Topeka Sizzlers

Last updated
Topeka Sizzlers
TopekaSizzlerslogo.png
ConferenceWestern (1985–87)
Eastern (1987–89)
National (1989–1990)
DivisionMidwest (1989–1990)
Leagues Continental Basketball Association
Founded1985
Dissolved1990
Arena Municipal Auditorium (1985–86)
Lee Arena (1986–87)
Landon Arena (1987–1990)
Location Kansas City, Missouri (1985–86)
Topeka, Kansas (1986–1990)
Team colorsRed, yellow, black
   
OwnershipBernard Glannon (1986–1988)
Jim Garrett & Bonnie Garrett (1988–1990)

The Topeka Sizzlers, originally the Kansas City Sizzlers, were a professional basketball team based in Kansas City, Missouri from 1985 to 1986 until they relocated to Topeka, Kansas where they played from 1986 to 1990. The Sizzlers were members of the Continental Basketball Association (CBA).

Contents

Bernard Glannon purchased a new CBA franchise on June 28, 1985 which he nicknamed the "Sizzlers". During their first and only season in Kansas City the team played their home games at Municipal Auditorium. Citing the over-saturated sports market in Kansas City, Glannon re-located the Sizzlers to Topeka, Kansas before the 1986–87 season. The team used Lee Arena on the campus of Washburn University while construction of Landon Arena was completed.

A group of 14 investors led by married business partners Jim & Bonnie Garrett purchased the Topeka Sizzlers from Glannon before the 1988–89 season. The Garretts put the team up for sale during the 1989–1990 season. A group of investors led by Sacramento, California attorney Robert Wilson purchased the Sizzlers and re-located them to Washington. The Yakima Sun Kings, as the Topeka franchise would become known during the 1990–91 season, went on to win several CBA championships during their 18-year existence.

A lawsuit was filed by the Garretts in 1991 alleging Glannon misrepresented the value of the Sizzlers franchise. The Shawnee County, Kansas District Court jury who heard the original case sided with Glannon and a judgement was issued in his favor for the remainder owed to him by the Garretts ($205,000). The Kansas Court of Appeals upheld the jury's judgment in 1992.

History

Kansas City (1985–86)

Kansas City businessman Bernard Glannon announced on June 27, 1985 that he had worked out a deal to purchase an expansion franchise in the Continental Basketball Association (CBA) for $500,000. [1] CBA owners approved the expansion franchise, named the "Sizzlers", during a conference call vote on June 28 following two weeks of negotiations between Glannon and CBA president Jim Drucker. [2]

The Kansas City Council unanimously approved a five-year lease of Municipal Auditorium by the Sizzlers in July 1985. The auditorium was the home of the Kansas City Kings who had relocated to Sacramento, California following the 1984–85 National Basketball Association (NBA) season. [3]

During the first CBA college draft in 1985 the Sizzlers were awarded the first overall pick. They selected guard Regan Truesdale from The Citadel, The Military College of South Carolina. [4] On August 5, 1985 the CBA held an expansion draft for the Sizzlers. The 13 other CBA franchises were able to protect five of the 13 players on their rosters. [5] Bill Ficke was hired to be the Sizzlers head coach from the 1985–86 season. [6]

By November 1985 the Sizzlers had sold over 1,400 season tickets according to The Sacramento Bee . [7] The Los Angeles Daily News reported that Kansas City was acting as the Los Angeles Lakers farm team. After the Lakers cut center Earl Jones, head coach Pat Riley told the Daily News that if Earl cleared waivers then he would sign with the Sizzlers "where he can keep a hand in with us". [8]

During their only season in Kansas City, Missouri the Sizzlers used Municipal Auditorium as their home venue. Average attendance was 2,820 people a game in a venue with over 7,000 seats. KCMO Auditorium and ConventionCenter.jpg
During their only season in Kansas City, Missouri the Sizzlers used Municipal Auditorium as their home venue. Average attendance was 2,820 people a game in a venue with over 7,000 seats.

