|Javier Corral Jurado|
Javier Corral in 2016
|Governor of Chihuahua|
October 4, 2016
|Preceded by||César Duarte Jáquez|
|Born||2 August 1966|
El Paso, Texas, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Cinthia Aideé Chavira Gamboa|
Javier Corral Jurado (born 2 August 1966) is a Mexican politician affiliated with the National Action Party (PAN), and the current Governor of Chihuahua, assuming office on October 4, 2016. He has served in politics since the early 1980s, including six terms between the Chamber of Deputies and Senate. Corral also specializes in communications and has a long career as a columnist and founder of various publications; he also was instrumental in the successful constitutional challenge that struck down the Televisa Law.
The National Action Party, founded in 1939, is a conservative political party in Mexico, one of the three main political parties in Mexico. Since the 1980s, it has been an important political party winning local, state, and national elections. In 2000, PAN candidate Vicente Fox was elected president for a six-year term; in 2006, PAN candidate Felipe Calderón succeeded Fox in the presidency. During the period 2000-2012, both houses of the Congress of the Union contained PAN pluralities, but the party had a majority in neither. In the 2006 legislative elections the party won 207 out of 500 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and 52 out of 128 Senators. In the 2012 legislative elections, the PAN won 38 seats in the Senate, and 114 seats in the Chamber of Deputies. The members of this party are colloquially called Panistas.
According to the Political Constitution of the Free and Sovereign State of Chihuahua, Executive Power in that Mexican state resides with a single individual, the Constitutional Governor of the Free and Sovereign State of Chihuahua, who is chosen for a period of six years and cannot for any reason be re-elected. The term of governor begins on October 4 of the year of the election and finishes on October 3 after six years have elapsed. Gubernatorial elections are held two years prior to presidential elections.
The Chamber of Deputies is the lower house of the Congress of the Union, the bicameral legislature of Mexico. The other chamber is the Senate. The structure and responsibilities of both chambers of Congress are defined in Articles 50 to 70 of the current constitution.
Corral was born on 2 August 1966 in El Paso, Texas, United States but spent much of his childhood across the border in Ciudad Juárez; in a 2016 interview, he noted that "although I was born on the other side of the border, I am 100 percent juarense".His mother, Socorro Jurado Ríos, sought to protect her children by giving birth to them in the United States. Javier was named for Javier Solís, an actor who had died several months before his birth. In 1978, Corral's mother died when a gas tanker exploded on the Mexico City-Querétaro highway and killed 200 people; by this time, she was selling jewelry and clothing in order to support her six children, and she had already separated from Corral's father.
El Paso is a city in and the county seat of El Paso County, Texas, United States, in the far western part of the state. The 2017 population estimate for the city from the U.S. Census was 683,577. Its metropolitan statistical area (MSA) covers all of El Paso and Hudspeth counties in Texas, and has a population of 844,818.
Ciudad Juárez is the most populous city in the Mexican state of Chihuahua. The city is commonly referred to by locals as simply Juárez, and was known as Paso del Norte until 1888. Juárez is the seat of the municipality of Juárez with an estimated population of 1,428,508. The city lies on the Rio Grande river, south of El Paso, Texas, United States. Together with the surrounding areas, the cities form El Paso–Juárez, the second largest binational metropolitan area on the Mexico–U.S. border, with a combined population of almost 2.3 million people.
Javier Solís was a Mexican singer of boleros and rancheras as well as a movie actor.
At the age of 11, Corral worked for El Diario de Juárez newspaper and was referred to as "the kid journalist".In 1979, he traveled to the White House to receive the International Youth Journalism Award from President Jimmy Carter. Not long after, Arnoldo Cabada de la O, then an employee at XEJ-TDT, invited him to work on his newscast; when Cabada had a falling out with station owner Pedro Meneses Hoyos, Corral followed Cabada to the new XHIJ-TDT.
The White House is the official residence and workplace of the President of the United States. It is located at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW in Washington, D.C. and has been the residence of every U.S. President since John Adams in 1800. The term "White House" is often used as a metonym for the president and his advisers.
James Earl Carter Jr. is an American politician and philanthropist who served as the 39th president of the United States from 1977 to 1981. A Democrat, he previously served as a Georgia State senator from 1963 to 1967 and as the 76th governor of Georgia from 1971 to 1975. Carter has remained active in public life during his post-presidency, and in 2002 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his work in co-founding the Carter Center.
XEJ-TDT is a television station in Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, Mexico, owned and operated by the Meneses Hoyos family. It is an affiliate of Grupo Televisa's Nu9ve network.
