The European Academy of Sciences and Arts (Latin : Academia Scientiarum et Artium Europaea) is a learned society of around 1,900 top scientists and artists who approach the questions facing Europe and the globe in various colloquia and publications. Among its members are 32 Nobel laureates. Not focused on financial gain, the academy is funded by the European Union, Austria, public agencies and private sponsors, while remaining ideologically and politically independent.[ citation needed ]
A learned society is an organisation that exists to promote an academic discipline, profession, or a group of related disciplines such as the arts and science. Membership may be open to all, may require possession of some qualification, or may be an honour conferred by election.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe. It has an area of 4,475,757 km2 (1,728,099 sq mi) and an estimated population of about 513 million. The EU has developed an internal single market through a standardised system of laws that apply in all member states in those matters, and only those matters, where members have agreed to act as one. EU policies aim to ensure the free movement of people, goods, services and capital within the internal market, enact legislation in justice and home affairs and maintain common policies on trade, agriculture, fisheries and regional development. For travel within the Schengen Area, passport controls have been abolished. A monetary union was established in 1999 and came into full force in 2002 and is composed of 19 EU member states which use the euro currency.
Austria, officially the Republic of Austria, is a country in Central Europe comprising nine federated states. Its capital, largest city and one of nine states is Vienna. Austria has an area of 83,879 km2 (32,386 sq mi), a population of nearly nine million people and a nominal GDP of $477 billion. It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north, Hungary and Slovakia to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. The terrain is landlocked and highly mountainous, lying within the Alps; only 32% of the country is below 500 m (1,640 ft), and its highest point is 3,798 m (12,461 ft). The majority of the population speaks local Bavarian dialects as their native language, and German in its standard form is the country's official language. Other regional languages are Hungarian, Burgenland Croatian, and Slovene.
Founded in Salzburg, Austria, in 1990 by the heart surgeon Felix Unger of Salzburg, the cardinal archbishop of Vienna Franz Cardinal König and the political scientist and philosopher Nikolaus Lobkowicz.
Salzburg is the capital city of the State of Salzburg and the fourth-largest city in Austria.
In Christianity, an archbishop is a bishop of higher rank or office. In some cases, such as the Lutheran Church of Sweden and the Church of England, the title is borne by the leader of the denomination. Like popes, patriarchs, metropolitans, cardinal bishops, diocesan bishops, and suffragan bishops, archbishops are in the highest of the three traditional orders of bishops, priests, and deacons. An archbishop may be granted the title or ordained as chief pastor of a metropolitan see or another episcopal see to which the title of archbishop is attached.
Vienna is the federal capital, largest city and one of nine states of Austria. Vienna is Austria's primate city, with a population of about 1.9 million, and its cultural, economic, and political centre. It is the 7th-largest city by population within city limits in the European Union. Until the beginning of the 20th century, it was the largest German-speaking city in the world, and before the splitting of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in World War I, the city had 2 million inhabitants. Today it is the second largest German-speaking city after Berlin and just before Hamburg. Vienna is host to many major international organizations, including the United Nations and OPEC. The city is located in the eastern part of Austria and is close to the borders of Czechia, Slovakia, and Hungary. These regions work together in a European Centrope border region. Along with nearby Bratislava, Vienna forms a metropolitan region with 3 million inhabitants. In 2001, the city centre was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In July 2017 it was moved to the list of World Heritage in Danger.
Since the early 2000s, the academy has been developing a university project called Alma Mater Europaea , sometimes with the subtitle of European University for Leadership.
Alma Mater Europaea is an international university based in the Austrian city of Salzburg, with campuses in several European cities. It was founded as an initiative by the European Academy of Sciences and Arts, a learned society of around 1500 prominent scientists, including 29 Nobel laureates.
In 2010, the Alma Mater Europaea was officially established. The president of the university is prof. dr. Felix Unger, rector of the university is German political scientist prof. dr. Werner Weidenfeld, and prorector is Slovenian lawyer and diplomat prof. dr. Ludvik Toplak. In 2011, the university opened in Slovenia its first campus, the Alma Mater Europaea - Evropsko sredisce Maribor (ECM) (eng. Alma Mater Europaea – European Centre Maribor). In 2011 about 500 students were enrolled in the programmes of the Maribor campus. In July 2011, Alma Mater Europaea of the European Academy of Arts and Sciences also co-sponsored a Summer School in St. Gallen, Switzerland.In 2012–2013 academic year, about 800 students were enrolled in Maribor. In 2013, the Salzburg campus of Alma Mater Europaea was founded. It is planned that about 1000 students will be enrolled in various studies in Austria, Slovenia, and other countries.
Ludvik Toplak is a Slovenian law professor and academic administrator, and former politician, ambassador, and member of the Parliament. He is vice-president of the Alma Mater Europaea and former rector of the University of Maribor. He is a member of the European Academy of Sciences and Arts.
