|UN Security Council |
|Date||26 September 1950|
|Subject||Admission of new Members to the UN: Indonesia|
|10 voted for|
None voted against
|Security Council composition|
United Nations Security Council Resolution 86, adopted on September 26, 1950, having found that the Republic of Indonesia was a peace-loving State which fulfilled the conditions laid down in Article 4 of the United Nations Charter, the Council recommended that the General Assembly admit the Republic of Indonesia to membership in the United Nations.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization that was tasked to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international co-operation and be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations. The headquarters of the UN is in Manhattan, New York City, and is subject to extraterritoriality. Further main offices are situated in Geneva, Nairobi, and Vienna. The organization is financed by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states. Its objectives include maintaining international peace and security, protecting human rights, delivering humanitarian aid, promoting sustainable development and upholding international law. The UN is the largest, most familiar, most internationally represented and most powerful intergovernmental organization in the world. In 24 October 1945, at the end of World War II, the organization was established with the aim of preventing future wars. At its founding, the UN had 51 member states; there are now 193. The UN is the successor of the ineffective League of Nations.
Indonesia, officially the Republic of Indonesia, is a country in Southeast Asia, between the Indian and Pacific oceans. It is the world's largest island country, with more than seventeen thousand islands, and at 1,904,569 square kilometres, the 14th largest by land area and the 7th largest in combined sea and land area. With over 261 million people, it is the world's 4th most populous country as well as the most populous Muslim-majority country. Java, the world's most populous island, contains more than half of the country's population.
The resolution was adopted with ten votes; the Republic of China abstained from voting.
Abstention is a term in election procedure for when a participant in a vote either does not go to vote or, in parliamentary procedure, is present during the vote, but does not cast a ballot. Abstention must be contrasted with "blank vote", in which a voter casts a ballot willfully made invalid by marking it wrongly or by not marking anything at all. A "blank voter" has voted, although their vote may be considered a spoilt vote, depending on each legislation, while an abstaining voter hasn't voted. Both forms may or may not, depending on the circumstances, be considered to be a protest vote.
A United Nations Security Council resolution is a UN resolution adopted by the fifteen members of the Security Council; the UN body charged with "primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security".
United Nations Security Council Resolution 339 was adopted on 23 October 1973 in order to bring a ceasefire in the Yom Kippur War where Resolution 338 two days before had failed.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 85, adopted on July 31, 1950, was the United Nations Security Council resolution which authorised the United Nations Command under General Douglas MacArthur to support the Korean civilian population, and requested that specialized agencies, appropriate subsidiary bodies of the UN and appropriate non-governmental organizations support the UN Command in doing so. It was adopted at the 479th meeting after United Nations Security Council Resolution 84 was passed creating the unified command under General MacArthur.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 27, adopted on August 1, 1947, called for the opposing Netherlands and Indonesian Republicans in the Indonesian National Revolution to lay down their arms and to allow a peaceful mediation of the conflict.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 30, adopted on August 25, 1947, upon having learning of the desire of both the Netherlands and Indonesian Nationalists in the Indonesian National Revolution to comply with United Nations Security Council Resolution 27, the Council requested that each of its members recall a diplomatic officer from Batavia to instruct them on the situation.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 31, adopted on August 25, 1947, offered to assist in the peaceful resolution of the Indonesian National Revolution by setting up a committee of three members; one to be chosen by the Netherlands, one to be chosen by Indonesia and the third to be chosen by the other two members of the committee.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 32, adopted on August 26, 1947, condemned the continuing violence in the Indonesian National Revolution and asked both sides to own up to their commitments under United Nations Security Council Resolution 30.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 36, adopted on November 1, 1947, noted that according to a report by the Consular Commission, no attempt has been made by either side in the Indonesian National Revolution to come to compliance with United Nations Security Council Resolution 27. The resolution called upon the parties concerned to take action to bring the resolution into effect.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 40, adopted on February 28, 1948, requested that the Committee of Good Offices watch the political developments in western Java and Madura and to report their findings to the Council frequently.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 41, adopted on February 28, 1948, commended both parties in the Indonesian National Revolution for the recent signing of a truce and attempts to comply with United Nations Security Council Resolution 27. Repeated the offer of mediation made in United Nations Security Council Resolution 31 and requested the Committee of Good Offices keep them informed as to the progress of political settlement in the Indonesia.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 55, adopted on July 29, 1948, having receiving a report from the Committee of Good Offices about a standstill in political and trade negotiations in Indonesia, the Council called upon the governments of the Netherlands and the Republic of Indonesia to maintain strict observance of both the military and economic elements of the Renville Agreement and to implement early and fully its twelve political principles.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 63, adopted on December 24, 1948, in response to a report by the Committee of Good Offices the Council called upon the parties to cease hostilities and to release the President of the Republic of Indonesia and other political prisoners arrested since December 18, 1948.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 64, adopted on December 28, 1948, noted that the Netherlands had not complied with the demands to release the President of the Republic of Indonesia and other political prisoners as issued in United Nations Security Council Resolution 63. The Resolution demanded that the Netherlands set free these prisoners forthwith and report to the Council within 24 hours.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 65, adopted on December 28, 1948, requested that the consular representatives in Batavia referred to in United Nations Security Council Resolution 30 send a complete report on the situation in the Republic of Indonesia, covering the observance of ceasefire orders and the conditions prevailing in areas under military occupation or from which armed forces now in occupation may be withdrawn.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 67, adopted on January 28, 1949, satisfied that both parties in the Indonesian Conflict continued to adhere to the principles of the Renville Agreement, the Council called upon the Netherlands to immediately discontinue all military operations and upon the Indonesian Republic to order its armed adherents to cease guerrilla warfare and for both parties to cooperate in the restoration of peace and the maintenance of law and order throughout the area. The Council further called upon the Netherlands to release all political prisoners arrested since December 17, 1948 and to facilitate the immediate return of officials of the Government of the Republic of Indonesia to Jogjakarta and afford to them such facilities as may reasonably be required by that Government for its effective functioning in that area.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 76, adopted on October 5, 1949, after receiving a cablegram from the Consular Commission at Batavia to the President of the Security Council requesting that the United Nations assume future costs of military observers in Indonesia the Council transmitted the message to the Secretary-General.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 83, adopted on June 27, 1950, determined that the attack on the Republic of Korea by forces from North Korea constituted a breach of the peace. The Council called for an immediate cessation of hostilities and for the authorities in North Korea to withdraw their armed forces to the 38th parallel. They also noted the report by the United Nations Commission on Korea that stated North Korea's failure to comply with Security Council Resolution 82 and that urgent military measures were required to restore international peace and security.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 389, adopted on April 22, 1976, reaffirmed the right of the people of East Timor to self-determination. The Council called upon all states to respect the territorial integrity of East Timor and upon the Government of Indonesia to withdraw all of its forces from the Territory. The Resolution then asks the Secretary-General to have his Special Representative pursue consultations with the parties concerned and that the Secretary-General follow the implementation of the resolution and submit a report to the Council as soon as possible. The Council goes on to call upon all states and parties to cooperate fully with the United Nations to achieve a peaceful solution and facilitate the decolonization of the territory.
United Nations Security Council resolution 1249, adopted on 25 June 1999, after examining the application of the Republic of Nauru for membership in the United Nations, the Council recommended to the General Assembly that Nauru be admitted, bringing total membership of the United Nations to 187.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 1999 was adopted without a vote on 13 July 2011 after examining the application of the Republic of South Sudan for membership into the United Nations. The Council recommended to the General Assembly that South Sudan be admitted.
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