Most films are subject to copyright, but those listed here are believed to be in the public domain in the United States. This means that no government, organization, or individual owns any copyright over the work, and as such it is common property.This list is not comprehensive; the vast majority of public domain films are not included here for various reasons. Films in this list may incorporate elements from other works that are still under copyright, even though the film itself is out of copyright.
There is no official list of films (or other works) in the public domain. It is difficult to determine the public domain status of a film because it can incorporate any or all of the following copyrightable elements:
Film copyright involves the copyright status of multiple elements that make up the film.A film can lose its copyright in some of those elements while retaining copyright in other elements. Experts in the field of public domain sometimes differ in their opinions as to whether a particular film is in the public domain.
The use of music in a film can cause uncertainty with regard to copyright. As of 2010, it is not known whether the use of music in a film constitutes publication of the music for the purpose of copyright.Unpublished works are treated differently from published works under US copyright law.
Judges, too, differ in their interpretation of the laws governing copyright protection. The United States is a "patchwork quilt" of inconsistent copyright rules in different federal judicial districts. The courts of one jurisdiction are not obliged to follow the decisions of another. [ citation needed ]The Supreme Court of the United States (which could resolve those inconsistencies) very seldom decides copyright cases, and then only when an important principle is involved.
This section needs additional citations for verification .(August 2020)
If a film appears on the list below, there is a high probability it has lost some or all of its United States copyright protection or, in the case of U.S. government films, was never protected by copyright.
There is no single method for determining if a film, or parts of it, is in the public domain. There are several methods that can be used to document a film's public domain status. These include the following:
Motion picture copyright registrations prior to 1978 were published in semi-annual Copyright Catalogs. The Library of Congress also published cumulative Copyright Catalogs of motion picture registrations for the periods
All are out of print. However, the Film Superlist series is a complete reprint of all registrations in the Copyright Catalogs for 1894 through 1959. There is no cumulative Copyright Catalog for 1970–1977; the Copyright Office published 16 semi-annual Copyright Catalog booklets covering that eight-year period, but all are out of print and extremely rare. All copyright registrations from 1978 onward are online at the Library of Congress website.
Some decades of The American Film Institute Catalog of Motion Pictures include copyright registration information for feature films (not shorts) of United States origin. This can include a statement that research failed to disclose copyright registration for a particular film. Copyright registration information is given in the following:
The United States copyright website catalogs all the pre-1978 works that have been renewed in 1978 or later.Several pieces of work have been renewed in the form of collections, thus giving the collection as a whole copyright protection.
Films published before March 1, 1989 had to contain a valid copyright notice in order to claim copyright. At the bare minimum, the copyright notice had to include the word "copyright" or an acceptable abbreviation (like a circled C), the year of publication (which could not be more than one year ahead of the actual publication), and the name of any entity claiming the copyright.
For example, note the case of the animated TV series The New 3 Stooges , pictured. Episodes of the series were published with an incomplete copyright notice with a year and copyright symbol but no claimant. The series was published prior to 1989, and the lack of an explicit claimant ensured that the series immediately lapsed into the public domain. Had the series been published after this date, its copyright may not have been invalidated.
As a result of the passage of the Berne Convention Implementation Act of 1988, a copyright notice is not required for films published on March 1, 1989 or later. An invalid notice or a lack of one would not invalidate the copyright to works published between 1978 and March 1, 1989 as long as a proper notice was added to subsequent copies.
All motion pictures made and exhibited before 1926 are indisputably in the public domain in the United States. This date will move forward one year, every year, meaning that films released in 1926 will enter the public domain in 2022, films from 1927 in 2023, and so on.
Films registered between 1926 and 1963 had to have their copyrights renewed in order for them not to enter the public domain. The semi-annual Copyright Catalog booklets have virtually complete lists of renewals for the films registered 28 years earlier. Those semi-annual booklets all are out of print. However, for 1926 through 1959, the Film Superlist books match copyright renewals with earlier registrations. Copyright registrations and renewals can be found in
As a result of the Copyright Renewal Act of 1992, copyrights registered between 1964 and later were automatically renewed.
Before the passage of the Copyright Term Extension Act (CTEA) in 1998, the term of copyright in the U.S. was a maximum of 75 years, with the work entering the public domain on January 1 of the 76th year from creation (so, for example, a film made in 1930 whose copyright was properly registered and renewed would enter the public domain on January 1, 2006). As such, all films released before 1923 would have entered the public domain by January 1, 1998. Although the CTEA added 20 years to the terms of all existing copyrights until 2019, it explicitly refused to revive any copyrights that had expired prior to its passage. On January 1, 2019, the 20-year extension expired and new works began entering the public domain each year thereafter.
