Timeline of Aden

Last updated

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Aden, Yemen.


Prior to 19th century

19th century

20th century



21st century

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">History of Yemen</span> Aspect of history

The history of Yemen describes the cultures, events, and peoples of what is one of the oldest centers of civilization in the Near East. Its relatively fertile land and adequate rainfall in a moister climate helped sustain a stable population, a feature recognized by the ancient Greek geographer Ptolemy, who described Yemen as Eudaimon Arabia meaning "fortunate Arabia" or "Happy Arabia". Yemenis had developed the South Arabian alphabet by the 12th to 8th centuries BC, which explains why most historians date all of the ancient Yemeni kingdoms to that era.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Aden</span> Port city and temporary capital of Yemen

Aden is a port city located in the southern part of the Arabian peninsula, positioned near the eastern approach to the Red Sea. It is situated approximately 170 km east of the Bab-el-Mandeb strait and north of the Gulf of Aden. With its strategic location on the coastline, Aden serves as a gateway between the Red Sea and the Arabian Sea, making it a crucial maritime hub connecting Africa, Asia, and the Middle East. As of 2023, Aden City has a population of approximately 1,080,000 residents, making it one of the largest cities in Yemen.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Yemen</span> Country in West Asia

Yemen, officially the Republic of Yemen, is a country in West Asia. It is located in the southern end of the Arabian Peninsula, and borders Saudi Arabia to the north and Oman to the northeast. It shares maritime borders with Eritrea, Djibouti and Somalia. Covering 555,000 square kilometres and having a coastline of approximately 2,000 kilometres, Yemen is the second-largest Arab sovereign state on the Arabian Peninsula. Sanaa is its constitutionally stated capital and largest city. The country's population is estimated to be 34.4 million as of 2023. Yemen is a member of the Arab League, the United Nations, the Non-Aligned Movement and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">South Yemen</span> 1967–1990 socialist state in Western Asia

South Yemen, formally the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen, was a communist state that existed from 1967 to 1990 as a state in the Middle East in the southern and eastern provinces of the present-day Republic of Yemen, including the island of Socotra.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mokha</span> City in Taiz Governorate, Yemen

Mokha, also spelled Mocha, or Mukha, is a port city on the Red Sea coast of Yemen. Until Aden and al Hudaydah eclipsed it in the 19th century, Mokha was the principal port for Yemen's capital, Sanaa. Long known for its coffee trade, the city gave its name to Mocha coffee.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rasulid dynasty</span> Yemeni Muslim Dynasty

The Rasulids were a Sunni Muslim dynasty who ruled Yemen from 1229 to 1454.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kathiri</span> 1395–1967 sultanate in modern day Yemen

Kathiri, officially the Kathiri State of Seiyun, was a sultanate in the Hadhramaut region of the southern Arabian Peninsula, in what is now part of Yemen and the Dhofari region of Oman.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Aden Protectorate</span> Former British protectorate in southern Arabia

The Aden Protectorate was a British protectorate in South Arabia which evolved in the hinterland of the port of Aden and in the Hadhramaut following the conquest of Aden by the Bombay Presidency of British India in 1839, and which continued until the 1960s. In 1940, it was divided for administrative purposes into the Western Protectorate and the Eastern Protectorate. Today, the territory forms part of the Republic of Yemen.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Aden Colony</span> 1937–1963 British colony in southwest Arabia

Aden Colony, also the Colony of Aden, was a British Crown colony from 1937 to 1963 located in the south of contemporary Yemen. It consisted of the port of Aden and its immediate surroundings.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sultanate of Lahej</span> 1728–1967 sheikhdom in southwest Arabia

Lahej, the Sultanate of Lahej, or, sometimes, the Abdali Sultanate, was a Sheikdom based in Lahij in Southern Arabia. The Sultanate became self-ruling in 1728 and gained independence in 1740. In 1839, the Sultanate became part of the Aden Protectorate of the British Empire, though nominally the 'Abdali Sultan retained his status. The Aden Protectorate was briefly ruled again by the Ottomans during World War I, but regained by the British and absorbed into Federation of South Arabia in 1963. The 'Abdali dynasty was officially abolished in 1967, with the proclamation of South Yemen.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Fadhli Sultanate</span>

Fadhli, or the Fadhli Sultanate, was an independent sultanate on the southern coast of the Arabian Peninsula from the 17th century until 1967.

