|1919 in British-administered Palestine|
Events in the year 1919 in British-administered Palestine (British-controlled part of OETA territory).
The Occupied Enemy Territory Administration (OETA) was a joint British and French military administration over Levantine and Mesopotamian provinces of the former Ottoman Empire between 1918–20, set up following the Sinai and Palestine Campaign of World War I. It was initially set up via the 1918 Anglo–French Modus Vivendi.
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The Hejaz, is a region in the west of present-day Saudi Arabia. The region is so called as it separates the land of the Najd in the east from the land of Tihamah in the west. It is also known as the "Western Province". It is bordered on the west by the Red Sea, on the north by Jordan, on the east by the Najd, and on the south by 'Asir Region. Its largest city is Jeddah, but it is probably better known for the Islamic holy cities of Mecca and Medina. As the site of the two holiest sites in Islam, the Hejaz has significance in the Arab and Islamic historical and political landscape.
Chaim Azriel Weizmann was a Zionist leader and Israeli statesman who served as President of the Zionist Organization and later as the first President of Israel. He was elected on 16 February 1949, and served until his death in 1952. Weizmann convinced the United States government to recognize the newly formed state of Israel.
The World Zionist Organization, or WZO, is a non-governmental organization that promotes Zionism. It was founded as the Zionist Organization at the initiative of Theodor Herzl at the First World Zionist Congress, which took place in August 1897 in Basel, Switzerland. When it was founded, the goals of the Zionist movement were stated in a resolution that came of that Congress and came to be known as the Basel Program.
Zionism aims at establishing for the Jewish people a legally assured home in Palestine. For the attainment of this purpose, the Congress considers the following means serviceable:
- the promotion of the settlement of Jewish agriculturists [farmers], artisans, and tradesmen in Palestine;
- the federation [unified organisation] of all Jews into local or general groups, according to the laws of the various countries;
- the strengthening of the Jewish feeling and consciousness [national sentiment and national consciousness];
- preparatory steps for the attainment of those governmental grants which are necessary to the achievement of the Zionist purpose.
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Binyamin Gibli was the head of Israeli Military Intelligence from June 1950 to March 1955. Gibli was forced to resign in the wake of the Lavon Affair, a failed Israeli operation in Egypt in 1954.
Events in the year 2008 in Israel.
Jabra Ibrahim Jabra (1920–1994) was a Palestinian/Iraqi Syriac-Orthodox author, poet, artist and intellectual, born in Bethlehem at the time of the British Mandate. Educated in Jerusalem and, later, at Cambridge University, he settled in Iraq following the events of 1948. He worked across many creative fields - as an artist, art critic, art historian, poet and intellectual. He is one of the pioneers of the Hurufiyya movement, which sought to combine traditional Islamic art within contemporary works by integrating Arabic script into artworks.
Haneh Hadad is an Israeli Arab former police officer and politician who served as a member of the Knesset for the Labor Party between 1995 and 1996.
The Knesset is the unicameral national legislature of Israel. As the legislative branch of the Israeli government, the Knesset passes all laws, elects the President and Prime Minister, approves the cabinet, and supervises the work of the government. In addition, the Knesset elects the State Comptroller. It also has the power to waive the immunity of its members, remove the President and the State Comptroller from office, dissolve the government in a constructive vote of no confidence, and to dissolve itself and call new elections. The Prime Minister may also dissolve the Knesset. However, until an election is completed, the Knesset maintains authority in its current composition. The Knesset is located in Givat Ram, Jerusalem.
Aluf Aharon Remez was an Israeli civil servant, politician and diplomat, and the second commander of the Israeli Air Force.
A kibbutz is a collective community in Israel that was traditionally based on agriculture. The first kibbutz, established in 1909, was Degania. Today, farming has been partly supplanted by other economic branches, including industrial plants and high-tech enterprises. Kibbutzim began as utopian communities, a combination of socialism and Zionism. In recent decades, some kibbutzim have been privatized and changes have been made in the communal lifestyle. A member of a kibbutz is called a kibbutznik.
Degania Alef is a kibbutz in northern Israel. It falls under the jurisdiction of the Emek HaYarden Regional Council. Degania was smaller than a kibbutz when it was established in 1909 by immigrants to Ottoman Palestine. Degania Alef and its neighbour Degania Bet both lie between the southern shore of the Sea of Galilee and the Jordan River. In 2017 it had a population of 752.
Abraham Isaac Kook was an Orthodox rabbi, the first Ashkenazi chief rabbi of British Mandatory Palestine, the founder of Yeshiva Mercaz HaRav Kook, a Jewish thinker, Halakhist, Kabbalist, and a renowned Torah scholar. He is known in Hebrew as הרב אברהם יצחק הכהן קוקHaRav Avraham Yitzchak HaCohen Kook, and by the acronym הראיה (HaRaAYaH), or simply as HaRav. He was one of the most celebrated and influential rabbis of the 20th century.
Itamar Ben-Avi was the first native speaker of Hebrew in modern times. He was a journalist and Zionist activist.
Beit Zera is a kibbutz in northern Israel. Located on the southern shore of the Sea of Galilee, it falls under the jurisdiction of Emek HaYarden Regional Council. In 2017 it had a population of 577.
Zionism as an organized movement is generally considered to have been founded by Theodor Herzl in 1897. However, the history of Zionism began earlier and is related to Judaism and Jewish history. The Hovevei Zion, or the Lovers of Zion, were responsible for the creation of 20 new Jewish settlements in Palestine between 1870 and 1897.
Following are timelines of the history of Ottoman Syria, taken as the parts of either modern-day Syria or of Greater Syria as they were subjected to Ottoman rule.
Yosef Baratz was a Zionist activist and Israeli politician.
The Pro–Wailing Wall Committee was established in Mandatory Palestine on 24 July 1929, by Joseph Klausner, professor of modern Hebrew literature at the Hebrew University, to promote Jewish rights at the Western Wall.
Shlomo Kaplansky was a Labour Zionist politician, who served as the secretary of the World Union of Poalei Zion. During the 1920s he was a leading advocate of a bi-national state in Palestine.
Events in the year 1947 in the British Mandate of Palestine.
Events in the year 1946 in Mandatory Palestine.
Events in the year 1943 in the British Mandate of Palestine.
Events in the year 1938 in the British Mandate of Palestine.
Events in the year 1937 in the British Mandate of Palestine.
Events in the year 1921 in the British Mandate of Palestine.
Events in the year 1920 in British-administered Palestine.
The Jewish Cemetery on the Mount of Olives, including the Silwan necropolis, is the most ancient and most important Jewish cemetery in Jerusalem. Burial on the Mount of Olives started some 3,000 years ago in the First Temple Period, and continues to this day. The cemetery contains anywhere between 70,000 and 300,000 tombs from various periods, including the tombs of famous figures in Jewish history.
Moshe Barsky was the first member of a Zionist kibbutz to be killed by an Arab.
The following article is a summary of the 1920–21 football in Mandatory Palestine. As the local football association wasn't founded until July 1928, there were no officially organized competitions during the season.