Last updated

Tilokpur, Tilhar
India Uttar Pradesh location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Tilokpur, Tilhar
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
India location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Tilokpur, Tilhar
Tilokpur, Tilhar (India)
Coordinates: 27°35′N79°28′E / 27.58°N 79.46°E / 27.58; 79.46 Coordinates: 27°35′N79°28′E / 27.58°N 79.46°E / 27.58; 79.46
State Uttar Pradesh
District Shahjahanpur
  Body Gram panchayat
152 m (499 ft)
  Official Hindi
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)

Tilokpur is a village in the Tilhar in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. The village is situated near the Sharda Canal [1] that passes through Kant and Kurriya Kalan.


The village is medium-sized, with around 167 dwellings and a population of about 1,036 people. [2] The Part of City Tilhar

Banwari Lal, by caste a Kayastha, an Indian revolutionary and an approver in the historical Kakori conspiracy train robbery case of 1925, hailed from this village. Later in his life, he settled in the nearby village of Keshawpur, where he lived until his death.


The village of Tilokpur, named after Trilok Chandra, a Bachhil Rajput, is situated about 9 kilometers to the south of Tilhar. According to the Shahjahanpur Gazetteer , the name Tilhar was also derived from the Bachhil Rajput Trilok Chandra. [3] Trilok Chandra also built a fort in Tilhar. The ruins of this fort can be seen in Dataganj mohalla of Tilhar. There were three big gates to the fort though now only two of them still exist. The city of Shahjahanpur was established by Diler Khan and Bahadur Khan, sons of Shri Dariya Khan, who were the commanders in the army of Mugal Emperor Jahangir.


Although this village is very old, many residents have moved and settled in other parts of the country due to communal conflicts. In the past, this village apparently had orchards with rare plant species and people lived in harmony. Today the village is all but abandoned.

The Hindu communities which still reside here are: Thakurs, Brahmins, Yadavs, Lohars, Barhais, Dhobis, Dahanuks Nats and Kahars. Amongst the Muslim community, some families of Manihars, Julahas and Faqirs remain in the village.

Another community of Kshatriya Sunars, who were the oldest residents of this village, have left. Kayasthas have also left the village though some families of Gadariyas remain. The departures are often due to the lack of educational opportunities.

The main occupation of the villagers is farming. Some Sikhs have also settled here but they do not mingle with the local residents. They live with family and their cattle in the Jhalas.


The Sunars of this village claim that they are the descendants of one of two Rajput brothers, who were saved as boys by a Saraswat Brahman from the wrath of Parashurama when he was destroying the Kshatriyas. The descendants of the other brother were the Khatris. This is the same story as is told by the Khatris of their own origin, but they do not acknowledge the connection with Sunars, nor can the Sunars allege that Saraswat Brahmans eat with them as they do with Khatris.

Owing to their association with the sacred metal gold, and the fact that they generally live in towns or large villages, and that many of their members are well-to-do, the Sunars occupy a fairly high position, ranking equal with, or above the cultivating castes. [4]

Religious Practices

Sacred fig trees grow in Tilokpur. These trees draw both Sadhus (ascetics), who meditate beneath the trees, and Hindus, who do pradakshina (circumambulation) around the trees as a form of worship. Usually seven pradakshinas are done in the morning, while the Hindu practitioner chants "Vriksha Rajaya Namah", meaning "salutation to the king of trees."

Outside the village's boundary stands a Peepal tree, which the local people call Brahma dev. Here, a mela (gathering) is organised on the day of Buddha Purnima every year. This sacred tree is said to be about 1,000 years old. Its trunk is about 10 feet in diameter, upon which the natural images of the Brahma, Vishnu, and Mahesh are clearly visible.

The Brijbasi Nats – a landless community in Shahjahanpur district – are mainly musicians and dancers. At social functions, they are required to perform for their patrons, who tend to belong to the locally dominant castes. [5] They come here every year and perform dances with music to entertain the God tree Brahma dev and the people on Buddha Purnima.

