Bruce George Peter Lee

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Bruce George Peter Lee
BornPeter George Dinsdale
(1960-07-31) 31 July 1960 (age 58)
Manchester, England
Criminal penalty Life Imprisonment
Conviction(s) Manslaughter
Arson
Details
Victims 26
Span of crimes
1973–1979
Country England
State(s) East Riding of Yorkshire
Date apprehended
December 4, 1979

Bruce George Peter Lee (born Peter George Dinsdale 31 July 1960) is one of Britain's most prolific serial killers. He confessed to a total of 11 acts of arson, and was convicted of 26 counts of manslaughter. 11 of these were overturned on appeal. Lee was imprisoned for life in 1981.

A serial killer is typically a person who murders three or more people, usually in service of abnormal psychological gratification, with the murders taking place over more than a month and including a significant period of time between them. Different authorities apply different criteria when designating serial killers. While most set a threshold of three murders, others extend it to four or lessen it to two. The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) defines serial killing as "a series of two or more murders, committed as separate events, usually, but not always, by one offender acting alone".

Arson property crime

Arson is the crime of willfully and maliciously setting fire to or charring property. Though the act typically involves buildings, the term arson can also refer to the intentional burning of other things, such as motor vehicles, watercraft, or forests. The crime is typically classified as a felony, with instances involving a greater degree of risk to human life or property carrying a stricter penalty. A common motive for arson is to commit insurance fraud. In such cases, a person destroys their own property by burning it and then lies about the cause in order to collect against their insurance policy.

Contents

Early and personal life

Born in Manchester, the son of a prostitute, [1] Lee was brought up in children's homes [2] and suffered from epilepsy [3] and congenital spastic hemiplegia in his right limbs, which left him with a limp in his right leg and a compulsion to hold his right arm across his chest. [4] As an adult, he worked as a labourer and was known locally as "daft Peter". [5] In 1979, his mother remarried. His stepfather's surname was Lee, and Dinsdale changed his name as an homage to Bruce Lee. [4] [6]

Manchester City and metropolitan borough in England

Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 545,500 as of 2017. It lies within the United Kingdom's second-most populous built-up area, with a population of 2.8 million. It is fringed by the Cheshire Plain to the south, the Pennines to the north and east, and an arc of towns with which it forms a continuous conurbation. The local authority is Manchester City Council.

Epilepsy human neurological disease causing seizures

Epilepsy is a group of neurological disorders characterized by epileptic seizures. Epileptic seizures are episodes that can vary from brief and nearly undetectable periods to long periods of vigorous shaking. These episodes can result in physical injuries, including occasionally broken bones. In epilepsy, seizures tend to recur and, as a rule, have no immediate underlying cause. Isolated seizures that are provoked by a specific cause such as poisoning are not deemed to represent epilepsy. People with epilepsy may be treated differently in various areas of the world and experience varying degrees of social stigma due to their condition.

Derived via Latin from the Greek spastikos, the word spastic refers to an alteration in muscle tone affected by the medical condition spasticity, which is seen in spastic diplegia and many other forms of cerebral palsy and also in terms such as "spastic colon".

Selby Street fire

On 4 December 1979, a fire broke out at the front of a house in Selby Street, Hull, East Riding of Yorkshire. Inside were Edith Hastie and her sons Thomas, Charles (both 15), Paul (12), and Peter (8). The family was asleep at the time.

Kingston upon Hull City and Unitary authority in England

Kingston upon Hull, usually abbreviated to Hull, is a port city and unitary authority in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It lies upon the River Hull at its confluence with the Humber Estuary, 25 miles (40 km) inland from the North Sea, with a population of 260,700 (mid-2017 est.). Hull lies east of Leeds, east southeast of York and northeast of Sheffield.

East Riding of Yorkshire County of England

The East Riding of Yorkshire, or simply East Riding, is an area in Northern England and can refer either to the administrative county of the East Riding of Yorkshire which is a unitary authority, to the ceremonial county (Lieutenancy) of the East Riding of Yorkshire or to the easternmost of the three subdivisions (ridings) of the traditional county of Yorkshire.

Charles rescued his mother by pushing her out of an upstairs window. He could not help his brothers, Paul and Peter, who were in the same bedroom as he; opening the bedroom window had caused a draught which fed the fire. [7] All three were trapped and burned severely, and were taken to the specialist burns unit in Pinderfields Hospital in Wakefield, West Yorkshire. Charles died overnight; Peter died two days later and Paul survived for 12 days before also succumbing. [8] Thomas, who had muscular dystrophy, survived, escaping through a window in the back bedroom, where the flames were less severe. [5] Mrs Hastie had three daughters, who were staying with relatives elsewhere in the area that particular night. Her husband, Tommy Hastie, was in prison. [9]

Wakefield city in West Yorkshire, England

Wakefield is a city in West Yorkshire, England, on the River Calder and the eastern edge of the Pennines, which had a population of 99,251 at the 2011 census.

