Taunus

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Taunus
Grosser-feldberg-taunus015.jpg
The Hochtaunus with the Feldberg summit
Highest point
Peak Großer Feldberg (Hochtaunus)
Elevation 878 m (2,881 ft)
Listing
Coordinates 50°14′N08°27′E / 50.233°N 8.450°E / 50.233; 8.450 Coordinates: 50°14′N08°27′E / 50.233°N 8.450°E / 50.233; 8.450
Dimensions
Length75 km (47 mi)NE/SW
Width35 km (22 mi)NW/SE
Area2,700 km2 (1,000 sq mi)
Geography
Taunus - Deutsche Mittelgebirge, Serie A-de.png
Country Germany
Region Hesse
Parent range Rhenish Slate Mountains
Geology
Orogeny Variscan
Age of rock Devonian
Type of rock Phyllite, Greywacke

The Taunus is a mountain range in Hesse, Germany, located north of Frankfurt. The tallest peak in the range is Großer Feldberg at 878 m; other notable peaks are Kleiner Feldberg (825 m) and Altkönig (798 m).

Contents

The Taunus range spans the districts of Hochtaunuskreis, Main-Taunus, Rheingau-Taunus, Limburg-Weilburg, and Rhein-Lahn. The range is known for its geothermal springs and mineral waters that formerly attracted members of the European aristocracy to its spa towns. The car line Ford Taunus is named after it. [1]

Description

It is a relatively low range, with smooth, rounded mountains covered with forest. The Taunus is bounded by the valleys of the Rhine, Main, and Lahn rivers and it is part of the Rhenish Slate Mountains. On the opposite side of the Rhine, The Taunus range is continued by the Hunsrück.

For geographical, ecological and geological purposes the Taunus is divided in three parts:

The Taunus range originated during the Devonian period. [2] The geological composition of the mountains was formed in a region covered by an ancient sea that was a few hundred kilometers wide and are mainly made up of phyllite, greenschist, gneiss, slates, and sandstone. [3]

Summits

History

The Roman Limes was built across the Taunus. The Saalburg, a restored Roman castellum, now houses a museum.

After the fall of the Limes (in 259/260 AD), the Alamanni settled in the range and for this reason there are some Alemannic cemeteries in the southern foothills of the Taunus (Eschborn). This area of the Taunus became part of the Frankish confederation of Germanic tribes after the Battle of Tolbiac around 500 AD. [4]

In past centuries the Taunus became famous among aristocrats for its therapeutic hot springs. [5]

Certain towns in the area, such as Bad Homburg vor der Höhe with its Kurpark, have geothermal spas that were formerly renowned. Other spa towns in the Taunus range are Bad Schwalbach (formerly Langenschwalbach) mentioned in documents dating back to the 16th century, Bad Ems, one of the most reputed therapeutic spas in Germany since the 17th century, as well as Bad Weilbach, where a spring reached wide fame for some time. By the 19th century the most famous spa towns in the area were Wiesbaden, Bad Homburg vor der Höhe, Bad Nauheim, and Bad Soden am Taunus. [6]

Related Research Articles

The Hochtaunuskreis is a Kreis (district) in the middle of Hesse, Germany and is part of the Frankfurt/Rhine-Main Metropolitan Region. Neighbouring districts are Lahn-Dill, Wetteraukreis, district-free Frankfurt, Main-Taunus, Rheingau-Taunus, Limburg-Weilburg.

Main-Taunus is a Kreis (district) in the middle of Hessen, Germany and is part of the Frankfurt/Rhine-Main Metropolitan Region as well as the Frankfurt urban area. Neighboring districts are Hochtaunuskreis, district-free Frankfurt, Groß-Gerau, district-free Wiesbaden, Rheingau-Taunus. It is the second most densely populated rural district in Germany.

Rheingau-Taunus is a Kreis (district) in the west of Hesse, Germany. Neighboring districts are Limburg-Weilburg, Hochtaunuskreis, Main-Taunus-Kreis, district-free Wiesbaden, Mainz-Bingen, Rhein-Lahn.

Bad Homburg vor der Höhe Place in Hesse, Germany

Bad Homburg vor der Höhe is the district town of the Hochtaunuskreis, Hesse, Germany, on the southern slope of the Taunus mountains. Bad Homburg is part of the Frankfurt Rhein-Main urban area. The town's formal name is Bad Homburg vor der Höhe to distinguish it from other places named Homburg. The name is abbreviated as Bad Homburg v. d. Höhe. It is known best for its medically used mineral waters and spa, and for its casino.

