Thomson TO8

Last updated
Thomson TO8D.jpg
Thomson TO8D
Manufacturer Thomson SA
Release date1986;34 years ago (1986)
Introductory price2,990 FF
CPU Motorola 6809E, 1 MHz
Memory256 KB (512 KB max.) RAM
Graphics160 x 200 (16 or 5 colors)
320 x 200 (2, 3, 4 or 16 colors)
640 x 200 (2 colors)
Soundgenerator + 1 bit D/A converter 6 bits
Predecessor Thomson TO7/70

The Thomson TO8 is a home computer introduced by French company Thomson SA in 1986. [1] It replaces its predecessor, the Thomson TO7/70 while remaining essentially compatible.


The new features of the TO8, like larger memory and better graphics modes, are shared with the other third generation computers (Thomson MO6 and TO9+). The TO8 has a tape drive and Microsoft BASIC 1.0 (both a standard and a 512 KB version) on its internal ROM, and there is optionally an external floppy drive.

An improved version, the Thomson TO8D, includes a built-in 3.5" floppy drive.


Related Research Articles

Atari ST Line of home computers from Atari Corporation

The Atari ST is a line of home computers from Atari Corporation and the successor to the Atari 8-bit family. The initial ST model, the 520ST, saw limited release in April–June 1985 and was widely available in July. The Atari ST is the first personal computer to come with a bitmapped color GUI, using a version of Digital Research's GEM released in February 1985. The 1040ST, released in 1986, is the first personal computer to ship with a megabyte of RAM in the base configuration and also the first with a cost-per-kilobyte of less than US$1.

Floppy disk removable disk storage medium

A floppy disk, also known as a floppy, diskette, or simply disk, is a type of disk storage composed of a disk of thin and flexible magnetic storage medium, sealed in a rectangular plastic enclosure lined with fabric that removes dust particles. Floppy disks are read and written by a floppy disk drive (FDD).

TRS-80 Microcomputer launched in 1977, sold by Tandy Corporation through RadioShack stores

The TRS-80 Micro Computer System is a desktop microcomputer launched in 1977 and sold by Tandy Corporation through their RadioShack stores. The name is an abbreviation of Tandy/RadioShack, Z80 microprocessor. It is one of the earliest mass-produced and mass-marketed retail home computers.

Brain (computer virus) computer virus

Brain is the industry standard name for a computer virus that was released in its first form in January 1986, and is considered to be the first computer virus for MS-DOS. It infects the boot sector of storage media formatted with the DOS File Allocation Table (FAT) file system. Brain was written by Basit Farooq Alvi and Amjad Farooq Alvi from Lahore, Pakistan.

Ferguson Big Board single-board computer

The Big Board (1980) and Big Board II (1982) were Z80 based single-board computers designed by Jim Ferguson. They provided a complete CP/M compatible computer system on a single printed circuit board, including CPU, memory, disk drive interface, keyboard and video monitor interface. The printed circuit board was sized to match the Shugart 801 or 851 floppy drive. This allowed attachment to up to two 8 inch or 5 1/4 inch floppy disk drives. The Big Board II added a SASI interface which could be used to drive hard drives, enhancements to system speed and enhancements to the terminal interface.

Shugart Associates was a computer peripheral manufacturer that dominated the floppy disk drive market in the late 1970s and is famous for introducing the ​5 14-inch "Minifloppy" floppy disk drive. In 1979 it was one of the first companies to introduce a hard disk drive form factor compatible with a floppy disk drive, the SA1000 form factor compatible with the 8-inch floppy drive form factor.

SuperDrive trademark used by Apple

SuperDrive is a trademark used by Apple Inc. for two different storage drives: from 1988 to 1999 to refer to a high-density floppy disk drive capable of reading all major 3.5″ disk formats; and from 2001 onwards to refer to a CD/DVD reader/writer.

Removable media is a form of computer storage that is designed to be inserted and removed from a system. Some forms of removable media, such as optical discs, require a reader to be installed in the computer, while others, such as USB flash drives, have all the hardware required to read them built into the device, so only need a driver to be installed in order to communicate with the device.

IBM Personal Computer/AT personal computer model

The IBM Personal Computer AT, more commonly known as the IBM AT and also sometimes called the PC AT or PC/AT, was IBM's second-generation PC, designed around the 6 MHz Intel 80286 microprocessor and released in 1984 as System Unit 5170. The name AT stood for "Advanced Technology," and was chosen because the AT offered various technologies that were then new in personal computers; one such advancement was that the 80286 processor supported protected mode. IBM later released an 8 MHz version of the AT.

