John Jost

Last updated
John T. Jost
Born 1968 (age 4950)
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Nationality American
Education Duke University, University of Cincinnati, Yale University
Known for Political behavior, intergroup relations
Spouse(s)Orsolya Hunyady(m. 2001)
Children 2 daughters
Awards Society of Experimental Social Psychology's Career Trajectory Award (2010)
Scientific career
Fields Social psychology
Political psychology
Institutions New York University
Doctoral advisor William J. McGuire

John Thomas Jost (born 1968) [1] is a social psychologist best known for his work on system justification theory and the psychology of political ideology. Jost received his AB degree in Psychology and Human Development from Duke University (1989) and his PhD in Social and Political Psychology from Yale University (1995), where he was the last doctoral student of William J. McGuire. [2] [3]

Social psychology scientific study of social effects on peoples thoughts, feelings, and behaviors

Social psychology is the scientific study of how people's thoughts, feelings and behaviors are influenced by the actual, imagined or implied presence of others. In this definition, scientific refers to the empirical investigation using the scientific method. The terms thoughts, feelings and behavior refer to psychological variables that can be measured in humans. The statement that others' presence may be imagined or implied suggests that humans are malleable to social influences even when alone, such as when watching television or following internalized cultural norms. Social psychologists typically explain human behavior as a result of the interaction of mental states and social situations.

Duke University private university in Durham, North Carolina, United States

Duke University is a private research university in Durham, North Carolina. Founded by Methodists and Quakers in the present-day town of Trinity in 1838, the school moved to Durham in 1892. In 1924, tobacco and electric power industrialist James Buchanan Duke established The Duke Endowment and the institution changed its name to honor his deceased father, Washington Duke.

Yale University private research university in New Haven, Connecticut, United States

Yale University is a private Ivy League research university in New Haven, Connecticut. Founded in 1701, it is the third-oldest institution of higher education in the United States and one of the nine Colonial Colleges chartered before the American Revolution.

Jost has contributed extensively to the study of stereotyping, prejudice, intergroup relations, social justice, and political psychology. In collaboration with Mahzarin Banaji, he proposed a theory of system justification processes in 1994, and in collaboration with Jack Glaser, Arie Kruglanski, and Frank Sulloway he proposed a theory of political ideology as motivated social cognition in 2003. Since 2003, he has been on the faculty of New York University, where he is Professor of Psychology and Politics (Affiliated Appointment). Jost is a member of numerous professional organizations and societies, and was President of the International Society of Political Psychology from 2015 to 2016. [3]

Stereotype thought that may be adopted about specific types of individuals or certain ways of doing things

In social psychology, a stereotype is an over-generalized belief about a particular category of people. Stereotypes are generalized because one assumes that the stereotype is true for each individual person in the category. While such generalizations may be useful when making quick decisions, they may be erroneous when applied to particular individuals. Stereotypes encourage prejudice and may arise for a number of reasons.

Prejudice is an affective feeling towards a person or group member based solely on that person's group membership. The word is often used to refer to preconceived, usually unfavourable, feelings towards people or a person because of their political affiliation, sex, gender, beliefs, values, social class, age, disability, religion, sexuality, race/ethnicity, language, nationality, beauty, occupation, education, criminality, sport team affiliation or other personal characteristics. In this case, it refers to a positive or negative evaluation of another person based on that person's perceived group membership.

Intergroup relations refers to interactions between individuals in different social groups, and to interactions taking place between the groups themselves collectively. It has long been a subject of research in social psychology, political psychology, and organizational behavior.

Awards

Jost's awards include the following: [3]

Books

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References

  1. Jost, John (2016). "Jost, John" (PDF). Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences. Springer International Publishing.
  2. Dowding, Keith (February 2011). Encyclopedia of Power. SAGE. p. 358. ISBN   9781412927482.
  3. 1 2 3 "John Jost". New York University.


The Social Psychology Network (SPN) is an educational organization with more than 1,500 members worldwide. SPN was founded by psychology professor Scott Plous as a website in 1996. Development of SPN was supported by several grants from the National Science Foundation. The website includes a large collection of social psychology links, a feed of related news, and discussion forums for students and professionals interested in social psychology.