Philippe of Belgium

Last updated

Philippe
Sergio Mattarella and Belgian King Philippe at Quirinale in 2021 (6) (cropped).jpg
King Philippe in 2021
King of the Belgians
Reign21 July 2013 – present
Predecessor Albert II
Heiress apparent Elisabeth
Prime Ministers Elio Di Rupo
Charles Michel
Sophie Wilmès
Alexander De Croo
Born (1960-04-15) 15 April 1960 (age 62)
Belvédère Castle, Laeken, Brussels, Kingdom of Belgium
Spouse
(m. 1999)
Issue
Detail
Names
Dutch: Filip Leopold Lodewijk Maria
French: Philippe Léopold Louis Marie
German: Philipp Leopold Ludwig Maria
House Belgium
Father Albert II of Belgium
Mother Paola Ruffo di Calabria
Religion Roman Catholicism

Philippe or Filip (Dutch : Filip Leopold Lodewijk Maria [ˈfilɪp ˈleːjoːpɔlt ˈloːdəʋɛik maːˈrijaː] ; French : Philippe Léopold Louis Marie [filip leɔpɔld lwi maʁi] ; born 15 April 1960) is King of the Belgians. He is the eldest child of King Albert II and Queen Paola. He succeeded his father upon the latter's abdication for health reasons on 21 July 2013. He married Mathilde d'Udekem d'Acoz in 1999, with whom he has four children. Their eldest child, Princess Elisabeth, is first in the line of succession.

Contents

Early life

Philippe was born on 15 April 1960 at the Belvédère Castle in Laeken north of Brussels. His father, Prince Albert, Prince of Liège (later King Albert II), was the second son of King Leopold III of Belgium and a younger brother of Baudouin. His mother, Paola, Princess of Liège (later Queen Paola), is a daughter of the Italian aristocrat Fulco VIII, Prince Ruffo di Calabria, 6th Duke of Guardia Lombarda. His mother descends from the French House of La Fayette, and the king is a descendant of Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette, and Marie Adrienne Françoise de Noailles [ citation needed ].

Philippe was baptised one month later at the church of Saint Jacques-sur-Coudenberg in Brussels on 17 May, [1] and named Philippe after his great-great-grandfather Prince Philippe, Count of Flanders. His godparents were his paternal grandfather, King Leopold III, and his maternal grandmother, Donna Luisa, Princess Ruffo di Calabria. [2]

Albert and Paola's marriage was unhappy, and they were usually absent from Philippe's life. The child neglect was so severe that child psychologist Peter Adriaenssens  [ nl ] described it as justifying intervention by social workers. [3]

The King has a half-sibling, Princess Delphine of Belgium (born 1968).

Education

As a child the future king was required to transfer from a French-language school, where he was purportedly happy, to a secondary school in Flanders, where he found it difficult to make friends. “In my youth, I had many problems at school” Philippe told a group of teenage dropouts in 2019. “I felt badly treated. It was not easy for me”. [4]

From 1978 to 1981, Philippe was educated at the Belgian Royal Military Academy in the 118th "Promotion Toutes Armes" (Promotion All Weapons). On 26 September 1980, he was appointed second lieutenant and took the officer's oath. [5]

Philippe continued his education at Trinity College, Oxford, and he attended graduate school at Stanford University, California, where he graduated in 1985 with an MA degree in political science. [5] He obtained his fighter pilot's wings and his certificates as a parachutist and a commando. In 1989, he attended a series of special sessions at the Royal Higher Defence Institute. The same year, he was promoted to colonel.

In 1993, King Baudouin died in Spain, Albert became the new king, and Philippe became the new heir apparent, titled Duke of Brabant.

On 25 March 2001, Philippe was appointed to the rank of major-general in the Land Component and the Air Component and to the rank of rear-admiral in the Naval Component. [5]

Marriage

King Philippe and Queen Mathilde wave to crowds in Brussels after his swearing in as the new Belgian monarch. Belgian King Philippe and Queen Mathilde.JPG
King Philippe and Queen Mathilde wave to crowds in Brussels after his swearing in as the new Belgian monarch.