In computer science, group coded recording or group code recording (GCR) refers to several distinct but related encoding methods for magnetic media. The first, used in 6250 bpi magnetic tape since 1973, is an error-correcting code combined with a run length limited (RLL) encoding scheme, belonging into the group of modulation codes. The others are different mainframe hard disk as well as floppy disk encoding methods used in some microcomputers until the late 1980s. GCR is a modified form of a NRZI code, but necessarily with a higher transition density.

Didaktik home computer

The Didaktik was a series of 8-bit home computers based on the clones of Intel 8080 and Zilog Z80 processors produced in former Czechoslovakia.

Thomson MO5

The ThomsonMO5 is a home computer introduced in France in 1984 to compete against systems such as the ZX Spectrum and Commodore 64. At the same time, Thomson also released the up-market Thomson TO7/70 machine. The MO5 was not sold in vast quantities outside France and was largely discontinued in favour of the improved Thomson MO6 in 1986. MO5s were also used as educational tools in French schools for a period.

Commodore 8050 5¼-inch floppy disk drive

The Commodore 8050, Commodore 8250, and Commodore SFD-1001 are 5¼-inch floppy disk drives manufactured by Commodore International, primarily for its 8-bit CBM and PET series of computers. The drives offered improved storage capacities over previous Commodore drive models.

Disk II series of 5.25" floppy drives for Apple II series computers

The Disk II Floppy Disk Subsystem, often rendered as Disk ][, is a ​5 14-inch floppy disk drive designed by Steve Wozniak and manufactured by Apple Computer, Inc. It went on sale in June 1978 at a retail price of US$495 for pre-order; it was later sold for $595 including the controller card and cable. The Disk II was designed specifically for use with the Apple II personal computer family to replace the slower cassette tape storage. These floppy drives cannot be used with any Macintosh without an Apple IIe Card as doing so will damage the drive or the controller.

History of the floppy disk Wikimedia history article

A floppy disk is a disk storage medium composed of a disk of thin and flexible magnetic storage medium encased in a rectangular plastic carrier. It is read and written using a floppy disk drive (FDD). Floppy disks were an almost universal data format from the late 1970s into the 1990s, used at first as a primary data storage mechanism, and later mostly as a file transfer system as part of what became known as "sneakernet".

Happy drives series of disk drive enhancements for the Atari 8-bit and Atari ST computer families produced by a small company Happy Computers

Happy drives are series of disk drive enhancements for the Atari 8-bit and Atari ST computer families produced by a small company Happy Computers. Happy Computers is most noted for the add-in boards for the Atari 810 and Atari 1050 disk drives, which achieved a tremendous speed improvement for reading and writing, and for the ability to "back up" floppies. Happy's products were among the most popular Atari computer add-ons. They were still in use and active in the aftermarket as of 2009.

Macintosh External Disk Drive original of a series of external ​3 1⁄2-inch floppy disk drives manufactured and sold by Apple Computer

The Macintosh External Disk Drive is the original of a series of external ​3 12-inch floppy disk drives manufactured and sold by Apple Computer exclusively for the Macintosh series of computers introduced in January 1984. Later, Apple would unify their external drives to work cross-platform between the Macintosh and Apple II product lines, dropping the name "Macintosh" from the drives. Though Apple had been producing external floppy disk drives prior to 1984, they were exclusively developed for the Apple II, III and Lisa computers using the industry standard ​5 14-inch flexible disk format. The Macintosh external drives were the first to widely introduce Sony's new 3 12-inch rigid disk standard commercially and throughout their product line. Apple produced only one external ​3 12-inch drive exclusively for use with the Apple II series called the Apple UniDisk 3.5.

Thomson MO6 Thomson familial micro-computer

The ThomsonMO6 was an 6809E-based computer introduced in France in 1986. It featured 128 KB of RAM, a 40×25 text display, and built-in Microsoft BASIC. The MO6 was available until January 1989.

IBM Personal Computer XT personal computer model

The IBM Personal Computer XT, often shortened to the IBM XT, PC XT, or simply XT, is a version of the IBM PC with a built-in hard drive. It was released as IBM Machine Type number 5160 on March 8, 1983. Apart from the hard drive, it was essentially the same as the original PC, with only minor improvements. The XT was mainly intended as an enhanced IBM PC for business users. Later floppy-only models would effectively replace the original model 5150 PC. A corresponding 3270 PC featuring 3270 terminal emulation was released later in October 1983. XT stands for eXtended Technology.

In the 1980s the French Thomson company produced a range of 8-bit computers based on the 6809E CPU. They were released in a lot of models variations from late 1982 to 1989.