Thuin

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Thuin
Thuin - jardins suspendus - 2018-09-09 - 16.jpg
The old city and the belfry
Flag of Thuin.gif
Flag
Thuin coat of arms.svg
Coat of arms
Belgium location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Thuin
Location in Belgium
Location of Thuin in Hainaut
Thuin Hainaut Belgium Map.png
Coordinates: 50°20′N04°17′E / 50.333°N 4.283°E / 50.333; 4.283 Coordinates: 50°20′N04°17′E / 50.333°N 4.283°E / 50.333; 4.283
Country Belgium
Community French Community
Region Wallonia
Province Hainaut
Arrondissement Thuin
Government
  Mayor Paul Furlan (PS)
  Governing party/ies PS, MR
Area
  Total76.17 km2 (29.41 sq mi)
Population
 (2018-01-01) [1]
  Total14,671
  Density190/km2 (500/sq mi)
Postal codes
6530-6534, 6536
Area codes 071
Website www.thuin.be
The Ville-Basse (lower part of the town) along the Sambre river Thuin Ville-Basse R01.jpg
The Ville-Basse (lower part of the town) along the Sambre river

Thuin (French pronunciation:  [tɥɛ̃] ) or [twɛ̃]) (Walloon: Twin) is a Walloon municipality located in the Belgian province of Hainaut. The Thuin municipality includes the old communes of Leers-et-Fosteau, Biesme-sous-Thuin, Ragnies, Biercée, Gozée, Donstiennes, and Thuillies. Thuan is the headquarters of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (International Canine Association).

Contents

History

Origins

This area was already used as a burial place in Gallo-Roman times, around the 2nd and 3rd century. The earliest name of the settlement, Thudinium Castellum, referring to a Roman fortification, is found on a 9th-century offering in Lobbes Abbey, which lists various neighbouring towns and related tithe duties. The village was a possession of the abbey of Lobbes and, together with the abbey, became part of the Bishopric of Liège in 888. The neighbouring Aulne Abbey, reputedly founded in the 7th century by Landelin, a repentant robber, was also made part of the Bishopric of Liège.

A century later, Prince-Bishop Notger had a defensive wall built in Thuin, which then became the westernmost of the 23 bonnes villes (or principal cities) of the bishopric.

The frontiers of the Bishopric of Liège

In the following centuries, several battles took place in this frontier area. In 1048, Adalbert, Duke of Lorraine was killed at the Battle of Thuin by Godfrey III, Duke of Lower Lorraine. Many more battles followed between the County of Hainaut and the Bishopric of Liège, with Thuin caught in between. Despite the stronger defensive walls that were built in the 12th century and in the 15th century, Thuin was besieged several times. The Aulne Abbey, which had been given to Saint Bernard of Clairvaux in 1147 fared better and was even expanded several times in the 16th and 18th century. In 1654, the Spanish army under the Prince of Condé tried in vain to take Thuin. The good fortunes of the city were attributed to the intercession of Saint Roch, who is still commemorated in the annual St-Roch procession. Several 17th-century buildings, including the belfry, can still be seen today in the upper city. In 1675, the troops of Louis XIV took and occupied Thuin until the Treaty of Nijmegen in 1678. Like its neighbour Charleroi, Thuin went in turn to Spain and Austria.

After the French Revolution

On May 10, 1794, during the French Revolutionary Wars, General Marceau expelled the Austrians and Thuin became part of France. The Aulne Abbey was burned to the ground. In 1829, on the eve of the Belgian Revolution, William II of the Netherlands was welcomed in Thuin, to no avail. The last major heavy fighting around Thuin occurred on August 23, 1914, at the onset of World War I, when the French army found itself nearly surrounded by the German army.

Sights

Festivities

People born in Thuin

Twin cities

See also

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References

  1. "Wettelijke Bevolking per gemeente op 1 januari 2018". Statbel. Retrieved 9 March 2019.