List of films in the public domain in the United States

Last updated

Most films are subject to copyright, but those listed here are believed to be in the public domain in the United States. This means that no government, organization, or individual owns any copyright over the work, and as such it is common property. [1] This list is not comprehensive; the vast majority of public domain films are not included here for various reasons. Films in this list may incorporate elements from other works that are still under copyright, even though the film itself is out of copyright.

Contents

Copyrightable elements of a film

There is no official list of films (or other works) in the public domain. It is difficult to determine the public domain status of a film because it can incorporate any or all of the following copyrightable elements:

Film copyright involves the copyright status of multiple elements that make up the film. [4] A film can lose its copyright in some of those elements while retaining copyright in other elements. [4] Experts in the field of public domain sometimes differ in their opinions as to whether a particular film is in the public domain.

The use of music in a film can cause uncertainty with regard to copyright. As of 2010, it is not known whether the use of music in a film constitutes publication of the music for the purpose of copyright. [5] Unpublished works are treated differently from published works under US copyright law. [6]

Judicial interpretation of public domain

Judges, too, differ in their interpretation of the laws governing copyright protection. The United States is a "patchwork quilt" of inconsistent copyright rules in different federal judicial districts. The courts of one jurisdiction are not obliged to follow the decisions of another. [7] The Supreme Court of the United States (which could resolve those inconsistencies) very seldom decides copyright cases, and then only when an important principle is involved.[ citation needed ]

Documenting public domain status

If a film appears on the list below, there is a high probability it has lost some or all of its United States copyright protection or, in the case of U.S. government films, was never protected by copyright.

There is no single method for determining if a film, or parts of it, is in the public domain. There are several methods that can be used to document a film's public domain status. These include the following:

Motion picture copyright registrations prior to 1978 were published in semi-annual Copyright Catalogs. The Library of Congress also published cumulative Copyright Catalogs of motion picture registrations for the periods

  • 1894–1911
  • 1912–1939 [8]
  • 1940–1949
  • 1950–1959
  • 1960–1969
  • 1970–1979
  • 1980–1989

All are out of print. However, the Film Superlist series is a complete reprint of all registrations in the Copyright Catalogs for 1894 through 1959. There is no cumulative Copyright Catalog for 1970–1977; the Copyright Office published 16 semi-annual Copyright Catalog booklets covering that eight-year period, but all are out of print and extremely rare. All copyright registrations from 1978 onward are online at the Library of Congress website.

Some decades of The American Film Institute Catalog of Motion Pictures include copyright registration information for feature films (not shorts) of United States origin. This can include a statement that research failed to disclose copyright registration for a particular film. Copyright registration information is given in the following:

The United States copyright website catalogs all the pre-1978 works that have been renewed in 1978 or later. [9] Several pieces of work have been renewed in the form of collections, thus giving the collection as a whole copyright protection.

Screenshot of copyright notice that does not contain a claimant New 3 Stooges Copyright notice.jpg
Screenshot of copyright notice that does not contain a claimant
Expanded view of missing claimant New 3 Stooges Black and White.gif
Expanded view of missing claimant

Films published before March 1, 1989 had to contain a valid copyright notice in order to claim copyright. At the bare minimum, the copyright notice had to include the word "copyright" or an acceptable abbreviation (like a circled C), the year of publication (which could not be more than one year ahead of the actual publication), and the name of any entity claiming the copyright.

For example, note the case of the animated TV series The New 3 Stooges , pictured. Episodes of the series were published with an incomplete copyright notice with a year and copyright symbol but no claimant. The series was published prior to 1989, and the lack of an explicit claimant ensured that the series immediately lapsed into the public domain. Had the series been published after this date, its copyright may not have been invalidated.

As a result of the passage of the Berne Convention Implementation Act of 1988, a copyright notice is not required for films published on March 1, 1989 or later. An invalid notice or a lack of one would not invalidate the copyright to works published between 1978 and March 1, 1989 as long as a proper notice was added to subsequent copies. [11]

Date of publication and renewal status

All motion pictures made and exhibited before 1926 are indisputably in the public domain in the United States. This date will move forward one year, every year, meaning that films released in 1926 will enter the public domain in 2022, films from 1927 in 2023, and so on.