Many of the movies listed below are based on novels, plays, magazine stories or a combination of these sources. In some cases, a film's copyright has lapsed because of non-renewal while the underlying literary or dramatic source is still protected by copyright; for example, the movie His Girl Friday (1940) became a public domain film in 1969 because it was not renewed, but it is based on the 1928 play The Front Page , which is still under copyright until 2024 and thus, as a practical matter, the film cannot be used without permission.
All copyrightable works made by United States government employees as part of their official duties are in the public domain from their creation. The status of works made by contractors is dependent on the terms of their contract. Note that this applies only to the federal government, and not to state or local governments, which may or may not claim copyright depending on state laws.[ citation needed ]
Some films are not listed here in order to keep this list to a manageable size. These include films that were released before 1926. Works of the United States government. Films released under a free license such as Creative Commons (which is not public domain anyway). See Category:Films by year for pre-1926 films.
Note: This list is not comprehensive; the vast majority of public domain films are not listed here. This list includes a selection of notable films where a reliable secondary source is available that discusses public domain status.
|Film title||Release year||Director||Studio / Distributor||Entered the public domain in (year)||Reason for entering the public domain||Note(s)|
|Abraham Lincoln||1930||D. W. Griffith||United Artists||1958||Copyright not renewed|
|Africa Screams||1949||Charles Barton||United Artists||1977||Copyright not renewed|
|Algiers||1938||John Cromwell||United Artists||1966||Copyright not renewed|
|Aladdin and His Wonderful Lamp||1939||Dave Fleischer||Paramount Pictures||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ]||The third of three Popeye Technicolor two-reel specials|
|The Amazing Mr. X||1948||Bernard Vorhaus||Eagle-Lion Films||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ]||Also known as The Spiritualist|
|Angel and the Badman||1947||James Edward Grant||Republic Pictures||1975||Copyright not renewed|
|The Animal Kingdom||1932||Edward H. Griffith||RKO Radio Pictures||1960||Copyright not renewed|
|At War with the Army||1950||Hal Walker||Paramount Pictures||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ]|
|Attack of the Giant Leeches||1959||Bernard L. Kowalski||American International Pictures||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ]|
|The Bat||1959||Crane Wilbur||Allied Artists||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ]|
|Beat the Devil||1953||John Huston||United Artists||1980||Copyright not renewed||The 2016 restoration is not in the public domain|
(copyright notice: 1930)
|Herbert Brenon||RKO Radio Pictures||1958||Copyright not renewed|
|Becky Sharp||1935||Rouben Mamoulian||RKO Radio Pictures||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ]|
|Behind Office Doors||1931||Melville W. Brown||RKO Radio Pictures||1959||Copyright not renewed|
|Bird of Paradise||1932||King Vidor||RKO Radio Pictures||1960||Copyright not renewed|
|Blood on the Sun||1945||Frank Lloyd||United Artists||1973||Copyright not renewed|
|Blue Steel||1934||Robert N. Bradbury||Lone Star Pictures||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ].|
|Bowery at Midnight||1942||Wallace Fox||Monogram Pictures||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ]|
|The Brain That Wouldn't Die||1962 |
|Joseph Green||American International Pictures||1962||Missing copyright notice||Originally completed in 1959 under the title The Black Door (it was then changed to The Head That Wouldn't Die), it was not released until May 3, 1962, where failure to add the copyright notice resulted in the film entering the public domain.|
|Brideless Groom||1947||Edward Bernds||Columbia Pictures||1960s||Copyright not renewed||Short film|
|A Bucket of Blood||1959||Roger Corman||American International Pictures||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ]|
|Captain Kidd||1945||Rowland V. Lee||United Artists||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ]|
|Carnival of Souls||1962||Herk Harvey||Herts-Lion International Corp.||1962||Missing copyright notice||There was a dispute about the rights to the film from 1990 to 1995. |
The entirety of the film rights might have been granted to John Clifford in 1996.