The Sizzlers' home opener in December 1985 at Municipal Auditorium drew an attendance of 7,012, which at the time was the seventh largest crowd in CBA history. [9] After nine home games the Sizzlers were averaging an attendance of 3,186, which was second in the CBA. [10]

The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) filed a lawsuit against Sizzlers owner Bernard Glannon in January 1986 for his alleged delinquent payment on a loan for his defunct venture, the Indian Springs State Bank, which was eventually revealed to have dealings with organized crime members. Glannon claimed that the FDIC had only filed the lawsuit on his behest to settle. [11]

During a game on January 8, 1986 Danny Salisbery of the Detroit Spirits made a CBA record 70-foot shot to beat the third quarter buzzer against Kansas City. [12]

On January 9, 1986 the Sizzlers acquired center Petur Gudmundsson from the Tampa Bay Thrillers. By the end of January the United States Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) ruled that Gudmundsson, a citizen on Iceland in the United States on a H-1 visa, was ineligible to work in country and had to cease playing for the Sizzlers. Kansas City argued that Gudmundsson was exempt from INS rules on employment due to the specialty of his profession, but the INS ultimately rejected that argument. INS District Director Ron Sanders said that for Gudmundsson to be classified as "an alien of distinguished merit and ability" he would have to be in the NBA, not the CBA. [13]

Kansas City were eliminated from playoff contention following the 1985–86 season, however, the Evansville Thunder were disqualified from the playoffs for failing to meet their financial obligation to the CBA and the Sizzlers were invited to participate in Evansville's place. [14] A court order was later sought by Evansville who claimed they had met their obligation and the CBA, who had no right to disqualify them from the playoffs. A restraining order was issued by the judge in the case prohibiting the playoff series to continue until a hearing could be held. [15] Evansville's restraining order was ultimately lifted and the series between Kansas City and Cincinnati was allowed to continue.

Topeka (1986–1990)

The United Press International (UPI) reported in February 1986 that the Sizzlers were looking to re-locate to Topeka, Kansas where there was less competition in the entertainment market. At that point their attendance at Kansas City's Municipal Auditorium was 2,820 spectators a game. The 10,000 seat Kansas Expocentre was nearing completion in Topeka, which at the time had no professional sports teams. Kansas City had the Kansas City Chiefs (football), the Comets (indoor soccer), the Royals (baseball) and the Sizzlers. UPI reported that the Sizzlers' use of gimmicks, including two appearances by the San Diego Chicken, would draw increased attendance but games that featured no such gimmicks had anemic crowds. [16]

Topeka Mayor Doug Wright announced in April 1986 that a lease agreement was being negotiated with the Sizzlers. Wright said that the city was seeking to lease Lee Arena from Washburn University while construction on the Kansas Expocentre wrapped up. At the time Sizzlers public relations director Bruce Carnahan remained cool on the idea, telling the UPI that Topeka was just one city under consideration for the franchise relocation. Carnahan also said there was a possibility the team would stay in Kansas City for the 1986–87 CBA season. [17] On May 19 the official announcement was made by the CBA that the Sizzlers were moving to Topeka, Kansas where they would play at Lee Arena until they could move into the Kansas Expocentre which was nearing completion. [18]

John Killilea was hired as Topeka's head coach on July 1, 1986. Killilea was the assistant coach for the New Jersey Nets of the NBA during the 1985–86 season and got his start coaching in 1972 as an assistant for Tom Heinsohn on the Boston Celtics bench. [19]

Topeka's first game of the season was against the Albany Patroons at the Washington Avenue Armory in Albany, New York. The Patroons were coached by Phil Jackson who would go on to win several NBA Finals at the helm of the Chicago Bulls and the Los Angeles Lakers. The Sizzlers won the game 124 to 99 behind a six-for-six field goal showing from guard Ron Kellogg. [20]

Two Sizzlers games were broadcast on national television by ESPN in 1987. The first occurred on January 19 when the Wyoming Wildcatters hosted Topeka. The second was a game in Topeka on February 16 against the Rockford Lightning. [21] Landon Arena, also known as the Kansas Expocentre, was completed in 1987 and the Sizzlers played their first game there on March 9 in front of a crowd of 8,917 people. That set a league record for attendance which surpassed that last record of 8,537 at the 1985 CBA All-Star game in Evansville, Indiana. [22]

Landon Arena was completed in 1987 and hosted the 1988 CBA All-Star Game on January 23. The Topeka Sizzlers used Landon Arena as their home venue from 1987 to 1990. Landon Arena.jpg
Landon Arena was completed in 1987 and hosted the 1988 CBA All-Star Game on January 23. The Topeka Sizzlers used Landon Arena as their home venue from 1987 to 1990.

