Whitehall Court

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Whitehall Court, seen from South Bank. The National Liberal Club takes up the fourth on the right; the rest is mainly residential. Whitehall Court Mars 2014.jpg
Whitehall Court, seen from South Bank. The National Liberal Club takes up the fourth on the right; the rest is mainly residential.
The southern half of Whitehall Court, encompassing numbers 3 and 4, photographed from inland. Londres 195..jpg
The southern half of Whitehall Court, encompassing numbers 3 and 4, photographed from inland.

Whitehall Court in London, England, is one contiguous building but consists of two separate constructions. The south end was designed by Thomas Archer and A. Green and constructed as a block of luxury residential apartments in 1884 [1] while the north end, occupied by the National Liberal Club, was designed by Alfred Waterhouse and completed in 1887. [2]

The building was developed speculatively by the Liberal MP and property developer Jabez Balfour, through the Liberator Building Society which he controlled. In 1892 the Society collapsed, leaving thousands of investors penniless. Instead of advancing money to home buyers, the Society had advanced money to property companies to buy properties owned by Balfour, at a high price. [3] [4] [5]

Well-known residents have included William Gladstone, Lord Kitchener, Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich of Russia and George Bernard Shaw. [6]

The building was used as Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) headquarters until the end of the First World War. [7] A blue plaque in Mansfield Smith-Cumming's name at the SIS headquarters at 2 Whitehall Court was unveiled on 30 March 2015. [7]

1 & 2 Whitehall Court are occupied by the Royal Horseguards Hotel. [6] 3 Whitehall Court is occupied by the Farmers Club. [8] 4 Whitehall Court is split into apartments: in February 2018, Transparency International reported that lawyer and activist Alexei Navalny has claimed that Russian First Deputy Prime Minister Igor Shuvalov owns two apartments in Whitehall Court worth £11.4 million. [9] [10]

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References

  1. Historic England. "Whitehall Court (1266894)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 13 December 2019.
  2. Historic England. "National Liberal Club (1066072)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 13 December 2019.
  3. Youssef Cassis, City Bankers, 1890-1914, Cambridge University Press (1994), page 164.
  4. John Briggs, Crime and Punishment in England: An Introductory History, Routledge (1996), page 227.
  5. McKie, David (2005). Jabez: The Rise and Fall of a Victorian Rogue. Atlantic Books. ISBN   978-1843541318.
  6. 1 2 "A top spot for a capital stay". Manchester Evening News. 8 May 2017. Retrieved 13 December 2019.
  7. 1 2 Norton-Taylor, Richard (31 March 2015). "Sir Mansfield Cumming, first MI6 chief, commemorated with blue plaque". The Guardian. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
  8. "The Farmers Club" . Retrieved 13 December 2019.
  9. "Transparency International UK". transparency.org.uk. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
  10. "Кто в замке живет? ФБК доказывает: элитную лондонскую недвижимость вице-премьер Шувалов арендует сам у себя". Алексей Навальный. Retrieved 1 March 2018.

Coordinates: 51°30′21″N0°07′27″W / 51.5057°N 0.1241°W / 51.5057; -0.1241