The DVD release of the film by The Criterion Collection lists copyright by Harold Harvey and John Clifford.
|Charade||1963||Stanley Donen||Universal Pictures||1963||Defective copyright notice||Original music still in copyright |
Original story by Peter Stone still in copyright
|Check and Double Check||1930||Melville W. Brown||RKO Radio Pictures||1958||Copyright not renewed|
|Conspiracy||1930||Christy Cabanne||RKO Radio Pictures||1958||Copyright not renewed|
|Cyrano de Bergerac||1950||Michael Gordon||United Artists||1980s||[ data unknown/missing ]|
|The Dance of Life||1929||John Cromwell||Paramount Pictures||1957||Copyright not renewed|
|Danger Lights||1930||George B. Seitz||RKO Radio Pictures||1958||Copyright not renewed|
|The Deadly Companions||1961||Sam Peckinpah||Pathé-America||1961||Missing copyright notice|
|Debbie Does Dallas||1978||Jim Clark||VCX||1981||Missing copyright notice||The Dallas Cowboys hold veto power on commercial publication due to unauthorized use of their cheerleaders' trademarks.|
|Dementia 13||1963||Francis Ford Coppola||American International Pictures||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ]||Also known as The Haunted and the Hunted|
|Detour||1945||Edgar G. Ulmer||Producers Releasing Corporation||[ data unknown/missing ]||Copyright not renewed|
|The Devil Bat||1940||Jean Yarbrough||Producers Releasing Corporation||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ]|
|Disorder in the Court||1936||Preston Black||Columbia Pictures||1960s||Copyright not renewed||Short film|
|Dixiana||1930||Luther Reed||RKO Radio Pictures||1958||Copyright not renewed|
|D.O.A.||1949||Rudolph Maté||United Artists||1977||Copyright not renewed|
|Ella Cinders||1926||Alfred E. Green||First National Pictures||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ]|
|The Emperor Jones||1933||Dudley Murphy||United Artists||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ]|
|Father's Little Dividend||1951|
(copyright notice: 1950)
|Vincente Minnelli||MGM||1978||Copyright not renewed|
|A Farewell to Arms||1932||Frank Borzage||Paramount Pictures||1960||Copyright not renewed||Based on the copyrighted (R177406) novel by Ernest Hemingway|
|Fear and Desire||1953||Stanley Kubrick||Joseph Burstyn||[ data unknown/missing ]||Copyright not renewed|
|The Flying Deuces||1939||A. Edward Sutherland||RKO Radio Pictures||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ]|
|The Front Page||1931||Lewis Milestone||United Artists||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ]||Source material (the stage play The Front Page ) rights under copyright until 2024|
|The General||1926|| Clyde Bruckman |
|United Artists||1955||Copyright not renewed|
|Glen or Glenda||1953||Ed Wood||Columbia Classics||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ]|
|Go for Broke!||1951|
(copyright notice: 1950)
|Robert Pirosh||MGM||1978||Copyright not renewed|
|God's Little Acre||1958||Anthony Mann||United Artists||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ]||The colorized version is not in the public domain|
|The Gorilla||1939||Allan Dwan||20th Century Fox||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ]|
|The Great Flamarion||1945||Anthony Mann||Republic Pictures||[ data unknown/missing ]||Copyright not renewed|
|Gulliver's Travels||1939||Dave Fleischer||Paramount Pictures||1967||Copyright not renewed|
|Half Shot at Sunrise||1930||Paul Sloane||RKO Radio Productions||1958||Copyright not renewed|
|His Girl Friday||1940|
(copyright date: 1939)
|Howard Hawks||Columbia Pictures||1967||Copyright not renewed||Source material (the stage play The Front Page ) rights under copyright until 2024|
|The Hitch-Hiker||1953||Ida Lupino||RKO Radio Pictures||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ]|
|Hook, Line and Sinker||1930||Edward F. Cline||RKO Radio Pictures||1958||Copyright not renewed|
|House on Haunted Hill||1959||William Castle||Allied Artists||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ]|
|Indestructible Man||1956||Jack Pollexfen||Allied Artists||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ]|
|Inside the Lines||1930||Roy Pomeroy||RKO Radio Productions||1958||Copyright not renewed|
|The Inspector General||1949||Henry Koster||Warner Bros.||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ]|
|It's a Wonderful Life||1946|
(copyright notice: 1947)
|Frank Capra|| Liberty Films |
|1975||Copyright not renewed||While the film images are public domain, under rulings of Stewart v. Abend , the film text (script) is based on the copyrighted short story "The Greatest Gift" by Philip Van Doren Stern. |
Republic also purchased the exclusive rights to the film's copyrighted music to further shore up its rights.