In March 2007, the European Academy of Sciences and Arts issued a formal declaration in which they stated, "Human activity is most likely responsible for climate warming. Most of the climatic warming over the last 50 years is likely to have been caused by increased concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Documented long-term climate changes include changes in Arctic temperatures and ice, widespread changes in precipitation amounts, ocean salinity, wind patterns and extreme weather including droughts, heavy precipitation, heat waves and the intensity of tropical cyclones. The above development potentially has dramatic consequences for humankind's future,and welcomed Live Earth and Save Our Selves initiatives, for beginning the process of mobilizing the people to take action on this matter.
An atmosphere is a layer or a set of layers of gases surrounding a planet or other material body, that is held in place by the gravity of that body. An atmosphere is more likely to be retained if the gravity it is subject to is high and the temperature of the atmosphere is low.
The Arctic is a polar region located at the northernmost part of Earth. The Arctic consists of the Arctic Ocean, adjacent seas, and parts of Alaska, Finland, Greenland (Denmark), Iceland, Northern Canada, Norway, Russia and Sweden. Land within the Arctic region has seasonally varying snow and ice cover, with predominantly treeless permafrost -containing tundra. Arctic seas contain seasonal sea ice in many places.
Extreme weather includes unexpected, unusual, unpredictable, severe or unseasonal weather; weather at the extremes of the historical distribution—the range that has been seen in the past. Often, extreme events are based on a location's recorded weather history and defined as lying in the most unusual ten percent. In recent years some extreme weather events have been attributed to human-induced global warming, with studies indicating an increasing threat from extreme weather in the future.
Membersare nominated by an existing elected member and nominees are evaluated by a subject committee and elected by the Senate of the Academy. The members of the academy are organized in eight classes:
Alma mater is an allegorical Latin phrase for a university, school, or college that one formerly attended. In US usage, it can also mean the school from which one graduated. The phrase is variously translated as "nourishing mother", "nursing mother", or "fostering mother", suggesting that a school provides intellectual nourishment to its students. Fine arts will often depict educational institutions using a robed woman.
Franz König was an Austrian Cardinal of the Catholic Church. He served as archbishop of Vienna from 1956 to 1985, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1958. The last surviving cardinal elevated by Pope John XXIII, he was the second-oldest and longest-serving cardinal worldwide at the time of his death.
Felix Unger is a heart specialist and a president of the European Academy of Sciences and Arts and Alma Mater Europaea. In 1986 he performed the first artificial heart transplantation in Europe.
Friedrich–Alexander University Erlangen–Nürnberg is a public research university in the cities of Erlangen and Nuremberg in Bavaria, Germany. The name Friedrich–Alexander comes from the university's first founder Friedrich, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth, and its benefactor Christian Frederick Charles Alexander, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach.
Alma mater is an allegorical Latin phrase for a university or college.
The Academia Europaea is the pan-European Academy of Humanities, Letters and Sciences.
Located in Ankara, the Turkish National Police Academy is a public institution of higher education in Turkey dedicated to the training it's police officers.
EuroScience is a pan-European grassroots organisation for the support and promotion of science and technology in Europe. The membership of EuroScience consists of individuals interested in constructing a scientific Europe. Its members include anyone interested in European research, whether professional scientists, policy-makers, industries or members of the public.
Karl Matthäus Woschitz is an Austrian theologian and bible scholar. He is professor emeritus of biblical theology and religious studies and was head of the institute of religious studies of the University of Graz from 1984 to 2005. Today he is rector of the Christ-König church in Klagenfurt.
European University is a name used by several different higher education institutions:
The American Romanian Academy of Arts and Sciences (ARA) is a scholarly organization dedicated to the analysis, study and dissemination of Romanian contributions and accomplishments. To enhance these efforts, ARA combines Western and Romanian intellectual traditions, encourages communications and serves as a point d'appui in the Western World for Romanian academics and intellectuals. ARA is duly incorporated in the State of California as a non-profit tax-exempt organization. It is organized in conformity with the pertinent laws and regulations of the state of California and the United States of America. ARA conducts and supports multidisciplinary studies in exact sciences, mathematics, natural sciences, and also supports the arts, linguistics, literature, political studies and sociology. As an institution its main goal is to foster cultural exchanges between the American and Romanian cultures. ARA was founded in California in 1975 by a group of American-Romanians, and in 2014 has 119 elected members, 81 corresponding members, and 59 honorary members.
Alma Mater Europaea – European Center Maribor is an accredited non-profit research and higher education institution and part of an international university Alma Mater Europaea of the European Academy of Sciences and Arts, which unites over 1500 leading scholars, 31 of which are Nobel Prize laureates. Alma Mater Europaea ECM offers doctoral, masters, and bachelor degree studies in humanities, social gerontology, ecology, business, European studies, project management as well as social studies including healthcare, nursing, physical therapy, and social gerontology. Institutum Studiorum Humanitatis, the oldest Slovenian private higher education institution, joined Alma Mater in 2014. Since 2015, a Dance Academy, the only Slovenian accredited institution offering diplomas ballet and dance studies, is part of the Alma Mater.
Matjaž Mulej is a Slovenian academic.
Dušan Radonjič is a Slovenian economist, university professor and member of the European Academy of Sciences and Arts.
Jurij Toplak is a constitutional scholar and election law expert. He is a University Professor of Law at the University of Maribor. He serves as the co-chair of the International Association of Constitutional Law (IACL) Freedom of Expression research group.