|Football in Chile|
|Governing body||Federación de Fútbol de Chile|
Football is the most popular sport in Chile.The country's history of association football began with English sailors and their boat trips due to various commercial links between Chile and Great Britain in the 19th century.
Football was first brought to Chile by the English that exhibited the sport during visits to the commercial ports such as in Valparaiso. Chileans living in the area would watch how the sport was being played. In 1880 Chilean aristocratic families incorporated the sport into their regular rituals which brought the first games in Chilean football.This occurred within the confines of the British school called Mackay y Sutherland de Cerro Alegre in Valparaiso.
Chile's oldest club was founded in the port of Valparaiso, and it was named Valparaiso Football Club.The governing body of Chilean football Federación de Fútbol de Chile was established in 1895. Chile was one of the founding members of CONMEBOL which launched the first South American international championship now known as the Copa America.
Other important factors that helped the sport of football spread in Chile were the club tours from other nations, such as Argentina and Peru, held in Chile. Furthermore, the first South American tournaments aided in making Chile a better force in the world of association football. By the time the 1930 FIFA World Cup took place in Uruguay, Chile gave a decent performance but was not able to reach the second round due to losing to Argentina and thus getting second place. The next major step in the international arena took place in the 1962 FIFA World Cup which was held in Chile, and a series of interesting stories were built around the victories of the Chilean team that brought the country joy after the terrible earthquake that had deeply hurt the nation. Although Chile did not win, the team was able to obtain 3rd place in the competition.
Chile is also one of the only one of two national teams in South America to have reached the final of any major FIFA men's senior competitions other than Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay, having finished runners-up in 2017 FIFA Confederations Cup,the other being Venezuela after reaching the final of 2017 FIFA U-20 World Cup held earlier.
Currently, Chilean football remains a strong force in Latin America.Colo-Colo has been the only Chilean club to win a Copa Libertadores championship: the 1991 Copa Libertadores. Also won the Copa Interamericana 1991 and the 1992 Recopa Sudamericana. Other clubs such as Cobreloa, Unión Española and Universidad Católica have played finals finishing in 2nd place. And Universidad de Chile has been the only Chilean club to win a Copa Sudamericana championship.
On women's football, Chile even earns a greater reputation. Colo-Colo was the first non-Brazilian champion in Copa Libertadores Femenina, having done so in 2012 edition, and has since remained a strong force of women's football in South America.
Women’s football in Chile is a difficult story to find as the media did not place an emphasis on recording the history of their women footballers. The media did not believe it was an important topic to cover. The Chilean society in the early 20th century did not believe that women should participate in rough sports and playing football was strongly discouraged. Physical education experts passed along sentiments that women were unequipped physically and mentally. That they did not have the mental aptitude, strength and possessed an overall inferiority to men in the aspects of sporting. Chilean society at this time believed that women should focus on being mothers rather than playing football. They were fearful that women playing rough sports would allow for a more masculine and homosexual nature to manifest within them making them unattractive in that time. Men who held powerful and influential positions in Chilean society believed that women were supposed to be beautiful, elegant and obedient housewives. However, while many were against them, even some women at times, Chilean women found ways to play football. As time passed, more women’s teams and players began to spring up with teams stemming from the workplace.
The Chile national team represents Chile at all international football competitions. The team is controlled by the Federación de Fútbol de Chile which was established in 1895.They won Copa América in 2015 and 2016. They have also appeared in 9 FIFA World Cup tournaments and were hosts of the 1962 FIFA World Cup finishing in 3rd place. Chile achieved their highest ever ranking in FIFA, standing third, between April and May 2016.
A women's team, an under-20 team, and an under-17 team also compete. The Chilean women team qualified for their first ever 2019 FIFA Women's World Cup.
Chile under-17 football team has written history by becoming the first national team of Chile to play in three consecutive FIFA World Cup, having qualified to the 2019 FIFA U-17 World Cup after hosting the 2015 and qualified to the 2017 editions.
Football is the most watched sport on TV.
National teams competitions:
The Chile national football team represents Chile in men's international football competitions and is controlled by the Federación de Fútbol de Chile which was established in 1895. The team is commonly referred to as La Roja. They have appeared in nine World Cup tournaments and were hosts of the 1962 FIFA World Cup where they finished in third place, the highest position the country has ever achieved in the World Cup.