Philippe married Mathilde d'Udekem d'Acoz, daughter of a Walloon count of a Belgian noble family and female line descendant of Polish noble families such as the princes Sapieha and counts Komorowski, on 4 December 1999 in Brussels, in a civil ceremony at the Brussels Town Hall and a religious ceremony at the Cathedral of Saint Michel and Saint Gudule in Brussels. They have four children:

Foreign trade

On 6 August 1993, the government named Philippe as honorary chairman of the Belgian Foreign Trade Board (BFTB). He succeeded his father, who had been honorary chairman of the BFTB since 1962. On 3 May 2003, he was appointed honorary chairman of the board of the Foreign Trade Agency, replacing the BFTB. [6]

In this capacity, Philippe has headed more than 60 economic missions. [7] [8] Upon his accession as seventh King of the Belgians, this role was taken over by his sister Princess Astrid.

Accession

Philippe in Antwerp, 2013 Koning Filip van Belgie.jpg
Philippe in Antwerp, 2013

King Albert II announced on 3 July 2013 that he would abdicate in favour of Philippe on 21 July 2013. [9] Approximately one hour after King Albert II's abdication, Prince Philippe was sworn in as King of the Belgians. [10] His eldest child, Princess Elisabeth, became his heir apparent and is expected to become Belgium's first queen regnant.

Reign

Philippe played a role in forming a coalition government after the 2014 Belgian federal election. [11] Political meetings with the King were moved from the Palace of Laeken to the Royal Palace of Brussels. [11] In May 2019, Philippe met with Vlaams Belang President Tom Van Grieken, the first time the party had received a royal audience. [11] [12]

In 2020, Philippe announced regret for the "acts of violence and cruelty" committed in Belgian Congo. [11]

Honours and arms

Personal Standard of Philippe, King of the Belgians Royal Standard of King Philippe of Belgium.svg
Personal Standard of Philippe, King of the Belgians

National honours

Ribbon barHonourDate
BEL - Order of Leopold - Grand Cordon bar.svg Grand Master of the Order of Leopold 21 July 2013
BEL Order of the African Star - Grand Cross BAR.png Grand Master of the Order of the African Star 21 July 2013
BEL Royal Order of the Lion - Grand Cross BAR.png Grand Master of the Royal Order of the Lion 21 July 2013
BEL Kroonorde Grootkruis BAR.svg Grand Master of the Order of the Crown 21 July 2013
BEL Order of Leopold II - Grand Cross BAR.png Grand Master of the Order of Leopold II 21 July 2013

Foreign honours

Ribbon barCountryHonourDate
ARG Order of the Liberator San Martin - Grand Cross BAR.png Argentina Grand Cross of the Order of the Liberator General San Martín 6 May 1994 [13]
AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - 1st Class BAR.png Austria Grand Star of the Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria 21 March 2022
BOL Order of Condor of the Andes - Grand Cross BAR.png Bolivia Grand Cross of the Order of the Condor of the Andes 9 September 1996 [13]
Order of the Elephant Ribbon bar.svg Denmark Knight of the Order of the Elephant 28 May 2002 [13] [14]
FIN Order of the White Rose Grand Cross BAR.png Finland Grand Cross of the Order of the White Rose 30 March 2004 [13]
Legion Honneur GC ribbon.svg France Grand Cross of the Order of the Legion of Honour 6 February 2014
GER Bundesverdienstkreuz 9 Sond des Grosskreuzes.svg Germany Grand Cross Special Class of the Order of Merit of Germany 6 March 2016
GRE Order Redeemer 1Class.png Greece Grand Cross of the Order of the Redeemer 2 May 2022 [15]
GRE Order of Honour Grand Cross BAR.png Greece Grand Cross of the Order of Honour 1 February 2005 [13]
HUN Order of Merit of the Hungarian Rep (civil) 1class BAR.svg Hungary Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Hungary 18 April 2008 [13]
ITA OMRI 2001 GC-GCord BAR.svg Italy Knight Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic 25 October 2021 [16] [17]
JPN Daikun'i kikkasho BAR.svg Japan Grand Cordon with Collar of the Order of the Chrysanthemum 9 October 2016
JOR Al-Hussein ibn Ali Order BAR.svg Jordan Grand Cordon with Collar of the Order of al-Hussein bin Ali 18 May 2016
LTU Order of Vytautas the Great with the Golden Chain BAR.png Lithuania Golden Chain of the Order of Vytautas the Great 24 October 2022 [18]
Ordre du Lion d'Or de la Maison de Nassau ribbon.svg Luxembourg Knight of the Order of the Gold Lion of the House of Nassau 15 March 1999 [13]
NLD Order of the Dutch Lion - Grand Cross BAR.png Netherlands Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Netherlands Lion 28 November 2016
Order of Orange-Nassau ribbon - Knight Grand Cross.svg Netherlands Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Orange-Nassau 6 May 1993 [13]
King Willem-Alexander Investiture Medal 2013.gif Netherlands Recipient of the King Willem-Alexander Inauguration Medal 30 April 2013
St Olavs Orden storkors stripe.svg Norway Grand Cross of the Order of St. Olav 20 May 2003 [13]
CivilOrderOman.png Oman Member of the Order of Oman 3 February 2022 [19]
POL Order Orla Bialego BAR.svg Poland Knight of the Order of the White Eagle 13 October 2015
POL Order Zaslugi RP kl1 BAR.svg Poland Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland 18 October 2004 [13]
PRT Order of Christ - Grand Cross BAR.svg Portugal Grand Cross of the Order of Christ 18 October 2005 [13]
PRT Military Order of Aviz - Grand Cross BAR.svg Portugal Grand Cross of the Order of Aviz 18 September 1997
PRT Order of Prince Henry - Grand Collar BAR.png Portugal Grand Collar of the Order of Prince Henry 22 October 2018
ESP Isabella Catholic Order GC.svg Spain Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic 16 May 2000 [13]
Order of the Seraphim - Ribbon bar.svg Sweden Knight of the Royal Order of the Seraphim 7 May 2001 [13]
Seraphimerorden ribbon.svg Sweden Recipient of the 50th Birthday Badge Medal of King Carl XVI Gustaf 30 April 1996
SWE King Carl XVI Gustaf Jubilee Medal III.png Sweden Recipient of the 70th Birthday Badge Medal of King Carl XVI Gustaf 30 April 2016
Order of the State of Republic of Turkey.png Turkey Member of the Order of the State of Republic of Turkey 4 October 2015
OESSG Cavaliere di Collare BAR.jpg Vatican City Knight of the Collar of the Order of the Holy Sepulchre 17 November 2015 [20]

