Tishchenko reaction

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Tishchenko reaction
Named after Vyacheslav Tishchenko
Reaction type Organic redox reaction
Organic Chemistry Portal tishchenko-reaction

The Tishchenko reaction is an organic chemical reaction that involves disproportionation of an aldehyde in the presence of an alkoxide. The reaction is named after Russian organic chemist Vyacheslav Tishchenko, who discovered that aluminium alkoxides are effective catalysts for the reaction. [1] [2] [3]


In the related Cannizzaro reaction, the base is sodium hydroxide and then the oxidation product is a carboxylic acid and the reduction product is an alcohol.


The reaction involving benzaldehyde was discovered by Claisen using sodium benzylate as base. [1] The reaction produces benzyl benzoate. [4]

The Tishchenko reaction: benzaldehyde reacts to benzyl benzoate, the catalyst is sodium benzylate. Tishchenko reaction.svg
The Tishchenko reaction: benzaldehyde reacts to benzyl benzoate, the catalyst is sodium benzylate.

Enolizable aldehydes are not amenable to Claisen's conditions. Vyacheslav Tishchenko discovered that aluminium alkoxides allowed the conversion of enolizable aldehydes to esters.


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  1. 1 2 Seki, Tsunetake; Nakajo, Tetsuo; Onaka, Makoto (2006). "The Tishchenko Reaction: A Classic and Practical Tool for Ester Synthesis". Chemistry Letters. 35 (8): 824–829. doi:10.1246/cl.2006.824.
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