West Yorkshire County of England

West Yorkshire is a metropolitan county in England. It is an inland and in relative terms upland county having eastward-draining valleys while taking in moors of the Pennines and has a population of 2.2 million. West Yorkshire came into existence as a metropolitan county in 1974 after the passage of the Local Government Act 1972.

Muscular dystrophy myopathy characterized by progressive skeletal muscle weakness degeneration

Muscular dystrophy (MD) is a group of muscle diseases that results in increasing weakening and breakdown of skeletal muscles over time. The disorders differ in which muscles are primarily affected, the degree of weakness, how fast they worsen, and when symptoms begin. Many people will eventually become unable to walk. Some types are also associated with problems in other organs.

The police set up a makeshift incident room in a former police station on Gordon Street and began talking to local people about the fire and the family. They were surprised and shocked by a rather casual response from the neighbourhood regarding the brothers, despite the severity of the fire which led to their deaths. [10] The indifference of the neighbourhood came to a climax at the joint funeral for the boys in January 1980 when a grief-stricken Edith Hastie issued an outburst to the gathering crowd over their lack of sympathy for the loss of her sons. The two boys were buried together in one grave at the Northern Cemetery in Hull.

Once the police had established that the Hasties were known as a "problem" family, responsible for petty crime and vendettas, they began looking for an arsonist who may have been seeking a form of revenge. Lee was one of many teenagers who volunteered to be questioned routinely about the fire. Six months after the inquiry began, he confessed in great detail to pouring paraffin through the letterbox and setting it alight in revenge against Charles Hastie, with whom he had had some sexual contact. Lee said the 15-year-old boy had threatened to go to the police (as he was a minor) unless Lee gave him money. Lee had also become infatuated with Charles' sister Angeleena Hastie but she had rejected his repeated advances. [11]

Kerosene, also known as paraffin, lamp oil, and coal oil, is a combustible hydrocarbon liquid which is derived from petroleum. It is widely used as a fuel in industry as well as households. Its name derives from Greek: κηρός (keros) meaning wax, and was registered as a trademark by Canadian geologist and inventor Abraham Gesner in 1854 before evolving into a genericized trademark. It is sometimes spelled kerosine in scientific and industrial usage. The term kerosene is common in much of Argentina, Australia, Canada, India, New Zealand, and the United States, while the term paraffin is used in Chile, eastern Africa, South Africa, Norway, and in the United Kingdom. The term lamp oil, or the equivalent in the local languages, is common in the majority of Asia. Liquid paraffin is a more viscous and highly refined product which is used as a laxative. Paraffin wax is a waxy solid extracted from petroleum.

In law, a minor is a person under a certain age, usually the age of majority, which legally demarcates childhood from adulthood. The age of majority depends upon jurisdiction and application, but it is generally 18. Minor may also be used in contexts that are unconnected to the overall age of majority. For example, the drinking age in the United States is usually 21, and younger people are sometimes called minors in the context of alcohol law, even if they are at least 18. The term underage often refers to those under the age of majority, but it may also refer to persons under a certain age limit, such as the drinking age, smoking age, age of consent, marriageable age, driving age, voting age, etc. Such age limits are often different from the age of majority.

Arrest and conviction

On the night the fire at the Hasties' home was started, police received an anonymous telephone call, reporting three people driving away from the direction of the house in a Rover 2000 car. Detective Superintendent Ron Sagar and his investigators traced this car and decided to interview a number of suspects. [12] Sagar accused each of them of starting the fire, hoping that the real killer would then confess.

Lee confessed to the Selby Street fire, saying "I didn't mean to kill them," and told the police how Charlie Hastie had demanded money from him for sexual activities. Moreover, Lee had been ridiculed by members of the Hastie family for falling in love with daughter Angeleena Hastie. This was the reason Lee had set the fire at the back of the Hastie's house. [11]

During further questioning — and to the complete surprise and horror of the police — Lee then went on to confess to starting nine more fatal fires in Hull over the previous seven years. [13] None of the fires were treated with suspicion at the time; inquests recorded misadventure verdicts and arson was never considered. A total of 26 people had died in the blazes, ranging from a six-month-old baby, a young mother and her three small sons, to 11 elderly men in a residential home, Wensley Lodge. Dozens more were burned or suffered from smoke inhalation, or received injuries while escaping.