Films registered between 1926 and 1963 had to have their copyrights renewed in order for them not to enter the public domain. The semi-annual Copyright Catalog booklets have virtually complete lists of renewals for the films registered 28 years earlier. Those semi-annual booklets all are out of print. However, for 1926 through 1959, the Film Superlist books match copyright renewals with earlier registrations. Copyright registrations and renewals can be found in

As a result of the Copyright Renewal Act of 1992, copyrights registered between 1964 and later were automatically renewed.

Before the passage of the Copyright Term Extension Act (CTEA) in 1998, the term of copyright in the U.S. was a maximum of 75 years, with the work entering the public domain on January 1 of the 76th year from creation (so, for example, a film made in 1930 whose copyright was properly registered and renewed would enter the public domain on January 1, 2006). As such, all films released before 1923 would have entered the public domain by January 1, 1998. Although the CTEA added 20 years to the terms of all existing copyrights until 2019, it explicitly refused to revive any copyrights that had expired prior to its passage. On January 1, 2019, the 20-year extension expired and new works began entering the public domain each year thereafter.

Underlying rights

Many of the movies listed below are based on novels, plays, magazine stories or a combination of these sources. In some cases, a film's copyright has lapsed because of non-renewal while the underlying literary or dramatic source is still protected by copyright; for example, the movie His Girl Friday (1940) became a public domain film in 1969 because it was not renewed, but it is based on the 1928 play The Front Page , which is still under copyright until 2024 and thus, as a practical matter, the film cannot be used without permission. [4]

Work of the United States government

All copyrightable works made by United States government employees as part of their official duties are in the public domain from their creation. The status of works made by contractors is dependent on the terms of their contract. Note that this applies only to the federal government, and not to state or local governments, which may or may not claim copyright depending on state laws.[ citation needed ]

Films

Some films are not listed here in order to keep this list to a manageable size. These include films that were released before 1926. Works of the United States government. Films released under a free license such as Creative Commons (which is not public domain anyway). See Category:Films by year for pre-1926 films.

