Torana Gate is gift from the Indian government to Malaysia
|Location||Brickfields, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia|
|Designer||Akshaya Jain & Associates|
|Width||7.3 metres (24 ft)|
|Height||10.4 metres (34 ft)|
|Completion date||20 August 2015|
|Opening date||23 November 2015|
|Dedicated to||Friendship between India and Malaysia|
Torana Gate is a torana (a type of gateway) in Brickfields, Kuala Lumpur.The gate is a gift from the Government of India to Malaysia, as a mark of continued friendship between the two countries. It was influenced by Hindu and Buddhist architecture of the Indian subcontinent.
Torana is a free-standing ornamental or arched gateway for ceremonial purposes seen in the Hindu, Buddhist and Jain architecture of the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia and parts of East Asia.
Brickfields is a neighbourhood located on the western flank central Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. It is known as Kuala Lumpur's Little India due to the high percentage of Indian residents and businesses. Brickfields been ranked third in Airbnb's list of top trending destinations.
Kuala Lumpur, officially the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur, or commonly known as KL, is the national capital and largest city in Malaysia. As the global city of Malaysia, it covers an area of 243 km2 (94 sq mi) and has an estimated population of 1.73 million as of 2016. Greater Kuala Lumpur, also known as the Klang Valley, is an urban agglomeration of 7.25 million people as of 2017. It is among the fastest growing metropolitan regions in Southeast Asia, in both population and economic development.
Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh announced the construction of the Torana Gate during a state visit to Malaysia in 2010. The Indian Ministry of External Affairs invited 16 firms for its design competition, and appointed architects Akshaya Jain & Associates to design the gate. The design is identical to the Great Stupa at Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh.
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Sanchi Stupa, also written Sanci, is a Buddhist complex, famous for its Great Stupa, on a hilltop at Sanchi Town in Raisen District of the State of Madhya Pradesh, India. It is located in 46 kilometres (29 mi) north-east of Bhopal, capital of Madhya Pradesh. The Great Stupa at Sanchi is one of the oldest stone structures in India, and an important monument of Indian Architecture. It was originally commissioned by the emperor Ashoka in the 2nd century BCE. Its nucleus was a simple hemispherical brick structure built over the relics of the Buddha. It was crowned by the chhatri, a parasol-like structure symbolising high rank, which was intended to honour and shelter the relics. The original construction work of this stupa was overseen by Ashoka, whose wife Devi was the daughter of a merchant of nearby Vidisha. Sanchi was also her birthplace as well as the venue of her and Ashoka's wedding. In the 1st century BCE, four elaborately carved toranas and a balustrade encircling the entire structure were added. The Sanchi Stupa built during Mauryan period was made of bricks. The composite flourished until the 11th century.
The gate was installed by developer MRCB Engineering Sdn Bhd on 20 August 2015. The Torana Gate was inaugurated on 23 November 2015 by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak.
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While toranas are generally single plane structures, the design of the Torana Gate in Kuala Lumpur merges two toranas with a patterned ceiling comprising carved stone panels, thereby creating a pavilion. The total height, from ground level to the chakra on top, is 10.4 metres (34 ft) and the width at its maximum point is 7.3 metres (24 ft). Each facet of the Gate has been adorned with decorative motifs and carvings, in buff-coloured sandstone panels from India. The artwork was designed to convey rhythm, symmetry and decorative beauty, while remaining a timeless reminder of Indian craftsmanship.
Buff is the pale orange-brown colour of the undyed leather of several animals.
Sandstone is a clastic sedimentary rock composed mainly of sand-sized mineral particles or rock fragments.
The reliefs on the Torana Gate, though broadly derived from the carvings at the Torana Gates of Sanchi, are yet different and intended to portray Indian art in a contemporary manner, adapted to suit the locational context. A large number of decorative elements have been used on the columns and architraves that include carved panels as well as sculpted blocks. The paved area around the Torana Gate, up to the piazza around the existing fountain, consists of patterned granite flooring. The pedestrian spine along the central axis is designed with a variety of geometrical motifs in varied shades of granite. The curvilinear ceiling of the Torana structure was designed with ribs running in both the directions. These structural ribs, creating 24 coffers, support carved stone panels, which are square in shape and have intricate floral carvings.
Granite is a common type of felsic intrusive igneous rock that is granular and phaneritic in texture. Granites can be predominantly white, pink, or gray in color, depending on their mineralogy. The word "granite" comes from the Latin granum, a grain, in reference to the coarse-grained structure of such a holocrystalline rock. Strictly speaking, granite is an igneous rock with between 20% and 60% quartz by volume, and at least 35% of the total feldspar consisting of alkali feldspar, although commonly the term "granite" is used to refer to a wider range of coarse-grained igneous rocks containing quartz and feldspar.
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