Evangelical Presbyterian Church, Ghana

Last updated

Evangelical Presbyterian Church, Ghana
E.P. Church Ghana logo.jpg
Evangelical Presbyterian Church, Ghana logo
Classification Protestant
Orientation Calvinist
TheologyLiberal Reformed
Polity Presbyterian
Associations
Region Ghana
Origin14 November 1847;174 years ago (1847-11-14)
Congregations748
Members600,000
Official websitewww.epchurchghana.org

The Evangelical Presbyterian Church, Ghana (Ewe : Presbyteria Nyanyui Hame le Ghana) is a mainline Protestant Christian denomination in Ghana. It is popularly referred to as the "EP Church". It has strong roots in the Evangelical and Reformed traditions. The denomination's Presbyterian sister church is the Presbyterian Church of Ghana.

Contents

History

The Evangelical Presbyterian Church Ghana was founded by German missionaries on 14 November 1847 in Peki. [1] These missionaries from the North German Mission Society (Norddeutsche Mission, Bremen), together with the Basel Mission in 1847, started work among the Ewe people in what is now the Volta Region of Ghana. By the beginning of World War I, they had established two mission stations in the British colony of the Gold Coast and seven in the German territory of Togoland. The first of the mission stations was (Mission-Tove) in present-day Togo. [2]

After the war, Togoland was divided into two territories, the western one under British rule and the eastern one under French rule. The first synod of the mission stations in May 1922, despite the division of Togoland, declared itself to be the supreme governing body of the "Ewe Church". The church adopted the congregational order of the Bremen Mission. In 1923, Scottish missionaries began working in British Togo (Transvolta Togoland), which is the present-day Volta Region of Ghana. The church in French Togoland (now Togo) was run by the Paris Mission.

As a result, development proceeded separately in the two territories, although both churches share the same constitution. They hold a common synod meeting every 4 years. [3]

Church information

Moderator of the General Assembly

The overall leader of the church is known as the Moderator of the General Assembly. [4] The current Moderator of the General Assembly of the church is Reverend Lt. Colonel Bliss Divine Kofi Agbeko. He was inducted in January 2021 at the Dela Chapel of the church at Ho. [5]

Past Moderators of the General Synod

The previous gathering of the churches was known as the General Synod. The first Moderator was elected in 1922, when the Togo and Gold Coast branches of the church held their first Joint Synod. [6] The last Moderator of the General Synod was Rt. Rev. Dr. L.K Buama, whose term ended in 2009. [7]

Past Moderators of the General Assembly

Since 23 August 2008, the church changed from Synod status to General Assembly status. Since then, the Moderator is now officially known as 'The Moderator of the General Assembly'. The first Moderator since this change was the Very Reverend Francis Amenu. [8] Rev. Seth Agidi, who succeeded him, died in office after a short illness at the Ho Teaching Hospital on 10 October 2020. [9]

Past Synod Clerks

Education

Lincoln House at Mawuli School Lincoln House, Mawuli School.jpg
Lincoln House at Mawuli School

The church is active in education and has established numerous primary and secondary schools, and a university college. [13] [14] They include:

Central Municipal Campus, Ho and the Greenhills Campus at Peki, both in the Volta Region [16]

Health

The EP Church has also been active in providing health care. [14] Its facilities include:

Associations

Missionaries

One of the last missionaries to work with the Presbyterian church was Ian Strachan of the Church of Scotland. He was also the first headmaster of the E. P. Senior High School at Hohoe. [18]

Partner churches

See also

Related Research Articles

United Reformed Church Christian church organisation in the United Kingdom

The United Reformed Church (URC) is a Protestant Christian church in the United Kingdom. It has approximately 46,500 members in 1,383 congregations with 608 active ministers, including 13 church related community workers.

Ho, Ghana City in Volta Region, Ghana

Ho is the capital city of the Ho Municipal District and the Volta Region of Ghana. The city lies between Mount Adaklu and Mount Galenukui or Togo Atakora Range, and is home to the Volta Regional Museum, a cathedral, and a prison. It was formerly the administrative capital of British Togoland now part of the Volta Region. The population of Ho Municipality according to the 2010 Population and Housing Census is 177,281 representing 8.4 percent of the region's total population. Females constitute 52.7 percent and males represent 47.3 percent. About 62 percent of the population resides in urban localities. The Municipality shares boundaries with Adaklu and Agotime-Ziope Districts to the South, Ho West District to the North and West and the Republic of Togo to the East. Its total land area is 2,361 square kilometers thus representing 11.5 percent of the region's total land area.

Presbyterian Church in Canada Protestant Christian denomination in Canada

The Presbyterian Church in Canada is a Presbyterian denomination, serving in Canada under this name since 1875. The United Church of Canada claimed the right to the name from 1925 to 1939. According to the Canada 2001 Census 409,830 Canadians identify themselves as Presbyterian, that is, 1.4 per cent of the population.