Note: This list is not comprehensive; the vast majority of public domain films are not listed here. This list includes a selection of notable films where a reliable secondary source is available that discusses public domain status.
Film titleRelease yearDirectorStudio / DistributorEntered the public domain in (year)Reason for entering the public domainNote(s)
Abraham Lincoln 1930 D. W. Griffith United Artists 1958 [12] Copyright not renewed [12]
Africa Screams 1949 Charles Barton United Artists1977Copyright not renewed [13] [14]
Algiers 1938 John Cromwell United Artists1966Copyright not renewed [15]
Aladdin and His Wonderful Lamp 1939 Dave Fleischer Paramount Pictures[ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ] [16] The third of three Popeye Technicolor two-reel specials
The Amazing Mr. X 1948 Bernard Vorhaus Eagle-Lion Films [ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ] [17] Also known as The Spiritualist
Angel and the Badman 1947 James Edward Grant Republic Pictures 1975Copyright not renewed [18]
The Animal Kingdom 1932 Edward H. Griffith RKO Radio Pictures 1960Copyright not renewed [15]
At War with the Army 1950 Hal Walker Paramount Pictures[ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ] [19]
Attack of the Giant Leeches 1959 Bernard L. Kowalski American International Pictures [ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ] [20]
The Bat 1959 Crane Wilbur Allied Artists [ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ] [21]
Beat the Devil 1953 John Huston United Artists1980Copyright not renewed [22] The 2016 restoration is not in the public domain
Beau Ideal 1931
(copyright notice: 1930)
Herbert Brenon RKO Radio Pictures1958Copyright not renewed [23]
Becky Sharp 1935 Rouben Mamoulian RKO Radio Pictures[ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ] [24]
Behind Office Doors 1931 Melville W. Brown RKO Radio Pictures1959Copyright not renewed [23]
Bird of Paradise 1932 King Vidor RKO Radio Pictures1960Copyright not renewed [15]
Blood on the Sun 1945 Frank Lloyd United Artists1973Copyright not renewed [18]
Blue Steel 1934 Robert N. Bradbury Lone Star Pictures[ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ]. [25]
Bowery at Midnight 1942 Wallace Fox Monogram Pictures [ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ] [26]
The Brain That Wouldn't Die 1962
(completed: 1959)
Joseph GreenAmerican International Pictures1962Missing copyright notice [27] Originally completed in 1959 under the title The Black Door (it was then changed to The Head That Wouldn't Die), it was not released until May 3, 1962, where failure to add the copyright notice resulted in the film entering the public domain. [27]
Brideless Groom 1947 Edward Bernds Columbia Pictures 1960s [28] Copyright not renewed [28] Short film
A Bucket of Blood 1959 Roger Corman American International Pictures[ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ] [29]
Captain Kidd 1945 Rowland V. Lee United Artists[ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ] [30]
Carnival of Souls 1962 Herk Harvey Herts-Lion International Corp.1962Missing copyright notice [31] There was a dispute about the rights to the film from 1990 to 1995. [32]
The entirety of the film rights might have been granted to John Clifford in 1996. [33]
The DVD release of the film by The Criterion Collection lists copyright by Harold Harvey and John Clifford.
Charade 1963 Stanley Donen Universal Pictures 1963Defective copyright notice [34] Original music still in copyright [35]
Original story by Peter Stone still in copyright [34] [36]
Check and Double Check 1930 Melville W. Brown RKO Radio Pictures1958Copyright not renewed [37]
Conspiracy 1930 Christy Cabanne RKO Radio Pictures1958Copyright not renewed [23]
Cyrano de Bergerac 1950 Michael Gordon United Artists1980s[ data unknown/missing ] [38] [39]
The Dance of Life 1929 John Cromwell Paramount Pictures 1957Copyright not renewed [15]
Danger Lights 1930 George B. Seitz RKO Radio Pictures1958Copyright not renewed [23]
The Deadly Companions 1961 Sam Peckinpah Pathé-America1961Missing copyright notice [40]
Debbie Does Dallas 1978Jim ClarkVCX1981Missing copyright notice [41] The Dallas Cowboys hold veto power on commercial publication due to unauthorized use of their cheerleaders' trademarks. [42]
Dementia 13 1963 Francis Ford Coppola American International Pictures[ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ] [20] Also known as The Haunted and the Hunted
Detour 1945 Edgar G. Ulmer Producers Releasing Corporation [ data unknown/missing ]Copyright not renewed [43]
The Devil Bat 1940 Jean Yarbrough Producers Releasing Corporation[ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ] [26]
Disorder in the Court 1936 Preston Black Columbia Pictures1960s [28] Copyright not renewed [28] Short film
Dixiana 1930 Luther Reed RKO Radio Pictures1958Copyright not renewed [37]
D.O.A. 1949 Rudolph Maté United Artists1977Copyright not renewed [44]
Ella Cinders 1926 Alfred E. Green First National Pictures [ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ] [45]
