The Union of Evangelical Congregational Churches in Bulgaria is a Reformed Congregational denomination in Bulgaria. A member of the World Communion of Reformed Churchesand the World Evangelical Congregational Fellowship.
Bulgaria, officially the Republic of Bulgaria, is a country in Southeast Europe. It is bordered by Romania to the north, Serbia and North Macedonia to the west, Greece and Turkey to the south, and the Black Sea to the east. The capital and largest city is Sofia; other major cities are Plovdiv, Varna and Burgas. With a territory of 110,994 square kilometres (42,855 sq mi), Bulgaria is Europe's 16th-largest country.
The World Communion of Reformed Churches (WCRC) is the largest association of Reformed churches in the world. It has 233 member denominations in 110 countries, together claiming 100 million people, thus being the third largest Christian communion in the world after the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church. This ecumenical Christian body was formed in June 2010 by the union of the World Alliance of Reformed Churches (WARC) and the Reformed Ecumenical Council (REC).
The World Evangelical Congregational Fellowship is a global association of evangelical Christian Congregational Churches, from various national associations around the world, which is united by a common belief in the lordship of Jesus Christ and the authority of the Bible, as well as by its common desire for evangelism. Its existence is aided by the historical prevalence of Congregational missionaries who planted churches in places as varied as Ireland and Micronesia.
American missionaries founded the Congregational Churches in Bulgaria 150 years ago when Bulgaria was part of the Ottoman Empire. The mission developed from the work of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions. In 1819 the congregationalists and Presbyterians begun to consider mission to Bulgaria. The New Jersey born missionary Rev. Elias Riggs, he became influential in the translation of the Bible into the Bulgarian language. In Smyrna 2,000 copies of the New Testament was sold. The first evangelists were Rev. Cyrus Hamlin and Christipher Rhinelander Robert arrived in 1857, they were followed by Rev. Wesley Prettyman, Albert Long, and Charles Morse. Hamlin and morse established 3 missionary centres in Plovdiv, Odrin and Stara Zagora. In 1859 the Russian born Frederic Flocken joined the work. The first church was founded in Plovdiv.The American evangelists served the country till the Second World War.
New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States. It is a peninsula, bordered on the north and east by the state of New York; on the east, southeast, and south by the Atlantic Ocean; on the west by the Delaware River and Pennsylvania; and on the southwest by the Delaware Bay and Delaware. New Jersey is the fourth-smallest state by area but the 11th-most populous, with 9 million residents as of 2017, making it the most densely populated of the 50 U.S. states with its biggest city being Newark. New Jersey lies completely within the combined statistical areas of New York City and Philadelphia. New Jersey was the second-wealthiest U.S. state by median household income as of 2017.
Elias Riggs was an American Presbyterian missionary and linguist born in New Providence, New Jersey. During his missionary activities in the Ottoman Empire he contributed greatly to the Bulgarian National Revival. He organized the first translation, and worked on editing, printing and dissemination of a translation of the Bible into modern Bulgarian. In 1844 he published the first Grammar of the modern Bulgarian language. Riggs did research on Chaldee Language, and also guided the translation of the Bible into modern Armenian language.
Smyrna was a Greek city founded in antiquity located at a central and strategic point on the Aegean coast of Anatolia. Since 1930, the modern city located there has been known as İzmir, in Turkey, the Turkish rendering of the same name. Due to its advantageous port conditions, its ease of defense and its good inland connections, Smyrna rose to prominence. Two sites of the ancient city are today within the boundaries of İzmir. The first site, probably founded by indigenous peoples, rose to prominence during the Archaic Period as one of the principal ancient Greek settlements in western Anatolia. The second, whose foundation is associated with Alexander the Great, reached metropolitan proportions during the period of the Roman Empire. Most of the present-day remains of the ancient city date from the Roman era, the majority from after a 2nd-century AD earthquake.
