Sister station

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In broadcasting, sister stations or sister channels are radio or television stations operated by the same company, either by direct ownership or through a management agreement. [1]

Radio sister stations will often have different formats, and sometimes one station is on the AM band while another is on the FM band. Conversely, several types of sister-station relationships exist in television; stations in the same city will usually be affiliated with different television networks (often one with a major network and the other with a secondary network), and may occasionally shift television programs between each other when local events require one station to interrupt its network feed.

Sister stations in separate (but often nearby) cities owned by the same company may or may not share a network affiliation. For example, WNYW and WWOR-TV, in New York City and Secaucus, New Jersey, are both owned by Fox Corporation. WNYW is a Fox owned-and-operated station; WWOR-TV is a MyNetworkTV owned-and-operated station. WPIX in New York City and KTLA in Los Angeles are the flagship stations of The CW and owned by Nexstar Media Group (the former operated by Nexstar though a local marketing agreement with Mission Broadcasting, the other being owned and operated by Nexstar). In addition, stations in different cities affiliated with the same network, but not sharing an ownership tie, may refer to each other informally as sister stations.

Sister networks or sister channels, in many cases, are cable or satellite channels which are launched to either broadcast series which either premiered on the main network but has been moved out of the higher-priority schedule (such as TV Land or Boomerang), fulfill a specific niche of content which would not be fulfilled on the main network (such as Nick Jr. or Nicktoons) or broadcast to a wider audience than the main network (such as CNN International or Al Jazeera English). However, in other cases, these cable or satellite channels may only share common ownership.

The establishment and proliferation of sister networks on cable, satellite and internet providers has become easier and more commercially profitable over the history of such media venues.

See also

Related Research Articles

WPIX, virtual and VHF digital channel 11, is a CW-affiliated television station licensed to New York, New York, United States. Owned by Mission Broadcasting, the station is operated by Nexstar Media Group under a local marketing agreement (LMA). Since its inception in 1948, WPIX's studios and offices have been located in the Daily News Building on East 42nd Street in Midtown Manhattan. The station's transmitter is located at the Empire State Building.

KHII-TV MyNetworkTV affiliate in Honolulu

KHII-TV, virtual channel 9, is a MyNetworkTV-affiliated television station licensed to Honolulu, Hawaii, United States. The station is owned by Nexstar Media Group, as part of a duopoly with Fox affiliate KHON-TV. The two stations share studios at the Haiwaiki Tower on Piikoi and Waimanu Streets in downtown Honolulu ; KHII's main transmitter is located in Akupu, Hawaii. On cable, the station is available on Oceanic Spectrum and Hawaiian Telcom channel 5.

WNYW Fox flagship station in New York City

WNYW, virtual channel 5, is the flagship station of the Fox television network, licensed to New York, New York, United States. The station is owned by the Fox Television Stations subsidiary of Fox Corporation, as part of a duopoly with Secaucus, New Jersey-licensed MyNetworkTV flagship WWOR-TV. The two stations share studios at the Fox Television Center on East 67th Street in Manhattan's Lenox Hill neighborhood; WNYW's transmitter is located at One World Trade Center.

WWOR-TV MyNetworkTV station in Secaucus, New Jersey

WWOR-TV, virtual channel 9, is the flagship station of the MyNetworkTV programming service, licensed to Secaucus, New Jersey, United States and serving the New York City television market. The station is owned by the Fox Television Stations subsidiary of Fox Corporation, as part of a duopoly with New York-licensed Fox flagship WNYW. The two stations share studios at the Fox Television Center on East 67th Street in Manhattan's Lenox Hill neighborhood; WWOR-TV's transmitter is located at One World Trade Center. Previously, WWOR maintained separate studios at 9 Broadcast Plaza on Meadowlands Parkway in Secaucus, while the WNYW facilities only housed WWOR's master control and some internal operations.

KFXK-TV, virtual channel 51, is a Fox-affiliated television station serving Tyler, Texas, United States that is licensed to Longview. Owned by White Knight Broadcasting, it is a sister station to Tyler-licensed low-power MyNetworkTV affiliate KTPN-LD, channel 48 ; Nexstar Media Group, which owns Jacksonville-licensed NBC affiliate KETK-TV, operates KFXK-TV and KTPN-LD under a shared services agreement (SSA). The three stations share studios on Richmond Road in Tyler; KFXK-TV's transmitter is located near FM 125 in rural northwestern Rusk County.