The 1987 CBA All-Star Game featured three members of the Sizzlers, guards Ron Rowan and Calvin Thompson; and forward Joe Binion. [23] Binion was named the 1986–87 CBA Most Valuable Player at the end of the season and Rowan was awarded CBA Rookie of the Year. [24]

Going into the 1987–88 season the CBA realigned Topeka from the western to the eastern division. After CBA commissioner Carl Scheer resigned to take a job with the NBA Charlotte Hornets, Sizzlers owner Bernie Glannon along with the owners of the Savannah Spirits and the La Crosse Catbirds were members of a committee tasked with finding Scheer's replacement. [25]

According to the Daily News of Los Angeles in 1987 the Sizzlers had a "co-operative agreement" with the Los Angeles Lakers and the Philadelphia 76ers of the NBA to develop players. [26]

Jo Jo White signed with Topeka as a player-assistant coach in November 1987. White, who was 40, had not played professional basketball since 1981. [27] Twenty-six days later White retired citing his age. [28] He averaged 5.6 points per game in five games played. [29] In 1989 White stated the comeback attempt was not his idea and he regretted it because the damage he sustained to his knees. [30]

The 1988 CBA All-Star Game took place in Topeka, Kansas at the Landon Arena. The all-stars faced-off against the Sizzlers on January 23. [31] Topeka lost the game to the CBA All-Stars by a score of 115–94. [32]

Sizzlers head coach John Killilea was fired on January 29, 1988 following ejections from three games and a total of 14 technical fouls during the 1987–88 CBA season. [33] John Darr, a Kansas high school basketball coach, was hired as head coach following Killilea's dismissal. [34] Just over a week later Bob Hill replaced Darr as head coach. [35]

Before the 1988–89 season Sizzlers owner Bernard Glannon sold a majority interest to a group of 14 people led by Jim Garrett and his wife Bonnie Garrett. [36] The Garretts owned several McDonald's franchises in the Topeka area. Under the Garretts' ownership the Sizzlers conducted a door-to-door season ticket drive that sold 300 packages, which increased their total season ticket holders to 1,200 persons. [37]

Topeka hired Art Ross as head coach before the 1988–89 season. [38] Ross resigned his position as head coach on December 19, 1988. His record of 2–14 was last in the CBA. [39] The Sizzlers tapped Ron McHenry for interim head coach. Mike Riley was hired as head coach on December 30 replacing McHenry. Before joining Topeka Riley was assistant coach to Charley Rosen of the Rockford Lightning. [40]

Jerry Schemmel, who served as the Sizzlers' radio play-by-play broadcaster since their re-location to Topeka, was hired as deputy commissioner of the CBA in February 1989. [41]

Topeka lost their first 10 regular season games during their 1989–1990 season which prompted Sizzlers general manager Jim Goodman to announce that he would stay in the nosebleed seats of Landon Arena until his team won a game. Goodman spent three days in the arena — including two days where there was no game — until the Sizzlers defeated the Sioux Falls SkyForce on December 9, 1989. If the Sizzlers lost that game, Goodman told The Times Union, he intended to travel with the team to their next game which was against the Omaha Racers and sit in the rafters of Ak-Sar-Ben, the Racers home venue. [42]

Sizzlers guard-forward Duane Ferrell was named the CBA Newcomer of the Year following the 1989–1990 season. [43]

Re-location to Yakima (1990)