Arms

Coat of arms of Philippe of Belgium
Coat of Arms of the King of the Belgians.svg
Notes
In 2019 the king codified the coats of arms of himself and those of his family through a Royal Decree. The arms of the reigning monarch was modified to include the Saxonian escutcheon. The arms of other members of the royal family was similarly modified. [21] [22] The reinstatement of the shield of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha into the royal arms occurred shortly after the visit of the king and queen to the ancestral Friedenstein Castle. The latest royal decree therefore reverses previous changes made to the Royal versions of the coat arms which removed the armorial bearings of Saxony during the First World War. [23] By including the three official languages in the motto it reflects his wish "to be the King of the whole Kingdom and of all Belgians". [24]
Adopted
12 July 2019
Coronet
Royal crown of Belgium
Helm
A golden royal helm with the visor open
Escutcheon
Sable, a lion rampant or, armed and langued gules (Belgium), on the shoulder an escutcheon barry of ten sable and or, a crancelin vert (Wettin), with two crossed sceptres (a hand of justice and a lion) or behind a shield.
Supporters
Two lions guardant proper each supporting a lance or with two National Flags of Belgium (Tierced per pale Sable, Or and Gules).
Motto
French: L'union fait la force
Dutch: Eendracht maakt macht
German: Einigkeit macht stark
Orders
Order of Leopold
Other elements
The whole is placed on a mantle purpure with ermine lining, fringes and tassels or and ensigned with the Royal crown of Belgium.
Previous versions
Previously as monarch, Philippe used the royal coat of arms of Belgium undifferenced.

Ancestry

See also

Related Research Articles

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Paola is a member of the Belgian royal family who was Queen of the Belgians during the reign of her husband, King Albert II, from 9 August 1993 to 21 July 2013.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Princess Claire of Belgium</span>

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Mathilde is Queen of the Belgians as the wife of King Philippe. She is the first native-born Belgian queen. She has founded and assisted charities to decrease poverty in the country.

Prince Gabriel of Belgium is the elder son and second child of King Philippe and Queen Mathilde of Belgium. He is currently second in line to the throne of Belgium after his elder sister, Elisabeth.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Princess Elisabeth, Duchess of Brabant</span> Belgian princess and heir apparent

Princess Elisabeth, Duchess of Brabant is the heir apparent to the Belgian throne. The eldest child of King Philippe and Queen Mathilde, she acquired her position after her grandfather King Albert II abdicated in favour of her father on 21 July 2013.

