Subdivisions of Kyiv

Last updated

Subdivisions of Kyiv , the capital of Ukraine, include the formal administrative subdivision into urban districts (raions) and the more detailed informal subdivision into historical neighborhoods. Kyiv is divided in two halves split by Dnieper, therefore there exist two important parts "left-bank Kyiv" and "right-bank Kyiv" in reference to the Dnieper.


History of subdivision

The first known formal subdivision of Kyiv dates to 1810 when the city was subdivided into 4 parts: Pechersk, Starokyiv, and the first and the second parts of Podil. In 1833-1834 according to Tsar Nicholas I's decree, Kyiv was subdivided into 6 police districts; later being increased to 10. As of 1917, there were 8 district councils (Duma), which were reorganized by Pavlo Skoropadskyi into 17 raions. In 1924 bolsheviks reorganized them into the bigger six party-administrated districts with various sub-districts under Hryhoriy Hrynko administration. Districts of the city that start with the letter "D" are located on the left bank of Dnieper and until 1927 were part of Chernigov Governorate with Darnytsia being the first to be incorporated within the city limits that year.

Over the Soviet time, as city was expanding, the number of districts was gradually increasing. The districts has been also commonly named after Soviet party leaders, and as political situation was changing and some leaders were overturned by the other, so district names were also changing.

The last district reform took place in 2001 when the number of districts was decreased from 14 to 10.

Under Oleksandr Omelchenko (mayor from 1999 to 2006), there were further plans for the merger of some districts and revision of their boundaries, and the total number of districts had been planned to be decreased from 10 to 7. With the election of the new mayor-elect (Leonid Chernovetskyi) in 2006, these plans were conducted.

Districts of Kyiv

The 10 formal raions (districts) of Kyiv. Kyiv map (en).svg
The 10 formal raions (districts) of Kyiv.

Administratively, the city is divided into districts (raions), which have their own units of central and locally elected councils with jurisdiction over a limited scope of affairs. [1] Between 2010 and 2022 [nb 1] the Kyiv district councils were abolished. [2]

The last Kyiv district reorganization took place in 2001, and currently Kyiv districts are:

Most of the districts are named after respective historical neighborhoods of the city.

Former districts

Raions in 1937 1937 Kiev map.png
Raions in 1937
Before 2001 Raiony Kieva do 2001.gif
Before 2001

Informal subdivision

The Right Bank and the Left Bank

The natural first level of subdivision of the city is into the Right Bank and the Left Bank of the Dnieper River (a few large islands belong to the left-bank raions).

The Right Bank (Ukrainian : Правий Берег, Pravyi Bereh), located on the western side of the river, contains the older portions of the city, as well as the majority of Kyiv's business and governmental institutions.

The eastern Left Bank (Ukrainian : Лівий Берег, Livyi Bereh), incorporated into the city only in the twentieth century, is predominantly residential. There are large industrial and green areas in both the Right Bank and the Left Bank.

The terms "Right Bank" and, especially, "Left Bank" are recognized in the names of Kyiv's infrastructure, e.g. "Livoberezhna" Metro station.

Historical neighborhoods

Residents widely recognize a system of the non-formal historical neighborhoods. Such neighborhoods count in dozens, however, constituting a kind of hierarchy, since most of them have lost their distinctive topographic limits.

The names of the oldest neighborhoods go back to the Middle Ages, and sometimes pose a great linguistic interest. The newest whole-built developments bear numeric designations or residential marketing names.

Most notable informal historical neighborhoods of Kyiv include:

Right Bank (west):

Left Bank (east):

Lypky and Zvirynets of the Pecherskyi Raion are the most expensive areas to live. Koncha-Zaspa is arguably the most interesting neighborhood name dating back to the times of Kyivan Rus. A local legend explaining the name of a locality states the Rus warriors who felt asleep (zaspaly) during their watch at the outpost were killed (koncheni) by Golden Horde invaders. Koncha-Zaspa is now a prestigious area too.

Practical orientation patterns

Another useful pattern of city division is the Kyiv Metro system. However, metro lines do not cover significant parts of Kyiv, making such orientation very approximate (but easy for newcomers). Sometimes, the system of elektrychka train stops are used for the same purpose.

Names of well-known shopping malls, restaurants, night clubs are used for orientation purposes as well.

The full informal set of addresses in Kyiv (used, for example, in real estate advertising) would include:


  1. In the fall of 2010, then-President Viktor Yanukovych signed a law amending the law on the capital of Ukraine, giving the Kyiv City Council the right to create or not to create district councils, the Kyiv City Council decided to liquidate the district councils. [2] In February 2022 the Kyiv City Council reinstated the Kyiv district councils (and it set the election date for them on 30 October 2022). [1]

Related Research Articles

Kaniv Town in Cherkasy Oblast, Ukraine

Kaniv is a city located in Cherkasy Raion, Cherkasy Oblast (province) in central Ukraine. The city rests on the Dnieper River, and is also one of the main inland river ports on the Dnieper. It hosts the administration of Kaniv urban hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. Population: 23,503

Cherkasy Oblast Oblast (region) of Ukraine

Cherkasy Oblast is an oblast (province) of central Ukraine located along the Dnieper River. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Cherkasy. The current population of the oblast is 1,178,266 ).

Darnytskyi District Urban district in Kyiv in Kyiv City Municipality, Ukraine

Darnytskyi District, is an urban district of the Ukrainian capital Kyiv.

