Hedon (UK Parliament constituency)

Last updated
Hedon
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
1547–1832
Number of membersTwo

Hedon, sometimes spelt Heydon, was a parliamentary borough in the East Riding of Yorkshire, represented by two Members of Parliament in the House of Commons briefly in the 13th century and again from 1547 to 1832.

East Riding of Yorkshire County of England

The East Riding of Yorkshire, or simply East Riding, is an area in Northern England and can refer either to the administrative county of the East Riding of Yorkshire which is a unitary authority, to the ceremonial county (Lieutenancy) of the East Riding of Yorkshire or to the easternmost of the three subdivisions (ridings) of the traditional county of Yorkshire.

Contents

History

The constituency consisted of the market town of Hedon, in Holderness to the east of Hull, which had been of some importance in medieval times but which by 1831 had dwindled to 217 houses and a population of 1,080, and the borough was disfranchised in the Great Reform Act of 1832.

Hedon town and civil parish in Holderness in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England

Hedon is a small town and civil parish in Holderness in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It is situated approximately 5 miles (8 km) east of Hull city centre. It lies to the north of the A1033 road at the crossroads of the B1240 and B1362 roads. It is particularly noted for the parish church of St. Augustine, known as the 'King of Holderness', which is a Grade I listed building.

Holderness area of the East Riding of Yorkshire, on the east coast of England

Holderness is an area of the East Riding of Yorkshire, on the east coast of England. An area of rich agricultural land, Holderness was marshland until it was drained in the Middle Ages. Topographically, Holderness has more in common with the Netherlands than with other parts of Yorkshire. To the north and west are the Yorkshire Wolds.

Kingston upon Hull City and unitary authority in England

Kingston upon Hull, usually abbreviated to Hull, is a port city and unitary authority in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It lies upon the River Hull at its confluence with the Humber Estuary, 25 miles (40 km) inland from the North Sea, 50 miles east of Leeds, 34 miles southeast of York and 54 miles northeast of Sheffield. With a population of 260,700 (mid-2017 est.), Hull is the fourth-largest city in Yorkshire and the Humber.

The right of election in Hedon was vested in the burgesses generally, meaning that a high proportion of the male population had the vote. In 1826, when the election was contested, 331 burgesses recorded their votes. Nevertheless, the result was rarely in doubt, Hedon being a classic example of a pocket borough where the influence of the landowner or "patron" was substantial if not absolute. At first the influence seems to have been shared between two families of important local landowners, the Constables of Burton Constable and the Hildyards of Winestead. The patron at the start of the 18th century was Henry Guy; he bequeathed it to his protégé William Pulteney, who not only sat for the borough himself for much of his career but made the other seat available to his cousin and his brother. After Pulteney's death the borough passed to the distinguished admiral Lord Anson, who used his patronage to provide seats for some of his naval colleagues; one of these, Admiral Sir Charles Saunders, inherited the patronage in turn when Anson died.

Burgess originally meant a freeman of a borough or burgh (Scotland). It later came to mean an elected or unelected official of a municipality, or the representative of a borough in the English House of Commons.

Burton Constable village in the United Kingdom

Burton Constable is a village and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It is located approximately 9 miles (14 km) north-east of Hull city centre and 3 miles (5 km) south-east of the village of Skirlaugh.

Winestead village in United Kingdom

Winestead is a village in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England, in an area known as Holderness. It is situated approximately 7 miles (11 km) south-east of the town of Hedon and 1.5 miles (2.4 km) north-west of the village of Patrington. It is situated to the north of the A1033 road. It forms part of the civil parish of Patrington.

Members of Parliament

MPs 1547–1640

ParliamentFirst memberSecond member
1547 Edward Elrington Robert Googe [1]
1553 (Mar) Sir John Constable Robert Shakerley [1]
1553 (Oct) Sir John Constable Robert Shakerley [1]
1554 (Apr) Hon. Sir Thomas Wharton Richard Cuthbert [1]
1554 (Nov) John Long Richard Cuthbert [1]
1555 George Brooke alias Cobham Richard Cuthbert [1]
1558 Sir John Constable John Goldwell [1]
1558/9 John Vaughan John Salveyn [2]
1562/3 Sir John Constable Christopher Hilliard [2]
1571 Christopher Hilliard William Paler [2]
1572 Christopher Hilliard John Moore [2]
1584 (Oct) Sir Henry Constable Fulke Greville [2]
1586 (Oct) Sir Henry Constable John Hotham [2]
1588 (Oct) John Alford Christopher Hilliard [2]
1593 Henry Brooke alias Cobham II Christopher Hilliard [2]
1597 (Sep) Thomas Salveyn Christopher Hilliard [2]
1601 (Oct) Matthew Patteson Christopher Hilliard [2]
1604 Christopher Hilliard Sir Henry Constable,
replaced 1610 by John Digby
1614 Christopher Hilliard Clement Coke, sat for Clitheroe
replaced by
William Sheffield
1621 Sir Matthew Boynton, Bt Sir Thomas Fairfax of Walton
1624 Sir Thomas Fairfax of Walton Christopher Hilliard
1625
1626
1628 Sir Christopher Hilliard Thomas Alured
1629–1640No Parliaments summoned