Lee claimed that most of the fires were started at random because he loved fire, and he rarely considered whether he was endangering life when he started them. Only the Hastie fire and two others were at houses owned by people he knew and against whom he bore a grudge.

Investigating officers then proceeded to drive Lee around the city of Hull to the locations he had specified, whereupon Lee then pointed out the buildings in question. Although Lee could not be particular with dates or chronology, research later showed that fires had indeed been started at each of the dwellings he had indicated. Lee said that when he heard of many of the deaths he had caused, he sought solace in the Bible but was not persuaded to stop or confess. [14]

To test Lee's story and rule out any prospect that he was merely a well-informed fantasist, officers deliberately took him to a dwelling where a high-profile fire had occurred but a criminal conviction had already been secured. Lee immediately ruled out his involvement — he said he had never been anywhere near the area — leading police to believe that he was being truthful about the number of fires he had started.

Despite initially saying he was not sorry for the deaths he caused, as killing was not on his mind when he began the majority of the fires, Lee later offered apologies for his actions while awaiting trial.

Trial and sentence

On 20 January 1981, Lee pleaded not guilty at Leeds Crown Court to 26 counts of murder, but guilty to 26 counts of manslaughter on the grounds of diminished responsibility, and to 11 counts of arson. [15]

Lee was initially taken to Park Lane Special Hospital in Liverpool and was later transferred to Rampton Secure Hospital. Although he was the most prolific killer in the UK at the time, he received relatively little national publicity, possibly because he was convicted of manslaughter rather than murder, and also because the trial of Peter Sutcliffe, which was a much more high-profile case, was ongoing at the same time. [5]

In 1983, a public inquiry concluded that the fire at the Wensley Lodge was accidental and that Lee was not responsible for it or the deaths of the eleven residents. Senior fire investigation officers supported the inquiry's conclusions. Lee's eleven relevant manslaughter convictions were later duly quashed on appeal. [5] [16]

Aftermath

Sagar, the detective in charge of Lee's case, later launched a libel action against The Sunday Times after it published articles suggesting Lee's statements had not been entirely voluntary. The judge at Lee's 1983 appeal stated that he was confident that Lee's statements were "freely given" [16] and the paper later withdrew the allegations and offered an apology, with the case finally settling out of court in 1987. [17] Sagar, who had retired and was made an MBE, had stated that he hoped Lee will one day be deemed fit and safe enough to be freed. Sagar died in March 2010.

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References

  1. "Special hospital for young man who admitted killing 26 people and 10 charges of arson". The Times. 21 January 1984. p. 3. Retrieved 7 July 2010.(Library card access)
  2. "Classic product of a broken home". The Times. 21 January 1981. p. 3. Retrieved 7 July 2010.(Library card access)
  3. Sharp, Johnny. "Bruce George Peter Lee – Chapter 12 – "My master is fire"". Tru TV . Archived from the original on 22 October 2012. Retrieved 3 July 2016.
  4. 1 2 Sagar 1999, p. 36.
  5. 1 2 3 4 Booth, Phil (3 December 2009). "A city's memories branded in fire of killer's reign of terror 30 years ago". Yorkshire Post. Retrieved 5 July 2010.
  6. Staniforth, Alan (21 January 1981). "The boy who burned with a hatred for the world". Daily Mirror. UK press online. pp. 16–17. Retrieved 5 July 2010.(Library card access)
  7. Sagar 1999, p. 4.
  8. "Third brother dies after arson". The Times. 14 December 1979. p. 5. Retrieved 7 July 2010.
  9. Sagar 1999, p. 5.
  10. Sagar 1999, p. 7.
  11. 1 2 Sharp, Johnny. "Bruce George Peter Lee – Chapter 8 – Breakthrough". Tru TV . Archived from the original on 11 December 2012. Retrieved 3 July 2016.
  12. Sharp, Johnny. "Bruce George Peter Lee – Chapter 6 – A Sighting". Tru TV . Archived from the original on 22 October 2012. Retrieved 3 July 2016.
  13. Sagar, Peter (13 June 2010). "Ron Sagar obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 5 July 2010.
  14. Sagar 1999.
  15. Sharp, Johnny. "Bruce George Peter Lee – Chapter 16 – Conviction". Tru TV . Archived from the original on 22 October 2012. Retrieved 3 July 2016.
  16. 1 2 "Apology to detective in Lee case urged". The Times. 10 December 1983. p. 3. Retrieved 7 July 2010.
  17. "Officers win libel damages". The Guardian. 7 October 1987.

Sources