Timeline of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan

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This is a timeline of major events in the history of the modern state of Jordan.


Partitioning of the Ottoman Empire period

Hejaz Vilayet, Ottoman Empire (1900).svg
Hejaz Vilayet in 1908
Syria Vilayet, Ottoman Empire (1900).svg
Syria Vilayet in 1908
The two Ottoman vilayets into which today's Jordan was split
Mandate for Palestine

Emirate and Mandate period

Emirate of Trans-Jordan | Mandate for Palestine
Emirate of Trans-Jordan | Trans-Jordan memorandum

Post-Mandate period

Hashemite Kingdom of Transjordan
Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan

Post 1948 war

Image showing the approximate land exchanged between Jordan (gaining green) and Saudi Arabia (gaining red) Jordan frontiers-en.svg
Image showing the approximate land exchanged between Jordan (gaining green) and Saudi Arabia (gaining red)

Post 1967 war

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">History of Jordan</span> History of Jordan and the Transjordan region

The history of Jordan refers to the history of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and the background period of the Emirate of Transjordan under British protectorate as well as the general history of the region of Transjordan.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">San Remo conference</span> 1920 meeting on post-WWI Ottoman territories

The San Remo conference was an international meeting of the post-World War I Allied Supreme Council as an outgrowth of the Paris Peace Conference, held at Castle Devachan in Sanremo, Italy, from 19 to 26 April 1920. The San Remo Resolution passed on 25 April 1920 determined the allocation of Class "A" League of Nations mandates for the administration of three then-undefined Ottoman territories in the Middle East: "Palestine", "Syria" and "Mesopotamia". The boundaries of the three territories were "to be determined [at a later date] by the Principal Allied Powers", leaving the status of outlying areas such as Zor and Transjordan unclear.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Emirate of Transjordan</span> British protectorate, 1921–1946; predecessor to the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Faisal I of Iraq</span> 1st king of Hashemite Iraq from 1921 to 1933

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hashemites</span> Royal family of Jordan since 1921

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Abdullah I of Jordan</span> Ruler of Transjordan and Jordan from 1921 to 1951

Abdullah I bin Al-Hussein was the ruler of Jordan from 11 April 1921 until his assassination in 1951. He was the Emir of Transjordan, a British protectorate, until 25 May 1946, after which he was king of an independent Jordan. As a member of the Hashemite dynasty, the royal family of Jordan since 1921, Abdullah was a 38th-generation direct descendant of Muhammad.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">McMahon–Hussein Correspondence</span> 1915–16 letters on UK recognition of Arab independence

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hussein bin Ali, King of Hejaz</span> Sharif and Emir of Mecca (1854–1931)

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Arab Revolt</span> 1916–1918 uprising against the Ottoman Turks

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kingdom of Hejaz</span> 1916–1925 Hashemite kingdom in western Arabia

The Hashemite Kingdom of Hejaz was a state in the Hejaz region of the Western Asia that included the western portion of the Arabian Peninsula that was ruled by the Hashemite dynasty. It was self-proclaimed as a kingdom in June 1916 during the First World War, to be independent from the Ottoman Empire, on the basis of an alliance with the British Empire to drive the Ottoman Army from the Arabian Peninsula during the Arab Revolt.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Partition of the Ottoman Empire</span> Division of Ottoman territory after World War I

The partition of the Ottoman Empire was a geopolitical event that occurred after World War I and the occupation of Istanbul by British, French, and Italian troops in November 1918. The partitioning was planned in several agreements made by the Allied Powers early in the course of World War I, notably the Sykes–Picot Agreement, after the Ottoman Empire had joined Germany to form the Ottoman–German Alliance. The huge conglomeration of territories and peoples that formerly comprised the Ottoman Empire was divided into several new states. The Ottoman Empire had been the leading Islamic state in geopolitical, cultural and ideological terms. The partitioning of the Ottoman Empire after the war led to the domination of the Middle East by Western powers such as Britain and France, and saw the creation of the modern Arab world and the Republic of Turkey. Resistance to the influence of these powers came from the Turkish National Movement but did not become widespread in the other post-Ottoman states until the period of rapid decolonization after World War II.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ali Rikabi</span>