WWLP NBC/CW affiliate in Springfield, Massachusetts

WWLP, virtual channel 22, is a dual NBC/CW+-affiliated television station licensed to Springfield, Massachusetts, United States, serving the Pioneer Valley of Western Massachusetts. The station is owned by Nexstar Media Group. WWLP's studios are located at Broadcast Center in the Sandy Hill section of Chicopee at the northwest corner of the I-391/MA 116/Chicopee Street interchange, and its transmitter is located on Provin Mountain in the Feeding Hills section of Agawam.

WTNH ABC affiliate in New Haven, Connecticut

WTNH, virtual channel 8, is an ABC-affiliated television station licensed to New Haven, Connecticut, United States and serving the Hartford–New Haven television market. The station is owned by Nexstar Media Group, as part of a duopoly with MyNetworkTV affiliate WCTX, also licensed to New Haven. The two stations share studios on Elm Street in downtown New Haven and transmitter facilities in Hamden, Connecticut. However, master control and some internal operations are based at Springfield, Massachusetts-licensed Nexstar sister station and NBC affiliate WWLP's studios in Chicopee.

WCTX MyNetworkTV affiliate in New Haven, Connecticut

WCTX, virtual channel 59, is a MyNetworkTV-affiliated television station licensed to New Haven, Connecticut, United States and serving the Hartford–New Haven television market. The station is owned by Nexstar Media Group, as part of a duopoly with ABC affiliate WTNH, also licensed to New Haven. The two stations share studios on Elm Street in downtown New Haven and transmitter facilities in Hamden, Connecticut. However, master control and some internal operations are based at Springfield, Massachusetts-licensed Nexstar sister station and NBC affiliate WWLP's studios in Chicopee.

WJTV CBS/CW affiliate in Jackson, Mississippi

WJTV, virtual and VHF digital channel 12, is a CBS-affiliated television station licensed to Jackson, Mississippi, United States. The station is owned by Nexstar Media Group. WJTV's studios are located on TV Road in southwest Jackson, and its transmitter is located in Raymond, Mississippi. On cable, the station is available on Comcast Xfinity channel 13, Cable One channel 8 and Vicksburg Video channel 12, and in high definition on Xfinity digital channel 433, Cable One digital channel 460 and Vicksburg Video digital channel 255.

KLFY-TV CBS affiliate in Lafayette, Louisiana

KLFY-TV, virtual and VHF digital channel 10, is a CBS-affiliated television station licensed to Lafayette, Louisiana, United States. The station is owned by Nexstar Media Group. KLFY-TV's studios are located on Eraste Landry Road in Lafayette, and its transmitter is located north of Rayne, Louisiana. The station is notable as the oldest television station in the Lafayette area.

KNWA-TV NBC/Fox affiliate in Rogers, Arkansas

KNWA-TV, virtual channel 51, is an NBC-affiliated television station licensed to Rogers, Arkansas, United States, serving Northwest Arkansas and the Arkansas River Valley. The station is owned by Nexstar Media Group, as part of a de facto triopoly with Fort Smith-licensed Fox affiliate KFTA-TV and Eureka Springs-licensed MyNetworkTV affiliate KXNW. The three stations share studios on Dickson Street in downtown Fayetteville, with a satellite studio in Rogers and a news bureau and sales office on Kelley Highway in Fort Smith. KNWA-TV's transmitter is located southeast of Garfield, Arkansas.

KHMT Television station in Montana, United States

KHMT, virtual channel 4, is a Fox-affiliated television station serving Billings, Montana, United States that is licensed to Hardin. The station is owned by Mission Broadcasting; Nexstar Media Group, which owns Billings-licensed ABC affiliate KSVI, operates KHMT under joint sales and shared services agreements. The two stations share studios on South 24th Street West in Billings; KHMT's transmitter is located in unincorporated southeastern Yellowstone County. On cable, the station is available on Charter Spectrum channel 4 in both standard and high definition.

