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Tom and Jerry are fictional characters that starred in a series of early sound cartoons produced by the Van Beuren Studios, and distributed by RKO Pictures. The series lasted from 1931 to 1933.
American cartoon artist Joseph Barbera began his career as an animator and storyman on this series. In 1940, Barbera co-created with William Hanna another duo of cartoon characters for MGM using the same names: a cat and mouse named Tom and Jerry . When Official Films purchased the Van Beuren library in the early 1940s, the characters were renamed Dick and Larry to avoid confusion with MGM's Tom and Jerry. Today, animation historians refer to the original Tom and Jerry characters as Van Beuren's Tom and Jerry. Today, all of these cartoons are in the public domain.[ citation needed ]
The characters were a Mutt and Jeff-like pair, one short (Jerry) and one tall (Tom). Each cartoon featured a different adventure and the plot varied from film to film. Sometimes they were lawyers, hunters, plumbers, hobos, etc. The duo were likely named after the stage play and/or the mixed drink of the same name, both of which predated the duo by a century through 1821 book titled Life in London written by Pierce Egan (author of Boxiana), itself based on George Cruikshank's, Robert Cruikshank's, Isaac Richard's, and Egan's true story. Stylistically, the cartoons were similar to those made by Fleischer Studios, which like Van Beuren Studios was located in New York City. According to Markstein's Toonopedia, Fleischer staff sometimes moonlighted at Van Beuren's, which was situated just across the road (accounting for the many visual similarities between the two). Tom and Jerry's adventures were generally absurdist comedies, featuring music as sound effects.. One 1932 short (Piano Tooners) introduced a "flapper" character clearly[ weasel words ] derived from Fleischer's Betty Boop,[ citation needed ] further demonstrating the stylistic relationship between the two studios. Tom and Jerry, however, did not obtain popularity of the type Mickey Mouse, Betty Boop, and Bosko had, and the series was cancelled in 1933.
|Wot a Night||John Foster and George Stallings||August 1, 1931|
|Polar Pals||John Foster and George Rufle||September 5, 1931|
|Trouble||John Foster and George Stallings||October 10, 1931|
|Jungle Jam||John Foster and George Rufle||November 14, 1931|
|A Swiss Trick||John Foster and George Stallings||December 19, 1931|
|Rocketeers||John Foster and George Rufle||January 30, 1932|
|Rabid Hunters||John Foster and George Stallings||February 27, 1932|
|In the Bag||John Foster and George Rufle||March 26, 1932|
|Joint Wipers||John Foster and George Stallings||April 23, 1932|
|Pots and Pans||John Foster and George Rufle||May 14, 1932|
|The Tuba Tooter||John Foster and George Stallings||June 4, 1932|
|Plane Dumb||John Foster and George Rufle||June 4, 1932|
|Redskin Blues||John Foster and George Stallings||July 23, 1932|
|Jolly Fish||John Foster and George Stallings||August 19, 1932|
|Barnyard Bunk||John Foster and George Rufle||September 16, 1932|
|A Spanish Twist||John Foster and George Stallings||October 7, 1932|
|Piano Tooners||John Foster and George Rufle||November 11, 1932|
|Pencil Mania||John Foster and George Stallings||December 9, 1932|
|Tight Rope Tricks||John Foster and George Rufle||January 6, 1933|
|Magic Mummy||John Foster and George Stallings||February 3, 1933|
|Happy Hoboes||George Stallings and George Rufle||March 31, 1933|
|Puzzled Pals||George Stallings and Frank Sherman||March 31, 1933|
|Hook and Ladder Hokum|
(also A Fireman's Life and "Fire! Fire!" through Astra TV and Official Films, respectively)
|George Stallings and Frank Tashlin (the latter credited as 'Tish Tash')||April 28, 1933|
|In the Park||Frank Sherman and George Rufle||May 26, 1933|
|Dough Nuts||Frank Sherman and George Rufle||July 7, 1933|
|The Phantom Rocket||Frank Sherman and George Rufle||July 28, 1933|
Thunderbean Animation released a complete set of the series on DVD in 2010. There is currently a Blu-ray in the works from the same company.
Hanna-Barbera Productions, Inc., also variously known as H-B Enterprises, H-B Production Co., and Hanna-Barbera Cartoons, Inc., was an American animation studio and production company founded in 1957 by Tom and Jerry creators and former Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer animation directors William Hanna and Joseph Barbera, and remained active until 2001.
Frederick Clinton Quimby was an American animation producer and journalist, best known for producing the Tom and Jerry cartoon series, for which he won seven Academy Awards for Best Animated Short Film. He was the film sales executive in charge of the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer cartoon studio, which included Tex Avery, as well as William Hanna and Joseph Barbera, the creators of Tom and Jerry.
The golden age of American animation was a period in the history of U.S. animation that began with the popularization of sound cartoons in 1928 and gradually ended in the late 1960s, where theatrical animated shorts began losing popularity to the newer medium of television animation, produced on cheaper budgets and in a more limited animation style by companies such as Hanna-Barbera, UPA, Jay Ward Productions, and DePatie-Freleng.
