The Agariya are community of the states of Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh in India. Those in the vicinity of Mirzapur were involved in mining and smelting iron during the British Raj.[ citation needed ]
The Agariya speak the Agariya language as well as Hindi and Chhattisgarhi.
There is a group known as the Agariya in Gujarat that are salt makers in the desert. A ritual associated with this community is that the feet of Agariya people are burnt separately. Since they are standing continuously in salt fields, their feet get wounded and salt get absorbed in the feet. So it will not burn easily in the funeral. It is not clear if these Agariya have any relation to the others.
In the early 20th century, the Agariya in Mirzapur were divided into totemic groups. They had been heavily influenced by Hinduism. They called themselves Hindu but did not worship any of the major Hindu deities which other Hindus did.[ citation needed ]
The Government of Uttar Pradesh had classified the Agariya as a Scheduled Caste but by 2007, they were one of several groups that it redesignated as Scheduled Tribes.As of 2017, this tribal designation applies only for Sonbhadra district. They are a Scheduled Tribe in Madhya Pradesh.
The 2011 Census of India for Uttar Pradesh showed the Agariya Scheduled Caste population as 5803.
The Gondi (Gōndi) or Gond or Koitur are an Indian ethnic group. They speak the Gondi language which is a Dravidian language. They are one of the largest tribal groups in India. They are spread over the states of Madhya Pradesh, eastern Maharashtra (Vidarbha), Chhattisgarh, Uttar Pradesh, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar and Odisha. They are listed as a Scheduled Tribe for the purpose of India's system of positive discrimination. They are an Adivasi group of India
Adivasi is the collective term for tribes of the South Asia, who are considered indigenous to places within India wherein they live, either as foragers or as tribalistic sedentary communities.
The Baiga are an ethnic group found in central India primarily in the state of Madhya Pradesh, and in smaller numbers in the surrounding states of Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand. The largest number of Baiga is found in Baiga-chuk in Mandla district and Balaghat district of Madhya Pradesh. They have sub-castes: Bijhwar, Narotia, Bharotiya, Nahar, Rai Bhain and Kadh Bhaina. The Baiga are a Munda or Kolarian people(part of the Bhuiya tribe) located in the central highlands of India. The name Baiga means "sorcerer- medicine man".
The Korwa people are a Munda ethnic group of India. They live mainly on the border between Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand. A small number of Korwa are also found in the Mirzapur district of Uttar Pradesh.
Bhoksa, also known as Buksa, are indigenous peoples living mainly in the Indian states of Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh. They are mostly concentrated in Dehradun and Nainital districts in the foothills of the outer Himalayas. They are also found in the Bijnor district of Uttar Pradesh, where they are known as Mehra. Both communities have been granted Scheduled Tribe status.
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The Sahariya are a community found in the Bundelkhand region of North India, which is administered by the states of Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh. They are also known as Rawat, Banrawat, Banrakha and Soarain. In Assam, the surname Saharia is claimed by the Kalita or the Kshatriya caste. The surnames that the Mathur a sun caste of the Kayastha caste frequently adopt are Dayal, Lall, Chandra, Andley, Berni, Saharia,
The Bind' are a caste found in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Assam, West Bengal and Tripura. Bind are under the OBCs category of the central list. The government of India's draft defines them as a nomadic tribe in Tripura. The Assam government and MP government categorise them as a tribe. The nearest name which comes closer for them is Nishad. The Bind are originally from the Vindhya.
The Chero is a caste found in the states of Bihar, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh in India.
The Parahiya are a Hindu caste found in the state of Uttar Pradesh in India.
Kharwar is a community found in the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Orissa and West Bengal.
The Hela are a Hindu Scheduled Caste found in the state of Uttar Pradesh in India. They are also known as Mehtar or Mestar. They are a sub-group within the larger Bhangi community of North India.
The Bansphor are a Hindu caste found in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India.
The Baheliya are a Hindu caste found in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India.
The Bhuyan are an indigenous community found in the Indian states of Assam, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal. They are not only geographically disparate but also have many cultural variations and subgroups.
The Bhuiyar or Bhuyiar are a Hindu caste found in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. They have scheduled caste status and are also known as Beonria. The traditional occupation of the Bhuiyar caste is weaving but that has declined due to mechanisation.
The Ghasiya, or sometimes pronounced Ghasia are a Hindu caste found in the state of Uttar Pradesh in India. They are also known as Ghasiara and have Scheduled Caste status.
The Khairaha are a Hindu caste found in the state of Uttar Pradesh in India. They have Scheduled Caste status.
The Patari are a community found mainly in the Sonbhadra district of Uttar Pradesh, India.
Kamariya is a sub-caste of Ahir Community.