MPs 1640–1832

YearFirst memberFirst partySecond memberSecond party
April 1640 John Alured Parliamentarian Sir Philip Stapleton
November 1640 Sir William Strickland Parliamentarian
1651Alured died 1651, seat vacant thereafter
1653Hedon was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament and the First and Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
January 1659 Thomas Strickland [3] Colonel Matthew Alured
May 1659 Sir William Strickland One seat vacant
April 1660 Sir John Cloberry [4] Sir Hugh Bethell
July 1660 Henry Hildyard
1661 Sir Matthew Appleyard
1670 Henry Guy
1680 William Boynton
1685 Charles Duncombe Tory
1689 Matthew Appleyard (younger)
October 1695 Lord Spencer [5] Sir William Trumbull [6]
December 1695 Thomas Frankland Hugh Bethell
1698 Anthony Duncombe
January 1701 Sir Robert Bedingfield
December 1701 Sir Robert Hildyard
July 1702 Sir Charles Duncombe [7] Tory Henry Guy
November 1702 Anthony Duncombe
1705 William Pulteney Whig
1708 Hugh Cholmley Whig
March 1722 Daniel Pulteney [8] Whig
November 1722 Harry Pulteney Whig
1734 Sir Francis Boynton George Berkeley
1739 Harry Pulteney Whig
1741 Francis Chute [9] Luke Robinson
1742 The Earl of Mountrath Whig George Berkeley
1744 George Anson
1746 Samuel Gumley [10]
February 1747 Luke Robinson
July 1747 Sir John Savile [11]
1754 Captain Sir Charles Saunders, RN [12] Captain Peter Denis, RN [13]
1768 Beilby Thompson
1776 Hon. Lewis Watson
1780 Christopher Atkinson [14] William Chaytor
1783 Stephen Lushington Foxite Whig
1784 Lionel Darell [15]
1790 Beilby Thompson
1796 Christopher Atkinson [16]
1802 George Johnstone [17]
1806 Anthony Browne
1813 John Broadhurst
1818 Edmund Turton Robert Farrand Whig
1820 John Baillie Tory
1826 Thomas Hyde Villiers Whig
1830 Sir Thomas Clifford-Constable, Bt Tory Robert Farrand Tory

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "History of Parliament" . Retrieved 2011-09-27.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 "History of Parliament" . Retrieved 2011-09-27.
  3. Strickland was also elected for Beverley, which he chose to represent. The vacancy was unfilled when the Parliament ended
  4. Cloberry was also elected for Launceston, which he chose to represent, and never sat for Hedon
  5. Spencer was also elected for Tiverton, which he chose to represent, and never sat for Hedon
  6. Trumbull was also elected for Oxford University, which he chose to represent, and never sat for Hedon
  7. Sir Charles Duncombe was also elected for Downton, which he chose to represent, and did not sit for Hedon in this parliament
  8. Pulteney was also elected for Preston, which he chose to represent, and did not sit for Hedon
  9. Chute and Robinson were initially declared elected at the general election, but Mountrath and Berkeley were seated in their place on petition
  10. Gumley was initially declared elected at the by-election, but Robinson was returned on petition
  11. Savile was created Lord Pollington in the peerage of Ireland in 1753
  12. Rear Admiral from 1756
  13. Created Sir Peter Denis, Bt., in 1767
  14. Expelled from the House for perjury, 1783
  15. Created Sir Lionel Darell, Bt., in 1795
  16. Called Christopher Atkinson Savile from October 1798
  17. Johnstone was re-elected at the general election of 1812, but shortly afterwards began to suffer from epileptic seizures, and never retook his seat

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References

Michael George Brock CBE FRHistS FRSL was a British historian who was associated with several Oxford colleges during his academic career. He was Warden of Nuffield College, Oxford from 1978 to 1988.

Royal Historical Society historical society based in London, England

The Royal Historical Society is a learned society of the United Kingdom which advances scholarly studies of history.