|The Jackie Robinson Story||1950||Alfred E. Green||Eagle-Lion Films||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ]||Ancillary rights owned by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer|
|The Joe Louis Story||1953||Robert Gordon||United Artists||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ]|
|Kansas City Confidential||1952||Phil Karlson||United Artists||[ data unknown/missing ]||Copyright not renewed|
|Kept Husbands||1931||Lloyd Bacon||RKO Radio Productions||1959||Copyright not renewed|
|The Lady Refuses||1931||George Archainbaud||RKO Radio Productions||1959||Copyright not renewed|
|A Lady to Love||1930||Victor Sjöström||MGM||1958||Copyright not renewed||Based on the play They Knew What They Wanted|
|The Last Man on Earth||1964||Ubaldo Ragona, Sidney Salkow||American International Pictures, 20th Century Fox||1992||Copyright not renewed|
|The Last Time I Saw Paris||1954|
(copyright notice: 1944)
|Richard Brooks||MGM||1972||Copyright not renewed; Defective copyright notice resulted in earlier expiration||Music score still protected by copyright|
|Lawful Larceny||1930||Lowell Sherman||RKO Radio Productions||1958||Copyright not renewed|
|Leathernecking||1930||Edward F. Cline||RKO Radio Productions||1958||Copyright not renewed|
|Letter of Introduction||1938||John M. Stahl||Universal Pictures||1966||Copyright not renewed|
|Life with Father||1947||Michael Curtiz||Warner Bros.||1975||Copyright not renewed|
|The Little Princess||1939||Walter Lang||20th Century Fox||1967||Copyright not renewed|
|The Little Shop of Horrors||1960||Roger Corman||Filmgroup||1988||Copyright not renewed|
|Lonely Wives||1931||Russell Mack||RKO Radio Pictures||1959||Copyright not renewed|
|Love Affair||1939||Leo McCarey||RKO Radio Pictures||1967||Copyright not renewed|
|Love Laughs at Andy Hardy||1945||Willis Goldbeck||MGM||[ data unknown/missing ]||Copyright not renewed|
|The Lucky Texan||1934||Robert N. Bradbury||Lone Star Pictures||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ].|
|Made for Each Other||1939||John Cromwell||United Artists||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ]|
|Malice in the Palace||1949||Jules White||Columbia Pictures||1960s||Copyright not renewed||Short film|
|The Man from Utah||1934||Robert N. Bradbury||Lone Star Pictures||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ].|
|The Man with the Golden Arm||1955||Otto Preminger||United Artists||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ]|
|Maniac||1934||Dwain Esper||Roadshow Attractions||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ]||Also known as Sex Maniac|
|Manos: The Hands of Fate||1966||Harold P. Warren||Emerson Film Enterprises||1968||Failure to display copyright notice||Original script may have been copyrighted|
|March of the Wooden Soldiers||1950||Gus Meins||Lippert Pictures||1950||Failure to display copyright notice||This is a later abridgement of Babes in Toyland (1934), which is still in copyright. Its public domain status remains unclear.|
|McLintock!||1963||Andrew V. McLaglen||United Artists||1991||Copyright not renewed||Music score still under copyright|
|Meet John Doe||1941||Frank Capra||Warner Bros.||1969||Copyright not renewed|
|Millie||1931||John Francis Dillon||RKO Radio Pictures||1959||Copyright not renewed|
(copyright notice: 1950)
|Don Hartman||MGM||1978||Copyright not renewed|
|My Dear Secretary||1948||Charles Martin||United Artists||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ]|
|My Favorite Brunette||1947||Elliott Nugent||Paramount Pictures||1975||Copyright not renewed|
|My Man Godfrey||1936||Gregory La Cava||Universal Pictures||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ]||While the film images are public domain, under rulings of Stewart v. Abend , the film text (script) is based on the copyrighted 1935 book My Man Godfrey by Eric S. Hatch.|
|Night of the Living Dead||1968||George A. Romero||Walter Reade||1968||Missing copyright notice and errors from the distributor||The restored version released on home media by The Criterion Collection is under copyright by Image Ten, Inc.|
|Nothing Sacred||1937||William A. Wellman||Selznick,|
|1965||Copyright not renewed|
|Of Human Bondage||1934||John Cromwell||RKO Radio Pictures||1962||Copyright not renewed|
|Marlon Brando||Pennebaker Productions, Paramount Pictures||1988||Copyright not renewed|
|Our Town||1940||Sam Wood||United Artists||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ]|