The Tulsa World reported in January 1990 that the Topeka Sizzlers were looking to re-locate to the state of Washington. Another proposal, according to the Tulsa World report, had the Sizzlers merging with another CBA team. [44] Jim Garrett, principal owner of the Sizzlers, told the United Press International (UPI) in February 1990 that he was looking to sell the team to a buyer in Tri-Cities, Washington. Garrett also told the UPI that there was no chance the Sizzlers would play the 1990–91 season in Topeka. [45]

Max Chambers, who was market testing the viability of a CBA franchise in several states, finally concluded that the state of Washington, particularly the central part of the state, would be the best fit. Chambers set up a season ticket drive in the Tri Cities region and Yakima, Washington to determine which city would be the best location for a CBA team. The group Chambers represented, Pro-Max, was assured by the CBA that they would be able to purchase a franchise following the 1989–1990 season and with the collapse of Topeka it would looking more likely the Sizzlers would re-locate to Washington. [46]

It was announced in March 1990 that Yakima, Washington had won out over the Tri-Cities in their season ticket drive. Chambers, who was representing the group who were negotiating the purchase of the Sizzlers, told the Associated Press, "We're moving to Yakima." [47] During the annual CBA owners meeting in May 1990 the sale and re-location of the Sizzlers to Yakima, Washington was approved. [48]

Jim & Bonnie Garrett, who purchased majority interest in the Sizzlers in 1988, sued the previous owner Bernie Glannon in 1991 for what they alleged was misrepresentation. The Garretts claimed that Glannon overcharged them by $475,000 (it cost $500,000 for an expansion franchise in the CBA). Glannon disputed the valuation by the Garretts and alleged they failed to pay him the remaining $205,000 for the Sizzlers. The case was originally heard in 1991 at the Shawnee County, Kansas District Court, who sided with Glannon, saying he did not misrepresent the sale of the Sizzlers. Furthermore, the jury ruled that the Garretts had to pay Glannon the remainder owed to him. [49]

The Garretts appealed the case to the Kansas Court of Appeals, who in 1992, sided with the lower court's ruling that Glannon did not misrepresent the Sizzlers before selling interest to the Glannon's. [50]

Awards

Season-by-season records

YearsWinsLossesWinning percentagePointsHead coaches
1985–862523.521169.0 Bill Ficke
1986–872424.500163.5 John Killilea
1987-882133.389163.5John Killilea, John Darr, Bob Hill
1988–891440.259125.0 Art Ross, Ron McHenry, Mike Riley
1989–19901046.179115.0Mike Riley

Head coaches

Bob Hill (pictured left) was the third head coach of the Sizzlers during the 1986-87 season. Bob Hill.jpg
Bob Hill (pictured left) was the third head coach of the Sizzlers during the 1986–87 season.

See also

Related Research Articles

Continental Basketball Association Defunct mens basketball minor league

The Continental Basketball Association (CBA) was a men's professional basketball minor league in the United States from 1946 to 2009.

The Yakima SunKings are a basketball team located in Yakima, Washington, covering the central Washington sports market of Yakima, Tri-Cities, and Ellensburg and plays at the Yakima SunDome. The team competed in the Continental Basketball Association from 1990 to 2008. In June 2005, the team was purchased by the Yakama Indian Nation and was renamed the Yakama Sun Kings to honor the Nation.

North American Hockey League

The North American Hockey League (NAHL) is one of the top junior hockey leagues in the United States and is in its 44th season of operation in 2019–20. It is the only Tier II junior league sanctioned by USA Hockey, and acts as an alternative to the Tier I United States Hockey League (USHL). The NAHL is one of the oldest junior hockey leagues in the United States and is headquartered in Addison, Texas.

Albany Patroons American minor-league basketball team

The Albany Patroons are a professional basketball team that plays in The Basketball League (TBL). Previously, the team competed in the Continental Basketball Association (CBA) and in the United States Basketball League (USBL). The Patroons won CBA championships in 1984 and 1988 as well as a TBL championship in 2019.

