Sinta Nuriyah

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Sinta Nuriyah
Sinta Nuriyah during the International Conference on Feminism, 2016-09-23 02.jpg
Sinta Nuriyah in 2016
4th First Lady of Indonesia
In role
20 October 1999 23 July 2001
President Abdurrahman Wahid
Preceded by Hasri Ainun Habibie
Succeeded by Taufiq Kiemas
Personal details
Born
Sinta Wah

(1948-03-08) 8 March 1948 (age 71)
Jombang, East Java, Indonesia
Nationality Indonesia
Spouse(s)
Abdurrahman Wahid
(m. 1968;died 2009)
ChildrenAlissa Qotrunnada
Zannuba Ariffah Chafsoh
Anita Hayatunnufus
Inayah Wulandari

Sinta Nuriyah Wahid (also Sinta Wahid; 8 March 1948) is the widow of former Indonesian President Abdurrahman Wahid. She was First Lady of Indonesia from 1999 to 2001. [1]

President of Indonesia head of state and head of government of the Republic of Indonesia

The President of the Republic of Indonesia is the head of state and also head of government of the Republic of Indonesia. The president leads the executive branch of the Indonesian government and is the commander-in-chief of the Indonesian National Armed Forces.

Abdurrahman Wahid The fourth President of the Republic of Indonesia

Abdurrahman Wahid, colloquially known as Gus Dur, was an Indonesian Muslim religious and political leader who served as the President of Indonesia from 1999 to 2001. The long-time president of the Nahdlatul Ulama and the founder of the National Awakening Party (PKB), Wahid was the first elected president of Indonesia after the resignation of Suharto in 1998.

Early Life

Sinta was born in the Jombang Regency in 1948, the eldest daughter of 18 children. [2] She attended an Islamic boarding school, where, at age 13, she fell in love with Wahid, who was a teacher there. After her father, a professional calligrapher, refused to approve the marriage, Wahid, whose father was the leader of Nahdlatul Ulama, went abroad to study. When Wahid proposed again from Baghdad, Sinta accepted, marrying him three years before he returned to Indonesia in a ceremony where Wahid's grandfather stood in as a proxy. [2]

Jombang Regency Regency in East Java, Indonesia

Jombang Regency is a regency of East Java, Indonesia, situated to the southwest of Surabaya. The capital of the regency is the town of Jombang. The regency has an area of 1,159.09 km² and population of 1,202,407 at the 2010 Census; the latest official estimate is 1,236,184. It became a regency in 1910.

Nahdlatul Ulama major Islamic non-governmental organization in Indonesia

Nahdlatul Ulama is a traditionalist Sunni Islam movement in Indonesia following the Shafi'i school of jurisprudence. NU was established on January 31, 1926 in Surabaya as a response to the rise of Wahabism in Saudi Arabia and Islamic modernism in Indonesia. The NU is the largest independent Islamic organization in the world with membership estimates ranging from 40 million (2013) to over 90 million (2019). NU also is a charitable body funding schools and hospitals as well as organizing communities to help alleviate poverty.

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Baghdad is the capital of Iraq. The population of Baghdad, as of 2016, is approximately 8,765,000, making it the largest city in Iraq, the second largest city in the Arab world, and the second largest city in Western Asia.

After Wahid returned in 1971, Sinta finished a degree in Sharia law. She helped support their four children by making and selling candies. [2]

Sharia, Islamic law or Sharia law is a religious law forming part of the Islamic tradition. It is derived from the religious precepts of Islam, particularly the Quran and the Hadith. In Arabic, the term sharīʿah refers to God's immutable divine law and is contrasted with fiqh, which refers to its human scholarly interpretations. The manner of its application in modern times has been a subject of dispute between Muslim fundamentalists and modernists.

In 1992, Sinta was in a car accident that left her paralyzed from the waist down. It took a year of physical therapy before she was able to move her arms. She then finished her women's studies graduate degree at the University of Indonesia by having university staff carry her on a stretcher up to the building's fourth floor. [2]

Women's studies is an academic field that draws on feminist and interdisciplinary methods in order to place women’s lives and experiences at the center of study, while examining social and cultural constructs of gender; systems of privilege and oppression; and the relationships between power and gender as they intersect with other identities and social locations such as race, sexual orientation, socio-economic class, and disability.

University of Indonesia state university in Depok, Indonesia

The University of Indonesia is a state university in Depok, West Java and Salemba, Jakarta, Indonesia. It is the oldest tertiary-level educational institution in Indonesia, and is generally considered as the most prestigious university in Indonesia, along with the Bandung Institute of Technology and Gadjah Mada University. In the 2019 QS World Universities Ranking, UI is ranked 1st in Indonesia, 57th in Asia and 292nd in the world.

Since her husband's impeachment, Sinta had been an outspoken defender of moderate Islam. She has pursued a tradition of holding inter-faith meals during Ramadan. [3] She has praised the bravery of Governor Basuki Tjahaja Purnama and has criticized polygamy as unfair. [2] After she was threatened by extremists, the Banser militia mobilized to protect her events. [2] She was included in TIME 100 list as one of The Most Influential People in 2018. [4]

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Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, observed by Muslims worldwide as a month of fasting (sawm), prayer, reflection and community. A commemoration of the first revelation of the Quran to Muhammad, the annual observance of Ramadan is regarded as one of the Five Pillars of Islam and lasts twenty-nine to thirty days, from one visual sighting of the crescent moon to the next.

Basuki Tjahaja Purnama Indonesian politician

Basuki Tjahaja Purnama is an Indonesian politician and former governor of Jakarta. He is also known by his Hakka Chinese nickname Ahok, and from January 2019 has requested to be known as 'BTP'.

Polygamy is the practice of marrying multiple spouses. When a man is married to more than one wife at a time, sociologists call this polygyny. When a woman is married to more than one husband at a time, it is called polyandry. If a marriage includes multiple husbands and wives, it can be called a group marriage or mixed-orientation marriage.

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References

  1. Robinson, Kathryn May (2009). Gender, Islam, and democracy in Indonesia. Taylor & Francis. p. 76. ISBN   978-0-415-41583-5.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Emont, Jon (8 April 2017). "A Former First Lady Presses On for a Tolerant, Feminist Islam". The New York Times . p. A6. Retrieved 14 April 2017.
  3. "Ex-first lady holds 'sahur' with marginalized people for RI unity". The Jakarta Post . 29 June 2015.
  4. "Sinta Nuriyah is on the 2018 TIME 100 list". TIME . 1 April 2018.
Political offices
Preceded by
Hasri Ainun Habibie
First Lady of Indonesia
1999–2001
Succeeded by
Taufiq Kiemas