From 1840 to 1878 churches were founded in Bansko, Turnovo, Svishtov, Ludovic. In 1899 a congregation was also founded in Sofia. In the late 1800s there were 10 missionaries with 25 assistants. In southern Bulgaria there were 19 congregations in 1909 and these churches formed a legal association. In 1926 the American College of Sofia was founded. Later in 1931 an evangelical seminary was founded in the town. Till 1944 the Bulgarian culture toward Protestantism was intolerant. During Communist Regime the church experienced several hardships, in that time there were 22 churches, now there are 40 and new churches are being planted every year. In 1948 pastors were arrested and imprisoned. In 1949 Protestant churches were declared unlawful. All contacts with other Protestant were cut.
Bansko is a town in southwestern Bulgaria, located at the foot of the Pirin Mountains at an elevation of 1200m above sea level. It is a popular ski resort.
Svishtov is a town in northern Bulgaria, located in Veliko Tarnovo Province on the right bank of the Danube river opposite the Romanian town of Zimnicea. It is the administrative centre of the homonymous Svishtov Municipality. With a population of 35,923 inhabitants, as of December 2009, the town is the second-largest in the province after the city of Veliko Tarnovo and before Gorna Oryahovitsa.
Ludovic is a given name and has also been a surname. Notable people with the name include:
The Union of Evangelical Congregational Churches in Bulgaria is a member of the World Communion of Reformed Churchesand of the World Evangelical Congregational Fellowship.
The church has approximately 35 congregations and 5,000 members in Bulgaria.
Congregational churches are Protestant churches in the Reformed tradition practicing congregationalist church governance, in which each congregation independently and autonomously runs its own affairs.
The World Alliance of Reformed Churches (WARC) was a fellowship of more than 200 churches with roots in the 16th-century Reformation, and particularly in the theology of John Calvin. Its headquarters was in Geneva, Switzerland. They are now merged into the World Communion of Reformed Churches.
The United Church in Jamaica and the Cayman Islands is a united church formed on 1 December 1965 as the "United Church of Jamaica and Grand Cayman" by bringing the Protestant denominations "Presbyterian Church in Jamaica" and "Congregational Union of Jamaica" together. The "Disciples of Christ in Jamaica" joined on 13 December 1992, at which time the current name was adopted.
The United Congregational Church in Southern Africa began with the work of the London Missionary Society, who sent missionaries like Dr. Theodorus van der Kemp to the Cape colony in 1799. He was established the first Congregational church in Cape Town in 1801. LMS missionaries like David Livingstone spread the Gospel among the Batswana and Amandbele peoples. After 1820 English and Welsh settlers established their own congregational congregations. Congregationalist missionaries from the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions began work in KwaZulu-Natal in 1830, and several congregations of white settlers formed the Congregational Union of South Africa. These three bodies united to form the United Congregational Church of Southern Africa in 1967.
The Presbyterian Church of Brazil is an Evangelical Protestant Christian denomination in Brazil. Oldest of the Reformed family of Protestantism in Brazil. It is the largest Presbyterian denomination in the country, having an estimate 1,011,300 members, 8,315 ordained ministers and 5,015 churches and 5,392 parishes. It is also the only Presbyterian denomination in Brazil present in all 26 States and the Federal District. It was founded by the American missionary Rev. Ashbel Green Simonton, who also oversaw the formal organization of the first congregation and the first Presbytery. Although the Presbyterian Church of Rio de Janeiro was only formally organized in January 1863, and the Brazilian church only left the jurisdiction of the joint missions board of the American churches in 1888, when the Synod was formed, the denomination considers the date of Simonton's arrival in Brazil, August 12, 1859, as its foundation date.
The Lithuanian Evangelical Reformed Church or Unitas Lithuaniae is a Reformed denomination in Lithuania which uses Presbyterian polity.
The Reformed Church in Latvia is a confessional Reformed denomination in Latvia with 2 congregations and the Baltic Reformed Seminary in Riga.
The Presbyterian Church of the Philippines (PCP), officially The General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church of the Philippines, is a growing evangelical, Bible-based Reformed church in the Philippines. It was officially founded in 1987 and the General Assembly was organized in September 1996.