Savannah Spirits

The Savannah Spirits were a professional basketball team that played for two years in the Continental Basketball Association from 1986 to 1988, amassing a total regular season record of 42 wins and 60 losses for a total of 306.5 points. The team originally began play in the 1982-1983 season as the Detroit Spirits, compiling a record of 26-18, winning the Central Division title; they defeated the Rochester Zeniths for the Conference title and the Montana Golden Nuggets for the CBA title. The Spirits did not qualify for the postseason in their first year in Savannah, Georgia. In their second and final year in Savannah, they were eliminated by the Albany Patroons in the first round, four games to one.

Kansas Expocentre Arena in Topeka, Kansas

The Kansas Expocentre is a 10,000-seat multi-purpose arena built in 1987 in Topeka, Kansas. Previously, the Topeka Sizzlers of the Continental Basketball Association, Topeka Tarantulas, Topeka ScareCrows and Topeka Pilots ice hockey teams played there. Many other shows, including concerts, perform here.

Ronald Allison Kellogg Jr. is a retired American college and professional basketball player, best known for his college days as a left-handed sharpshooter for the successful Larry Brown-coached Kansas Jayhawks teams of the mid-1980s. Though he graduated one season before the NCAA implemented the three-point field goal, his propensity for sinking deep two-pointers earned him a reputation as one of the premier long-range shooters of his era in the Big Eight Conference. A 6’5” swingman born in Omaha, Nebraska, he was drafted by the Atlanta Hawks of the NBA and played professionally in the CBA.

Barry Wallace was an English football defender who played professionally in the Football League, North American Soccer League and Major Indoor Soccer League. After his retirement from playing, Wallace spent the rest of his life coaching youth soccer teams.

Carlton B. McKinney, is a retired professional basketball player. Born in San Diego, California, he is listed at 6'4" and weighed 190 lbs. McKinney played collegiate ball with the University of Tulsa Golden Hurricane (1983–1985) and Southern Methodist University Mustangs (1986–88). He briefly played in the NBA with the Los Angeles Clippers (1989) and the New York Knicks (1991). He played the majority of his professional basketball career in the CBA for the Topeka Sizzlers (1988–89), Quad City Thunder (1989–90), Santa Barbara Islanders (1990), Rapid City Thrillers (1990–91), Fargo-Moorhead Fever (1991–1992), Grand Rapids Hoops (1993–94) and Sioux Falls Skyforce (1994–1996), where he helped win a championship before retiring in 1996. He also played overseas in Europe notably in Italy, Greece and Spain. McKinney is currently the athletic director and boys' basketball coach at his high school alma mater, Nixon-Smiley High School, in Nixon, TX.

Pensacola Tornados

The Pensacola Tornados was a basketball team that played in Pensacola, Florida in the Continental Basketball Association (CBA) from 1985–1991.

Perry Victor Moss is an American former National Basketball Association (NBA) basketball player.

Paul Woolpert

Paul Woolpert is an American basketball coach and scout. He was the head coach of the Yakima Sun Kings in the Continental Basketball Association (CBA) for seven non-consecutive years. He was named CBA Coach of the Year in 2007 and 2008. He led the Sun Kings to four CBA Championships. A new Yakima Sun Kings team was founded in 2017 and Woolpert was hired as head coach. The team won the North American Premier Basketball (NAPB) Championship in 2018. He was fired during the 2019 NAPB Championship Series.

Calvin Thompson American basketball player and coach

Calvin Thompson is an American basketball coach and a member of the University of Kansas' 1986 Final Four team. He holds Kansas' record for most consecutive free throws made at 33 in 1983–84, made second-team All-Big Eight in 1983 and 1984, and the All-Big Eight Tournament team 1983 and 1984. He was also a member of the 1986 All-NCAA Midwest Regional team.

Cincinnati Slammers

The Cincinnati Slammers, originally the Ohio Mixers, were a professional basketball team based in Lima, Ohio from 1982 to 1984 and Cincinnati, Ohio from 1984 to 1987. They were members of the Continental Basketball Association (CBA). The team was admitted into the CBA as an expansion franchise in 1982. Team owner Tom Sawyer served as the Mixers' head coach during their two season. Jerry Robinson underwrote the re-location of the franchise to Cincinnati before the 1984–85 season. Sawyer stayed on as head coach to the newly re-branded Cincinnati Slammers, but resigned during their first season at which point assistant coach Tom Thacker took over the position. Herb Brown was hired as head coach before the 1985–86 season and led the team until they went defunct following the 1986–87 season.