Corral's career in public service began in the early 1980s, inspired by sermons he heard from Bishop Manuel Talamás Camandari while he served as an altar boy. — a political decision that caused him to split from Cabada and leave XHIJ — and served brief stints as the Director of Public Relations and Press for the public services unit of the municipality of Chihuahua, then as the Chief of Press for the public safety unit of the municipality. From 1982 to 1983, he served as Secretary General of the Chihuahua State Association of Journalists. In the PAN, he assisted candidates for municipal President of Ciudad Juárez. In 1985 and 1986, he founded and directed two publications: Ya es tiempo (It's Time), the official magazine of the PAN candidacy for Governor of Chihuahua in 1986, and a protest magazine, El Cincel.He joined the National Action Party (Partido Acción Nacional, PAN) in 1982
His first candidacy for elected office was in 1991 when he ran for federal deputy, which he lost. The next year, Corral was elected to the LVII Legislature of Chihuahua. There, he presided over the Justice and Human Rights and Editorial Matters Commissions.Two years after his term ended, he was elected as a federal deputy to the LVII Legislature; he would serve twelve of the next fifteen years as deputy and senator in Congress. In the LVII Legislature, he presided over the Radio, Television and Film Commission, sat on two other commissions, and served as the deputy coordinator of culture, communication and relations for the PAN parliamentary group in the chamber. Corral then served as Senator during the LVIII and LIX Legislatures; he presided over the Communications and Transportation and Rules and Parliamentary Practices Commissions. He sat on seven other commissions in his six-year term, including Border Matters, Special for State Reform, and the bicameral commission that governs Canal del Congreso.
The LVIII Legislature of the Congress of Mexico met from September 1, 2000, to August 31, 2003. All members of the LVIII Legislature were elected in the elections of July 2000.
The LIX Legislature of the Congress of Mexico met from September 2003 to August 2006. All members of the lower house of the Congress were elected in the elections of July 2003 while members of the upper house (Senate) were elected in the elections of July 2000.
The Canal de Televisión del Congreso de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos, shortened to Canal del Congreso, is a television channel in Mexico that broadcasts the sessions of both houses of the Congress of the Union. It is available on all Mexican cable and satellite systems, as well as over-the-air in Mexico City on digital television station XHHCU-TDT channel 45.
While in the LIX Legislature, Corral completed his undergraduate degree in law and social sciences at the Universidad de Occidente in Los Mochis, Sinaloa.
In May 2006, a group of 47 senators headed by Corral, Manuel Bartlett Díaz and César Raúl Ojeda Zubieta presented a constitutional challenge to the recently passed Televisa Law before the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation.In August 2007, the court declared the law invalid. His confrontational stance against traditional broadcasters continued; in 2007, the Federal Electoral Tribunal cleared Corral of responsibility over a debt of 1 million pesos allegedly owed to Televisa stemming from advertising time bought during his 2004 run for governor.
In 2009, Corral returned to the Chamber of Deputies in the LXI Legislature,presiding over the Government Commission and serving on four others, including Radio, Television and Film. That same year, he taught at the UNAM as a graduate professor of information rights. Three years later, he returned to the Senate for the LXII and LXIII Legislatures, presiding yet again on the Rules and Parliamentary Practices Commission and serving as Secretary of the Communications and Transportation Commission. He also sat on the Education and Government Commissions in both the LXII and LXIII Legislatures and the Foreign Relations (Latin America and Caribbean) Commission from 2012 to 2013. In the summer of 2015, Corral ran for national president of the PAN and lost by a wide margin to Ricardo Anaya.
Corral launched a failed campaign ran for governor in 2004 under a PAN-PCD-PRD coalition banner.On February 9, 2016, Corral resigned from the Senate in order to make his second bid for Governor of Chihuahua; in the legislature he was succeeded by Sylvia Leticia Martínez Elizondo. On June 5, 2016 he defeated PRI coalition's candidate, Enrique Serrano Escobar, 39 percent to 31 percent.
In 1987 and 1988, Corral was a member of the company Administración Profesional de Negocios; in 1989, he co-founded Meridiano 107. He also worked for a variety of local and national media outlets including El Fronterizo and El Universal , as well as publications in the field of communications such as Revista Mexicana de Comunicación and Etcétera.
In 2012, his appearances on Antena Radio, the newscast of the Instituto Mexicano de la Radio, resulted in a fine as the IFE ruled that they illegally constituted additional airtime for the PAN beyond what it was entitled to under electoral law.
The Mexican state of Chihuahua held an election on Sunday, 4 July 2004. At stake was the office of the Chihuahua State Governor, all 33 members of the unicameral Chihuahua State Congress, and 67 mayors and municipal councils.
