Timeline of Kurdish uprisings

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This is an incomplete list of Kurdish uprisings. You can help by expanding it.

List of conflicts

DateUprisingLocationResult
838–841 [1] Yazidi uprising against the Abbasids Abbasid Caliphate Suppressed
955–1071 [2] [3] [4] War against the Musafirid. Rawadid dynasty Victory
1045 Battle of Dvin Shaddadids Victory
990–1085Kurdish uprising The Marwanids Victory, led to the birth of the Marwanids dynasty
1506–1510Kurdish-Yazidi uprising against the Safavids [5] Safavid Flag.svg Safavid Persia Suppressed when the Yazidi leader, Shír Ṣárim, was defeated in battle.
1609–1610 Battle of Dimdim [6] Safavid Flag.svg Safavid Persia Suppressed
1775 Bajalan uprising [7] Zand Dynasty flag.svg Zand dynasty Suppressed
1806–1808 Baban uprising [8] Flag of the Ottoman Empire (1517-1844).svg Ottoman Empire Suppressed
1880–1881 Revolt by Sheikh Ubeydullah of Nehri against the Qajars. [9] [10] State Flag of Iran (1924).svg Qajar Persia & Flag of the Ottoman Empire (1517-1844).svg Ottoman Empire Defeat
late 1890s – 1900 Shekifti rebellion [11] Flag of the Ottoman Empire (1844-1922).svg  Ottoman Empire Suppressed
Early March – 4 April 1914 Bitlis uprising Flag of the Ottoman Empire (1844-1922).svg  Ottoman Empire Suppressed
1914 – 1917 Kurdish rebellions during World War I Flag of the Ottoman Empire (1844-1922).svg  Ottoman Empire Establishment of a quasi-independent Kurdish state until 1919
1919–1922 – First Mahmud Barzanji RevoltFirst Mahmud Barzanji revolt Flag of Iraq (1924-1959).svg Kingdom of Iraq Suppressed
1918–1922First Simko Shikak revolt Flag of Persia (1910).svg Qajar Persia Suppressed
1918–2003 Iraqi–Kurdish conflict Flag of Iraq.svg  Iraq Victory
1918–present Kurdish–Iranian conflict Flag of Persia (1910).svg Qajar Persia Ongoing
6 March – 17 June 1921 Koçgiri rebellion Ottoman flag alternative 2.svg Turkey Suppressed
November 1922 – July 1924Second Mahmud Barzanji revolt Flag of Iraq (1924-1959).svg Kingdom of Iraq, Flag of kurdistan-1922 1924.svg Kingdom of Kurdistan Creation of the Kingdom of Kurdistan [12] [13]
August 1924 Beytussebab rebellion Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey Suppressed
8 February – March 1925 Sheikh Said rebellion [14] Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey Suppressed
1926Second Simko Shikak revolt Flag of Persia (1910).svg Pahlavi Persia Suppressed, Simko Shikak flees to Mandatory Iraq
October 1927 – September 17, 1930First, second and third Ararat rebellion [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] Kurdish flag (1932).png Republic of Ararat, Flag of Turkey.svg Republic of Turkey Suppressed, Republic of Ararat disbanded.
1931–1932 Ahmed Barzani revolt Flag of Iraq (1924-1959).svg Kingdom of Iraq Suppressed, low-level insurgency continues through 1933, another revolt by Barzanis erupts in 1943
1935 Yazidi revolt of 1935 Flag of Iraq (1924-1959).svg Mandatory Iraq Suppressed
20 March – November, 1937 and 2 January – December, 1938 Dersim rebellion Flag of Turkey.svg Republic of Turkey Suppressed, see Dersim Massacre
1941–1944 Hama Rashid revolt Flag of Persia (1910).svg Pahlavi Iran Suppressed, Hama Rashid driven into Iraq
November 1945 – December 15, 1946 Iran crisis of 1946 [20] State Flag of Iran (1925).svg  Pahlavi Iran, Flag of the Republic of Mahabad.svg Republic of Mahabad Creation of the Soviet-backed Republic of Mahabad, revolt later suppressed
11 September 1961 – 1970 First Iraqi–Kurdish War Flag of Iraq 1959-1963.svg Republic of Iraq Stalemate, led to the Iraqi-Kurdish Autonomy Agreement of 1970
1967 1967 Kurdish revolt in Iran State Flag of Iran (1925).svg Pahlavi Iran Suppressed
April 1974 – 1975 Second Iraqi–Kurdish War Flag of Iraq (1963-1991).svg Iraq Suppressed, the Iraqi government re-establishes control over Kurdistan
1976–1978 PUK insurgency Flag of Iraq (1963-1991).svg Iraq Indecisive, led to the Kurdish rebellion of 1983
1979 1979 Kurdish rebellion in Iran Flag of Iran.svg Iran Suppressed
1983–1985 Kurdish rebellion of 1983 Flag of Iraq (1963-1991).svg Iraq Indecisive, led to the Al-Anfal Campaign
15 August 1984 – present Kurdish–Turkish conflict Flag of Turkey.svg Republic of Turkey Ongoing [21] [22] [23] [24] [25] [26] [27]
1986–1996 KDPI insurgency Flag of Iran.svg Government of Iran Suppressed; KDPI announces unilateral cease-fire in 1996
1 March – 5 April 1991 1991 Iraqi uprisings Flag of Iraq (1991-2004).svg Ba'athist Iraq, Flag of Kurdistan.svg Iraqi Kurdistan Victory; establishment of the Kurdish Autonomous Republic, also known as Iraqi Kurdistan
March 2004 2004 Qamishli riots Flag of Syria.svg  Syria Suppressed
1 April 2004–present Iran–PJAK conflict Flag of Iran.svg  Iran Ongoing
19 July 2012–present Rojava conflict of the Syrian civil war Flag of Syria.svg  Syria Kurdish fighters have taken control of 365 towns and villages in Syrian Kurdistan and 2 districts in Aleppo by September 2012. [28]
24 July 2015 – present Kurdish–Turkish conflict Flag of Turkey.svg Republic of Turkey Ongoing
19 April 2016 – present Western Iran clashes Flag of Iran.svg  Iran Ongoing
24 August 2016 – 29 March 2017 Turkish military intervention in Syria Flag of Syria.svg  Syria Turkish-led gains against ISIL, status quo ante bellum against SDF
15 – 27 October 2017 2017 Iraqi–Kurdish conflict Flag of Iraq.svg  Iraq, Flag of Kurdistan.svg  Iraqi Kurdistan Ceasefire

