Thurnau

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Thurnau
Schloss Thurnau vom See.JPG
Thurnau Castle
DEU Thurnau COA.svg
Coat of arms
Location of Thurnau within Kulmbach district
Thurnau in KU.svg
Germany adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Thurnau
Bavaria location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Thurnau
Coordinates: 50°1′32″N11°23′39″E / 50.02556°N 11.39417°E / 50.02556; 11.39417 Coordinates: 50°1′32″N11°23′39″E / 50.02556°N 11.39417°E / 50.02556; 11.39417
Country Germany
State Bavaria
Admin. region Oberfranken
District Kulmbach
Government
   Mayor Martin Bernreuther (CSU)
Area
  Total64.20 km2 (24.79 sq mi)
Elevation
363 m (1,191 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31) [1]
  Total4,060
  Density63/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
95349
Dialling codes 09228
Vehicle registration KU
Website www.thurnau.de
The Evangelical-Lutheran St.-Laurentius-Church of Thurnau Thurnau church.JPG
The Evangelical-Lutheran St.-Laurentius-Church of Thurnau

Thurnau is a municipality in the district Kulmbach, Germany.

Municipalities of Germany the lowest official level of territorial division in Germany

Municipalities are the lowest level of official territorial division in Germany. This is most commonly the third level of territorial division, ranking after the Land (state) and Kreis (district). The Gemeinde which is one level lower in those states also includes Regierungsbezirke as an intermediate territorial division. The Gemeinde is one level higher if it is not part of a Samtgemeinde. Only 10 municipalities in Germany have fifth level administrative subdivisions and all of them are in Bavaria. The highest degree of autonomy may be found in the Gemeinden which are not part of a Kreis. These Gemeinden are referred to as Kreisfreie Städte or Stadtkreise, sometimes translated as having "city status". This can be the case even for small municipalities. However, many smaller municipalities have lost this city status in various administrative reforms in the last 40 years when they were incorporated into a Kreis. In some states they retained a higher measure of autonomy than the other municipalities of the Kreis. Municipalities titled Stadt are urban municipalities while those titled Gemeinde are classified as rural municipalities.

Kulmbach Place in Bavaria, Germany

Kulmbach is the capital of the district of Kulmbach in Bavaria in Germany. The town is famous for Plassenburg Castle, which houses the largest tin soldier museum in the world, and for its famous sausages, or Bratwürste.

Germany Federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe

Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north and the Alps, Lake Constance and the High Rhine to the south. It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.

Contents

It is known for golfing as well as its potteries.

Thurnau is known for transmitter Thurnau, the medium wave transmission site for Deutschlandfunk, a German national information radio station.

Medium wave Part of the medium frequency radio band

Medium wave (MW) is the part of the medium frequency (MF) radio band used mainly for AM radio broadcasting. For Europe the MW band ranges from 526.5 kHz to 1606.5 kHz, using channels spaced every 9 kHz, and in North America an extended MW broadcast band ranges from 525 kHz to 1705 kHz, using 10 kHz spaced channels. The term is a historic one, dating from the early 20th century, when the radio spectrum was divided on the basis of the wavelength of the waves into long wave (LW), medium wave, and short wave (SW) radio bands.

Deutschlandfunk, abbreviated DLF, is a German public broadcasting radio station, broadcasting national news and current affairs.

Inside the Church of Thurnau St.-Laurentius-Kirche.JPG
Inside the Church of Thurnau
Mast of Thurnau transmitter (height: 240 metres) Sendemast Thurnau 18072014 3.JPG
Mast of Thurnau transmitter (height: 240 metres)

City arrangement

Thurnau is arranged in the following boroughs:

  • Alladorf
  • Berndorf
  • Felkendorf
  • Hörlinreuth
  • Hutschdorf
  • Kemeritz
  • Lanzenreuth
  • Leesau
  • Limmersdorf
  • Lochau
  • Menchau
  • Partenfeld
  • Rottlersreuth
  • Tannfeld
  • Thurnau
  • Trumsdorf
Inside the Church of Thurnau Patronatsloge St.-Laurentius-Kirche.JPG
Inside the Church of Thurnau

