Sinta Nuriyah in 2016
|4th First Lady of Indonesia|
20 October 1999 –23 July 2001
|Preceded by||Hasri Ainun Habibie|
|Succeeded by||Taufiq Kiemas|
8 March 1948
Jombang, East Java, Indonesia
(m. 1968;died 2009)
|Children||Alissa Qotrunnada |
Zannuba Ariffah Chafsoh
Sinta Nuriyah Wahid (also Sinta Wahid; 8 March 1948) is the widow of former Indonesian President Abdurrahman Wahid. She was First Lady of Indonesia from 1999 to 2001.
The President of the Republic of Indonesia is the head of state and also head of government of the Republic of Indonesia. The president leads the executive branch of the Indonesian government and is the commander-in-chief of the Indonesian National Armed Forces.
Abdurrahman Wahid, colloquially known as Gus Dur, was an Indonesian Muslim religious and political leader who served as the President of Indonesia from 1999 to 2001. The long-time president of the Nahdlatul Ulama and the founder of the National Awakening Party (PKB), Wahid was the first elected president of Indonesia after the resignation of Suharto in 1998.
Sinta was born in the Jombang Regency in 1948, the eldest daughter of 18 children.She attended an Islamic boarding school, where, at age 13, she fell in love with Wahid, who was a teacher there. After her father, a professional calligrapher, refused to approve the marriage, Wahid, whose father was the leader of Nahdlatul Ulama, went abroad to study. When Wahid proposed again from Baghdad, Sinta accepted, marrying him three years before he returned to Indonesia in a ceremony where Wahid's grandfather stood in as a proxy.
Jombang Regency is a regency of East Java, Indonesia, situated to the southwest of Surabaya. The capital of the regency is the town of Jombang. The regency has an area of 1,159.09 km² and population of 1,202,407 at the 2010 Census; the latest official estimate is 1,236,184. It became a regency in 1910.
Nahdlatul Ulama is a traditionalist Sunni Islam movement in Indonesia following the Shafi'i school of jurisprudence. NU was established on January 31, 1926 in Surabaya as a response to the rise of Wahabism in Saudi Arabia and Islamic modernism in Indonesia. The NU is the largest independent Islamic organization in the world with membership estimates ranging from 40 million (2013) to over 90 million (2019). NU also is a charitable body funding schools and hospitals as well as organizing communities to help alleviate poverty.
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After Wahid returned in 1971, Sinta finished a degree in Sharia law. She helped support their four children by making and selling candies.
Sharia, Islamic law or Sharia law is a religious law forming part of the Islamic tradition. It is derived from the religious precepts of Islam, particularly the Quran and the Hadith. In Arabic, the term sharīʿah refers to God's immutable divine law and is contrasted with fiqh, which refers to its human scholarly interpretations. The manner of its application in modern times has been a subject of dispute between Muslim fundamentalists and modernists.
In 1992, Sinta was in a car accident that left her paralyzed from the waist down. It took a year of physical therapy before she was able to move her arms. She then finished her women's studies graduate degree at the University of Indonesia by having university staff carry her on a stretcher up to the building's fourth floor.
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The University of Indonesia is a state university in Depok, West Java and Salemba, Jakarta, Indonesia. It is the oldest tertiary-level educational institution in Indonesia, and is generally considered as the most prestigious university in Indonesia, along with the Bandung Institute of Technology and Gadjah Mada University. In the 2019 QS World Universities Ranking, UI is ranked 1st in Indonesia, 57th in Asia and 292nd in the world.
Since her husband's impeachment, Sinta had been an outspoken defender of moderate Islam. She has pursued a tradition of holding inter-faith meals during Ramadan.She has praised the bravery of Governor Basuki Tjahaja Purnama and has criticized polygamy as unfair. After she was threatened by extremists, the Banser militia mobilized to protect her events. She was included in TIME 100 list as one of The Most Influential People in 2018.
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Basuki Tjahaja Purnama is an Indonesian politician and former governor of Jakarta. He is also known by his Hakka Chinese nickname Ahok, and from January 2019 has requested to be known as 'BTP'.
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Hasri Ainun Habibie
| First Lady of Indonesia |