Fleischer Studios was an American corporation that originated as an animation studio located at 1600 Broadway, New York City, New York. It was founded in 1921 as Inkwell Studios, Inc. and Out of the Inkwell Films by brothers Max Fleischer and Dave Fleischer who ran the pioneering company from its inception until Paramount Pictures, the studio's parent company and the distributor of its films, acquired ownership. In its prime, Fleischer Studios was a premier producer of animated cartoons for theaters, with Walt Disney Productions becoming its chief competitor in the 1930s.
Betty Boop is an animated cartoon character created by Max Fleischer, with help from animators including Grim Natwick. She originally appeared in the Talkartoon and Betty Boop film series, which were produced by Fleischer Studios and released by Paramount Pictures. She was featured in 90 theatrical cartoons between 1930 and 1939. She has also been featured in comic strips and mass merchandising.
Famous Studios was the first animation division of the film studio Paramount Pictures from 1942 to 1967. Famous was founded as a successor company to Fleischer Studios, after Paramount seized control of the aforementioned studio and ousted its founders, Max and Dave Fleischer, in 1941. The studio's productions included three series started by the Fleischers—Popeye the Sailor, Superman, and Screen Songs—as well as Little Audrey, Little Lulu, Casper the Friendly Ghost, Honey Halfwitch, Herman and Katnip, Baby Huey, and the anthology Noveltoons series.
Jerry Mouse is a fictional character and one of the two titular main protagonists in Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer's series of Tom and Jerry theatrical animated short films. Created by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera, Jerry is a brown mute anthropomorphic house mouse, who first appeared as a mouse named Jinx in the 1940 MGM animated short Puss Gets the Boot. Hanna gave the mouse's original name as "Jinx", while Barbera claimed the mouse went unnamed in his first appearance.
Tom and Jerry is an American animated media franchise and series of comedy short films created in 1940 by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera. Best known for its 161 theatrical short films by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, the series centers on the rivalry between the titular characters of a cat named Tom and a mouse named Jerry. Many shorts also feature several recurring characters.
William Denby Hanna was an American animator, voice actor, cartoonist, and musician.
The Van Beuren Corporation was a New York City-based animation studio that produced theatrical cartoons as well as live action short-subjects from the 1920s to 1936.
Joseph Roland Barbera was an American animator, director, producer, storyboard artist, and cartoon artist, whose film and television cartoon characters entertained millions of fans worldwide for much of the 20th century.
The Ruff and Reddy Show is a 1957–1960 American animated series and the first made by Hanna-Barbera Productions for NBC. The series follows the adventures of Ruff, a smart and steadfast cat; and Reddy, a good-natured and brave dog. It was presented by Screen Gems, the television arm of Columbia Pictures. It premiered in December 1957 and ran for fifty episodes until April 1960, comprising three seasons.
Dan Gordon was an American storyboard artist and film director, best known for his work at both Famous Studios and Hanna-Barbera Productions. Gordon was one of Famous' first directors, and he wrote and directed several Popeye the Sailor and Superman cartoons. Later, at Hanna-Barbera, Gordon worked on several cartoons featuring Yogi Bear, Huckleberry Hound, and others. His younger brother, George Gordon (animator) worked for Hanna-Barbera.
Puss Gets the Boot is a 1940 American animated short film and is the first short in what would become the Tom and Jerry cartoon series, though neither were yet referred to by these names. It was directed by William Hanna, Joseph Barbera and Rudolf Ising, and produced by Rudolf Ising and Fred Quimby. It was based on the Aesop's Fable, The Cat and the Mice. As was the practice of MGM shorts at the time, only Rudolf Ising is credited. It was released to theaters on February 10, 1940 by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.
The Tom and Jerry Comedy Show is an American animated television program produced by Filmation for MGM Television featuring the popular cartoon duo Tom and Jerry. The show aired in September 6, 1980 on CBS and continued reruns until December 13, 1980. Its episodes were eventually added to syndicated Tom and Jerry packages in 1983. Episodes of the show also occasionally appeared on Cartoon Network and Boomerang.
This is a complete list of the 164 shorts in the Tom and Jerry series produced and released between 1940 and 2014. Of these, 162 are theatrical shorts, one is a made-for-TV short, and one is a 2-minute sketch shown as part of a telethon.
The Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer cartoon studio was the in-house division of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) film studio in Hollywood during the Golden Age of American animation. The studio was responsible for producing animated shorts to accompany MGM feature films in Loew's Theaters. Active from 1937 until 1958, the cartoon studio created some popular cartoon characters, including Tom and Jerry, Droopy and Barney Bear.
Cartoon Alley is an American animated children's television series that aired on Turner Classic Movies on Saturday mornings from 2004 to 2007. It featured classic animated shorts. Cartoon Alley was the first animated show to produced as TCM's television program for children.
Carlo Vinci was an American animator from the 1930s to the 1970s. He is mainly known for his career at the Terrytoons and Hanna-Barbera cartoon studios. Among the characters he animated were the original Mighty Mouse, Yogi Bear and Flintstones.
Events in 1947 in animation.