Volta Region Region of Ghana

Volta Region is one of Ghana's sixteen administrative regions, with Ho designated as its capital. It is located west of Republic of Togo and to the east of Lake Volta. Divided into 25 administrative districts, the region is multi-ethnic and multilingual, including groups such as the Ewe, the Guan, and the Akan peoples. The Guan peoples include the Lolobi, Likpe, Akpafu, Buem, and Nkonya people. This region was carved out of the Volta Region in December 2018 by the New Patriotic Party

South Dayi District District in Ghana

South Dayi District is one of the eighteen districts in Volta Region, Ghana. Originally it was formerly part of the then-larger Kpando District on 10 March 1989, until the southern part of the district was split off by a decree of president John Agyekum Kufuor on 19 August 2004 to create South Dayi District; thus the remaining part has been retained as Kpando District. The district assembly is located in the western part of Volta Region and has Kpeve as its capital town.

World Communion of Reformed Churches Christian organization

The World Communion of Reformed Churches (WCRC) is the largest association of Calvinist churches in the world. It has 230 member denominations in 108 countries, together claiming an estimated 80 million people, thus being the fourth-largest Christian communion in the world after the Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodox Church, and the Anglican Communion. This ecumenical Christian body was formed in June 2010 by the union of the World Alliance of Reformed Churches (WARC) and the Reformed Ecumenical Council (REC).

Francis Amenu Former Moderator of E.P. Church, Ghana

Francis Amenu (born ?) is a Ghanaian metallurgical engineer who also trained and ordained as a minister. He served in the Evangelical Presbyterian (EP) Church, Ghana. In 1999, he was assigned to serve Ghanaian congregations in London, United Kingdom. There in 2003, before returning to Africa, he founded the EP Church, UK.

The Presbyterian Church of Nigeria is a Presbyterian church in the Nigeria and subscribes to the Westminster Confession of Faith.

Presbyterian Church of Ghana Protestant denomination in Ghana

The Presbyterian Church of Ghana is a mainline Protestant church in Ghana. The oldest, continuously existing, established Christian Church in Ghana, it was started by the Basel missionaries on 18 December 1828. The missionaries had been trained in Germany and Switzerland and arrived on the Gold Coast to spread Christianity. The work of the mission became stronger when Moravian missionaries from the West Indies arrived in the country in 1843. In 1848, the Basel Mission Church set up a seminary, now named the Presbyterian College of Education, Akropong, for the training of church workers to help in the missionary work. The Ga and Twi languages were added as part of the doctrinal text used in the training of the seminarians. In the 19th and early 20th centuries, the Presbyterian church had its missions concentrated in the southeastern parts of the Gold Coast and the peri-urban Akan hinterland. By the mid-20th century, the church had expanded and founded churches among the Asante people who lived in the middle belt of Ghana as well as the northern territories by the 1940s. The Basel missionaries left the Gold Coast during the First World War in 1917. The work of the Presbyterian church was continued by missionaries from the Church of Scotland, the mother church of the worldwide orthodox or mainstream Presbyterian denomination. The official newspaper of the church is the Christian Messenger, established by the Basel Mission in 1883. The denomination's Presbyterian sister church is the Evangelical Presbyterian Church, Ghana.

Peki Town in Volta Region, Ghana

Peki is a town in the South Dayi District in the Volta Region of Ghana. It comprises eight subtowns, each with a subchief - Tsame, Avetile, Afeviwofe, Blengo, Dzake, Wudome, Dzobati and Adzokoe. All of these subchiefs swear allegiance to a paramount chief known as Deiga. The current paramount chief is Deiga Kwadzo Dei XII. The town is known for the Peki Secondary School, the E.P Seminary and the government training college GOVCO. The school is a second cycle institution.

The Reformed Presbyterian Church in Taiwan was officially established in 1971 when the First Presbytery was formed as a result of the union of various conservative Presbyterian and Continental Reformed congregations planted by various missionary groups. Its origin could be traced back to the 1950s when the very first missionaries of those Presbyterian and Continental Reformed missionaries arrived in Taiwan.

North German Missionary Society

The North German Missionary Society or North German Mission is a Presbyterian Christian organisation based in Bremen formed on 19 April 1836 to unify missionary work in North Germany. The society has also been active among the Ewes in southeastern Gold Coast, now Ghana. The mission was engaged in New Zealand and India prior to concentrating its activities in Ghana from 1847.

Mawuli School Boarding high school in Ho, Volta Region, Ghana

Mawuli School is a co-educational, boarding senior high school located in Ho in the Ho Municipal district in the Volta Region of Ghana.

Seth Senyo Agidi was the Moderator of the General Assembly of the Evangelical Presbyterian Church, Ghana until his death in October 2020.

Nicholas Timothy Clerk Gold Coast theologian, minister and missionary

Nicholas Timothy Clerk was a Gold Coast-born theologian, clergyman and pioneering missionary of the Basel Evangelical Missionary Society who worked extensively in southeast colonial Ghana. His father was the Jamaican Moravian missionary Alexander Worthy Clerk, who worked on the Gold Coast with the Basel Mission and co-founded in 1843 the Salem School, a Presbyterian boarding middle school for boys. N. T. Clerk was elected the first Synod Clerk of the Presbyterian Church of the Gold Coast, in effect, the chief administrator and overall strategy lead of the national church organisation, a position he held from 1918 to 1932. A staunch advocate of secondary education, Nicholas Timothy Clerk became a founding father of the all-boys Presbyterian boarding school in Ghana, the Presbyterian Boys' Secondary School, established in 1938. As Synod Clerk, he pushed vigorously for and was instrumental in turning the original idea of a church mission high school into reality.