Sviatoshyn is a historical neighborhood and a suburb of Ukraine's capital Kyiv that is located on the western edge of the city area, in an eponymous municipality.

Kharkivskyi Masyv Neighborhood of Kyiv in Darnytsia, Ukraine

Kharkivskyi neighborhood, often referred to as Kharkivskyi masyv is located in the Darnytsia region of Kyiv, Ukraine. The area was first developed between the mid-1980s and early 1990s as an expansion of the Darnytsia neighborhood of the city. The name is rather symbolic than historic: it simply indicates that the area lies en route to the city of Kharkiv.

Obolonskyi District Urban district in Kyiv, Ukraine

Obolonskyi District is an urban district of the Ukrainian capital Kyiv. Obolonskyi District encompasses territories far beyond of its historical neighborhood sharing the same name. It was formed on 3 March 1975 and initially called as Minskyi District. In 2001 it was renamed to its historical name. Its current population is 290,000 inhabitants.

Nyvky Neighbourhood of Kyiv

Nyvky is a neighbourhood in Kyiv, Ukraine. It belongs to Shevchenkivskyi District of Kyiv. It is surrounded by Svyatoshyn to the west, Shuliavka to the south-east, Vidradnyi to the south, Syrets to the east, Vynohradar, and Berkivtsi.

Kyiv-Sviatoshyn Raion Former subdivision of Kyiv Oblast, Ukraine

Kyiv-Sviatoshyn Raion was a raion (district) in Kyiv Oblast of Ukraine, adjacent to the city of Kyiv which served as the administrative center for the raion. The city of Kyiv itself did not belong to the raion. The raion was abolished on 18 July 2020 as part of the administrative reform of Ukraine, which reduced the number of raions of Kyiv Oblast to seven. The last estimate of the raion population was 210,123 .

Holosiivskyi District Urban district in Kyiv City Municipality, Ukraine

Holosiivskyi District is an urban district of the city of Kyiv, the capital of Ukraine.

Desnianskyi District, Kyiv Raion in Kyiv, Ukraine

Desnianskyi District is an administrative raion of the city of Kyiv, the capital of Ukraine. It is located in the north-eastern part of the city on the Left Bank of the Dnieper River and is the most populous district of Kyiv. It is also the second largest district with the total area of ca. 14.2 ha.

Dniprovskyi District, Kyiv Urban district in Kyiv Municipality, Ukraine

The Dniprovskyi District is an urban district of the city of Kyiv, the capital of Ukraine. It is named after the Dnipro River and is located on its left-bank.

Shevchenkivskyi District, Kyiv Urban district in Kyiv City Municipality, Ukraine

The Shevchenkivskyi District is an urban district of the city of Kyiv, the capital of Ukraine. It was originally established on 4 April 1937, although in 2001 its area was increased following an annexation of the former Radianskyi and StaroKyivskyi districts.

Koncha-Zaspa Kyiv neighborhood in Holosiiv Raion, Kyiv City, Ukraine

Koncha-Zaspa is a historic neighbourhood in the Holosiiv Raion (district) of the city of Kyiv, the capital of Ukraine. It is known for being the place where Ukraine's political elite live. Koncha-Zaspa is located in the southern part of the city. In the 1920s the territory was the first state preserve in the Ukrainian SSR.

Sviatoshynskyi District Urban district in Kyiv in Kyiv City Municipality, Ukraine

Sviatoshynskyi Raion is an urban district in the city of Kyiv located at the western part of city. The district was created in 2001 after renaming the former Leningrad District. It borders four other districts in Kyiv such as Podilskyi District, Obolonskyi District, Solomianskyi District, Shevchenkivskyi District as well as the Kyiv-Sviatoshyn Raion and city of Irpin that administratively are part of Kyiv Oblast. Its name raion takes from one of its historical neighborhoods.

Administrative divisions of Lviv, Ukraine, include the formal administrative subdivision into raions (districts) and the more detailed informal subdivision into historical neighborhoods.

Livoberezhnyi Masyv

Livoberezhnyi Masyv or commonly known as Livoberezhna is a residential neighborhood of the Ukrainian capital Kyiv. The neighborhood is administratively a part of the Dnipro Raion, and is located on the city's left bank.

Mykilska Slobidka

The Mykilska Slobidka was a former sloboda (settlement) located on the left-bank of Dnieper and outskirts of Bykivnia Forest. It was connected with Kyiv by Nicholas Chain Bridge. Today, the settlement is now part of Livoberezhnyi Masyv of the Dnipro Raion (district) of Kyiv.

Shevchenkivskyi District or Shevchenko Raion is a name of several urban raions (districts) in Ukraine. The name was commemorated to the memory of Taras Shevchenko.

Obolon is a historical locality which includes a residential area (masyv), along with an industrial park within the Ukraine's capital Kyiv that is located on its northern side, in an eponymous city district - the Obolonskyi District.

Demiivka Neighborhood of Kyiv in Holosiiv Raion, Ukraine

Demiivka is a neighborhood located in the Holosiiv Raion (district) of Kyiv, the capital of Ukraine. It is located towards the southern part of the city, in between the city's neighborhoods Chorna Hora, Shyrma, and Holosiiv National Park. Through the neighborhood flows Lybid River and the unofficial name of the neighborhood Nyzhnia Lybid. At its eastern edge is located a ridgeline of Kyiv Hills consisting of Lysa Hora, Chorna Hora, and Bahrynova Hora, past which is located Dnieper.


See also