|The Outlaw||1943||Howard Hughes||Howard Hughes Prod., United Artists||1971||Copyright not renewed|
|The Painted Hills||1951||Harold F. Kress||MGM||1979||Copyright not renewed|
|The Pay-Off||1930||Lowell Sherman||RKO Radio Pictures||1958||Copyright not renewed|
|Penny Serenade||1941||George Stevens||Columbia Pictures||1968||Copyright not renewed|
|Plan 9 from Outer Space||1959||Ed Wood||Distributors Corporation of America||1987||[ data unknown/missing ]|
|Popeye the Sailor Meets Ali Baba's Forty Thieves||1937||Dave Fleischer||Paramount Pictures||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ]||The second of three Popeye Technicolor two-reel specials|
|Popeye the Sailor Meets Sindbad the Sailor||1936||Dave Fleischer||Paramount Pictures||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ]||The first of three Popeye Technicolor two-reel specials|
|Pot o' Gold||1941||George Marshall||United Artists||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ]|
|Quicksand||1950||Irving Pichel||United Artists||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ]|
|Rage at Dawn||1955||Tim Whelan||RKO Pictures||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ]|
|Rain||1932||Lewis Milestone||United Artists||1960||Copyright not renewed|
|Randy Rides Alone||1934||Harry L. Fraser||Lone Star Pictures||1934||Copyright notice lacks claimant|
|The Red House||1947||Delmer Daves||United Artists||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ]|
|Reefer Madness||1936||Louis J. Gasnier||Motion Picture Ventures||1936||Improper copyright notice||Also known as The Burning Question, Dope Addict and Tell Your Children|
|Riders of Destiny||1933||Robert N. Bradbury||Lone Star Pictures||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ].|
|Road to Bali||1952||Hal Walker||Paramount Pictures||1980||Copyright not renewed||Ancillary rights now owned by FremantleMedia|
|Rock, Rock, Rock!||1956||Will Price||Distributors Corporation of America||1984||Copyright not renewed||The Chuck Berry soundtrack of the film may not be in the public domain|
|The Royal Bed||1931|
(copyright notice: 1930)
|Lowell Sherman||RKO Radio Pictures||1958||Copyright not renewed|
(copyright notice: 1950)
|Stanley Donen||MGM||1978||Copyright not renewed|
|Sagebrush Trail||1933||Armand Schaefer||Lone Star Pictures||1933||Copyright notice lacks claimant||Remake of Partners of the Trail (Wallace Fox, 1931)|
|Salt of the Earth||1954||Herbert Biberman||Independent Productions||1982||Copyright not renewed||Selected for preservation in the National Film Registry in 1992|
|Santa Claus Conquers the Martians||1964||Nicholas Webster||Embassy Pictures Corporation||[ data unknown/missing ]||Missing copyright notice||Musical score owned by Famous Music|
|Santa Fe Trail||1940||Michael Curtiz||Warner Bros.||1968||Copyright not renewed|
|Scarlet Street||1945||Fritz Lang||Universal Pictures||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ]|
|The Screaming Skull||1958||Alex Nicol||American International Pictures||1958||Not registered for copyright|
|Second Chorus||1940||H.C. Potter||Paramount Pictures||[ data unknown/missing ]||Copyright not renewed|
|The Secret Hour||1928||Rowland V. Lee||Paramount Pictures||1956||Copyright not renewed||Based on the play They Knew What They Wanted|
|The Silver Horde||1930||George Archainbaud||RKO Radio Pictures||1958||Copyright not renewed|
|Sin Takes a Holiday||1930||Paul L. Stein||RKO Radio Pictures||1958||Copyright not renewed|
|Sing a Song of Six Pants||1947||Jules White||Columbia Pictures||1960s||Copyright not renewed||Short film|
|Sinners in Paradise||1938||James Whale||Universal Pictures||1966||Copyright not renewed|
|Sita Sings the Blues||2008||Nina Paley||GKIDS||2010||Released into the public domain with a CC0 license|
|The Snows of Kilimanjaro||1952||Henry King||20th Century Fox||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ]||Based on the copyrighted novel by Ernest Hemingway|
|The Southerner||1945||Jean Renoir||United Artists||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ]|
|A Star Is Born||1937||William A. Wellman||Selznick,|
|1965||Copyright not renewed|
|The Star Packer||1934||Robert N. Bradbury||Lone Star Pictures||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ].|
|The Strange Love of Martha Ivers||1946||Lewis Milestone||Paramount Pictures||1974||Copyright not renewed|
|The Stranger||1946||Orson Welles||International Pictures, RKO Radio Productions||1973||Copyright not renewed|
|Suddenly||1954||Lewis Allen||United Artists||1983||Copyright not renewed|