Trinity Theological Seminary, Legon Protestant seminary in Accra, Ghana

The Trinity Theological Seminary is a Protestant seminary located on a 70-acre campus in Legon, Accra. As an ecumenical theological tertiary and ministerial training institution, it serves students in Ghana and the West African sub-region. The focus of the curriculum is pedagogy, guidance and counselling and fieldwork to adequately prepare students for careers in Christian ministry. The school has Charter status and offers certificate, diploma and degree programmes and is accredited by the National Accreditation Board of the Ghanaian Ministry of Education.

The Presbyterian College of Education, Akropong, is a co-educational teacher-training college in Akropong in the Akwapim district of the Eastern Region of Ghana. It has gone through a series of previous names, including the Presbyterian Training College, the Scottish Mission Teacher Training College, and the Basel Mission Seminary. The college is affiliated to the University of Education, Winneba.

Christian Baëta Ghanaian academic and minister

Christian Gonçalves Kwami Baëta was a Ghanaian academic and a Presbyterian minister who served as the Synod Clerk of the Evangelical Presbyterian Church of the Gold Coast from 1945 to 1949. He was among a number of prominent individuals, corporate organisations and civil society groups that were instrumental in the establishment of the University of Ghana, Legon in 1948.

Sam Prempeh is a Ghanaian theologian and Presbyterian minister who served as the 14th Moderator of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church of Ghana (PCG), equivalent to the chief executive officer or managing director of the national church organisation from 1999 to 2003. He was educated at the University of Edinburgh, from where received his PhD in 1977, with a thesis title, "The Basel and Bremen Missions in the Gold Coast and Togoland, 1914-1926: A Study in Protestant Missions and the First World War."

References

  1. "Peki Citizens to celebrate the exploits of Bremen Missionary work in Ghana". Ghanaweb. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
  2. "Eglise évangélique presbytérienne du Togo". Address data base of Reformed churches and institutions. Reformed Online. Retrieved 2 August 2007.
  3. "Presbyteria Nyanyui Hame le Ghana". Address data base of Reformed churches and institutions. Reformed Online. Retrieved 2 August 2007.
  4. "Our hosts". Accra 2004. World Alliance of Reformed Churches. Archived from the original on 14 August 2007. Retrieved 2 August 2007.
  5. Quaye, Samuel (10 January 2020). "EP Church Ghana inducts Rev. Dr Agbeko as Moderator". www.gna.org.gh. Retrieved 11 January 2021.
  6. "Brief History". Official website. Evangelical Presbyterian Church, Ghana. Archived from the original on 9 March 2012. Retrieved 9 June 2012.
  7. "FOREWORD". Official website. Evangelical Presbyterian Church, Ghana. Archived from the original on 19 April 2017. Retrieved 23 October 2008.
  8. 1 2 "E.P. Church Elects New Moderator". Ghana government. Archived from the original on 8 October 2008. Retrieved 7 February 2009.
  9. 1 2 "EP Church Moderator is dead". ghanaweb.com. GhanaWeb. 11 October 2020. Retrieved 14 October 2020.
  10. "Evangelical Presbyterian Church inducts new moderator". www.ghanaweb.com. Archived from the original on 21 January 2016. Retrieved 9 September 2015.
  11. "EP Church gets new Moderator". www.ghanaweb.com. Archived from the original on 21 January 2016. Retrieved 9 September 2015.
  12. "EP Church in serious crisis - Ag Moderator". www.ghanaweb.com. 10 January 2021. Retrieved 11 January 2021.
  13. 1 2 "Evangelical Presbyterian University College ready for opening". Ghanaweb.com. Archived from the original on 28 September 2013. Retrieved 25 September 2013.
  14. 1 2 3 4 "Educational And Health Institutions". epcgh.org. Evangelical Presbyterian Church, Ghana. Retrieved 20 June 2020.
  15. "Evangelical Presbyterian University College". epuc.edu.gh. Evangelical Presbyterian University College. Retrieved 19 June 2020.
  16. "The University has two campuses to start with". epuc.edu.gh. Evangelical Presbyterian University College. Retrieved 19 June 2020.
  17. 1 2 "General Ministries". Global Ministries. 7 October 2005. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 2 August 2007.
  18. 1 2 "Brief History Of The Church: History from 1951-1980". epcgh.org. Evangelical Presbyterian Church, Ghana. Retrieved 19 June 2020. In that same year, Rev. Ian Strachan and his wife, Moyer, arrived from the Church of Scotland as a Youth Worker and it was in that same year that the Christian Youth Builders (CYB) began to develop. A Secondary School at Hohoe was established on 28 September 1961 with Rev. Ian Strachan as the first Headmaster.
  19. "News from the Ecumenical Committee". United Reformed Church. Archived from the original on 26 June 2007. Retrieved 2 August 2007.