Thrall Car Manufacturing Company

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Thrall Car Manufacturing Company was a manufacturer of railroad freight cars in Chicago Heights, Illinois from 1917 to 2001. The company was sold to Trinity Industries in 2001.


Company history

A.J. Thrall established the Union Wagon Company in 1916, selling used and reconditioned rail car components. [1] This became the Thrall Car Manufacturing Company in 1917. [2] By mid-century, under the leadership of Richard L. Duchossois, the company focused on building specialized freight cars, such as high-cube boxcars for auto parts, all-door boxcars for building products, gondolas, rotary-dump gondolas for coal, bulkhead flatcars and centerbeam flatcars for lumber, double-stack container cars, covered hoppers, autorack cars and single-level trailer cars. [3] In the 1980s, Thrall acquired five competing railcar manufacturers, [1] including autorack builders Whitehead & Kales and Portec, and became the largest such manufacturer of these cars in the United States. In 1984, Duchossois purchased the remaining shares of the company owned by the Thrall family, and the company then operated as part of Duchossois Industries. [3] In the 1990s, Thrall had a production capacity of over 16,000 freight cars per year, with more than 3,000 employees. [1]

From 1997 until 2002, Thrall manufactured wagons at the York Carriage Works in England. [4] [5] In 2000, Thrall acquired the railway vehicle manufacturer ČKD Vagonka Studénka (Czech Republic), renamed Thrall Vagonka Studénka, a.s.. [6] (In 2006 Trinity Industries sold off its European operations to International Railway Systems)

The closely held company was sold to Trinity Industries, based in Dallas, Texas, in 2001. The company was subsequently renamed Trinity Rail Group, LLC. [7]


Thrall was mainly a freight car fabrication and assembly operation. Additional car types manufactured included boxcars and gondolas. Most cars were designed for standard gauge interchange service on AAR-approved railroads within North America. Many tri-level autoracks built by Thrall exist today, identifiable by the blue Thrall rectangle logo present on either the extreme right or left end of the car side. Cast or forged parts, such as grab irons, trucks, axles, and wheels, were purchased from suppliers from the Chicago area.[ citation needed ]

Manufacturing locations

Both of the Chicago Heights facilities have been redeveloped.

See also

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  1. 1 2 3 The Duchossois Group, Elmhurst, IL. "The History of the Duchossois Group." Accessed 2013-11-10.
  2. Chicago Historical Society. "Duchossois Industries Inc." Encyclopedia of Chicago. Accessed 2013-11-10.
  3. 1 2 Worthington, Rogers (1986-08-24). "Citizen Duchossois". Chicago Tribune .
  4. Thrall Europa re-opens York Works to build 2,500 wagons for EWS The Railway Magazine issue 1157 September 1997 page 7
  5. York Works closes The Railway Magazine issue 1217 September 2002 page 7
  6. "CKD DS break-up imminent", Railway Gazette International , 1 Apr 2001
  7. Inside View, Inc. (2013). "Trinity Rail Group, LLC." Accessed 2013-11-10.

Coordinates: 41°29′34″N87°36′41″W / 41.4929°N 87.6114°W / 41.4929; -87.6114