Famous people

Famous people born in Thurnau

Carl von Linde German engineer and scientist

Carl Paul Gottfried Linde was a German scientist, engineer, and businessman. He discovered a refrigeration cycle and invented the first industrial-scale air separation and gas liquefaction processes. These breakthroughs laid the backbone for the 1913 Nobel Prize in Physics that was awarded to Heike Kamerlingh Onnes. Linde was a member of scientific and engineering associations, including being on the board of trustees of the Physikalisch-Technische Reichsanstalt and the Bavarian Academy of Sciences and Humanities. Linde was also the founder of what is now known as Linde plc, the world's largest industrial gases company, and ushered the creation of the supply chain of industrial gases as a profitable line of businesses. He was knighted in 1897 as Ritter von Linde. Carl von Linde invented the first reliable and efficient compressed-ammonia refrigerator in 1876.

Refrigeration Process of moving heat from one location to another in controlled conditions

Refrigeration is the process of cooling a space, substance, or system to lower and/or maintain its temperature below the ambient one. In other words, refrigeration means artificial (human-made) cooling. Heat is removed from a low-temperature reservoir and transferred to a high-temperature reservoir. The work of heat transfer is traditionally driven by mechanical means, but can also be driven by heat, magnetism, electricity, laser, or other means. Refrigeration has many applications, including, but not limited to: household refrigerators, industrial freezers, cryogenics, and air conditioning. Heat pumps may use the heat output of the refrigeration process, and also may be designed to be reversible, but are otherwise similar to air conditioning units.

Bridge from castle to Church Thurnau Panorama md.jpg
Bridge from castle to Church

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Franz Spina was German-Czechoslovakian right-wing and activist politician of the First Republic Era. Franz Spina was chairman of Bund der Landwirte, or Union of Farmers and Rural Enterprises, right-wing party of German-speaking countryside of Czechoslovakia. His party was the first to actively cooperate with Czechoslovak government and entered the Cabinet of Lord's Coalition together with Czechoslovak agrarians, clericals, entrepreneurs and national democrats. Franz Spina became the very first ethnic German government minister in Czechoslovakia. Since the establishment of Sudeten German Party, popularity of Union of Farmers had been declining. However, Spina believed in successful Czechoslovak-German cooperation until his death in 1938, fortnight before the Munich Agreement.

Countess Karoline Ernestine of Erbach-Schönberg, born 20 August 1727 at Gedern, Oberhessen, Hesse-Darmstadt, in the then Holy Roman Empire, was a daughter of George August, Count of Erbach-Schönberg, and Ferdinande Henriette, Countess of Stolberg-Gedern. She died at Ebersdorf, Thuringia, on 22 April 1796, at age 68.

Forschungsinstitut für Musiktheater

The Forschungsinstitut für Musiktheater (FIMT) is a research institute for the study of opera and musical theatre. It is located in the Thurnau Castle, Thurnau, near Bayreuth, Bavaria.

Andrei Markovits Romanian academic

Andrei S. Markovits is an Arthur F. Thurnau Professor and the Karl W. Deutsch Collegiate Professor of Comparative Politics and German Studies at the University of Michigan. He is the author and editor of many books, scholarly articles, conference papers, book reviews and newspaper contributions in English and many foreign languages on topics as varied as German and Austrian politics, anti-Semitism, anti-Americanism, social democracy, social movements, the European right and the European left. Markovits has also worked extensively on comparative sports culture in Europe and North America.

Julia Thurnau German actress

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Bayreuth Altstadt–Kulmbach railway railway line

The Bayreuth Altstadt–Kulmbach railway was a branch line in the Bavarian province of Upper Franconia in southern Germany. It was also known colloquially as the Thurnauer Bockela.

Sieber (river) river in the Harz Mountains, Germany

Sieber is a river of Lower Saxony, Germany, in the Harz mountains. It is 35 kilometres (22 mi) long and a right hand tributary of the Oder.

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Ismail Keta is an Albanian kickboxer who was a three time German champion in 1999 and 2000 in Federation WKA. In 2001 he was proclaimed world champion Under Thaibox. In November 19-11-2011 he won the title of Federation World Champion Iska. In 2012 he won World Champion title again. His last title came in December 7-12-2013 for federation IKBF.

References

  1. "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). July 2019.