|Superman (1940s cartoon series)||1941-1943||Dave Fleischer, various||Paramount Pictures||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ]||Ancillary rights such as merchandising contract rights, as well as the original 35mm master elements, are currently owned by Warner Bros. through Superman's publisher, DC Comics|
|Swing High, Swing Low||1937||Mitchell Leisen||Paramount Pictures||1965||Copyright not renewed|
|Teenagers from Outer Space||1959||Tom Graeff||Warner Bros.||1987||Copyright not renewed|
|The Terror||1963||Roger Corman||American International Pictures, Filmgroup||1963||Missing copyright registration||In the early 1990s, Corman asked Mark Griffiths to shoot 12 minutes of additional footage starring Dick Miller, thus making a new film titled The Return of the Terror (1991), so Corman could claim his copyright.|
|Three Guys Named Mike||1951|
(copyright notice: 1950)
|Charles Walters||MGM||1978||Copyright not renewed|
|Till the Clouds Roll By||1946||Richard Whorf||MGM||1974||Copyright not renewed|
|Too Late for Tears||1949||Byron Haskin||United Artists||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ]|
|Topper Returns||1941||Roy Del Ruth||United Artists||1969||Copyright not renewed|
|Utopia (a.k.a. Atoll K )||1951||Léo Joannon and John Berry (uncredited)||Franco London Films||1951||No U.S. copyright filed|
(copyright notice: 1950)
|Richard Thorpe||MGM||1978||Copyright not renewed|
|The Wasp Woman||1959||Roger Corman||Filmgroup||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ]|
|West of the Divide||1934||Robert N. Bradbury||Lone Star Pictures||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ].|
|White Zombie||1932||Victor Halperin||United Artists||[ data unknown/missing ]||[ data unknown/missing ]||The source material for the film may not be in the public domain|
|Wives Under Suspicion||1938||James Whale||Universal Pictures||1966||Copyright not renewed|
The Biograph Company, also known as the American Mutoscope and Biograph Company, was a motion picture company founded in 1895 and active until 1916. It was the first company in the United States devoted entirely to film production and exhibition, and for two decades was one of the most prolific, releasing over 3000 short films and 12 feature films. During the height of silent film as a medium, Biograph was America's most prominent film studio and one of the most respected and influential studios worldwide, only rivaled by Germany's UFA, Sweden's Svensk Filmindustri and France's Pathé. The company was home to pioneering director D. W. Griffith and such actors as Mary Pickford, Lillian Gish, and Lionel Barrymore.
Road to Bali is a 1952 American comedy film directed by Hal Walker and starring Bing Crosby, Bob Hope, and Dorothy Lamour. Released by Paramount Pictures on November 19, 1952, the film is the sixth of the seven Road to … movies. It was the only entry in the series filmed in Technicolor and was the first to feature surprise cameo appearances from other well-known stars of the day.
The Red House is a 1947 American horror film directed by Delmer Daves, and starring Edward G. Robinson, Lon McCallister, Judith Anderson, Rory Calhoun, Allene Roberts, and Julie London. Its plot follows a young woman whose adoptive parents are concealing a secret involving an abandoned farmhouse located deep in the woods on their sprawling property. It is based on the 1945 novel of the same name by George Agnew Chamberlain.
The purpose of copyright registration is to place on record a verifiable account of the date and content of the work in question, so that in the event of a legal claim, or case of infringement or plagiarism, the copyright owner can produce a copy of the work from an official government source.
At War with the Army is a 1950 American musical comedy film directed by Hal Walker and starring the comedy team of Martin and Lewis and introducing Polly Bergen. Filmed from July through August 1949, the film premiered in San Francisco on New Year's Eve 1950 and was released nationally in the United States on January 17, 1951, by Paramount. It was re-released in 1958 by OMAT Pictures.
The Story of Menstruation is a 1946 10-minute American animated film produced by Walt Disney Productions. It was commissioned by the International Cello-Cotton Company and was shown in a non-theatrical release to approximately 105 million American students in health education classes. In 2015, it was selected for preservation in the National Film Registry.