Club Social y Deportivo Colo-Colo is a Chilean football club based in Macul, Santiago. Founded in 1925 by David Arellano and Guido Torres Henríquez, they play in the Chilean Primera División, from which they have never been relegated. The team has played its home games at Estadio Monumental David Arellano since 1989. Colo-Colo is regarded as the most successful club of Chilean football.
Club Universidad de Chile is a professional football club based in Santiago, Chile, that plays in the Primera División.
Club de Deportes Cobreloa S.A.D.P., commonly referred to as Cobreloa, is a Chilean football professional club based in Calama, Región de Antofagasta, Chile. That competes in the Primera B de Chile, the second tier flight of Chilean Football. The club's home ground is the Estadio Zorros del Desierto.
Club Unión Española S.A.D.P is a professional Chilean football based in Independencia, Santiago de Chile. Founded by a group of Spanish immigrants on May 18, 1897, Unión Española have participated in the top-tier of Chilean football for all of their existence, except two seasons.
The Estadio Monumental is a soccer Stadium in Macul, south-east of the centre of the Chilean capital Santiago. It serves as the home ground of Colo-Colo, and on occasions also for other clubs and the national football team. The stadium has a current spectator capacity of 47,347. The actual playing field is named after David Arellano, the founder of Colo-Colo, therefore, on occasions the whole stadium is referred to as Estadio Monumental David Arellano.
Club Deportivo Palestino is a professional football club based in the city of Santiago, Chile. The club was founded in 1920 and plays in the Primera División de Chile. They play their home games at the Estadio Municipal de La Cisterna stadium, which has a capacity of approximately 8,000 seats.
Club de Deportes Santiago Wanderers is a football club in Valparaíso, Chile, which plays in the Primera B de Chile, the second tier of the Chilean Football Federation, after being relegated from the Campeonato Nacional at the end of the 2017 Transición tournament. Their home ground, Estadio Elías Figueroa Brander, is in the north-west of the city. Wanderers have played their games there since 1931 after moving from Barrio Puerto.
Everton de Viña del Mar is a Chilean football club based in the city of Viña del Mar.
The Football Federation of Chile is the governing body of football in Chile. It was founded 19 June 1895, making it the second oldest South American association football federation, and is a founding member of CONMEBOL in 1916. It supervises of the Chile national football team, Asociación Nacional de Fútbol Profesional: (National Association of Professional Football, originally called Asociación Central de Fútbol, or ACF, and Asociación Nacional de Fútbol Amateur.
Claudio Daniel Borghi Bidos, nicknamed Bichi, is a Chilean-Argentine football manager and former player who played as an attacking midfielder.
René Orlando Houseman, nicknamed Loco, was an Argentine footballer, who played as a right winger. At the beginning of his career, Houseman was considered successor of legendary winger Omar Corbatta, being still regarded by many sports journalists as one of the best Argentine wingers ever.
Rodrigo Javier Millar Carvajal is a Chilean footballer who plays as a midfielder for Mazatlán. He played for Chile in the 2010 FIFA World Cup. He also holds Mexican citizenship.
Football is the most popular sport in Peru. Football in Peru was introduced by British immigrants, Peruvians returning from Great Britain, and by English sailors in the later half of the 19th century during their frequent stops at the port of Callao, which at that point was considered one of the most important ports of the Pacific Ocean. According to the work entitled La Difusion del Futbol en Lima, during the last decade of the 19th century, records show that sailors were known to practice sports such as football and played against teams made up of Englishmen, Peruvians, or a mix between Englishmen and Peruvians.
Association football is the most popular sport in Ecuador, in line with the majority of South America.
Claudia Christiane Endler Mutinelli is a Chilean professional footballer who plays as goalkeeper for Paris Saint-Germain and the Chile women's national team. She is widely regarded as one of the top goalkeepers in the world.
Leonardo Felipe Valencia Rossel is a Chilean footballer who plays as a midfielder for Chilean club Colo-Colo.
The 2017 Campeonato Nacional season, known as Campeonato Nacional de Transición Scotiabank 2017 for sponsorship purposes, was the 87th season of top-flight football in Chile. Colo-Colo won their thirty-second title following a 3–0 away win at Huachipato on 9 December. Universidad de Chile were the defending champions.
José Antonio Letelier Henríquez is a Chilean football coach and former professional goalkeeper. He has been head coach of the Chile women's national football team since 2015.
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