Timeline of history of Rajasthan

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The history of human settlement in the west Indian state of Rajasthan dates back to about 5,000 years ago.



Timeline of History of Rajasthan

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rana Sanga</span> Maharana of Mewar from 1508–1528

Rana Sangram Singh I popularly known as Rana Sanga ,was the Sisodia Rajput ruler of Mewar Kingdom.Through his capable leadership,the Kingdom of Mewar turned into one of the potential powers of North India in the early 16th century. He controlled parts of present-day Rajasthan,Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh with his capital at Chittor. His reign was admired by several of his contemporaries, including the first Mughal Emperor Babur, who described him as the "greatest Indian ruler" of that time. The Mughal historian Abd al-Qadir Badayuni called Sanga the bravest of all Rajputs. Rana Sanga was the last independent ruler of northern India to control a significant territory before the Mughal Era.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Maharana Pratap</span> Rajput ruler of Mewar from 1572–1597

Pratap Singh I, popularly known as Maharana Pratap, was a king of Mewar, a region in north-western India in the present-day state of Rajasthan. He is notable for leading the Rajput resistance against the expansionist policy of the Mughal Emperor Akbar including the Battle of Haldighati and Battle of Dewair which have turned him into a folk hero.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sisodia dynasty</span> Royal Rajput dynasty of Rajasthan

The Sisodia is an Indian Rajput dynasty belonging to the clan that ruled over the Kingdom of Mewar, in the region of Mewar in Rajasthan. The name of the clan is also transliterated as Sesodia, Shishodia, Sishodia, Shishodya, Sisodya, Sisodiya, Sisodia.

Rana Hamir Singh I (1302–1364), or Rana Hamir, was a 14th-century ruler of Mewar in the south and south-eastern RajputanaHamir Singh,was a scion of the cadet branch of the ruling Guhila Dynasty whose title was "Rawal".He regained control of the region, re-established the dynasty after defeating the Tughlaq Dynasty,and captured the former territories of his predecessors from the native governors of Delhi Sultanate and became the first of the "Rana" branch to rule Mewar with title of Maharana. Hammir also became the progenitor of the Sisodia clan, a branch of the Guhila Dynasty,to which every succeeding ruler of Mewar has belonged.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kumbha of Mewar</span> Maharana of Mewar from 1433–1468

Rana Kumbha or Kumbhkaran Singh (1433–1468), popularly known as Maharana Kumbha, was the ruler of the Kingdom of Mewar. He belonged to the Sisodia clan of Rajputs. It was during his reign that Mewar became one of the most powerful political powers in northern india. He is said to be the most potentially stabled sovereign of his time and his dynasty in general.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chittor Fort</span> Historic fort in Rajasthan, India

The Chittorgarh, also known as Chittod Fort, is one of the largest living forts in India. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The fort was the capital of Mewar and is located in the present-day city of Chittorgarh. It sprawls over a hill 180 m (590.6 ft) in height spread over an area of 280 ha above the plains of the valley drained by the Berach River. The fort covers 65 historic structures, which include four palaces, 19 large temples, 20 large water bodies, 4 memorials and a few victory towers.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Udai Singh II</span> Founder of Udaipur and Maharana of Mewar (1540-1572)

Udai Singh II was the Maharana of Mewar and the founder of the city of Udaipur in the present-day Rajasthan state of India. He was the 12th ruler of the Kingdom of Mewar. He was the fourth son of Rana Sanga and Rani Karnavati, a princess of Bundi.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">History of Rajasthan</span> Brief history of the Indian state of Rajasthan

The history of human settlement in the western Indian state of Rajasthan dates back to about 100,000 years ago. Around 5000 to 2000 BCE many regions of Rajasthan belonged as the site of the Indus Valley Civilization. Kalibangan is the main Indus site of Rajasthan, here fire altars have been discovered, similar to those found at Lothal.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kingdom of Mewar</span> Kingdom in India (550s–1949)

The Kingdom of Mewar, sometimes known as Udaipur State, was an independent kingdom in Rajputana region of India, ruled by the Sisodia dynasty. It was established around the 6th century by the minor rulers of the Nagada-Ahar region of Udaipur and later, in the 10th century, it transformed into an independent state under Rawal Bharttripatta II.