The Emperor Jones 1933 Dudley Murphy United Artists[ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ] [46]
Father's Little Dividend 1951
(copyright notice: 1950)
Vincente Minnelli MGM 1978Copyright not renewed [47]
A Farewell to Arms 1932 Frank Borzage Paramount Pictures1960Copyright not renewed [48] Based on the copyrighted (R177406) novel by Ernest Hemingway
Fear and Desire 1953 Stanley Kubrick Joseph Burstyn [ data unknown/missing ]Copyright not renewed [49]
The Flying Deuces 1939 A. Edward Sutherland RKO Radio Pictures [ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ] [50]
The Front Page 1931 Lewis Milestone United Artists[ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ] [51] Source material (the stage play The Front Page ) rights under copyright until 2024 [52]
The General 1926 Clyde Bruckman
Buster Keaton
United Artists1955Copyright not renewed [52]
Glen or Glenda 1953 Ed Wood Columbia Classics [ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ] [53]
Go for Broke! 1951
(copyright notice: 1950)
Robert Pirosh MGM1978Copyright not renewed [47]
God's Little Acre 1958 Anthony Mann United Artists[ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ] [54] The colorized version is not in the public domain [54]
The Gorilla 1939 Allan Dwan 20th Century Fox[ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ] [55]
The Great Flamarion 1945 Anthony Mann Republic Pictures[ data unknown/missing ]Copyright not renewed [56]
Gulliver's Travels 1939 Dave Fleischer Paramount Pictures1967Copyright not renewed [57] [58]
Half Shot at Sunrise 1930 Paul Sloane RKO Radio Productions1958Copyright not renewed [23]
His Girl Friday 1940
(copyright date: 1939)
Howard Hawks Columbia Pictures1967Copyright not renewed [52] Source material (the stage play The Front Page ) rights under copyright until 2024 [52]
The Hitch-Hiker 1953 Ida Lupino RKO Radio Pictures[ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ] [59]
Hook, Line and Sinker 1930 Edward F. Cline RKO Radio Pictures1958Copyright not renewed [23]
House on Haunted Hill 1959 William Castle Allied Artists [ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ] [60] [61]
Indestructible Man 1956 Jack Pollexfen Allied Artists[ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ] [62]
Inside the Lines 1930 Roy Pomeroy RKO Radio Productions1958Copyright not renewed [23]
The Inspector General 1949 Henry Koster Warner Bros.[ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ] [63]
It's a Wonderful Life 1946
(copyright notice: 1947)
Frank Capra Liberty Films
RKO Pictures
1975Copyright not renewed [64] While the film images are public domain, under rulings of Stewart v. Abend , the film text (script) is based on the copyrighted short story "The Greatest Gift" by Philip Van Doren Stern. [64] [65] [66]
Republic also purchased the exclusive rights to the film's copyrighted music to further shore up its rights. [67]
The Jackie Robinson Story 1950 Alfred E. Green Eagle-Lion Films [ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ] [68] Ancillary rights owned by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
The Joe Louis Story 1953 Robert Gordon United Artists[ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ] [69]
Kansas City Confidential 1952 Phil Karlson United Artists[ data unknown/missing ]Copyright not renewed [70]
Kept Husbands 1931 Lloyd Bacon RKO Radio Productions1959Copyright not renewed [23]
The Lady Refuses 1931 George Archainbaud RKO Radio Productions1959Copyright not renewed [23]
A Lady to Love 1930 Victor Sjöström MGM1958Copyright not renewed [15] Based on the play They Knew What They Wanted
The Last Man on Earth 1964 Ubaldo Ragona, Sidney Salkow American International Pictures, 20th Century Fox 1992 [71] Copyright not renewed [71]
The Last Time I Saw Paris 1954
(copyright notice: 1944)
Richard Brooks MGM1972Copyright not renewed; Defective copyright notice resulted in earlier expiration [72] Music score still protected by copyright [73]
Lawful Larceny 1930 Lowell Sherman RKO Radio Productions1958Copyright not renewed [23]
Leathernecking 1930 Edward F. Cline RKO Radio Productions1958Copyright not renewed [23]
Letter of Introduction 1938 John M. Stahl Universal Pictures1966Copyright not renewed [74]
Life with Father 1947 Michael Curtiz Warner Bros.1975Copyright not renewed [75]
The Little Princess 1939 Walter Lang 20th Century Fox1967Copyright not renewed [64]
The Little Shop of Horrors 1960 Roger Corman Filmgroup 1988Copyright not renewed [52] [76]
Lonely Wives 1931 Russell Mack RKO Radio Pictures1959Copyright not renewed [23]
Love Affair 1939 Leo McCarey RKO Radio Pictures1967Copyright not renewed [15]
Love Laughs at Andy Hardy 1945 Willis Goldbeck MGM[ data unknown/missing ]Copyright not renewed [77]
The Lucky Texan 1934 Robert N. Bradbury Lone Star Pictures[ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ]. [25]
Made for Each Other 1939John CromwellUnited Artists[ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ] [78]
Malice in the Palace 1949 Jules White Columbia Pictures1960s [28] Copyright not renewed [28] Short film