Al-Mansur al-Husayn II was an Imam of Yemen who ruled in 1727–1748. He belonged to the Qasimid family which claimed descent from Muhammad, who dominated the Zaidi imamate of Yemen in 1597–1962.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Aden Expedition</span> British capture of Aden

The Aden Expedition was a naval operation that the British Royal Navy carried out in January 1839. Following Britain's decision to acquire the port of Aden as a coaling station for the steamers sailing the new Suez-Bombay route, the sultan of Lahej, who owned Aden, resisted, which led to a series of skirmishes between the two sides. In response to the incidents, a small force of warships and soldiers of the East India Company were sent to Arabia. The expedition succeeded in defeating the Arab defenders, who held the fortress on Sira Island, and occupied the nearby port of Aden.

Al-Malik al-Aziz Sayf al-Islam Tughtakin Ahmad ibn Ayyub was a Kurdish and the second Ayyubid emir (prince) of Yemen and Arabia between 1182 and 1197.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Al-Busi</span>

Al-Bu`si, Busi, Bo'sī,, or the Bu`si Sheikhdom, was a small state in the British Aden Protectorate. It was one of the states of Upper Yafa.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Sana'a, Yemen.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Muscat, Oman.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Yemeni Zaidi State</span> 1597–1849 state in southwest Arabia

The Yemeni Zaidi State, also known as the Zaidi Imamate and the Qasimid State, was a Zaidi-ruled independent state in the Greater Yemen region, which was founded by al-Mansur al-Qasim in 1597 and absorbed much of the Ottoman Yemen Eyalet by 1628 and completely expelled the Ottomans from Yemen by 1638. The Zaidi State continued to exist into 18th and 19th century, but gradually fractured into separate small states. The most notable of those states was the Sultanate of Lahej; most of those states were submitted by the Ottomans and incorporated into the restored Ottoman province of Yemen Eyalet in 1849.


  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Britannica 1910.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Stanley 2008.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 Margariti 2006.
  4. 1 2 Gazetteer of India 1908.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Thoman 1991.
  6. BBC News. "Yemen Profile: Timeline" . Retrieved 30 April 2015.
  7. Facey 1998.
  8. 1 2 3 Kour 1981.
  9. 1 2 3 4 Robert D. Burrowes (2010). Historical Dictionary of Yemen (2nd ed.). Scarecrow Press. ISBN   978-0-8108-5528-1.
  10. Charles Nicholl (1999). Somebody Else: Arthur Rimbaud in Africa 1880-91. University of Chicago Press. ISBN   978-0-226-58029-6.
  11. "British Empire: Asia: Aden, Perim, Sokotra, and Kuria Muria Islands". Statesman's Year-Book. London: Macmillan and Co. 1921. p. 95+. hdl:2027/njp.32101072368440.
  12. "Aden", Encyclopædia Britannica, vol. 30 (12th ed.), 1922
  13. 1 2 3 Sheila Carapico (1998). Civil Society in Yemen: the Political Economy of Activism in Modern Arabia. Cambridge Middle East Studies. Cambridge University Press. ISBN   978-0-521-03482-1.
  14. "Population of capital city and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1955. New York: Statistical Office of the United Nations.
  15. Encyclopedia of Women and Islamic Cultures. Brill. 2005. ISBN   90-04-12818-2.
  16. 1 2 "Yemen Time Line", Atlas of the Middle East, Washington DC: US Central Intelligence Agency, 1993 via University of Texas, Perry–Castañeda Library Map Collection
  17. "The Queen in Aden", British-Yemeni Society Journal, vol. 20, 2012, OCLC   56766944, archived from the original on 2015-03-08
  18. "Yemeni union calls for general strike to protest against low wages", BBC Monitoring Middle East, May 13, 2010 via LexisNexis Academic
  19. Rémy Leveau; et al., eds. (1999). Le Yémen contemporain (in French). Éditions Karthala. ISBN   978-2-86537-893-7.
  20. 1 2 "Museums: Yemen". Arabia Antica. University of Pisa . Retrieved 30 April 2015.
  21. "Yemen: Directory". Europa World Year Book. Europa Publications. 2004. p. 4714+. ISBN   978-1-85743-255-8.
  22. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Statistical Office (1976). "Population of capital city and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1975. New York. pp. 253–279.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  23. Lucine Taminian (1998). "Rimbaud's House in Aden, Yemen". Cultural Anthropology. 13. JSTOR   656569.
  24. Yemen: Aden, ArchNet, archived from the original on 2007-07-02
  25. Population of Yemen, 1994 census, Al-Bab.com, archived from the original on 8 September 2015, retrieved 30 April 2015
  26. Mark N. Katz (1997), Election Day in Aden, Al-Bab.com, archived from the original on 2015-10-18
  27. "Population of Capital Cities and Cities of 100,000 or More Inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 2013. United Nations Statistics Division.


Published in 19th century
Published in 20th century
Published in 21st century