Hill chain

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The Malvern Hills, a hill chain rising from the plain in west-central England Malvern Hills - England.jpg
The Malvern Hills, a hill chain rising from the plain in west-central England

A hill chain, sometimes also hill ridge, is an elongated line of hills that usually includes a succession of more or less prominent hilltops, domed summits or kuppen , hill ridges and saddles and which, together with its associated lateral ridges and branches, may form a complex topographic structure. It may occur within a hill range, within an area of low rolling hill country or on a plain. It may link two or more otherwise distinct hill ranges. The transition from a hill chain to a mountain chain is blurred and depends on regional definitions of a hill or mountain. For example, in the UK and Ireland a mountain must officially be 600 m (2,000 ft) or higher, [1] [2] whereas in North America mountains are often (unofficially) taken as being 1,000 ft (300 m) high or more. [3]

Contents

The chain-like arrangement of hills in a chain is a consequence of their collective formation by mountain building forces or ice age earth movements. Hill chains generally have a uniform geological age, but may comprise several types of rock or sediment.

Hill chains normally form a watershed. They are crossed by roads that often use a natural saddle in the terrain.

Examples

See also

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References

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      - "Survey turns hill into a mountain". BBC News. Archived from the original on 2 October 2013. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
    • "A Mountain is a Mountain – isn't it?". www.go4awalk.com. Archived from the original on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
    • "mountain". dictionary.reference.com. Archived from the original on 5 February 2013. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
    • Wilson, Peter (2001). "Listing the Irish hills and mountains" (PDF). Irish Geography. Coleraine: University of Ulster. 34 (1): 89. doi:10.1080/00750770109555778. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 June 2013.
  1. "What is a "Mountain"? Mynydd Graig Goch and all that..." Metric Views. Archived from the original on 30 March 2013. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
  2. "What is the difference between lake and pond; mountain and hill; or river and creek?". USGS. Archived from the original on 9 May 2013. Retrieved 11 February 2013.
  3. Leggiere 2007, p. 122.
  4. Bünz 2008, p. 131.
  5. _ 1940, p. 61.

Literature