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rajput</span> Social community of South Asia

Rajput is a large multi-component cluster of castes, kin bodies, and local groups, sharing social status and ideology of genealogical descent originating from the Indian subcontinent. The term Rajput covers various patrilineal clans historically associated with warriorhood: several clans claim Rajput status, although not all claims are universally accepted. According to modern scholars, almost all Rajput clans originated from peasant or pastoral communities.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Khatri</span> Caste in South Asia

Khatri is a caste/clan of the Indian subcontinent that is predominantly found in India, but also in Pakistan and Afghanistan. In the subcontinent, they were mostly engaged in mercantilistic professions such as banking and trade, they were the dominant commercial & financial administration class of Late-Medieval India some in Punjab often belonged to hereditary agriculturalist land-holding lineages, others were engaged in artisanal occupations such as silk production and weaving while some were scribes learned in Sanskrit and Persian too

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shahjahanpur</span> City in Uttar Pradesh, India

Shahjahanpur is a municipal corporation, town and district headquarters of Shahjahanpur District in Uttar Pradesh, India.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kayastha</span> Community of India

Kayastha denotes a cluster of disparate Indian communities broadly categorised by the regions of the Indian subcontinent in which they were traditionally located—the Chitraguptavanshi Kayasthas of North India, the Chandraseniya Kayastha Prabhus of Maharashtra, the Bengali Kayasthas of Bengal and Karanas of Odisha. All of them were traditionally considered "writing castes", who had historically served the ruling powers as administrators, ministers and record-keepers.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Arora</span> Community in India

Arora is a community of Punjab, comprising both Hindus and Sikhs. The name is derived from their native place Aror.

Chandraseniya Kayastha Prabhu (CKP) is an ethnic group mainly found in Maharashtra. Historically, they made equally good warriors, statesmen as well as writers. They held the posts such as Deshpande and Gadkari according to the historian, B.R. Sunthankar, produced some of the best warriors in Maharashtrian History.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gaud Saraswat Brahmin</span> Hindu Brahmin community in India and a part of the larger Saraswat Brahmin community

Gaud Saraswat Brahmins (GSB) are a Hindu Brahmin community of the north. The Konkani speaking Gaud Saraswat of Goa and southern India claim to be descendents of these Gaud Saraswat Brahmins of the north that migrated to Konkan from Gaud, as per the Skanda Purana. Their traditional occupation was trading.

Srivastava, also spelled variously as Shrivastava, Shrivastav or Srivastav, is a common surname found amongst the Chitraguptavanshi Kayastha community of upper caste Hindus particularly in the Hindi-speaking regions of India.

Pal, alternative form "Paul", is a common surname found in India and Bangladesh. It is traditionally believed that 'Pal' originated from the Sanskrit pala meaning protector or keeper. It is also occasionally found in other countries.

Adhikari belongs to Brahmins and Rajput caste native to the Indian subcontinent, mainly found in Nepal, India, and Sri Lanka.Adhikari of Kumaon region of Uttarakhand are Rajputs,but it also depends on region. Another regions, majorly West Bengal, Adhikari are Brahmins. It is found among several groups including Bengalis, Biharis, Sinhalese, Marathis, Nepalese and Kumaonis. Adhikari is literally translated as Officer.

The Muslim Kayastha, a community of Muslims, are related to the Kayastha of northern India, mainly modern Uttar Pradesh, who converted to Islam during the rule of the Islamic empires in India. The Muslim Kayastha and Nagar Muslims of Uttar Pradesh are considered Shaikh and follow Sunni Hanafi fiqh. The Muslim Kayasths have intermarried with other Muslim communities over the centuries, lost their community consciousness, and consider themselves Urdu speaking Muslims of Pakistan and northern India.

