Ukhhotep II

Last updated
Ukhhotep II
of the 14th nome of Upper Egypt
Relief Ukhhotep II Blackman 01.png
Ukhhotep II from his tomb
PredecessorSenebi I
SuccessorSenebi II
Dynasty 12th Dynasty
Pharaoh Senusret I
FatherSenebi I
ChildrenSenebi II, Mersi
Burial Meir, tomb B2

Ukhhotep II was an ancient Egyptian official during the reign of pharaoh Senusret I of the 12th Dynasty.



Ukhhotep II was a nomarch of the 14th nomos of Upper Egypt, headquartered in Cusae. He also held several charges such as haty-a , iry-pat , royal sealer, chief lector priest, overseer of the priests of Hathor, sem-priest, true king's acquaintance and many others. [1]

His father was the nomarch Senebi I while his mother was a lady called Mersi. His wife was Djehutyhotep, and the couple had at least two children to whom the same name of Ukhhotep's parents were given: Senebi II and Mersi. [2]

Tomb B2

Ukhhotep II is mainly known because of his tomb (B2), located in the necropolis of Meir, which was excavated in the early 20th century by British Egyptologist Aylward M. Blackman; an excavation report was published in 1915. [3]

Inside of the tomb, along the West and South walls there are many inscriptions dedicated to Osiris and Horus. The tomb is separated from that of Ukhhotep's father Senebi I (B1) only by a thin partition-wall. The tomb stands from floor to ceiling at 270 cm with a small undecorated doorway leading to the burial chamber. Within the tomb are walls of reliefs depicting various events and displays of everyday life in the city of Cusae. Examples of images include boat-building, papyrus harvesting, war, Ukhhotep sitting with his wife, offerings, etc. [3]

The tomb has been remarked because of a certain grade of realism of its reliefs: among the depictions, there are several herdsmen in evident state of starvation, a man who has fallen under the load on his back, and blind harpers. However, many figures are just crudely cut into the walls, thereby revealing a somewhat poor technique: [2] according to Blackman's description, the reliefs have an “unintentional roughness [that] seems rather to add to the spirit of vigor and strenuous activity with which the sculptor has imbued many of his representations of the toiling…”. [4] Few reliefs were interrupted at an early stage and the drawing grid is still visible. [3]

Related Research Articles

First Intermediate Period of Egypt

The First Intermediate Period, described as a 'dark period' in ancient Egyptian history, spanned approximately one hundred and twenty-five years, from c. 2181–2055 BC, after the end of the Old Kingdom. It comprises the Seventh, Eighth, Ninth, Tenth, and part of the Eleventh Dynasties. The concept of a "First Intermediate Period" was coined in 1926 by Egyptologists Georg Steindorff and Henri Frankfort.

Middle Kingdom of Egypt Reunified ancient Egypt c. 2000-1700 BC

The Middle Kingdom of Egypt is the period in the history of ancient Egypt following a period of political division known as the First Intermediate Period. The Middle Kingdom lasted from approximately 2040 to 1782 BCE, stretching from the reunification of Egypt under the reign of Mentuhotep II in the Eleventh Dynasty to the end of the Twelfth Dynasty. The kings of the Eleventh Dynasty ruled from Thebes and the kings of the Twelfth Dynasty ruled from el-Lisht.

Mentuhotep II Egyptian pharaoh of the 11th Dynasty

Mentuhotep II, also known under his prenomen Nephepetre, was an ancient Egyptian pharaoh circa 2061–2010 BCE, the sixth ruler of the Eleventh Dynasty. He is credited with reuniting Egypt, thus ending the turbulent First Intermediate Period and becoming the first pharaoh of the Middle Kingdom. He reigned for 51 years, according to the Turin King List. Mentuhotep II succeeded his father Intef III on the throne and was in turn succeeded by his son Mentuhotep III.

Djer first dynasty Pharoah of Egypt

Djer is considered the third pharaoh of the First Dynasty of ancient Egypt in current Egyptology. He lived around the mid-thirty-first century BC and reigned for c. 40 years. A mummified forearm of Djer or his wife was discovered by Flinders Petrie, but was discarded by Émile Brugsch.

Mentuhotep I

Mentuhotep I may have been a Theban nomarch and independent ruler of Upper Egypt during the early First Intermediate Period. Alternatively, Mentuhotep I may be a fictional figure created during the later Eleventh Dynasty, which rose to prominence under Intef II and Mentuhotep II, playing the role of a founding father.

