Adelheid Schulz

Last updated
Adelheid Schulz
Born (1955-03-31) 31 March 1955 (age 66)
Organization Red Army Faction

Adelheid Schulz (born 31 March 1955) is a former member of the West German terrorist Red Army Faction.

Contents

Early life

Having trained as a nurse, [1] Schulz moved to Karlsruhe [2] in the early 1970s and took up residence in a flat with Günter Sonnenberg, Knut Folkerts and her boyfriend [3] Christian Klar – who would all at a later time be convicted of terrorist crimes. It was around this time that Schulz was exposed to radicalism, and it was in the seventies that Schulz decided to embark on a life of terrorism.

Terrorism

Schulz became an important member of the second generation of the Red Army Faction.

Imprisonment and release

Schulz was charged in connection with nearly all Red Army Faction actions between 1977 and 1981, [6] including the murders of Ponto, Siegfried Buback and Schleyer. She was sentenced to three times life imprisonment. [7]

In prison she took part in hunger strikes, for which she was force-fed. She described the force-feeding as follows; [6]

"hours of nausea, a racing heartbeat, pain, and effects similar to fever. At times one experiences hot flashes; then one is freezing cold."

The hunger-strikes left Schulz weakened, and on account of her poor health she was released from prison in 1998 and eventually pardoned by President Johannes Rau in 2002. [8]

Schulz now lives in Frankfurt, but is disabled as a result of her continued poor health, stemming from her hunger strikes. [9]

Related Research Articles

Red Army Faction Terrorist group in Germany 1970–1998

The Red Army Faction, also known as the Baader–Meinhof Group or Baader–Meinhof Gang, was a West German far-left militant organization founded in 1970. Key early figures included Andreas Baader, Ulrike Meinhof, Gudrun Ensslin, and Horst Mahler, among others. The government of the Federal Republic of Germany, as well as most Western media and literature, considered the Red Army Faction to be a terrorist organization. The group was motivated by leftist political concerns and the perceived failure of their parents' generation to confront Germany's Nazi past.

Gudrun Ensslin German terrorist

Gudrun Ensslin was a founder of the West German far-left militant group Red Army Faction. After becoming involved with co-founder Andreas Baader, Ensslin was influential in the politicization of his anarchist beliefs. Ensslin was perhaps the intellectual head of the RAF. She was involved in five bomb attacks, with four deaths, was arrested in 1972 and died on 18 October 1977 in what has been called Stammheim Prison's "Death Night."

Andreas Baader German left-wing terrorist

Berndt Andreas Baader was one of the first leaders of the West German left-wing militant organization Red Army Faction (RAF), also commonly known as the Baader-Meinhof Group.

The German Autumn was a series of events in Germany in late 1977 associated with the kidnapping and murder of industrialist, businessman and former SS member Hanns Martin Schleyer, president of the Confederation of German Employers' Associations (BDA) and the Federation of German Industries (BDI), by the Red Army Faction (RAF) far-left militant organisation, and the hijacking of Lufthansa Flight 181 by the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP). They demanded the release of ten RAF members detained at the Stammheim Prison plus two Palestinian compatriots held in Turkey and US$15 million in exchange for the hostages. The assassination of Siegfried Buback, the attorney-general of West Germany on 7 April 1977, and the failed kidnapping and murder of the banker Jürgen Ponto on 30 July 1977, marked the beginning of the German Autumn. It ended on 18 October, with the liberation of the Landshut, the death of the leading figures of the first generation of the RAF in their prison cells, and the death of Schleyer.

Irmgard Möller is a former member of the German terrorist group the Red Army Faction (RAF). Her father was a high school teacher, and before joining the RAF, she was a student of German studies.

Hanns Martin Schleyer

Hanns Martin Schleyer was a German member of the SS, business executive, and employer and industry representative, who served as President of two powerful commercial organizations, the Confederation of German Employers' Associations and the Federation of German Industries. Schleyer became a target for radical elements of the German student movement in the 1970s for his role in those business organisations, positions in the labour disputes, aggressive appearance on television, conservative anti-communist views, position as a prominent member of the Christian Democratic Union, and past as an enthusiastic member of the Nazi student movement and a former SS officer.