Baidya or Vaidya is a Hindu community located in Bengal. Baidyas, a caste (jāti) of Ayurvedic physicians, have long had pre-eminence in society alongside Brahmins and Kayasthas. In the colonial era, the Bhadraloks were drawn primarily, but not exclusively, from these three upper castes, who continue to maintain a collective hegemony in West Bengal.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bengali Kayastha</span> Bengali Hindu of the Kayastha caste

A Bengali Kayastha is a Bengali Hindu who is a member of the Kayastha community. The historical caste occupation of Kayasthas throughout India has been that of scribes, administrators, ministers and record-keepers; the Kayasthas in Bengal, along with Brahmins and Baidyas, are regarded among the three traditional higher castes that comprise the "upper layer of Hindu society." During the British Raj, the Bhadraloks of Bengal were drawn primarily, but not exclusively, from these three castes, who continue to maintain a collective hegemony in West Bengal.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shresthas</span>

The Śreṣṭha or is the second largest Newar caste group, occupying around 21% of overall Newar population, or about 1.1% of Nepal’s total population. It is believed that the word Srēṣṭha is derived from the Newar word Śeśyah, which itself is derivation of a Sanskrit word Sista meaning 'noble', although literal meaning of the word also translated to 'best or important.' "Shrestha" itself was later adopted as the specific family surname by members of this high-caste Hindu group, although there are over 50 other recognized surnames of Srēṣṭhas. Despite their numerically low national population, their high-status and socio-economic capital puts Śreṣṭhas amongst the most socio-economically privileged and politically over-represented segments of Nepali population.

Rajputs of Nepal or anciently Rajputras are Rajput Kshatriya community of Nepal.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chitraguptavanshi Kayastha</span> North Indian branch of Kayastha caste

Chitraguptavanshi Kayastha, also referred as North Indian Kayastha, is a subgroup of Hindus of the Kayastha community that are mainly concentrated in the Hindi Belt of North India.

Modern historians agree that Rajputs consisted of a mix of various different social groups and different varnas. Rajputisation explains the process by which such diverse communities coalesced into the Rajput community.

Jharra Chhetri (; are the subgroup of the Chhetri caste who are socio-religiously considered the purest among all Chhetri subcastes. Jharra Chhetri wear the six threaded Janai. Although Khatri chhetri and Matwali chhetris or pawai chhetri outnumber Jharras but almost all Notable people from chhetri community are exclusively Jharras like Bogati, Basnet/Basnyat,Thapa,karki kunwar khadka Budathoki katuwal mahat and so on. Jharra Chhetri are Kshatriya in Hindu Social status. They follow Bartaman ceremony and proclaim a caste-based supremacy over other Kshatriya communities like Thakuri and pawei khasa Chhetri based on the socio-religious gradation of purity. Most of them were historically warriors' nobility ruler's administrator or government official as their surname suggest. Jharra chhetris with heterogenous surnames they are also called as Bahuthariya For eg. Thapa Karki Basnet Khadka whereas those with homogenous and considered as "Ekthariyas" like Rayamaji, Katwal, Raut kunwar etc. They are mostly decendants of different rank holding Indo-aryan people in different feudal kingdoms of Medivial himalayas. Jharra chhetris are strict tagadhari hindus to the extent that Jharras who consumed alcohol and pork were even degreaded to Matwali Chhetri and robbed from Jharra status. Although it was present only in past and now it's not seen any more थापा तथा रावत क्षेत्री समाज in dang was made to go against this.


  1. "Index map of Sharda Canal System". Irrigation.up.nic.in. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
  2. "Local information for Tilokpur - Location coordinates (lat long) on map, businesses, tourist places, hotels & restaurants, user added information, local resources". Geolysis.com. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
    • Dr. Mehrotra N.C. Shahjahanpur Etihasik Evam Sanskritik Dharohar 1998 Pratiman Prakashan 30 Kucha Ray Ganga Prasad Allahabad 211003 India page 114
  3. R.V. Russell assisted by Rai Bahadur Hira Lal; The Tribes and Castes of the Central Provinces of India; published under the orders of the Central Provinces Administration, Macmillan and Co. Ltd., St. Martin Street, London, 1916
  4. People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII Part 1 edited by A Hasan & J C Das pages 355 to 357 Manohar Publications