The Evangelical Congregational Church in Angola is a Reformed Christian denomination in Angola.
The Evangelical Christian Church in Halmahera (GMIH) represents the half of the population in the island of Halmahera. The denomination was a mission established by the Netherlands Reformed Church, and become autonomous in 1949. It has 300,000 members in 411 congregations and 27 presbyteries. GMIH follows the Presbyterian Church governance. The church is Reformed in theology and owns its own Theological Seminary.
The Evangelical Presbyterian Church in Southern Africa was established by Swiss missionaries in 1875 among Tsonga people in Valdezia. It was formerly known as Tsonga Presbyterian Church. Mission stations were established in eastern and northern part of Transvaal. Congregations were established in Pretoria, Reef and Free State and KwaZulu-Natal. The official language of the church was and still is Xitsonga. In 1962 the church become independent, but still relied on the supplies from Swiss missionaries.
The Synod of Zambia is one of the five synods of the Church of Central Africa Presbyterian.
The Evangelical Presbyterian Church in Portugal is a result of evangelistic effort in Madeira between 1838 and 1846 by Robert Kalley, a Scottish minister, the mission continued in the continent in 1966. The first Presbyterian church was founded by Rev. Antonio de Matos, who arrived in Portugal in 1870. Matos was converted by Kalley, and studied in Scotland. Throughout the 19th and 20th century churches were planted in Madeira, Azores, Portugal. In 1926 a Presbytery was formed. In 1944 the Evangelical Presbyterian Church in Portugal was formed. In 1946 a Theological Seminary was formed in Carcavelos, but moved to Lisbon in 1970. The denomination is the oldest non-Catholic church in Portugal. It is a member of the World Communion of Reformed Churches, the Conference of European Churches and the World Council of Churches.
The African Protestant Church was established by American Presbyterian missionaries in Cameroon. In 1921 the mission opened a Bible School, the Dager School of Theology, to train African leaders of the church. In 1934 a group was separated from this body. After several name changes it adopted the name Africa Protestant Church. Originally it has concentrated in the Lolodorf region, but spread other parts of the country. In 2006 it had 10,000 members and 32 congregations. It has the School of Theology Abraham Nzie Nzouango to train pastors and church officers. It is a member of the World Communion of Reformed Churches and the World Council of Churches.
The Evangelical Presbyterian Church of Iran was a joint effort of American Presbyterian and Congregational missionaries in 1834. First they evangelised the Assyrians and later worked in north-west Iran, in a region called Rezaieh. The missionaries wanted to revitalise the old churches, but their members who converted to Protestantism were forced to leave their old denominations. Various Protestant churches were established. In 1862 the first presbytery was organised, and later more presbyteries were formed. Meanwhile these Presbyterian missionaries' ministry led to the formation of congregations from Armenian Christian, Muslim, Judaism, and Zoroastrian background. In 1934 the Synod of the Evangelical Church in Iran was formed. In 1963 it adopted the current name. The common language is Persian, Armenian and Assyrian are also used. It has 1,500 members and 7 congregations.
The United Evangelical Church of Christ ; commonly the Unida Church, Unida Christian Church or Unida Evangelical Church) is an evangelical Protestant denomination in the Philippines founded in 1932.
The National Evangelical Church Union of Lebanon was founded by Presbyterian and Congregational missionaries from the United States. The first evangelical church was built in 1869. They have active Sunday school, and social cultural services.
The Evangelical Church of Christ in Mozambique was a result of Presbyterian missionaries from Scotland. James Reid started working in the Zambesi region in 1910. In 1912 a mission station was opened in Alto Molocue. In 1913 the Scottish Presbyterian Church was founded, and was later renamed to Evangelical Mission of Nauela. The missionaries left Mozambique in 1933, the work was transferred to the Church of Brethren, 5 years later it was handed over by the South African General Mission. The Portuguese government closed the mission in 1959. Trouble period came. But the church survived. Several congregations remained faithful to their origin. The church governance is congregational. In 2004 it had 40,000 members and 500 congregations and 10 prayer stations.