The Motion Picture Association (MPA) is an American trade association representing the five major film studios of the United States, as well as the video streaming service Netflix. Founded in 1922 as the Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America (MPPDA) and known as the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA) from 1945 until September 2019, its original goal was to ensure the viability of the American film industry. In addition, the MPA established guidelines for film content which resulted in the creation of the Motion Picture Production Code in 1930. This code, also known as the Hays Code, was replaced by a voluntary film rating system in 1968, which is managed by the Classification and Rating Administration (CARA).
The copyright law of the United States grants monopoly protection for "original works of authorship". With the stated purpose to promote art and culture, copyright law assigns a set of exclusive rights to authors: to make and sell copies of their works, to create derivative works, and to perform or display their works publicly. These exclusive rights are subject to a time limit, and generally expire 70 years after the author's death or 95 years after publication. In the United States, works published before January 1, 1926, are generally considered public domain.
United States copyright registrations, renewals, and other catalog entries since 1978 are published online at the U.S. Copyright Office website. Entries prior to 1978 are not published in the Online Catalog. Copyright registrations and renewals after 1890 were formerly published in semi-annual softcover catalogs called The Catalog of Copyright Entries or Copyright Catalog or published in microfiche.
Film Superlist: Motion Pictures in the U.S. Public Domain is a series of reference books created by attorney Walter Hurst about the copyright status of films.
Works are in the public domain if they are not covered by intellectual property rights at all, or if the intellectual property rights to the works have expired.
Copyright renewal is a process through which an initial term of copyright protection for a work can be extended for a second term. Once the term of copyright protection has ended, the copyrighted work enters the public domain, and can be freely reproduced and incorporated into new works.
The copyright status of The Wizard of Oz and related works is complicated for several reasons. The book series is very long-running, and written by multiple authors, so the books often fall on opposite sides of eligibility for copyright laws. There have also been multiple adaptations across many different media, which enjoy different kinds of copyright protection. The copyright law of the United States has changed many times, and impacted Oz works every time. As of 2021, twenty-six Oz books and five movies are in the public domain. Starting in 2019, an Oz book has entered the public domain every year. Barring another extension of copyright terms, all of the Famous Forty will be in the public domain by 2059.
Doctor Neighbor is a 1916 American silent feature film black and white melodrama. The film was directed by Lloyd B. Carleton. It stars Hobart Bosworth and pairs Dorothy Davenport and Emory Johnson in leading roles.
The film explores the moral dilemma of whether a doctor should assist a patient in taking their own life when the patient is in great pain and facing imminent death.
The movie was released on May 1, 1916 by Universal.
The Yaqui is a 1916 American silent Black and white Melodrama directed by Lloyd B. Carleton and starring Hobart Bosworth, Gretchen Lederer and Emory Johnson.
The film depicts Yaqui Indians who are entrapped by nefarious elements into enslavement for a wealthy plantation owner. They struggle in captivity eventually rebelling against their owner's oppression.
The film was released on Mar 19, 1916 by Universal.
Her Husband's Faith is a 1916 American silent short film directed by Lloyd B. Carleton. The film is based on a story by Paul Machette. Eugene De Rue developed the screenplay. This domestic society drama's features Dorothy Davenport, T. D. Crittenden and Emory Johnson.
Heartaches is a 1916 American silent short film directed by Lloyd B. Carleton. The film is based on a story by Grant Carpenter. This drama's features Dorothy Davenport, Alfred Allen, and Emory Johnson.
The Unattainable is a 1916 American Blank and White silent drama directed by Lloyd B. Carleton. The film is based on the story by Elwood D. Henning. The photoplay stars Dorothy Davenport and Emory Johnson.
... with the first being the 1931 Lewis Milestone–directed The Front Page, which also fell into the public domain.
The Great Flamarion is among Duryea's more visible efforts because it fell into the public domain when the original copyright lapsed.[ page needed ]
But remember the underlying works may still be copyrighted
Sadly, the movie slipped between the cracks and into the public domain, and there now appear to be no decent prints left in existence.
The Snows of Kilimanjaro (1952, color) has injured writer Gregory Peck going over his past to see if his life has meaning, with Ava Gardner and Susan Hayward. This one has been on many public-domain labels, but this is a pristine print and looks gorgeous.
Orson Welles's "The Stranger is their newest HD release, made feasible because the RKO picture has fallen into public domain.