Throughfall

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Throughfall displacement experiment at Oak Ridge National Laboratory Throughfall Displacement Experiment at Oak Ridge National Lab. (7091109115).jpg
Throughfall displacement experiment at Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Litterfall and throughfall collectors at beech stand in Thetford, East Anglia Litterbags.jpg
Litterfall and throughfall collectors at beech stand in Thetford, East Anglia

In Hydrology, throughfall is the process which describes how wet leaves shed excess water onto the ground surface. These drops have greater erosive power because they are heavier than rain drops. Furthermore, where there is a high canopy, falling drops may reach terminal velocity, about 8 metres (26 ft), thus maximizing the drop's erosive potential. [2]

Rates of throughfall are higher in areas of forest where the leaves are broad-leaved. This is because the flat leaves allow water to collect. Drip-tips also facilitate throughfall. Rates of throughfall are lower in coniferous forests as conifers can only hold individual droplets of water on their needles.

Throughfall is a crucial process when designing pesticides for foliar application since it will condition their washing and the fate of potential pollutants in the environment. [3]

See also

Notes

  1. "Spatial variations of nitrogen deposition and its effect on forest biochemical processes". Forest Research. Retrieved March 27, 2011.
  2. Stuart, Gordon W.; Edwards, Pamela J. (2006), "Concepts about Forests and Water" (PDF), Northern Journal of Applied Forestry, 23 (1): 11–19, doi: 10.1093/njaf/23.1.11
  3. Pérez-Rodríguez, P.; Soto-Gómez, D.; López-Periago, J.E.; Paradelo, M. (2015). "Modeling raindrop strike performance on copper wash-off from vine leaves". Journal of Environmental Management. 150: 472–478. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2014.12.036. PMID   25560655.


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