Raimal Singh Sisodia, also known as Rana Raimal, was a Hindu Rajput ruler of Mewar. Maharana Raimal was the son of Rana Kumbha and his Rathore queen, a princess of Idar.

The Mughal–Rajput wars were a series of battles fought between the Rajput Confederacy and the Mughal Empire which started with the Timurid ruler Babur's invasion of northwestern India and the head of the Rajput confederacy Rana Sanga's resistance to it.

Hindu Rajput kingdoms in the north-western Indian subcontinent resisted the Muslim invasions of India, beginning with the Umayyad campaigns from the Middle East and the Ghaznavid Turks from Central Asia. They continued resistance against subsequent Muslim empires, including the Arabs, Ghaznavids, Ghurids, Delhi Sultans and the Mughals.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Amar Singh I</span> Maharana of Mewar

Maharana Amar Singh I, the Maharana ruler of Mewar Kingdom, was the eldest son and successor of Maharana Pratap I.He was the 14th Rana of Mewar,ruling from January 19, 1597 till his death on January 26, 1620.

The Battle of Gagron was fought in 1519 between Mahmud Khalji II of Malwa and Rajput Confederacy of Rana Sanga. The conflict took place in Gagron and resulted in Sanga's victory, with him taking Mahmud captive and annexing significant territory.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chahamanas of Shakambhari</span> Dynasty that ruled Sapadalaksha

The Chahamanas of Shakambhari, colloquially known as the Chauhans of Sambhar or Chauhans of Ajmer, were an Indian dynasty that ruled parts of the present-day Rajasthan and neighbouring areas in India, between the 6th and 12th centuries. The territory ruled by them was known as Sapadalaksha. They were the most prominent ruling family of the Chahamana (Chauhan) Rajput clan.

The Guhilas of Medapata colloquially known as Guhilas of Mewar were a Rajput dynasty that ruled the Kingdom of Mewar region in present-day Rajasthan state of India. The Guhila kings initially ruled as Gurjara-Pratihara feudatories between end of 8th and 9th centuries and later were independent in period of the early 10th century and allied themselves with the Rashtrakutas. Their capitals included Nagahrada (Nagda) and Aghata (Ahar). For this reason, they are also known as the Nagda-Ahar branch of the Guhilas.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Capture of Gagron (1444)</span> Capture of Gargaon by Mahmud Khalji

The Capture of Gagron in 1444 was a military campaign led by Mahmud Khalji of the Malwa Sultanate against the Khichi Chauhan Rajputs. The conflict resulted in the defeat of the Chauhan Rajputs and the forces of Mewar. Dahir, the commander serving Rana Kumbha, was among those defeated. The Gagron fort was successfully besieged, leading to the death of its ruler, Palhan Singh.

Delhi Sultanate–Mewar conflicts Mewar-Delhi Sultanate Wars

The Mewar-Delhi Sultanate Wars were a series of wars between Kingdom of Mewar and the Islamic Delhi Sultanate from 13th century to early 16th century. These wars left a profound impact on Rajputana's history and played an important role in preservation of Hindu culture in modern day Rajasthan, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh. The Kingdom of Mewar stood up as one of the major Hindu powers in Medieval India after Delhi fell to the Islamic invaders.

Deora or Devda, Devra is a clan of Rajputs. The Deora dynasty historically ruled over Bhinmal, Sirohi and Chandravati, India. Rao Deoraj was the progenitor of the Deora clan.


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  2. Jadunath Sarkar 1994, p. 26.
  3. Chaurasia 2002, p. 156.
  4. Jadunath Sarkar 1994, p. 36.
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