Torana Gate, Malaysia

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Torana Gate

ToranaBriekfield.jpg

Torana Gate is gift from the Indian government to Malaysia
Location Brickfields, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Designer Akshaya Jain & Associates
Type Torana
Width 7.3 metres (24 ft)
Height 10.4 metres (34 ft)
Completion date 20 August 2015
Opening date 23 November 2015
Dedicated to Friendship between India and Malaysia

Torana Gate is a torana (a type of gateway) in Brickfields, Kuala Lumpur. [1] [2] The gate is a gift from the Government of India to Malaysia, as a mark of continued friendship between the two countries. [3] It was influenced by Hindu and Buddhist architecture of the Indian subcontinent.

<i>Torana</i>

Torana is a free-standing ornamental or arched gateway for ceremonial purposes seen in the Hindu, Buddhist and Jain architecture of the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia and parts of East Asia.

Brickfields Place in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Brickfields is a neighbourhood located on the western flank central Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. It is known as Kuala Lumpur's Little India due to the high percentage of Indian residents and businesses. Brickfields been ranked third in Airbnb's list of top trending destinations.

Kuala Lumpur Capital of Malaysia

Kuala Lumpur, officially the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur, or commonly known as KL, is the national capital and largest city in Malaysia. As the global city of Malaysia, it covers an area of 243 km2 (94 sq mi) and has an estimated population of 1.73 million as of 2016. Greater Kuala Lumpur, also known as the Klang Valley, is an urban agglomeration of 7.25 million people as of 2017. It is among the fastest growing metropolitan regions in Southeast Asia, in both population and economic development.

Contents

History

Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh announced the construction of the Torana Gate during a state visit to Malaysia in 2010. The Indian Ministry of External Affairs invited 16 firms for its design competition, and appointed architects Akshaya Jain & Associates to design the gate. The design is identical to the Great Stupa at Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh. [4]

Manmohan Singh 13th Prime Minister of India

Manmohan Singh is an Indian economist and politician who served as the Prime Minister of India from 2004 to 2014. The first Sikh in office, Singh was also the first prime minister since Jawaharlal Nehru to be re-elected after completing a full five-year term.

Ministry of External Affairs (India) Runs the diplomatic relations of the Republic of India with other countries

The Ministry of External Affairs of India, also known as the Foreign Ministry, is the government agency responsible for the conduct of foreign relations of India. The Ministry comes under Government of India and is responsible for India's representation in the United Nations. It also advises other Ministries and State Governments when the latter have dealings with foreign governments or institutions.

Sanchi Monument in India

Sanchi Stupa, also written Sanci, is a Buddhist complex, famous for its Great Stupa, on a hilltop at Sanchi Town in Raisen District of the State of Madhya Pradesh, India. It is located in 46 kilometres (29 mi) north-east of Bhopal, capital of Madhya Pradesh. The Great Stupa at Sanchi is one of the oldest stone structures in India, and an important monument of Indian Architecture. It was originally commissioned by the emperor Ashoka in the 2nd century BCE. Its nucleus was a simple hemispherical brick structure built over the relics of the Buddha. It was crowned by the chhatri, a parasol-like structure symbolising high rank, which was intended to honour and shelter the relics. The original construction work of this stupa was overseen by Ashoka, whose wife Devi was the daughter of a merchant of nearby Vidisha. Sanchi was also her birthplace as well as the venue of her and Ashoka's wedding. In the 1st century BCE, four elaborately carved toranas and a balustrade encircling the entire structure were added. The Sanchi Stupa built during Mauryan period was made of bricks. The composite flourished until the 11th century.

The gate was installed by developer MRCB Engineering Sdn Bhd on 20 August 2015. The Torana Gate was inaugurated on 23 November 2015 by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak. [5]

Narendra Modi Current prime minister of the Republic of India

Narendra Damodardas Modi is an Indian politician serving as the 14th and current Prime Minister of India since 2014. He was the Chief Minister of Gujarat from 2001 to 2014, and is the Member of Parliament for Varanasi. Modi is a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), a Hindu nationalist volunteer organisation.

Najib Razak Malaysian politician

Dato' Sri Haji Mohammad Najib bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak is a Malaysian politician who served as the 6th Prime Minister of Malaysia from 2009 to 2018. He was the former President of the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), the leading party in Malaysia's Barisan Nasional (BN) coalition, which maintained control of Malaysia's government as a parliamentary majority for more than sixty years until the coalition's defeat in the 2018 general election.

Design

While toranas are generally single plane structures, the design of the Torana Gate in Kuala Lumpur merges two toranas with a patterned ceiling comprising carved stone panels, thereby creating a pavilion. The total height, from ground level to the chakra on top, is 10.4 metres (34 ft) and the width at its maximum point is 7.3 metres (24 ft). [6] Each facet of the Gate has been adorned with decorative motifs and carvings, in buff-coloured sandstone panels from India. The artwork was designed to convey rhythm, symmetry and decorative beauty, while remaining a timeless reminder of Indian craftsmanship. [7]

Buff (colour) pale yellow-brown colour of the un-dyed leather of several animals

Buff is the pale orange-brown colour of the undyed leather of several animals.

Sandstone A clastic sedimentary rock composed mostly of sand-sized particles

Sandstone is a clastic sedimentary rock composed mainly of sand-sized mineral particles or rock fragments.

The reliefs on the Torana Gate, though broadly derived from the carvings at the Torana Gates of Sanchi, are yet different and intended to portray Indian art in a contemporary manner, adapted to suit the locational context. A large number of decorative elements have been used on the columns and architraves that include carved panels as well as sculpted blocks. The paved area around the Torana Gate, up to the piazza around the existing fountain, consists of patterned granite flooring. The pedestrian spine along the central axis is designed with a variety of geometrical motifs in varied shades of granite. The curvilinear ceiling of the Torana structure was designed with ribs running in both the directions. These structural ribs, creating 24 coffers, support carved stone panels, which are square in shape and have intricate floral carvings. [8]

Granite A common type of intrusive, felsic, igneous rock with granular structure

Granite is a common type of felsic intrusive igneous rock that is granular and phaneritic in texture. Granites can be predominantly white, pink, or gray in color, depending on their mineralogy. The word "granite" comes from the Latin granum, a grain, in reference to the coarse-grained structure of such a holocrystalline rock. Strictly speaking, granite is an igneous rock with between 20% and 60% quartz by volume, and at least 35% of the total feldspar consisting of alkali feldspar, although commonly the term "granite" is used to refer to a wider range of coarse-grained igneous rocks containing quartz and feldspar.

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References

  1. http://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2015/11/23/modi-torana-gate/
  2. http://www.nst.com.my/news/2015/11/113341/najib-modi-jointly-launch-torana-gate-brickfields
  3. http://zeenews.india.com/news/india/whats-so-special-about-torana-gate-inaugurated-by-pm-modi-in-kuala-lumpurs-little-india_1825201.html
  4. http://www.thestar.com.my/News/Nation/2015/11/23/Torana-launched-high-point/
  5. http://www.thestar.com.my/News/Nation/2015/11/23/Torana-launched-high-point/
  6. NEW STRAITS TIMES Tuesday, November 24th, 2015
  7. http://www.rediff.com/news/report/pmmodiunveilstoranagateatlittleindia/20151123.htm
  8. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/NarendraModiNajibRazakinaugurateToranaGateinMalaysia/articleshow/49889841.cms?

See also