' in the formal designation, referring to the use of petrol engines, was to distinguish them from the majority of other naval craft that used steam turbines or reciprocating steam engines.

Operation Aquatint

Operation Aquatint was the codename for a failed raid by British Commandos on the coast of occupied France during the Second World War. The raid was undertaken in September 1942 on part of what later became Omaha Beach by No. 62 Commando, also known as the Small Scale Raiding Force.

Sainte-Honorine-des-Pertes is located at the eastern end of Omaha Beach, one of the landings sites on D-Day, 6 June 1944, at the beginning of the Battle of Normandy, during World War II.

Omaha Beach one of the five sectors of the Allied invasion of German-occupied France

Omaha, commonly known as Omaha Beach, was the code name for one of the five sectors of the Allied invasion of German-occupied France in the Normandy landings on June 6, 1944, during World War II. 'Omaha' refers to a section of the coast of Normandy, France, facing the English Channel 8 kilometers (5 mi) long, from east of Sainte-Honorine-des-Pertes to west of Vierville-sur-Mer on the right bank of the Douve River estuary and an estimated 150-foot (45 m) tall cliffs. Landings here were necessary to link the British landings to the east at Gold with the American landing to the west at Utah, thus providing a continuous lodgement on the Normandy coast of the Bay of the Seine. Taking Omaha was to be the responsibility of United States Army troops, with sea transport, mine sweeping, and a naval bombardment force provided predominantly by the United States Navy and Coast Guard, with contributions from the British, Canadian, and Free French navies.

World War II 1939–1945 global war

World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1962333    
1968293−12.0%
1975310+5.8%
1982371+19.7%
1990391+5.4%
1999415+6.1%
2008582+40.2%

See also

Communes of the Calvados department Wikimedia list article

The following is a list of the 537 communes of the Calvados department of France.

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Graham Hayes

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Aure sur Mer Commune in Normandy, France

Aure sur Mer is a commune in the department of Calvados, northwestern France. The municipality was established on 1 January 2017 by merger of the former communes of Sainte-Honorine-des-Pertes and Russy.

The canton of Évrecy is an administrative division of the Calvados department, northwestern France. Its borders were modified at the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015. Its seat is in Évrecy.

The Communauté de communes Isigny-Omaha Intercom is a communauté de communes, an intercommunal structure, in the Calvados department, in the Normandy region, northwestern France. It was created in January 2017 by the merger of the former communautés de communes Intercom Balleroy Le Molay-Littry, Isigny Grandcamp Intercom and Trévières. Its population was 27,642 in 2014. Its seat is in Le Molay-Littry.

References

  1. Arrêté préfectoral 9 December 2016 (in French)
  2. Operation Aquatint