Ali Rida Pasha al-Rikabi was the First Prime Minister in modern Syria and was also the 3rd Prime Minister of Jordan.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Arab Kingdom of Syria</span> 1919–1920 self-proclaimed state

The Arab Kingdom of Syria was a self-proclaimed, unrecognized constitutional monarchy existing briefly in the territory of historical Syria. It was announced on 5 October 1918 as a fully independent Arab constitutional government with the permission of the British military. It gained de facto independence as an Emirate after the withdrawal of the British forces from OETA East on 26 November 1919, and was proclaimed as a Kingdom on 8 March 1920.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mandate for Palestine</span> League of Nations mandate

The Mandate for Palestine was a League of Nations mandate for British administration of the territories of Palestine and Transjordan, both of which had been conceded by the Ottoman Empire following the end of World War I in 1918. The mandate was assigned to Britain by the San Remo conference in April 1920, after France's concession in the 1918 Clemenceau–Lloyd George Agreement of the previously-agreed "international administration" of Palestine under the Sykes–Picot Agreement. Transjordan was added to the mandate after the Arab Kingdom in Damascus was toppled by the French in the Franco-Syrian War. Civil administration began in Palestine and Transjordan in July 1920 and April 1921, respectively, and the mandate was in force from 29 September 1923 to 15 May 1948 and to 25 May 1946 respectively.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Occupied Enemy Territory Administration</span> Part of Ottoman Syria, 1917–1920

The Occupied Enemy Territory Administration (OETA) was a joint British, French and Arab military administration over Levantine provinces of the former Ottoman Empire between 1917 and 1920, set up on 23 October 1917 following the Sinai and Palestine Campaign and Arab Revolt of World War I. Although it was declared by the British military, who were in control of the region, it was followed on 30 September 1918 by the 1918 Anglo-French Modus Vivendi in which it was agreed that the British would give the French control in certain areas, and the Hashemites were given joint control of the Eastern area per T.E. Lawrence's November 1918 "Sharifian plan".

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Occupation of Ma'an</span> Territorial dispute between Saudi Arabia and Jordan

The Occupation of Ma'an was the post-World War I occupation of the Sanjak of Ma'an, which straddled the regions of Syria and Arabia, by members of the Hashemite family, who came to power in various regions of the Near East and Arabia; they were King Hussein in the Kingdom of Hejaz, Emir Faisal representing the Arab government in Damascus and Abdullah, who was to become Emir of Transjordan. The region includes the governorates of Ma'an and Aqaba, today in Jordan, as well as the area which was to become a large part of the Israeli Southern District, including the city of Eilat.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Establishment of the Emirate of Transjordan</span>

Establishment of the Emirate of Transjordan refers to the government that was set up in Transjordan on 11 April 1921, following a brief interregnum period.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sharifian Solution</span> 1918 British plan to install Hashemite rulers in Middle East territories

The Sharifian or Sherifian Solution, was an informal name for post-Ottoman British Middle East policy and French Middle East policy of nation-building. As first put forward by T. E. Lawrence in 1918, it was a plan to install the three younger sons of Hussein bin Ali al-Hashimi as heads of state in newly created countries across the Middle East, whereby his second son Abdullah would rule Baghdad and Lower Mesopotamia, his third son Faisal would rule Syria, and his fourth son Zeid would rule Upper Mesopotamia. Hussein himself would not wield any political power in these places, and his first son, Ali would be his successor in Hejaz.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jordan–Saudi Arabia border</span> International border

The Jordan–Saudi Arabia border is 731 km (454 mi) in length and runs from the Gulf of Aqaba in the south-west to the tripoint with Iraq in the north-east.


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