Cape Three Forks or Cape Tres Forcas is a headland on the Mediterranean coast of northeastern Morocco.
The cape is a large mountainous promontory of North Africa into the Mediterranean Sea. For centuries, this cape has provided both a nautical landmark and a maritime hazard for ships in the Alboran Sea. The Spanish exclave of Melilla surrounds a smaller cape on the eastern side of the peninsula.
In antiquity, the cape was known to the Phoenicians and Carthaginians as Rusadir (Punic : 𐤓𐤔𐤀𐤃𐤓, ršʾdr), giving its name to a nearby port (now Melilla). The name meant "Powerful" or "High Cape", but can also be understood as "Cape of the Powerful One", in reference to Baal, Tanit, and other important Punic god. It was known to the Romans as Cape Metagonites (Latin : Metagonites Promontorium).
Cape Three Forks is known in Spanish as Cabo de Tres Forcas, in French as Cap des Trois Fourches, and in Arabic as Ras Tleta Madari, all meaning "Cape of the Three Forks".
It is also known in Arabic as Ras Uarc.
On 26 August 1923 the Spanish battleship España ran aground and eventually wrecked on the cape.
A lighthouse is located in the north end of the cape. It is a gray tower on white two-story dwelling.
At least 11 locations in the Cape Three Forks have been identified as places of pious reflection, either small hermitages, bushes or trees, five of them featuring the tomb of the marabout.
|Official name||Cap des Trois Fourches|
|Designated||15 January 2005|
Cape Three Forks is a Ramsar designated site with no. 1473. It hosts different species, some of them threatened, such as the monk seal, two species of limpets ( Patella ferruginea and Patella nigra ), the Loggerhead turtle, the Fin whale and two species of dolphin ( Tursiops truncatus and Delphinus delphis ). The main activities taking place in the area are fishing and tourism.
Ceuta is a Spanish autonomous city on the north coast of Africa.
Melilla is a Spanish autonomous city located on the northwest coast of Africa, sharing a border with Morocco. It has an area of 12.3 km2 (4.7 sq mi). Melilla is one of two permanently inhabited Spanish cities in mainland Africa, the other being nearby Ceuta. It was part of the Province of Málaga until 14 March 1995, when the city's Statute of Autonomy was passed.
HMS Zebra, was an 18-gun Cruizer-class brig-sloop of the Royal Navy. She was built of teak in the East India Company's Bombay Dockyard and launched in 1815 as the last of her class. She chased pirates in the Mediterranean, just missed the Battle of Navarino, sailed to East Indies, where she almost foundered, and on to Australia, chased Malay pirates, and was wrecked in 1840 during the Syrian War.
Domènec Francesc Jordi Badia i Leblich, better known by his pseudonym and nom de plume Ali Bey el Abbassi, was a Spanish explorer, soldier, and spy in the early 19th century. He supported the French occupation of Spain and worked for the Bonapartist administration, but he is principally known for his travels in North Africa and the Middle East. He witnessed the Saudi conquest of Mecca in 1807.
Dámaso Berenguer y Fusté, 1st Count of Xauen was a Spanish general and politician. He served as Prime Minister during the last rales of the reign of Alfonso XIII.
Ghar el-Melh, the classical Rusucmona and Castra Delia and colonial Porto Farina, is a town and former port on the southern side of Cape Farina in Bizerte Governorate, Tunisia.
The Rif War was an armed conflict fought from 1920 to 1927 between the colonial power Spain and the Berber tribes of the Rif mountainous region of Morocco. Led by Abd el-Krim, the Riffians at first inflicted several defeats on the Spanish forces by using guerrilla tactics and captured European weapons. After France's military intervention against Abd el-Krim's forces and the major landing of Spanish troops at Al Hoceima, considered the first amphibious landing in history to involve the use of tanks and aircraft, Abd el-Krim surrendered to the French and was taken into exile.
Mohammed Ameziane or Sherif Mohammed Ameziane was a leader of the Moroccan Riffian resistance against the Spanish occupation of Northern Morocco. His operations and wars took place in the Eastern Rif region especially in the current Nador Province and the region of Seřwan.
The Punics or Carthaginians were a group of peoples in the Western Mediterranean who traced their origins to the Phoenicians. They included the inhabitants of Ancient Carthage, as well as those of the settlements that acknowledged Carthaginian leadership elsewhere in North Africa, western Sicily, southern Sardinia, Malta, Ebusus, and southern Spain. Their language, Punic, was a dialect of Phoenician.
The Second Melillan campaign was a conflict in 1909 in Morocco around Melilla. The fighting involved local Riffians and the Spanish Army.
In 1519, Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan led a Spanish expedition with a fleet known as the Armada de Molucca to reach the Moluccas or Spice Islands. Upon the death of Magellan in the Philippines in 1521, Spanish navigator Juan Sebastián Elcano led the expedition to the Spice Islands and ultimately the return trip to Spain, resulting in the first circumnavigation of the world in 1522. Thus the expedition is called the Magellan–Elcano circumnavigation.
Rusadir was an ancient Punic and Roman town at what is now Melilla, Spain, in northwest Africa. Under the Roman Empire, it was a colony in the province of Mauretania Tingitana.
A headland is a coastal landform, a point of land usually high and often with a sheer drop, that extends into a body of water. It is a type of promontory. A headland of considerable size often is called a cape. Headlands are characterised by high, breaking waves, rocky shores, intense erosion, and steep sea cliff.
The Magellan-Elcano circumnavigation was the first voyage around the world in human history. It was a Spanish expedition that sailed from Seville in 1519 under the command of Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer, in search of a maritime path to East Asia through the Americas and across the Pacific Ocean, and was concluded by Spanish navigator Juan Sebastian Elcano in 1522. Elcano and the 18 survivors of the expedition were the first men to circumnavigate the globe in a single expedition.
Iomnium was a Phoenician, Carthaginian, and Roman port on Algeria's Mediterranean coast at the site of present-day Tigzirt.
The Island of Isabel II is the central island of the Chafarinas Islands archipelago, in the Mediterranean Sea. The island belongs to Spain. It is located only 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) away from the North-African shore, in front of the Moroccan town of Ras Kebdana. Its area is 0.153 km2, and there is a military base and a church.
Cazaza was a Spanish enclave on the western coast of Cape Three Forks, in what is today Morocco, around 18 km from Melilla. It was here that the exiled Boabdil, last Emir of Granada, landed when he left the Iberian Peninsula in 1492.
Emilio Blanco Izaga (1892–1949) was a Spanish military comptroller, ethnographer and architect, who developed his career in the Spanish Protectorate in Morocco. He published a number of ethnographic and architectural essays on the Rif region.
The Kert campaign was a conflict in northern Morocco between Spain and insurgent Riffian harkas led by Mohammed Ameziane, who had called for a jihad against the Spanish occupation in the eastern Rif. It took place between 1911 and 1912.
Abd el-Kader bel Hach Tieb was a Riffian tribal leader, caïd of the Beni Sicar, in northeastern Morocco.
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