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References

  1. M. Th. Houtsma, 1993, E. J. Brill's First Encyclopaedia of Islam, 1913-1936: Volume 4 - Page 1136, Brill
  2. Hugh Kennedy, The Prophet and the Age of the Caliphates The Kurdish dynasties which emerged in the second half of tenth century...the Rawwadids
  3. Sharaf Khan Bidlisi The Sharafnam̂a Rawwadi Kurds..
  4. Ian Richard Netto, Encyclopaedia of Islam "There was a succession of Kurdish dynasties such as ... Rawwadids of Tabriz and Azerbayjan"
  5. "Archived copy". persian.packhum.org. Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. Retrieved 13 January 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. "DIMDIM". Archived from the original on October 11, 2008. Retrieved February 21, 2007.
  7. http://www.iranica.com/articles/search/searchpdf.isc?ReqStrPDFPath=/home1/iranica/articles/v3_articles/bajalan&OptStrLogFile=/home/iranica/public_html/logs/pdfdownload.html , p.533.
  8. http://www.slis.indiana.edu/faculty/meho/meho-bibliography-2001.pdf , p.9
  9. http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m2267/is_1_70/ai_102140955/pg_25 [ bare URL ]
  10. Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Kūrdistān § History"  . Encyclopædia Britannica . Vol. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 951.
  11. McCarthy, Justin (2006-09-29). The Armenian Rebellion at Van. University of Utah Press. p. 82. ISBN   978-0-87480-870-4. In the late 1890s the government began to improve the security in the Van Province with mixed but real results. Soldiers were sent to defend Armenian villages from tribes. The Ottomans responded to tribal raids in southern Van Province by sending regular troops to Hakkâri Sancak to protect the Nestorians. They succeeded in keeping the area quiet, at least for the time being. Troops opposed incursions by Persian Kurds. They even used artillery to bombard the fortified villages of raiding tribes. In 1900 the government gained a victory when regular troops captured Şerif, the leader of the Shekifti subtribe of the Shikak Kurds and long-standing plague for both the government and the Armenians, in a bloody battle in the Albak region near Başkale.
  12. Stokes, Jamie (2009). Encyclopedia of the Peoples of Africa and the Middle East, Kingdom of Kurdistan. Infobase. ISBN   9781438126760 . Retrieved 5 November 2014.
  13. Asadi, Awat (2007). Der Kurdistan-Irak-Konflikt: der Weg zur Autonomie seit dem ersten Weltkrieg. Verlag Hans Schiler. ISBN   9783899300239 . Retrieved 5 November 2014.
  14. http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m2267/is_1_70/ai_102140955/pg_16 [ bare URL ]
  15. Yusuf Mazhar, Cumhuriyet, 16 Temmuz 1930, ... Zilan harekatında imha edilenlerin sayısı 15,000 kadardır. Zilan Deresi ağzına kadar ceset dolmuştur...
  16. Ahmet Kahraman, ibid, p. 211, Karaköse, 14 (Özel muhabirimiz bildiriyor) ...
  17. Ayşe Hür, "Osmanlı'dan bugüne Kürtler ve Devlet-4" Archived 2011-02-25 at the Wayback Machine , Taraf , October 23, 2008, Retrieved August 16, 2010.
  18. M. Kalman, Belge, tanık ve yaşayanlarıyla Ağrı Direnişi 1926–1930, Pêrî Yayınları, İstanbul, 1997, ISBN   975-8245-01-5, p. 105.
  19. "Der Krieg am Ararat" (Telegramm unseres Korrespondenten) Berliner Tageblatt , October 3, 1930, "... die Türken in der Gegend von Zilan 220 Dörfer zerstört und 4500 Frauen und Greise massakriert."
  20. "CSP – Major Episodes of Political Violence, 1946–2008". Systemicpeace.org. June 12, 2013. Archived from the original on January 21, 2014. Retrieved November 14, 2013.
  21. "The PKK's withdrawal: An historic step". The Economist . 30 April 2013. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
  22. Letsch, Constanze (8 May 2013). "PKK begins to withdraw from Turkey". The Guardian . Retrieved 22 July 2013.
  23. "Nearly half of PKK terrorists reportedly withdraw from Turkey". Today's Zaman . 24 June 2013. Archived from the original on 26 June 2013. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
  24. "Turkey: PKK leader calls halt to armed struggle". Ansamed. 21 March 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
  25. "Cautious Turkish PM welcomes Öcalan's call for end to armed struggle". Hürriyet daily news. 21 March 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
  26. "Kurdish separatist group leader Öcalan calls to stop armed struggle". Trend AZ. 21 March 2013. Archived from the original on 20 May 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
  27. "Ocalan's farewell to arms brings Kurds hope for peace". Euronews. 21 March 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
  28. "Vacuum of uprising gives Syrian Kurds rare freedom". Archived from the original on 23 September 2012. Retrieved 5 November 2014.