Prince Amedeo of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este is a grandson of King Albert II of Belgium, and thus a member of the Belgian royal family. He is also heir to the headship of the House of Austria-Este, a cadet branch of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine, and is sixth in line to the throne of Belgium.

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Prince Emmanuel of Belgium</span> Prince of Belgium

Prince Emmanuel of Belgium is the younger son and third child of King Philippe and Queen Mathilde of Belgium. He is currently third in line to the throne of Belgium after his elder sister, Princess Elisabeth, and brother, Prince Gabriel.

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Louis Philippe, Crown Prince of Belgium</span> Crown Prince of Belgium

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Prince Baudouin of Belgium</span>

Prince Baudouin of Belgium was the first child and eldest son of Prince Philippe, Count of Flanders, and his wife, Princess Marie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen. After Baudouin's death, his younger brother eventually became heir presumptive after the death of their father, and later succeeded their uncle Leopold II as Albert I of Belgium.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Princess Eléonore of Belgium</span> Princess of Belgium

Princess Eléonore of Belgium is the younger daughter and the youngest of four children of King Philippe and Queen Mathilde of Belgium. She is currently fourth in line to the throne of Belgium after her older siblings Princess Elisabeth, Duchess of Brabant, Prince Gabriel, and Prince Emmanuel. She likes to play violin and to draw.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Wedding of Prince Philippe and Mathilde d'Udekem d'Acoz</span> 1999 Royal Wedding

The wedding of Prince Philippe, Duke of Brabant, and Mathilde d'Udekem d'Acoz took place on 4 December 1999 in Brussels, Belgium. The civil proceedings were conducted at Brussels Town Hall while the religious ceremony took place at the Cathedral of Saint Michel. The wedding has been described as the social event of the decade within Belgium and it was the last royal wedding of the second millennium.

dUdekem Family

The House d'Udekem is the name of a noble family that belongs to the nobility of Belgium since 1816.

References

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  2. "Prince Philippe : la ligne du temps d'une vie passée devant les caméras". RTBF.be (in French). Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  3. Moens, Barbara (21 July 2022). "Belgian king prepares to hand his daughter the curse of the crown". Politico. Retrieved 20 July 2022.
  4. "Belgian king prepares to hand his daughter the curse of the crown". 21 July 2022.
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  9. Price, Matthew (3 July 2013). "Belgium's King Albert II announces abdication". BBC News. Retrieved 3 July 2013.
  10. "Belgium's King Albert II gives up throne to son". CNN. 21 July 2013. Retrieved 21 July 2013.
  11. 1 2 3 4 Moens, Barbara; Gijs, Camille (6 July 2020). "Of race and royalty: How the king surprised Belgium". Politico.
  12. "Belgian far-right leader in landmark audience with the king". The Public's Radio. Associated Press. 29 May 2019.
  13. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 "Biographies of Members of the Belgian Senate" (PDF). Belgian Senate. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
  14. "Modtagere af danske dekorationer". kongehuset.dk (in Danish). Retrieved 5 May 2019.
  15. "Συνάντηση με τον Βασιλιά και την Βασίλισσα των Βέλγων – Προεδρία της Ελληνικής Δημοκρατίας".
  16. Sito web del Quirinale: dettaglio decorato.
  17. "President Mattarella receives the King of the Belgians". twitter.com. Retrieved 1 December 2021.
  18. "Lithuanian president confers state awards to King and Queen of Belgium ahead of visit".
  19. "Order of Oman for the King of the Belgians". twitter.com. Retrieved 3 February 2022.
  20. "Le Roi et la Reine sont devenus chevaliers de collier".
  21. "Le Moniteur belge". www.ejustice.just.fgov.be. Retrieved 23 July 2019.
  22. "Royal Decree of July 12, 2019". Moniteur Belge. 19 July 2019. Retrieved 23 July 2019.
  23. Philippe, Koning der Belgen (12 July 2019). "Koninklijk besluit houdende vaststelling van het wapen van het Koninklijk Huis en van zijn leden" (PDF). Belgisch Staatsblad. Retrieved 24 July 2019.
  24. "Belgian royal coat of arms gets a 'modern' update". Brussel Times. 1 August 2019. Retrieved 2 August 2019.
Philippe of Belgium
Born: 15 April 1960
Belgian royalty
Vacant
Title last held by
Baudouin
Duke of Brabant
1993–2013
Succeeded by
Regnal titles
Preceded by King of the Belgians
2013–present
Incumbent
Heir apparent:
Elisabeth