XHIJ-TDT, virtual channel 44, is a Spanish-language independent station licensed to Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, Mexico and serving the Juárez–El Paso–Las Cruces metropolitan area. Known on air as Canal 44, the station has had a variety of affiliations since signing on the air in 1980 and also produces programs such as local news.
XHMTCH-TDT and K26KJ-D are Multimedios Televisión television stations in Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua and El Paso, Texas. The stations are owned by Grupo Multimedios, with the American station being owned through Martín Lorenzo Smith and BGM License.
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XHJUB-TDT is a Ciudad Juárez television station that is owned and operated by Televisa. The station carries the Canal 5 network.
Manuel Espino Barrientos is a Mexican politician affiliated to Movimiento Ciudadano. He is a federal deputy to the LXIII Legislature of the Mexican Congress from the fifth electoral region. Espino also was a federal deputy in the LVIII Legislature and from 2005 to 2007 served as the national president of the PAN.
Lilia Guadalupe Merodio Reza is a Mexican politician, currently serving in the Senate and representing the state of Chihuahua.
Gustavo Enrique Madero Muñoz is a Mexican politician and businessman, great-nephew of the president Francisco I. Madero. He will serve as a senator in the LXIV Legislature of the Mexican Congress after previously being a senator between 2006 and 2010. Muñoz also was the President of the National Action Party (PAN) from 2010 to 2013 and again from 2014 to 2015, and from 2015 to 2018, he was a federal deputy from the first electoral region representing the state of Chihuahua.
The Third Federal Electoral District of Chihuahua(III Distrito Electoral Federal de Chihuahua) is one of the 300 Electoral Districts into which Mexico is divided for the purpose of elections to the federal Chamber of Deputies and one of nine such districts in the state of Chihuahua.
Martín Orozco Sandoval is a Mexican politician affiliated with the PAN, the Governor of Aguascalientes since 2016. From 2012 to 2016, he represented Aguascalientes in the Senate during the LXII and LXIII Legislatures. He also was the Municipal President of Aguascalientes, Aguascalientes from 2005 to 2007.
José Rosas Aispuro Torres is a Mexican lawyer and politician affiliated with the National Action Party who is currently the governor of Durango. From 2012 to 2015, he served as senator in the LXII and LXIII Legislatures representing Durango. He also was Municipal President of Durango, Durango from 2001 to 2004.
Héctor Yunes Landa is a Mexican politician affiliated with the PRI. From 2012 to 2016, he represented Veracruz as a senator in the LXII and LXIII Legislatures of the Mexican Congress. He also served as Deputy from 1985 to 1988 in the LIII Legislature.
Francisco Javier García Cabeza de Vaca is a Mexican politician affiliated with the PAN, and the current Governor of Tamaulipas. García Cabeza de Vaca has previously served as a local and federal legislator, having served one term in the Chamber of Deputies and three and a half years in the Senate.
Ricardo Anaya Cortés is a Mexican lawyer and politician, and a member and former president of the centre-right National Action Party (PAN). He held the positions of Federal Deputy in the LXII Legislature of the Congress of the Union in Mexico, President of the Chamber of Deputies in Mexico and leader of the Parliamentary Group of the main opposing party in the Chamber of Deputies in Mexico. He held the position of National President of the National Action Party until 9 December 2017, when he resigned to run in the 2018 presidential election for the PAN party in political coalition with the leftist parties Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD) and Citizens' Movement (MC).
María Ávila Serna is a Mexican lawyer and politician affiliated with the Ecologist Green Party of Mexico. She represents the Third Federal Electoral District of Chihuahua in the Chamber of Deputies of the LXIII Legislature of the Mexican Congress.
Cruz Pérez Cuéllar is a Mexican politician affiliated with the National Regeneration Movement (Morena) and a senator from Chihuahua to the LXIV Legislature of the Mexican Congress.
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Fútbol Club Juárez, commonly referred to as Bravos de Juárez, or simply as Juárez, is a Mexican football club based in the city of Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua that currently competes in the Ascenso MX.
Same-sex marriage has been legal in the Mexican state of Chihuahua since 12 June 2015, as a result of a decree by Governor César Horacio Duarte Jáquez. By statute, in Mexico, if any five rulings from the courts on a single issue result in the same outcome, legislatures are bound to change the law. In the case of Chihuahua, more than 20 individual amparos (injunctions) were decided with the same outcome, yet the Legislature did not act. In anticipation of the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation ordering the Congress to act, the Governor announced there would be no further prohibition in the state.
Héctor Armando Cabada Alvídrez is a Mexican television journalist, television anchor and politician who has served as the Municipal President of Ciudad Juárez from 2016 until 2018. Cabada, a political independent, was elected to the position in June 2016. He previously had anchored newscasts on XHIJ Canal 44, a television station based in Ciudad Juárez.