Henry Stanhope, Lord Stanhope KB (died 29 November 1634),known as Sir Henry Stanhope until 1628, was an English nobleman and politician.
He was the second and next surviving son of Philip Stanhope, 1st Earl of Chesterfield and his first wife Catherine Hastings, daughter of Francis Hastings, Lord Hastings, oldest son of George Hastings, 4th Earl of Huntingdon.Amongst his younger brothers were Ferdinando Stanhope and Arthur Stanhope, while his nephew was James Stanhope, 1st Earl Stanhope. He entered the English House of Commons in 1625, sitting for Nottinghamshire in the following two parliaments until 1626. In the third parliament of 1628, he represented East Retford until the next year. At the coronation of King Charles I of England in 1625, he was made a Knight of the Order of the Bath.
On 4 December 1628, he married Katherine Wotton, daughter of Thomas Wotton, 2nd Baron Wotton in Boughton Malherbe in Kent.They had two daughters and two sons. The first son, Wotton, died in infancy and the second, Philip, succeeded his grandfather as earl. Stanhope died intestate in St Martin-in-the-Fields, London and was buried in Boughton Malherbe three days later. Having been governess of Mary, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange and having supplied the royal troops with money and weapons during the English Civil War, his wife was created Countess of Chesterfield for life by King Charles II of England after the English Restoration.
Children with Katherine Wotton, Countess of Chesterfield:
Earl of Chesterfield, in the County of Derby, was a title in the Peerage of England. It was created in 1628 for Philip Stanhope, 1st Baron Stanhope. He had already been created Baron Stanhope, of Shelford in the County of Nottingham, in 1616, also in the Peerage of England. Stanhope's youngest son the Hon. Alexander Stanhope was the father of James Stanhope, 1st Earl Stanhope while his half-brother Sir John Stanhope of Elvaston was the great-grandfather of William Stanhope, 1st Earl of Harrington.
Philip Stanhope, 2nd Earl of Chesterfield PC FRS was a peer in the peerage of England.
Philip Stanhope, 1st Earl of Chesterfield was an English nobleman, aristocrat and royalist, who was created the first Earl of Chesterfield by King Charles I in 1628.
Boughton Malherbe is a village and civil parish in the Maidstone district of Kent, England equidistant between Maidstone and Ashford. According to the 2001 census the parish had a population of 428, including Sandway and Grafty Green, increasing to 476 at the 2011 Census.
Ferdinando Stanhope was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1640 to 1643. He died fighting for the Royalist army during the English Civil War.
Charles Stanley, 8th Earl of Derby was an English nobleman and politician. He was the eldest son of James Stanley, 7th Earl of Derby and Charlotte de La Trémouille.
Sir John Stanhope was an English knight and landowner, and father of Philip Stanhope, 1st Earl of Chesterfield.
Arthur Stanhope was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1660 and 1679.
Baron Wotton was a title that was created twice in the Peerage of England. The first creation came in 1603 for Sir Edward Wotton, of Boughton Place, Boughton Malherbe, Kent, a descendant of Nicholas Wotton, twice Lord Mayor of London, who married Joan Corbye, heiress of Boughton Malherbe and settled at Boughton Place. Edward, in 1594 followed several of his forebears as High Sheriff of Kent and served as Ambassador to Queen Elizabeth I. After the death of his son and heir, the second Baron, in 1630, without male issue, the barony became extinct. His estate passed to his eldest daughter the Honourable Katherine, who firstly married Henry Stanhope, Lord Stanhope. She was created Countess of Chesterfield for life on his death and later married Jehan van Kerkhoven. The title was revived for her son by her second husband, Charles Henry, who also created Earl of Bellomont in 1680. For more information on the second creation, which became extinct in 1683, see Earl of Bellomont.
Charles Henry Kirkhoven, 1st Earl of Bellomont was a Dutch-born Irish peer, known as Lord Wotton from 1649-1680.
Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquess of Dorset was an English peer, courtier, soldier, and landowner.
Francis Hastings, Lord Hastings was the son of George Hastings, 4th Earl of Huntingdon and Dorothy Port. He married Sarah Harington, daughter of Sir James Harington and Lucy Sydney. They had five children:
Sir Gervase Clifton, 1st Baronet, K.B. was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1614 and 1666. He supported the Royalist cause in the English Civil War. He was educated at St John's College, Cambridge.
Edward Wotton, 1st Baron Wotton (1548–1626) was an English diplomat and administrator. From 1612 to 1613, he served as a Lord of the Treasury. Wotton was Treasurer of the Household from 1616 to 1618, and also served as Lord Lieutenant of Kent from 1604 until 1620.
Katherine Stanhope, Countess of Chesterfield (1609–1667) was the governess and confidante of Mary, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange, and was the first woman to hold the office of Postmaster General of England.
Lord John Grey was an English nobleman and courtier of the Tudor period, who after 1559 was seated at Pirgo Place in Essex.
Boughton Place, formerly Bocton Place or Bocton Hall, is a country house in Boughton Malherbe, Kent, England. It is the historic home of the Wotton family and birthplace of Sir Henry Wotton (1568–1639), ambassador to Venice under James I.
Sarah Harington (1565-1629), English courtier.
Sir Edward Wingfield of Kimbolton (c.1562-1603), member of Parliament and author of a masque.
Elizabeth Butler, Duchess of Ormond was an Irish noblewoman who brought her husband, James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormond, the Ormond lands that she inherited through her mother from her grandfather, Black Tom, the 10th Earl of Ormond.
|Parliament of England|
Sir Gervase Clifton
| Member of Parliament for Nottinghamshire |
With: Sir Gervase Clifton 1625
Sir Thomas Hutchinson 1626
Sir John Byron
Sir Gervase Clifton
Sir Francis Wortley
John, Lord Haughton
| Member of Parliament for East Retford |
With: Sir Edward Osborne
Parliament suspended until 1640
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