Brigitte Margret Ida Mohnhaupt is a German convicted former terrorist associated with the second generation of the Red Army Faction (RAF) members. She was also part of the Socialist Patients' Collective (SPK). From 1971 until 1982 she was active within the RAF.

Sieglinde Hofmann was a German militant and member of both the Socialist Patients' Collective and the Red Army Faction.

Members of the Red Army Faction

The Red Army Faction (RAF) existed in West Germany from 1970 to 1998, committing numerous crimes, especially in the autumn of 1977, which led to a national crisis that became known as the "German Autumn". The RAF was founded in 1970 by Andreas Baader, Gudrun Ensslin, Ulrike Meinhof, Horst Mahler, and others. The first generation of the organization was commonly referred to by the press and the government as the "Baader-Meinhof Gang", a name the group did not use to refer to itself.

Monika Berberich is a convicted West German terrorist and a founding member of the Red Army Faction (RAF). She was involved in the violent freeing of Andreas Baader in 1970, and served a prison sentence between 1970 and 1988 in connection with it.

Eva Sybille Haule-Frimpong is a former terrorist associated with the third generation Red Army Faction (RAF). She took her abitur in Stuttgart before going underground in 1984.

Christian Klar is a former leading member of the second generation Red Army Faction (RAF), active between the 1970s and 1980s. Imprisoned in 1982 in Bruchsal Prison, he was released on 19 December 2008, after serving over 26 years of his life sentence.

Rolf Clemens Wagner

Rolf Clemens Wagner was a member of the left wing terrorist organisation Red Army Faction (RAF).

Stefan Wisniewski is a former member of the Red Army Faction (RAF).

<i>The Baader Meinhof Complex</i> 2008 German drama film

The Baader Meinhof Complex is a 2008 German drama film directed by Uli Edel. Written and produced by Bernd Eichinger, it stars Moritz Bleibtreu, Martina Gedeck, and Johanna Wokalek. The film is based on the 1985 German best selling non-fiction book of the same name by Stefan Aust. It retells the story of the early years of the West German far-left terrorist organisation the Rote Armee Fraktion from 1967 to 1977.

Peter-Jürgen Boock is a former terrorist of the Red Army Faction.

Angelika Speitel is a former member of the West German terrorist Red Army Faction.

Silke Maier-Witt is a German former trauma psychologist and welfare organiser. During 2000 she was recruited to work in Kosovo by Germany's Civil Peace Service in the aftermath of the Kosovo War. She subsequently settled in North Macedonia.

Kidnapping and murder of Hanns-Martin Schleyer

The kidnapping and murder of Hanns-Martin Schleyer marked the end of the German Autumn in 1977.

1991 United States embassy sniper attack in Bonn

On February 13, 1991, three members of the Red Army Faction (RAF) fired about 250 rounds using a military rifle at the United States embassy in Bonn, Germany.

References

  1. "Affluent, Educated and Deadly, Terrorist Shock Troops Are Laying Siege to West Germany". People.com. 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2016-01-25.
  2. "Zeitungsarchiv - Hamburger Abendblatt". Abendblatt.de (in German). Retrieved 2016-01-25.
  3. Becker, Jillian. Hitler's Children: The Story of the Baader-Meinhof Terrorist Gang, DIANE Publishing Company 1998, ISBN   0-7881-5472-9 or Panther edition 1978, ISBN   0-586-04665-8, Page. 387
  4. "RAF - Die Geschichte der Rote Armee Fraktion -Aktuelles". Raf-geschichte-der-rote-armee-fraktion.de. 1970-01-01. Archived from the original on 2017-06-26. Retrieved 2016-01-25.
  5. "Rote Armee Fraktion | Social History Portal". Labourhistory.net. Archived from the original on 2013-12-05. Retrieved 2016-01-25.
  6. 1 2 "Armed Struggle in the Federal Republic of Germany, 1967-1988, a timeline". Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved August 21, 2008.
  7. "AROUND THE WORLD - West German Terrorists Given Life Terms - NYTimes.com". The New York Times . West Germany. 1985-03-14. Retrieved 2016-01-25.
  8. "Rau begnadigt Adelheid Schulz". Spiegel Online. Retrieved August 21, 2008.
  9. "Lehrer, Schriftsteller, Buchhalter". Spiegel Online. Retrieved August 21, 2008.