The Man from Utah 1934 Robert N. Bradbury Lone Star Pictures[ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ]. [25]
The Man with the Golden Arm 1955 Otto Preminger United Artists[ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ] [79]
Maniac 1934 Dwain Esper Roadshow Attractions [ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ] [80] Also known as Sex Maniac
Manos: The Hands of Fate 1966Harold P. WarrenEmerson Film Enterprises1968Failure to display copyright notice [81] Original script may have been copyrighted [81]
March of the Wooden Soldiers 1950 Gus Meins Lippert Pictures 1950Failure to display copyright notice [34] This is a later abridgement of Babes in Toyland (1934), which is still in copyright. Its public domain status remains unclear. [34]
McLintock! 1963 Andrew V. McLaglen United Artists1991Copyright not renewed [82] [83] Music score still under copyright [82]
Meet John Doe 1941 Frank Capra Warner Bros.1969Copyright not renewed [64]
Millie 1931 John Francis Dillon RKO Radio Pictures1959Copyright not renewed [23]
Mr. Imperium 1951
(copyright notice: 1950)
Don Hartman MGM1978Copyright not renewed [47]
My Dear Secretary 1948Charles MartinUnited Artists[ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ] [84]
My Favorite Brunette 1947 Elliott Nugent Paramount Pictures1975Copyright not renewed [18]
My Man Godfrey 1936 Gregory La Cava Universal Pictures[ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ] [85] While the film images are public domain, under rulings of Stewart v. Abend , the film text (script) is based on the copyrighted 1935 book My Man Godfrey by Eric S. Hatch. [86]
Night of the Living Dead 1968 George A. Romero Walter Reade 1968Missing copyright notice and errors from the distributor [87] The restored version released on home media by The Criterion Collection is under copyright by Image Ten, Inc. [88]
Nothing Sacred 1937 William A. Wellman Selznick,
United Artists
1965Copyright not renewed [52]
Of Human Bondage 1934 John Cromwell RKO Radio Pictures1962Copyright not renewed [15]
One-Eyed Jacks 1961
(copyright notice:1960)
Marlon Brando Pennebaker Productions, Paramount Pictures1988Copyright not renewed [89] [90]
Our Town 1940 Sam Wood United Artists[ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ] [91]
The Outlaw 1943 Howard Hughes Howard Hughes Prod., United Artists1971Copyright not renewed [23]
The Painted Hills 1951 Harold F. Kress MGM1979Copyright not renewed [47]
The Pay-Off 1930 Lowell Sherman RKO Radio Pictures1958Copyright not renewed [23]
Penny Serenade 1941 George Stevens Columbia Pictures1968Copyright not renewed [92]
Plan 9 from Outer Space 1959 Ed Wood Distributors Corporation of America 1987[ data unknown/missing ] [93]
Popeye the Sailor Meets Ali Baba's Forty Thieves 1937 Dave Fleischer Paramount Pictures[ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ] [16] The second of three Popeye Technicolor two-reel specials
Popeye the Sailor Meets Sindbad the Sailor 1936 Dave Fleischer Paramount Pictures[ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ] [16] The first of three Popeye Technicolor two-reel specials
Pot o' Gold 1941 George Marshall United Artists[ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ] [94]
Quicksand 1950 Irving Pichel United Artists[ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ] [95]
Rage at Dawn 1955 Tim Whelan RKO Pictures[ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ] [96]
Rain 1932 Lewis Milestone United Artists1960Copyright not renewed [18]
Randy Rides Alone 1934 Harry L. Fraser Lone Star Pictures1934Copyright notice lacks claimant [25]
The Red House 1947 Delmer Daves United Artists[ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ] [97]
Reefer Madness 1936 Louis J. Gasnier Motion Picture Ventures1936Improper copyright notice [98] [99] Also known as The Burning Question, Dope Addict and Tell Your Children
Riders of Destiny 1933 Robert N. Bradbury Lone Star Pictures[ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ]. [25]
Road to Bali 1952 Hal Walker Paramount Pictures1980Copyright not renewed [100] [101] Ancillary rights now owned by FremantleMedia
Rock, Rock, Rock! 1956 Will Price Distributors Corporation of America1984Copyright not renewed [76] The Chuck Berry soundtrack of the film may not be in the public domain
The Royal Bed 1931
(copyright notice: 1930)
Lowell Sherman RKO Radio Pictures1958Copyright not renewed [23]
Royal Wedding 1951
(copyright notice: 1950)
Stanley Donen MGM1978Copyright not renewed [47]
Sagebrush Trail 1933 Armand Schaefer Lone Star Pictures1933Copyright notice lacks claimant [102] Remake of Partners of the Trail (Wallace Fox, 1931)
Salt of the Earth 1954 Herbert Biberman Independent Productions1982 [103] Copyright not renewed [103] Selected for preservation in the National Film Registry in 1992 [103]
Santa Claus Conquers the Martians 1964 Nicholas Webster Embassy Pictures Corporation [ data unknown/missing ]Missing copyright notice [104] [105] Musical score owned by Famous Music