KSHV-TV MyNetworkTV affiliate in Shreveport, Louisiana

KSHV-TV, virtual channel 45, is a MyNetworkTV-affiliated television station licensed to Shreveport, Louisiana, United States and also serving Texarkana, Texas. Owned by White Knight Broadcasting, the station is operated under a shared services agreement (SSA) by Nexstar Media Group, which owns Texarkana-licensed NBC affiliate KTAL-TV ; Nexstar also operates Shreveport-licensed Fox affiliate KMSS-TV under a separate SSA with owner Mission Broadcasting.

WHBF-TV CBS affiliate in Rock Island, Illinois

WHBF-TV, virtual and VHF digital channel 4, is a CBS-affiliated television station licensed to Rock Island, Illinois, United States, serving the Quad Cities area of northwestern Illinois and southeastern Iowa. The station is owned by Nexstar Media Group, as part of a duopoly with Burlington, Iowa-licensed CW+ affiliate KGCW ; Nexstar also operates Davenport, Iowa-licensed Fox affiliate KLJB under a shared services agreement (SSA) with owner Mission Broadcasting. The three stations share studios in the Telco Building on 18th Street in downtown Rock Island; master control and some internal operations are based at the facilities of Nexstar sister station and fellow CBS affiliate WROC-TV in Rochester, New York. WHBF-TV's transmitter is located in Bettendorf, Iowa. On cable, the station is available on Mediacom channel 4 in standard definition and digital channel 704 in high definition.

WQAD-TV ABC/MyNetworkTV affiliate in Moline, Illinois

WQAD-TV, virtual channel 8, is a dual ABC/MyNetworkTV-affiliated television station licensed to Moline, Illinois, United States, serving the Quad Cities area of northwestern Illinois and southeastern Iowa. The station is owned by Tegna Inc. WQAD's studios are located on Park 16th Street in Moline, and its transmitter is located in Orion, Illinois. On cable, the station is available on Mediacom channel 8 in standard definition and digital channel 708 in high definition.

KAMC, virtual channel 28, is an ABC-affiliated television station licensed to Lubbock, Texas, United States. Owned by Mission Broadcasting, it is operated under a local marketing agreement (LMA) by Nexstar Media Group, making it a sister station to CBS affiliate KLBK-TV. The two stations share studios and transmitter facilities on University Avenue in Lubbock, just two blocks south of Loop 289.

KGCW CW affiliate in Burlington, Iowa

KGCW, virtual channel 26, is a CW-affiliated television station licensed to Burlington, Iowa, United States, serving the Quad Cities area of southeastern Iowa and northwestern Illinois. The station is owned by Nexstar Media Group, as part of a duopoly with Rock Island, Illinois-licensed CBS affiliate WHBF-TV ; Nexstar also operates Davenport, Iowa-licensed Fox affiliate KLJB under a shared services agreement (SSA) with owner Mission Broadcasting. The three stations share studios in the Telco Building on 18th Street in downtown Rock Island; master control and some internal operations are based at the facilities of Nexstar sister station WROC-TV in Rochester, New York. KGCW's transmitter is located near Orion, Illinois.

KFTA-TV Fox/NBC affiliate in Fort Smith, Arkansas

KFTA-TV, virtual channel 24, is a Fox-affiliated television station licensed to Fort Smith, Arkansas, United States, serving the Arkansas River Valley and Northwest Arkansas. The station is owned by Nexstar Media Group, as part of a de facto triopoly with Rogers-licensed NBC affiliate KNWA-TV and Eureka Springs-licensed MyNetworkTV affiliate KXNW. The three stations share studios at the Underwood Building on Dickson Street in downtown Fayetteville, with a satellite studio in Rogers and a news bureau and sales office on Kelley Highway in Fort Smith. KFTA-TV's transmitter is located in unincorporated northeastern Crawford County.

In the United States, owned-and-operated television stations constitute only a portion of their parent television networks' station bodies, due to ownership limits imposed by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC). Currently, the total number of television stations owned by any company can only reach a maximum of 39% of all U.S. households; in the past, the ownership limit was much lower, and was determined by a specific number of television stations rather than basing the limits on total market coverage.

A duopoly is a situation in television and radio broadcasting in which two or more stations in the same city or community share common ownership.

References

  1. "Alternative Stations | iHeartMedia Stations | iHeartMedia". iheartmedia.azurewebsites.net. Retrieved 2021-07-07.