John P. Killilea was an American basketball coach and scout. He served as the assistant coach to four National Basketball Association (NBA) team; the Boston Celtics (1972–77), the Milwaukee Bucks (1977–1983), the New Jersey Nets (1983–85), the Houston Rockets (1989–1993). Killilea was hired by the Topeka Sizzlers of the Continental Basketball Association (CBA) as their head coach in 1986 and served in that capacity until he was fired in January 1988 after being called for 15 technical fouls and ejected from three games.

Bill Ficke is an American basketball coach and scout.

The Wyoming Wildcatters were a professional basketball team based in Casper, Wyoming. They played 6 seasons in the Continental Basketball Association (CBA), the defunct development league for the National Basketball Association (NBA). They managed to reach the CBA finals twice, in 1984 and in 1988, losing to the Albany Patroons on both occasions.

Aubrey D. Sherrod is an American former professional basketball player. A left-handed shooting guard, he was considered one of the top prospects of his class, and was selected as MVP of the 1981 McDonald's All-American Game. He then decided to stay in his hometown to play college basketball, and committed to Wichita State. After 4 years he was selected in the second round of the 1985 NBA draft by the Chicago Bulls, but was waived before the start of the season and had a short professional career in the CBA and in Australia. He was inducted in the Wichita State Hall of Fame in 1994.