Schmitten, Germany Place in Hesse, Germany

Schmitten is a climatic spa and municipality in the Hochtaunuskreis in Hessen, Germany.

Wehrheim Place in Hesse, Germany

Wehrheim is a municipality in Hesse, Germany some 30 km (20 mi) north of Frankfurt am Main.

Rosbach vor der Höhe Place in Hesse, Germany

Rosbach vor der Höhe is a town in the district of Wetteraukreis, in Hesse, Germany. It is located 25 kilometres north of Frankfurt am Main, on the eastern side of the Taunus mountain range. The town has a population of approximately 12,000.

Steinbach (Taunus) Place in Hesse, Germany

Steinbach is a town in the Hochtaunuskreis that borders Frankfurt am Main to the east. Other neighbouring towns are Oberursel, Kronberg im Taunus and Eschborn. It is in the German state of Hesse.

Glashütten (Taunus) Place in Hesse, Germany

Glashütten is a small municipality in the Hochtaunuskreis. This community in the Taunus, which is made up of the three formerly independent communities of Glashütten, Schloßborn and Oberems, lies in the Hochtaunus Nature Park, not far from Königstein im Taunus, Germany.

The Taunus Railway in the High Taunus is a railway route between Frankfurt (Main) Hauptbahnhof and Brandoberndorf via Bad Homburg, Usingen and Grävenwiesbach. It was operated from 1993 to 1995 by the Frankfurter Verkehrsverbund as the T-Bahn and subsequently by the Rhein-Main-Verkehrsverbund as line 15. It is listed in table 637 of the Deutsche Bahn timetable. The Friedrichsdorf–Brandoberndorf line, which has the infrastructure number of 9374, forms part of the old Friedrichsdorf–Wetzlar line, which was known as the Taunusbahn. The line is owned by the Verkehrsverband Hochtaunus. The infrastructure is managed by HLB Basis AG on behalf of the VHT.

Bundesstraße 455

Bundesstraße 455 is a German Bundesstraße in the federal state of Hesse. The route runs southwest from Schotten in Vogelsbergkreis to Mainz-Kastel, a borough of the Hessian capital city of Wiesbaden.

The Frankfurter Neue Presse (FNP) is a German daily newspaper, based in Frankfurt am Main and focused on local and regional topics.

High Taunus

The High Taunus is the name of a major natural region unit in the Hessian Central Uplands range of the Taunus mountains and forms the area immediately around the main ridge of the Taunus. It should not be confused with the term Hochtaunus, in the sense used in the name of the county of Hochtaunuskreis which is only the eastern part of the Feldberg massif. The High Taunus separates the Anterior Taunus in the south from the Lower Taunus in the north and includes the majority of the highest mountains and hills of the Taunus. The eastern part of the natural region lies within the Taunus Nature Park and its western part in the Rhine-Taunus Nature Park.

Taunus Nature Park

The Taunus Nature Park is a nature park in Central Germany with an area of 134,775 hectares (1347.75 km²) in the Central Upland range of the Taunus. It is one of two Hessian nature parks in the Taunus and the second largest nature park in Hesse.

Usingen station

Usingen station is the station of Usingen in the German state of Hesse) and the operations centre of the Taunus Railway from Brandoberndorf via Grävenwiesbach and Usingen to Bad Homburg. The entrance building is heritage-listed.

Grävenwiesbach station

Grävenwiesbach station is the station of Grävenwiesbach on the edge of the Hochtaunuskreis in the German state of Hesse. It is located on the southern outskirts of the town centre. Previously, the station was a junction station that served trains running on the Weil Valley Railway to Weilburg via Weilmünster, on the Taunus Railway to Bad Homburg and on the Solms Valley Railway to Wetzlar.

References

  1. "Ford Taunus Typ TC wird 40 Jahre - Beliebte Supernase mit Knudsen-Genen" (in German). Auto Bild. 23 February 2010. Retrieved 5 March 2019.
  2. Zur geologischen Entstehung des Taunus (in German)
  3. Geologische Highlights im Geopark Westerwald-Lahn-Taunus (in German)
  4. Egon Schallmayer et al. (eds.) Die Römer im Taunus. Frankfurt a. M. 2005, ISBN   3797309554 (in German)
  5. "Great Spas of Europe". UNESCO . Retrieved 10 March 2016. Lists Bad Ems, Bad Homburg vor der Höhe, and Wiesbaden among the 16 in total.
  6. Heinz Biehn, Der Taunus. Hohe Wälder, weite Täler, warme Quellen. Amorbach 1972 (in German)