Santa Fe Trail 1940 Michael Curtiz Warner Bros.1968Copyright not renewed [106] [107]
Scarlet Street 1945 Fritz Lang Universal Pictures[ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ] [108] [109]
The Screaming Skull 1958 Alex Nicol American International Pictures1958Not registered for copyright [110] [20]
Second Chorus 1940 H.C. Potter Paramount Pictures[ data unknown/missing ]Copyright not renewed [111]
The Secret Hour 1928 Rowland V. Lee Paramount Pictures1956Copyright not renewed [15] Based on the play They Knew What They Wanted
The Silver Horde 1930 George Archainbaud RKO Radio Pictures1958Copyright not renewed [23]
Sin Takes a Holiday 1930 Paul L. Stein RKO Radio Pictures1958Copyright not renewed [23]
Sing a Song of Six Pants 1947 Jules White Columbia Pictures1960s [28] Copyright not renewed [28] Short film
Sinners in Paradise 1938 James Whale Universal Pictures1966Copyright not renewed [74]
Sita Sings the Blues 2008 Nina Paley GKIDS 2010Released into the public domain with a CC0 license [112]
The Snows of Kilimanjaro 1952 Henry King 20th Century Fox[ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ] [113] Based on the copyrighted novel by Ernest Hemingway
The Southerner 1945 Jean Renoir United Artists[ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ] [114]
A Star Is Born 1937 William A. Wellman Selznick,
United Artists
1965Copyright not renewed [48] [52]
The Star Packer 1934 Robert N. Bradbury Lone Star Pictures[ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ]. [25]
The Strange Love of Martha Ivers 1946 Lewis Milestone Paramount Pictures1974Copyright not renewed [18]
The Stranger 1946 Orson Welles International Pictures, RKO Radio Productions1973Copyright not renewed [115]
Suddenly 1954 Lewis Allen United Artists1983Copyright not renewed [116]
Superman (1940s cartoon series) 1941-1943 Dave Fleischer, variousParamount Pictures[ data unknown/missing ] [117] [ data unknown/missing ] [117] Ancillary rights such as merchandising contract rights, as well as the original 35mm master elements, are currently owned by Warner Bros. through Superman's publisher, DC Comics
Swing High, Swing Low 1937 Mitchell Leisen Paramount Pictures1965Copyright not renewed [15]
Teenagers from Outer Space 1959 Tom Graeff Warner Bros.1987Copyright not renewed [52]
The Terror 1963 Roger Corman American International Pictures, Filmgroup1963Missing copyright registration [118] In the early 1990s, Corman asked Mark Griffiths to shoot 12 minutes of additional footage starring Dick Miller, thus making a new film titled The Return of the Terror (1991), so Corman could claim his copyright. [119]
Three Guys Named Mike 1951
(copyright notice: 1950)
Charles Walters MGM1978Copyright not renewed [47]
Till the Clouds Roll By 1946 Richard Whorf MGM1974Copyright not renewed [47]
Too Late for Tears 1949 Byron Haskin United Artists[ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ] [120]
Topper Returns 1941 Roy Del Ruth United Artists1969Copyright not renewed [76]
Utopia (a.k.a. Atoll K )1951 Léo Joannon and John Berry (uncredited)Franco London Films1951No U.S. copyright filed [121]
Vengeance Valley 1951
(copyright notice: 1950)
Richard Thorpe MGM1978Copyright not renewed [47]
The Wasp Woman 1959 Roger Corman Filmgroup[ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ] [122]
West of the Divide 1934 Robert N. Bradbury Lone Star Pictures[ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ]. [25]
White Zombie 1932 Victor Halperin United Artists[ data unknown/missing ][ data unknown/missing ] [123] The source material for the film may not be in the public domain [124]
Wives Under Suspicion 1938 James Whale Universal Pictures1966Copyright not renewed [74]

See also

Notes

Related Research Articles

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<i>Road to Bali</i> 1952 film by Hal Walker

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<i>The Red House</i> (film) 1947 film directed by Delmer Daves

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Copyright registration Legal process

The purpose of copyright registration is to place on record a verifiable account of the date and content of the work in question, so that in the event of a legal claim, or case of infringement or plagiarism, the copyright owner can produce a copy of the work from an official government source.

<i>At War with the Army</i> 1950 film by Hal Walker

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Motion Picture Association Trade organization representing major American film studios

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Public domain in the United States Status of public domain in the USA

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<i>The Unattainable</i> 1916 drama film directed by Lloyd B. Carleton

The Unattainable is a 1916 American Blank and White silent drama directed by Lloyd B. Carleton. The film is based on the story by Elwood D. Henning. The photoplay stars Dorothy Davenport and Emory Johnson.

References

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Bibliography