References

  1. "Kansas City businessman purchase CBA franchise". The Wichita Eagle. Wichita, Kansas. Associated Press. June 28, 1985. p. 5B.
  2. "Group gets approval; K. C. gets CBA franchise". The Wichita Eagle. Wichita, Kansas. Associated Press. June 29, 1985. p. 5D.
  3. "Sports briefs". United Press International. Kansas City, Missouri. July 13, 1985.
  4. "Former Kent players drafted". Akron Beacon Journal. Akron, Ohio. July 30, 1985. p. D5.
  5. "Sports briefs". United Press. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. August 1, 1985.
  6. Layden, Tim (December 7, 1986). "Changing faces and gimmicks". The Times Union. Albany, New York. p. E1.
  7. "KC busy admiring Royals". The Sacramento Bee. Sacramento, California. October 26, 1985. p. C4.
  8. Ventre, Michael (November 23, 1985). "Fan favorite Nevitt waived by Lakers". Los Angeles Daily News. Los Angeles, California. p. 5.
  9. Hubbard, Jan (December 22, 1985). "No small potatoes, Spud deserves shot at contest". The Dallas Morning News. Dallas, Texas. p. 19B.
  10. "Sports digest". United Press International. January 5, 1986.
  11. "Untitled". United Press International. Olathe, Kansas. January 4, 1986.
  12. Freeman, John (January 10, 1986). "Shoot, these shots were easy". The San Diego Union-Tribune. San Diego, California. p. E2.
  13. "Gudmundsson faces deportation after ruling". The Seattle Times. Seattle, Washington. January 31, 1986. p. E5.
  14. "Untitled". United Press International. Kansas City, Missouri. March 18, 1986.
  15. "Basketball". The Seattle Times. Seattle, Washington. March 20, 1986. p. H4.
  16. Gosselin, Rick (February 21, 1986). "Untitled". United Press International. Kansas City, Missouri.
  17. "Untitled". United Press International. Topeka, Kansas. April 29, 1986.
  18. "Untitled". United Press International. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. May 19, 1986.
  19. "Untitled". United Press International. Topeka, Kansas. July 1, 1986.
  20. Layden, Tim (December 6, 1986). "Patroons would like to forget opener". Knickerbocker News. Albany, New York. p. 1B.
  21. "CBA alive, well on ESPN". Daily Breeze. Torrance, California. January 2, 1987. p. D3.
  22. "The Topeka Sizzlers". The Times Union. Albany, New York. March 10, 1987. p. D2.
  23. "Thrillers at ease, at home tonight". St. Petersburg Times. St. Petersburg, Florida. January 27, 1987. p. 5C.
  24. Pluto, Terry (March 18, 1987). "Cavs aren't picky about road wins". Akron Beacon Journal. Akron, Ohio. p. B1.
  25. Layden, Tim (June 27, 1987). "CBA eyes Coyne, 3 others". Knickerbocker News. Albany, New York. p. 1B.
  26. Cress, Doug (October 16, 1987). "Killilea on fringe for Lakers". Daily News of Los Angeles. Los Angeles, California. p. S6.
  27. "Jo Jo White returns to play in CBA at 40". Lexington Herald-Leader. Lexington, Kentucky. Associated Press. November 5, 1987. p. C3.
  28. Manthey, Dave (December 1, 1987). "No Jo Jo". Chicago Sun-Times. Chicago, Illinois. p. 99.
  29. "Between the lines". The Atlanta Journal and The Atlanta Constitution. Atlanta, Georgia. December 1, 1987. p. D2.
  30. Brieaddy, Frank (July 1, 1989). "White tours as parking lot ambassador". The Post-Standard. Syracuse, New York. p. C1.
  31. "CBA". USA Today. Arlington, Virginia. January 19, 1988. p. 13C.
  32. "All-Stars down Topeka Sizzlers in CBA". Daily Breeze. Torrance, California. Associated Press. January 24, 1988. p. C8.
  33. Pendery, Kim (January 29, 1988). "Also worth mentioning". St. Petersburg Times. St. Petersburg, Florida. p. 2C.
  34. Proctor, Darrell (January 30, 1988). "Also worth mentioning". St. Petersburg Times. St. Petersburg, Florida. p. 2C.
  35. "Basketball". USA Today. Arlington, Virginia. February 11, 1988. p. 15C.
  36. "Sizzlers change hands". The Wichita Eagle. Topeka, Kansas. Associated Press. November 3, 1988. p. 5C.
  37. Morgan, Rhett (February 8, 1989). "Sizzlers or fizzlers?". Tulsa World. Tulsa, Oklahoma. p. 2B.
  38. Wilkin, Tim (November 16, 1988). "Rookies get their chance". The Times Union. Albany, New York. p. D3.
  39. "Sizzlers coach quits". The Wichita Eagle. Wichita, Kansas. Associated Press. December 21, 1988. p. 5B.
  40. "Topeka Sizzlers Get New Coach". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. St. Louis, Missouri. Associated Press. December 31, 1988. p. 3C.
  41. Bonkowski, Jerry (February 6, 1989). "CBA: League owners select deputy commissioner". USA Today. Arlington, Virginia. p. 3C.
  42. Wilkin, Tim (December 17, 1989). "Life in CBA suits him fine". The Times Union. Albany, New York. p. C5.
  43. "Fast Breakers, Leavell go down fighting". Tulsa World. Tulsa, Oklahoma. March 31, 1990. p. 1B.
  44. Hibdon, Glenn (February 20, 1990). "Economics Left Breakers Off ESPN's Telecast Slate". Tulsa World. Tulsa, Oklahoma. p. B3.
  45. "Sizzlers Could Move To Washington State". Omaha World-Herald. Omaha, Nebraska. United Press International. February 26, 1990. p. 21.
  46. "Yakima, Tri-Cities bid for CBA team". The Seattle Times. Seattle, Washington. Associated Press. March 7, 1990. p. G5.
  47. "Yakima still in line for CBA team". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Seattle, Washington. Associated Press. March 29, 1990. p. D2.
  48. Bonkowski, Jerry (May 3, 1990). "CBA; Owners set for change at meetings". USA Today. Arlington, Virginia. p. 10C.
  49. "Sports Digest". The Kansas City Star. Kansas City, Missouri. February 23, 1991. p. D6.
  50. "Sizzlers verdict upheld". The Wichita Eagle. Wichita Eagle. February 8, 1992. p. 2D.