Intef III was the third pharaoh of the Eleventh Dynasty of Egypt during the late First Intermediate Period in the 21st century BC, at a time when Egypt was divided in two kingdoms. The son of his predecessor Intef II and father of his successor Mentuhotep II, Intef III reigned for 8 years over Upper Egypt and extended his domain North against the 10th Dynasty state, perhaps as far north as the 17th nome. He undertook some building activity on Elephantine. Intef III is buried in a large saff tomb at El-Tarif known as Saff el-Barqa.

Amenemhat II

Nubkaure Amenemhat II was the third pharaoh of the 12th Dynasty of ancient Egypt. Although he ruled for at least 35 years, his reign is rather obscure, as well as his family relationships.

Senusret I

Senusret I also anglicized as Sesostris I and Senwosret I, was the second pharaoh of the Twelfth Dynasty of Egypt. He ruled from 1971 BC to 1926 BC, and was one of the most powerful kings of this Dynasty. He was the son of Amenemhat I. Senusret I was known by his prenomen, Kheperkare, which means "the Ka of Re is created."

Beni Hasan

Beni Hasan is an ancient Egyptian cemetery. It is located approximately 20 kilometers (12 mi) to the south of modern-day Minya in the region known as Middle Egypt, the area between Asyut and Memphis.

Meir, Egypt Place in Asyut, Egypt

Meir is a village in Upper Egypt. It is located on the west bank of the Nile, in the Asyut Governorate, some 7 kilometers southwest of el-Qusiya (Cusae). The modern village is situated at coordinates 27°27′00″N30°45′00″E, while the necropolis is located at 27°25′00″N30°43′00″E.

Aylward Manley Blackman, FBA was a British Egyptologist, who excavated various sites in Egypt and Nubia, notably Buhen and Meir. Having taught at Worcester College, Oxford, he was Brunner Professor of Egyptology at the University of Liverpool from 1934 to 1948. He was additionally a special lecturer at the University of Manchester, and was involved in or led a number of excavations with the Egypt Exploration Society.


Kemsit was an ancient Egyptian queen consort, the wife of pharaoh Mentuhotep II of the 11th Dynasty. Her tomb (TT308) and small decorated chapel were found in her husband's Deir el-Bahari temple complex, behind the main building, along with the tombs of five other ladies, Ashayet, Henhenet, Kawit, Sadeh and Mayet. Most of them were priestesses of Hathor, so it is possible that they were buried there as part of the goddess's cult, but it is also possible that they were the daughters of nobles the king wanted to keep an eye upon.

Baqet III

Baqet III was an ancient Egyptian official and Great Chief of the Oryx nome during the 11th Dynasty in the 21st century BCE. Apart from the position of governor of the entire nome, Baqet III also held the titles haty-a, treasurer of the king of Lower Egypt, confidential friend, true royal acquaintance, and mayor of Nekheb.

Khnumhotep II

Khnumhotep II was an ancient Egyptian Great Chief of the Oryx nome during the reign of pharaohs Amenemhat II and Senusret II of the 12th Dynasty, Middle Kingdom. He is well known for his tomb at Beni Hasan and its decorations.

Khnumhotep I

Khnumhotep I was an ancient Egyptian Great Chief of the Oryx nome during the reign of Pharaoh Amenemhat I of the 12th Dynasty, Middle Kingdom.

Oryx nome

The Oryx nome was one of the 42 nomoi in ancient Egypt. More precisely, it was the 16th nome of Upper Egypt. It was named after the Scimitar oryx, and was roughly located in the territories surrounding the modern city of Minya in Middle Egypt.

Hare nome

The Hare nome, also called the Hermopolite nome was one of the 42 nomoi in ancient Egypt; more precisely, it was the 15th nome of Upper Egypt.

Sarenput I

Sarenput I was an ancient Egyptian official during the reign of pharaoh Senusret I of the 12th Dynasty.

Sarenput II

Sarenput II, also called Nubkaurenakht was an ancient Egyptian nomarch during the reign of pharaohs Senusret II and Senusret III of the 12th Dynasty.


Djefaihapi was an ancient Egyptian official during the reign of pharaoh Senusret I of the 12th Dynasty. In literature, his name is found written in many other variants such as Hepzefa, Hapidjefa, Hapdjefai, and Djefaihap.


  1. Blackman 1915, pp. 1-2.
  2. 1 2 Grajetzki 2006, p. 108.
  3. 1 2 3 Blackman 1915.
  4. Blackman 1915, p. 10.