Transnistrian Railway

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Transnistrian Railway
Приднестровская железная дорога
Transnistrian Railway.png
Tiraspol Train Station.jpg
Headquarters Tiraspol
LocaleFlag of Transnistria (state).svg  Transnistria
Dates of operation2004
Predecessor Moldovan Railways
Track gauge 1,520 mm (4 ft 11+2732 in)

Transnistrian Railway is the operator of railways in Transnistria.



The first railway line on the territory of Transnistria was built in 1867 from Kuchurgan station to station Tiraspol, and in 1871 to Chisinau.

In early November 1877, the line was opened for military communication, Bendera-Galati railway with a length of 305 km (190 mi).

In August 1894 started operation the section from Rîbnița to Park station with a bridge over the Dniester and the 165-metre (541 ft) tunnel on the stretch Lipcani—Matteuci.

In June 1917 locomotive depot Bender had 253 locomotives and was the largest in the South-Western railway. From the first days of the Great Patriotic war, the road has become the frontline, was the main traffic artery in the area of hostilities. The road was used for the evacuation of industrial enterprises, terrorists were getting to the front line troops and ammunition. Track on main directions adjusted three times: in July 1940, the gauge of 1,524 mm (5 ft 0 in), in August 1941 to gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8.5 in), from may until the end of 1944 back on track 1,524 mm (5 ft 0 in). During the war, was destroyed 20% top, 30 station tracks, 50% of the travel buildings, major bridges on the Dniester and Prut rivers, dismantled and removed 100 km (62 mi) of rail track, 90% of machining equipment, 30% of communication lines, etc. [1]

From 1939 to 1997 operated narrow gauge railroad stove — Papelucho. In 1999 it was dismantled. In 1946–50, restoration and modernization of the railway of Moldova was spent 3 billion rubles from the Federal budget. It was built more than 600 objects, made more than 1 million m3 of earthworks, stacked 1.7 million m3 of building materials, more than 650 thousand sleepers, the operational length reached 1,020 km (630 mi) in 1948 the all-Union level was reached the speed of trains. From 1953 to 1979 was merged with the Odessa Railways and was called the Odessa-Kishinev railroad. In 1991 began the electrification of Railways Rozdilna (Ukraine) — Kuchurgan (Ukraine) — Tiraspol — Bender, because of the war in Transnistria, it was discontinued. Currently works only in Ukrainian (up to Kuchurgan) part of the contact network (though in Tiraspol are unequipped supports with hard crossbars).

In August 2004, in connection with the aggravation of relations between Moldova and the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic was last created state unitary enterprise "Transnistrian Railway" (the station Tiraspol, Bender and Rîbnița), which withdrew from the Moldovan Railways. [1]


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  1. 1 2 "ПУТЬ К НЕЗАВИСИМОСТИ" [The road to independence]. Министерство Внутренних Дел ПМР. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011.